(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Children's Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "Three Chapters of Letters Relating to the Suppression of Monasteries"

Google 



This is a digital copy of a book that was preserved for generations on library shelves before it was carefully scanned by Google as part of a project 

to make the world's books discoverable online. 

It has survived long enough for the copyright to expire and the book to enter the public domain. A public domain book is one that was never subject 

to copyright or whose legal copyright term has expired. Whether a book is in the public domain may vary country to country. Public domain books 

are our gateways to the past, representing a wealth of history, culture and knowledge that's often difficult to discover. 

Marks, notations and other maiginalia present in the original volume will appear in this file - a reminder of this book's long journey from the 

publisher to a library and finally to you. 

Usage guidelines 

Google is proud to partner with libraries to digitize public domain materials and make them widely accessible. Public domain books belong to the 
public and we are merely their custodians. Nevertheless, this work is expensive, so in order to keep providing tliis resource, we liave taken steps to 
prevent abuse by commercial parties, including placing technical restrictions on automated querying. 
We also ask that you: 

+ Make non-commercial use of the files We designed Google Book Search for use by individuals, and we request that you use these files for 
personal, non-commercial purposes. 

+ Refrain fivm automated querying Do not send automated queries of any sort to Google's system: If you are conducting research on machine 
translation, optical character recognition or other areas where access to a large amount of text is helpful, please contact us. We encourage the 
use of public domain materials for these purposes and may be able to help. 

+ Maintain attributionTht GoogXt "watermark" you see on each file is essential for in forming people about this project and helping them find 
additional materials through Google Book Search. Please do not remove it. 

+ Keep it legal Whatever your use, remember that you are responsible for ensuring that what you are doing is legal. Do not assume that just 
because we believe a book is in the public domain for users in the United States, that the work is also in the public domain for users in other 
countries. Whether a book is still in copyright varies from country to country, and we can't offer guidance on whether any specific use of 
any specific book is allowed. Please do not assume that a book's appearance in Google Book Search means it can be used in any manner 
anywhere in the world. Copyright infringement liabili^ can be quite severe. 

About Google Book Search 

Google's mission is to organize the world's information and to make it universally accessible and useful. Google Book Search helps readers 
discover the world's books while helping authors and publishers reach new audiences. You can search through the full text of this book on the web 

at |http: //books .google .com/I 



I 

■ 


ft 




^^^■^^''^^\ 




i 



THE BORROWER WILL BE CHARGED 
AN OVERDUE FEE IF THIS BOOK IS 
NOT RETURNED TO THE LIBRARY ON 
OR BEFORE THE LAST DATE STAMPED 
BELOW. NON-RECEIPT OF OVERDUE 
NOTICES DOES NOT EXEMPT THE 
BORROWER FROM OVERDUE FEES. 




.^\iVW"'^^>l& 




« Kvi:;. 






THRBE (IIAITERS OF 



LETTERS 



SUPPRESSION OF MONASTERIES. 



KDtTID rRUH THR OEIOINAU IN THI BIITISH HUSBUll 



THOMAS WRIGHT, ESa M^. F.S.A. &c. 




LONnON: 
PRINTED FOR THE <AMUF.N SQt lETV. 

HT JOHN nOWYBR N'ICMOLt AND HON, rAKLIAUKNT aTKKKT. 
IMJ. 






[wo. XXVI.] 




COUNCIL 



OF 



THE CAMDEN SOCIETY, 

FOR THE YEAR 1843-4. 



President, 
THE RIGHT HON. LORD BRAYBROOKE, F.S.A. 

THO.M AS AMYOT, ESQ. F.R.S. Treas. S.A. Director. 

CHAS. FREDERICK BARNWELL, ESQ. M.A. F.R.S .F.S.A. 

THE REV. PHILIP BLISS, D.C.L., F.S.A. 

JOHN BRUCE, ESQ. F.S.A. Treasurer. 

JOHN PAYNE COLLIER, ESQ. F.S.A. 

C. PURTON COOPER, ESQ. Q.C., D.C.L., F.R.S., F.S.A. 

T. CROFTON CROKER, ESQ. F.S.A., M.R.I.A. 

SIR HENRY ELLIS, K.H., F.R.S., Sec. S.A. 

THE REV. JOSEPH HUNTER, F.S.A. 

SIR FREDERICK MADDEN, K.II., F.R.S., F.S.A. 

THE REV. LANCELOT SHARPE, M.A., F.S..\. 

THOMAS STAPLETON, ESQ. F.S.A. 

WILLIAM J. THOMS, ESa F.S.A., Secretary. 

ALBERT WAY, F^Q. M.A. DIR. S.A. 

THOMAS WRIUIIT, ESQ. M.A., F.S.A 



• > 



VI PREFACE. 

and the worst crimes laid to the charge of the monks 
are but too fully verified by the long chain of historical 
evidence reaching without interruption from the twelfth 
century to the sixteenth. Those who have studied in 
the interior history of this long period the demoralizing 
effects of the popish system of confession and absolution 
will find no diflSculty in conceiving the facility with which 
the inmates of the monasteries, at the time of their disso- 
lution, confessed to vices from the very name of which 
our imagination now recoils. These docimients are of 
peculiar importance amid the religious disputes which at 
present agitate the world ; and I think that even the various 
lists of the confessions of the monks and nuns of the 
several religious houses, entitled compertay and preserved 
in manuscript, ought to be made public. The great 
cause of the Reformation has been but ill served by 
concealing the depravities of the system which it over- 
threw. 

I will only add that I have done what I could, under 
circumstances, to ascertain the dates of these letters, and 
arrange them in chronological order. It was the custom 
at this period in dating letters to write the day of the 
month without the year, which now gives rise to con- 
siderable difficulties. In the description in the Cottonian 
Catalogue the dates of these letters are thrown into 
almost hopeless confusion. 




TABLE OF CONTENTS. 



PAOI 

LriTBR I. EoMONo ABBOT OF YoRK TO Caboinal Wolbby. Yofk, Sept. 90, 

I5ffl. Sappreuion of the priory of Rooabargh .9 

II. HicHABD Bishop op Norwich to Caboimal Wolsby. Hone, 

JanuBrj 19, I598(.H). Cooceming the election of b prior of Batlej 4 

III. William Barlow to thb bino. 153J. RecBntmtioD of opinioni 
expreMed in hit works .6 

IV. CoMiiisBioHBBs AT Bbistol TO Sbcbktaby Cromwbll. Bristol, 
\y\4. Preaching of Latimer and llabberdin at Bristol 7 

V. John Hylsbt to Cbomwbll. Bristol, May 9, 1534. Same sub- 

ject 81 the preceding .11 

VI. Lkttbb TO Sbcbktaby Cbomwbll. 1&34. About prophedet, &c. 

of Elixabeth Barton, the holj Maid of Kent .14 

VII. Thb Pbiob op Chbiht'sChubch Cantkbbuby to Cromwbll. 

1533. His account of Eliiabeth Barton . .19 

VIII. Pbtition opnHB Moneb op Cantkbbvby to thb KtN«, for a 
V. pardon for those who had been concerned in the aAdr of the Maid 

of Kent ..... ... 99 

IX. Roland Lbb and Thomas Bbdtll to Cbomwbll. Canterbvry, 
Dec. 10, 1533. Their commission in Kent to examine into the pro- 
oeedings of the Maid of Kent .94 

X. A List OP THB Nt'N* a GOODS .96 

XI. Cbomwbll to Bisbop Pishbr, concemiag the Maid of Kent 97 

XII. Vision OP John Darlry. Jane 97 .34 

XIII. Lbttbb op Thomas Dobsbt. London, March 13. Dr, Cronk- 
borne's tision of the Trinity and Virgin Mary. Lambert's czami- 
nation at Lambeth for herrsy. Jorisdirtion of the Bp. of London. 
The Bp. of Worcester's Sermon at Paul's Cross. The Kii^s pro- 
position for an Act of Parliament against idleness . 3t> 

XIV. Bbdyll to Cbomwbll. London, Ascension Day, 15.14. Con> 
ference with the UMnks of the Charter House, who refused to ac- 
knowledge the King's suprrmacy .40 

XV. Roland Lbb and Bbdyll to Cbomwbll. Milesend, June 15, 

1534. Conference with the friars of Richmond on the same subisvC 41 




Vlll TABLE OP CONTENTS. 

Lbttbr XVI. Bbdtll to Cromwsll. London, July S8, 1534. Bp. Fisher*f 
booki agminft the King's new marriiige. The nans of Sjon acknow- 
ledge the King*i supremacy, &c. . .44 
XYIL Dr. Latton to Cromwell. Sion, Dec. 12, 1534. The nans 
of Syon. Conduct of Bishop the Confessor. Many of the monks 
weary of their habit . . .47 

XVII I. Bbdtll to Cromwbll. Syon, Dec. 17, 1534. Visitation of 
Syon ........ 48 

A. D. 1535. 

XIX. Rtchard Zouchb to Cromwbll. Requests to have the abbey 

of Stavordale restored as it was founded by his ancestors .51 

XX. Sir Pbtbr Dutton to Cromwbll. Dutton, Aug. 3. Insur- 
rection at Norton. The abbot and some others in custody 53 

XXI. The Abbot of Wardon'b reasons for resigning 53 

XXII. Margaret Vernon to Cromwell, desiring to surrender her 
monastery .55 

XXIII. Dr. Leoh to Cromwbll. Laycock, Aug. 20. Requesting 
uniformity in the proceedings against the monasteries 56 

^XIV. Dr. Latton to Cromwbll. Bristol, Bartholomew's Day. 
Relies from Maiden Bradley. Dissolute behaviour of the prior of 
that house . . . . . . .58 

XXV. John Bartelot to Cromwbll. States that he and five others 
found the prior of the Crutched Friars, in London, in bed with a 
prostitute . . * . . . . .59 

XXVI. Thomas I. Legh to Cromwell. BeUoir, Sept. 1. Scanda- 
lous life of the Abbot of Rieraulx, who refused to acknowledge the 
jurisdiction of the visitors . .61 

XXVII. John Fitz-Jambs to Cromwell. Rediiche, Sept. 3. The 
abbot of Glastonbury requests to be freed from four of the injunc- 
tions of the last visitation .63 

XXVIII. Dr. Legh to Cromwell. Wilton, Sept. 3. Recommend- 
ing that the heads of the religious houses should not be allowed to 
go forth of their houses. Visitation of the universities of Oxford 
and Cambridge . .65 

XXIX. J ASPAR Ft lolle TO Cromwbll. London, Sept. 5. Revenue 
of the Charter House (London). Behaviour of the monks. In- 
structions for the management of that house . .67 

XXX. Dr. Layton to Cromwell. Oxford, Sept. 12. Particulars of 
the visitation of the university of Oxford . . . .70 

XXXI. The Abbot op Rewlet to Cromwbll, offering one hundred 
pounds to have his abbey preserved or converted into a college 73 




TABLE OP CONTENTS. IX 

Lbttbr XXXII. Sir Thomas Acdlbt to Cromwsll. Sept. ^. Request- 
ing him to tpsre s ▼isiUtion of the nunnery of Barking until he can 
■peak with him ; and ▼arious other matters • .74 

XXXI 1 1. Dr. Latton to Cromwell. Oct. 23. Informing him that 
he had suddenly entered the abbey of Langdon and captured the 
Abbot*! concubine . . . • . . .74 

XXXIVr William Barlow to Cromwell* States the ▼iolent oppo- 
sition that he had received in preaching the Gospel in the diocese 
of St. David's. Ill treatment of other unoffending persons . 77 

XXXV. Thk Prior or Bridlington to Cromwell. Bridlington, 
Oct. 23. With a present, and sutiog tbat Sir Gilbert de Gaunt 
was the founder of his abbey, and not the King . . .80 

XXXVI. Dr. Lcuh to Cromwell. Ely, Nov. 1. Many of the 
monks desire to be set at liberty from their way of living • 83 

XXXVI I. The Commendator or Welbeck to Cromwell. Wel- 
beck, Nov. 'i. Death of the abbot of West Dereham. Election of a 
successor . . . .83 

XXXVIII. John Ap Rice to Cromwell. Bury, Nov. 5. Mis- 
management of the abbot| and disorderly living in the abbey of 
Bury. Relics of that house . .85 

XXXIX. Richard Wharton TO Cromwell. Bungay, Nov. 7. The 
prior of Ingham had sold his abbey and lands to William Wood- 
house, contrary to his promise to Edward Calthorpe, whose an- 
cestors founded the same, aud who now desires to hate it . . 8ti 

XL. The Cummihsionrrh in Kent to Cromwell. Canterbury, 

Nov. 16. Surrender of I^Dgiluo, Dover, and Folkstone abbeys 88 

XLI. CHRiNTorHBR Lkvynh to Cromwri l. Informing him that the 
prior of Cbntt*s (.hurch, Canterbury, had acted contrary to his oath, 
and had cuntrjrcd a«ay jewels and treasure out of the house, and 
accordiof to report murdered some of the monks .90 

XLII. Dr. Latton tu Cromwbil. lichAeld, Dec. '2'2. Visiution 
of monasteries northward from I^indon, and lewd and riotous Uving 
of the monks. ChickMod, llarewold, St. Andrew's in Northamp- 
ton ; Newark and Southwell colleges .91 

A. D. lije*. 

XLIII. The Bi«Hor or Lincoln to Cromwell. Wobum, Jan. 10. 

Election of Sir John lllakttt to be pnor of Newttead besides Scam> 

ford . !M 

XLIV. Dr. LaoH to Cromweli. York. Jan. U. Sutes that he 

snd Dr. I^aytoa hsd viiited the archbishop of York . !>•> 

XLV. Dr. Latton tuCromwbh. >ork. Jan. 1.1. CorrupiKms in 

the monasUrira in Yorkshue. .\bbey of St. Mary at York . ^ 

6 




X TABLE OF CONTENTS. 

Lima XLVI. Bbdtll to Cromwsll. Ramsey, Jan. 15. Commendation of 
the abbot and convent of Ramsey. Charter of King Edgar in their 
house. Visitation of Saitrey abbey. Inquires if he shall proceed 
to the unvisited houses in the diocese of Lincoln • . .98 

XLVIL Latton and Lbgh to Cromwell. Richmond in Yorkshire, 
Jan. SO. Scandalous practices of the abbot of Fountains ; that one 
Marmaduke, a monk of the house, is a proper man to succeed him, 
and will give six hundred marks for the office. Resignation of the 
abbot of Whitby . . . . .100 

XLVIH. The Abbot of Fatersham to Cromwell. FaTersham^ 
March 16. Stating what he considers the duties of an abbot, and 
that he is not yet so infirm as to be unable to perform them ; also 
the serrices he has rendered that house, and hoping he may be 
allowed to remain there ...... 103 

XLIX. The manner of disbolvino the Abbeys bt Kino Henry 

VlII. ... ..... ***v^., 

L. The Prioress and Nuns of Lbyborne to Cromwell, entreating 

to have their house preserved . .116 

LL Sir Peter Edoecumbe TO Cromwell. March S5. Stating that 
his ancestors were founders of the priories of Totnes and Corn- 
worthy, and intreating to have them spared . .117 

LH. Lord Lawarr to Cromwell. March S5. Intreating to have 
the priory of Boxgrave saved from suppression, as he is founder 
thereof, and many of his ancestors lie buried there ; or, if not, that 
it may be made a college of; or lastly, that he may have the 
temporalities thereof . .119 

LIU. John Morise to Cromwell. Boxgrave, March 27. Reports 
that he and two others had dissolved the priory of Boxgrave accord- 
ing to their instructions, and that Lord Lawarr had bought the 
goods, &c. ........ 120 

LIV. Humphrey Stafford to Cromwell. Bletherwick, Palm Sun- 
day. Intreating that the priories of Finesbed and Worspring may 
be granted him when suppressed ..... 121 

LV. The Archbishop of York to Cromwell. Cawood, April 23. 
Informs him that he has given instructions to his archdeacons to 
warn all monasteries under £200 per annum not to embezzle or 
alienate their goods. Praying also that the bouses of St. Os- 
wald and Hexham may not be suppressed, and that be has given 
commandment that no preachers shall be allowed to preach novelties 123 

LVI. The Prior of Cokespord to Cromwell. Petition for a pen- 
sion of 20/. per annum or more ..... 126 

LVII. Richard Strete to Cromwell. Lichfield, May 12. Inven- 
tory of the goods and lands belonging to Calwich abbey . 1 27 



/^ 



TABLE OP CONTENTS. XI 

LiTTiR LVIII. Thi Commibsionirs in Northamptonbhiri to Sir R. 
Rich. Catesby, May 12. Reoommending thai the minaery of 
Catetby should not be tappretsed • - .129 

L1X. The Prior of Bodmin to Mr. Lok. Bodmin, May 2b. Com- 
plaining that his canons refose to live according to the iiyanctions 
given by the bishop at his visitation • .130 

LX. Richard Bbbrlt to Cromwell. Desiring to be dismissed from 
the monastery of Pershore on account of the disorderly life of the 
monks .....••. 13^ 

LX1. The Abbot op Kenilworth to Cromwell. Kenilworth, 
June 17. Petitions to have the temporal benefits arising from the 
priory of Broke ....... 134 

LXII. George GiFFARD TO Cromwell. Qarrendon, June 19. He 
and the other Commissioners had sunreyed several religious houses 
in the counties of Stafford and Leicester; Brook, Bradley, Wolver- 
ton, Kirkby Beler, Woolstrope, Garrendon, St. James in Northamp- 
ton, Catesby ; he intreats that Woolstrope abbey may remain URsap- 
pressed, as it is a very well ordered house . • .136 

LXIU. Richard Southwell TO Cromwell. July 25. ScqueetratioB 
of Walsingham abbey. Discovery of implements of alchemy . 138 

LXIV. The Commissionbrb to Cromwell. Maitock, July 26. In 
favour of the nunnery of PoUesworth .139 

LXV. Sir Thomas Eltot to Cromwell. Pleading his poverty and 

suing for some of the suppressed lands .140 

LXVI. Sir William Bassrtt to Cromwell, with the images of St. 
Anne of Buxton and St. Modvcn of Burton -upon 'Trent which he had 
removed, and stating also that he had shut up the wells at Buxton 143 

LXVII. The Commissioners to Cromwelu Reporting that they had 
visited the monastery of Bury St. Edmond*s, where they bad taken a 
large amount of gold, silver, and jewels. .144 

LXVIII. The Abbot and Content or WoaruN to the Kino. 
Submitting themselves and their goods to his Miyesty, and praying 
that they may be allowed to continue there . 1 45 

LXIX. Richard Cromwell to Lord Cromwell. Raassey, Oct. 15. 

VisitatUNi of Ely and Ramsey .146 

LXX. BisRor Latimer to Cromwell. Nov. 8. Reeommending 
two asonks, and excustog hit personal attendance in consequeace 
of iU health .147 

LXXL BisHor Latimer to Cromwell. Ilartlebury, Dee. 13. 
TbanklRg him for his goodness in promottng worthy men. and en- 
treating that the priory of Great Malvern OMiy remain unsupprsaeed 141 

LXXIL John Smith to Prancis Ca%e. Withcote, Dec. ti, Suting 
that the prior of Laumd had conveyed away murh of the property of 

RIB ROHBB ........ Iwv 




Xll TABLE OF CONTENTS. 

A.D. 1537. 

Letter LXXIH. The Abbot of Crotland to Cromwell. March 25. 

Sends • present of fish, and entreating his favoar .152 

LXXIV. Report of the Surrender op Furness Abbey. April 5. 153 

LXXV. The Duke of Norfolk to Cromwell. Kenninghall, April 

12. Election of a prior of Newbridge . . .154 

LXXVL Dr. Latton to Cromwell. Jane 4. Requesting that he 
and Dr. Legh maj be commissioners to inquire into the state of the 
monasteries in the North of England . . . .156 

LXXVH. Sir Arthur Darcy to Cromwell. Suppression of Jer- 
TRubi Abbey ; the grounds the finest in England for the breeding 
of horses. Visitation of Sallay. His priyate affairs . .158 

LXXVIIL Thomas Tyrell to Cromwell. June 12. Informing 
him that the vicar of Mendlesham had brought home his wife and 
children, which gave great offence to the laity .160 

LXXIX. John Foster to Cromwell. June 18. Suting that he 
had sent away his wife, whom he had married without knowing that 
it was contrary to the king*8 intentions . .160 

LXXX. Bedyll to Cromwell. London, June 14. Reporting that 
the prior of the Charter House had resigned his house to the king, 
and recommending the said prior to favour . .162 

LXXXI. Francis Cave to Cromwell. Leicester, Aug. 29. Sur- 
render of the monastery of Leicester . . . 1 63 

LXXXI I. Richard Bellasys to Cromwell. York, Nov. 14. De- 
molition of the monasteries of J erraulx and Bridlington .164 

LXXXI! 1. The Commissioners of the North to Cromwell. 
Selby, Dec 8. Dissolution of the houses of Hampole, St. Oswald's, 
Pontefract, Fountains, St. Mary's in York, Nun-Appleton, and 
Selby ; Burton-upon-Trent and St. Leonard's in York •* altered.'* 166 

LXXXIV. The Commissioners of the North to Cromwell. 
York, Dec. 15. Dissolution of the houses of Wyeresope, Monk- 
Bretton, St. Andrew's at York, Byland, Rievaux, Kirkham, and 
Ellerton, and the friars' houses at Tick hill, Doncaster, Pontefract, 
and the friars of York. Lead and bells at Bolton reserved . 167 

A.D. 153H. 

LXXXV. The Commissioners to Cromwell. Northampton, March 
2. Suppression of the monastery of St. Andrew's, Northampton, 
with list of the pensions granted to the monks . .168 

LXXXVI. Robert Southwell to Cromwell. Northampton, 
Blarcb 3. Sappressioa of the monastery of St. Andrew in North- 
ampton, the priory of Westacre, and Boxley abbey .171 




TABLE OP CONTENTS. XUI 

Lkttir LXXXVII. Archbishop Cranmir to Cromwrll. Fordt March 7. 
Recommending that the prior of the Charter-house in the itle of 
Axcholm should not be deposed, as he thinks he may be persuaded 
to resign willingly ....... 173 

LXXXVUI. Thr Brbthrbn of the Chartbr Houib in Axbholm 
TO THB Prior or Shenb. Entreating hb assistanoe, and com- 
plaining of the misconduct of their prior in oonTcying away the 
property of the house ...... 174 

LXXXIX. William Petrb to Cromwell. Lianthony, March 17. 
Resignation of the abbot of Evesham, and surrender of the priory of 
Lantbony . . . . .177 

XC. William Parrk to Cromwell. Ilorton, March 18. Concern- 
ing the abbey of Peterborough and the town of Kendal .178 

XCl. John PoRTiNARi TO Cromwell. Lewes, March 24. Demolition 

of Lrwes priory. Description of the building, with measurements . 180 

XCII. Sir Richard Riche to Cromwell. Wood Rysing, March ^. 

Suppression of Binham and Ik^ston priories . . 18t? 

XCIll. Bishop Barlow to Cromwell. Carmarthen, March 31. 
Superstitious relics at Haverfordwest and Cardigan. Recommends 
the sec of St. David's to be removed to Carmarthen .183 

XCIV. Bishop Barlow to Cromwell. St. David's, April 5. Plate 
and money of the chanters of St. David's seised. Violent opposi- 
tion he had met with in the diocese .187 

XCV. ELi«i Price TO Cromwell. North Wales, April 6. Removal 

of the image of Darvcl Gatheren in the diocese of St. Asaph . 190 

XCVI. Richard Bimhop or Dover to Cormwbll. Lincoln, first 
Sunday in Lent. Surrender of a number of houses of friars at Bos* 
Ion, Huntingdon, and Lincoln; Grantham, Newark, Grimsby, 
Hull, BcTcrlry, Scarborough, Carlisle, Lancaster . IIM 

PROGRESS OF THE COMMISSIONERS IN THE WEST. 

XCVII. Richard Bishop or Dover to Cromwell. Gloucester, 
May &{. Distolution of rcliKious houses in Northampton, Co. 
veotry, Atherston, Warwirk, Tbeleaford, Droitwtch, Worcester, and 
Gloucester . l*it 

XCVIII. Richard Buhop or Dover to Cromwell. Suppression 
of religious houses in Brittol. (iloucester, and Wtnchetter, and of 
the dissolute conduct of the friars ; with a list of friars who desire 
to change thrir habit .196 

XCIX. Report or the St rrexder or the Friars at Gloi • 

CESTER. July 'i'<. ..... ^?0i 

C. Richard Bishop or Dover to Cromwell. Shrewsbury, Aug. IJ. 
tiRpprtssioR of religioRs homscs in Worc«sl«r, BridgvtMrth, Alher- 
slofie. Ucbieid, Sufbrd, N ew castle -RBder-Uae, and Skrtwabvy . iU3 




Xiy TABLB OP CONTENTS. 

Lbttsr CI. Bishop Barlow to Cromwbll. Llanfej, Aug. 16. Entreating 
that hii see of St. David's may be removed to Carmarthen, and de- 
scribing the barbarons ignorance and superstition of the Welsh . S06 

CII. Richard Bishop of Doykr to Cromwell. Harford East, 
Ang. S7. Suppression of sereral conyents, and asking instructions 
concerning others. Shrewsbury, Bristol, Salisbury, Bangor, &c. 
Superstitious relics in North Wales .... 210 

cm. Dr. London to Cromwkll. Oxford, July S7. Surrender of 
the houses of Kyme, Nun-Coton, Irford, Fosse, and Herenynge in 
Lincolnshire, and BeauTale and Newstead in Nottinghamshire . SI 3 

CIV. John Fitzwarrsn to Cromwbll. Domeford, Aug. SO. En- 
treating to be allowed to purchase the goods at the Black Friars in 
Samm, and that Mr. Goodale may be allowed the same with the 
Grey Friars S16 

CV. Dr. London to Cromwkll. Oxford, Aug. 31. Friars at Oxford 
who desire to change their habit. The Grey Friars in Reading. 
Relics and superstitions ...... S17 

CVL Pollard and othbrs to Cromwbll. Reports their haring re- 
ceived various relics at Winchester, and their intention of proceed- 
ing to the monasteries of Hyde and St. Mary's . . . S18 

CVIL Richard Pollard to Cromwbll. Reading, Sept. 15. Sup- 
pression of the priory in Reading .... SSO 

CYIIL Dr. London to Cromwbll. Reading, Sept. 17. Proceed- 
ings at Reading. Image of our Lady at Caversham, and other relics. 
Recommends that the Priory Church at Reading should be con- 
verted into a town hall ...... SSI 

CIX. Dr. London to Sir Richard Rich. Reading, Sept. 17. Sur- 
render of the priory at Reading. Image of our Lady at Caversham, 
and other relies. Requires instructions for the suppression of the 
friars' houses in Aylesbury, Bedford, and Northampton . SS4 

ex. Dr. London to Cromwbll. Reading, Sept. 18. Surrender of 
the Grey Friars at Reading. Relics taken there, with a list of them SS5 

CXI. Dr. London to Cromwbll. Godstow, Nov. 6. Suppression 
of the nunnery of Godstow. The abbess and sisters recommended 
to favour. Tollisop Crossfriars beside Warwick, Austin Friars at 
Northampton, Combe Abbey ..... SS7 

CXIl. Thb Abbbss of Godstow to Cromwbll. Godstow, Nov. 5. 
Complaining of the conduct of Dr. London, and asking protection . SS9 

CXIll. Thb Commissioners to Cromwbll. Christchurche, Dec. S. 
Surrender of Twynham priory . . . . S31 

CXIV. Dr. London to Cromwbll. Oxford, Dec. S8. Surrender of 
the houses of Ensham, Notley, Donnington (near Newbury,) De- 
lapr^, St Anne (near Coventry), and Combe. Many reHci . S3S 




• TABLB OF CONTENTS. 

Lbttir CXV. De. London to Sir Richard Rich. Particolmn reUting to 
the houses of Notley, Ensham, Delspr^, and the Cnitched Friars, 
near Newbury. Requires farther instmetions retpectiDg Theles- 
ford, Nnn-Coton, and Combe . . • • • 335 

CXVI. Thb Commissioners of tbr Wrst to Cromwbll. Glou- 
cester, Jan. 4, 1538-9. Surrender of the abbeys of Hayles and 
Winchcombe in Gloucestershire ..... S36 
CXVII. Bishop Lrb to Cromwbll. Wifinore, Jan. IS. Entreating 
to haTe the cathedral at Coventry converted into a collegiate 
churdi ........ 838 

MISCELLANEOUS PROCEEDINGS IN 1538. 

CXVIII. Sir Thomas Audlbt to Cromwbll. Eston, Aug. IS. 

Priory of St. Osith. EntreaU sssistance in his suit to the King . S39 

CXIX. Sir Thomas Audlbt to Cromwbll. Entreating to be allowed 

to purchase Walden Abbey .... . S41 

CXX. Dr. Lbgh to Cromwbll. Vale Royal, Aug. SS. Disorderly 
living of many of the knights and gentlemen in the archd e aconries 
of Coventry, Stafford, Derby, and Cheshire . S43 

CXXI. Thb Abbot op Valb Rotal to Cromwbll. Lichfield, Sept. 
9. Stating that he had not surrendered his abbey as reported, nor 
desired to do so . . 844 

CXXII. Sir Thomas Audlbt to Cromwbll. Berechurch, Sept. 8. 
Reporting that he had .visited Prince Edward (afterwards Edward 
YI.) and entreating that the houses of St Osith and St. John's in 
Colchester may be changed into colleges «... 845 

CXXIII. Thb Prior op Gisburnb and Tristram Tbsmb to Crom- 
wbll. Whitby, Oct. 8. Election of a prior of Whitby . . 848 

CXXIV. Thb Commissionbrs to Cromwbll. St. .\lban's, Dec. 10. 

Ths abbot of St. Alban't refuses to surrender his abbey • 850 

CXXV. John Bbaumont to Cromwbll. WlicUcaborougli, Dec. 27. 
W*ith a present of 20/. , entreating that he B»ay be allowed to pur* 
chase the nunnery of Gracedieu .851 

SEQUEL OF THE DISSOLUTION. 

CXXVI. Thb Commissionbrs to Cromwbll. G l aston b ury, Sept. f9, 

1539. Eiamination of the abbot of Glastonbury . .855 

CXXVII. Thb Commissionbrs to Cromwbll. Glastonbury, ScpL 
88, 15J9. Reporting that they had found much asooey and plate at 
Glastonbury hidden there by the abbot and monks; and sohm other 
matters relating to the dissolutioB of that house . 857 




XVI TABLE OF CONTENTS. 

Lbttir CXXVIII. The Commissioners to Cromwell. Glastonbury, Oct. 9, 
1539. The tbbot of Glastonbury accused of treasonable prac- 
tices •■•.••*. 2d" 

CXXIX. Lord Russell to Cromwell. Wells, No?. 16. Execution 

of the abbot of Glastonbury and two of his monks . . S59 

CXXX. Richard Pollard to Cromwell. Wells, Not. 16. Further 
account of the execution of the abbot of Glastonbury. Requests 
that his brother Paulett may have the surreyorship of the abbey 
estates ........ 261 

CXXXL Project for new Bishops* Sees. .263 

CXXXII. Accounts of John Scudamore (the King's receiver for 
several counties on the borders of Wales). Shewing the proceeds 
from the sale of the goods, &c. of Bgrdesley abbey, the Grey and 
Austin priories of Stafford, the Grey Friars of Lichfield, and the 
abbeys of Crokesden^ Rowcester, and Hilton . 266 

CXXXIIL Sir Richard Riche to John Scudamore. London, 
April, 24, 1540. Instructions for the disposal of the bells of Wen- 
lock abbey ........ 278 

CXXXIV. Sir Richard Riche to John Scudamore. London, 

July, 31. Disposal of the goods of Bordesley abbey . . 279 

CXXXV. Roger Bedull to Scudamore and Burgoyn. Droitwich, 
Dec. 3. On the salt-works and payments belonging to the abbey 
of Bordesley, in Worcestershire ..... 280 

CXXXVI. Robert Burgotn to John Scudamore. Thelesford, July 
6. Surrey of the friars' houses at Cainham, Woodhouse, Bridgnorth, 
Wigmore, and Hereford, and other places on the borders of Wales ; 
with a present of a buck ...... 281 

CXXXVll. Philip Hobt to John Scudamore. The Court, Oct. 31. 
Entreating to be allowed to purchase the stone then remaining at 
ETCsham abbey ....... 283 

CXXXVIII. Robert Burgotn TO John Scudamore. Concerning the 
disposal of the goods, &c. of the priory at Worcester, and the 
manor of Batenhall ...... 284 

CXXXIX. Robert Burgotn to John Scudamore. Walton at Stone, 
Jan. 9. Relating to the priory at Worcester, and various other 
matters ........ 287 

CXL. William Chorlton to John Scudamore. Concerning the 

Abbey of LilleshuU in Shropshire ..... 288 

CXLI. John Freman to Cromwell. Louth, May 10. On the super- 
fluous fees given by the late suppressed houses . 289 

CXLIl. Letter to John Scudamore. Westminster, Feb. 28, 1555. 
He is directed to settle his accounts of lead and bells belonging to the 
suppressed religious houses in his " late circuit" . .291 




THREE CHAPTERS OF LETTERS 



RKLATINO TO THE 



SUPPRESSION OF MONASTERIES. 



CHAPTER I. 

TBI PIRIOD PRBVIOU8 TO THB PASSING OP THB ACT POR THE 
SUPPRESSION OP TUB SMALLBR MONASTERIES. 



Altbooob It b VBccrUin when thm Idat of diatolYiaf iht Monutnim was Ant 
tilk«4 9t, It li ecrtaia that U« ue wm ftrti kOd to Um tree by CanUmU Woltey, wbo 
ohtiinil graatt Ibr Mpproniiif a aaaiber of tka ■nailer BMmaatarica la order to fbaad 
a coUoga at Oxferd (bow CImat'f Ckoreb) aad anotlMr at Ipewidi. Wolwy bisMlf 
(ia hk IcttOT to tha Kiaf. prioted in Ellis, Orif. Lett. Secoad Scriaa, U. p. IH) calla 
tiMa " etrtala cxUa ^ aad tnall Boaasteriet, wbcreia acither Ood Is ttntd aa religioa 
lwpC*\ Tba aealoat CatboUct ware alanaad by tbie B»aaaar«, aad jaMly rcfardad it aa 
aa taati^ vbldi woald aot Cdl to lead to a aMre gvacral denolitioD of tbe religloai 
Soaa ol tba abbota attcaiplad to avert tbe daafer by oieriag nuaa of 
fbr bit tcbolastk foaadatioa inetead of tbe abbey laade, aa la tbe preeeal 
of tbe abbot of York. Tbere were area sobm taaialtaoae oatbreaks of 
pofahr diaMriefw^oa. Oraftoa (Cbroa. p. 999, arw edit.) Myf,— ** Yoa bave beard 
bow tbe Cardiaall rapprteeed auuiy aioaaatarlea, of tbe wbfeb oae wae called 
la Sail 11, tbe wbkb wee rcrie ooaiaMdioae to tbe eoaatrey : bat co befell tbe 
tbat a rioCae eoaipaay, diagaieed aad aakaowaa, witb paiated faeia aad vieera* 
CMBO to tba aaaM ■oaealerie, aad broi^ witb tbeai tbe cbaaoaa, aad pat tbeai la 
Ibilr pbea i^ai, aad proadeed tbca tbat wbeaeoertr tbey raag tbe bell, tbat tbey 



laea. Lit. arOif. (aot ^HmprimimJ* It li a 
wittaia of tali iiga* 

CAMD. SOC. B 




2 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

would come with a great power and defeod ihem. Th js doyng came to the eare of the 
king! coimaajle, which earned the chanons to he taken, and they confened the capU 
taynet, which were imprisoned and sore pnnished." When Wolsej was beginning to 
dc^ne In the rojal favour, the suppression of these religions houses was one of the 
first charges brought against him. 

The small monastery of Rombnrgh or Rnmbnrgh in Suffolk is supposed to have been 
fSounded about the time of the Norman Conquest. It was given by Alan the Savage, 
fourth Earl of Richmond and Earl of Britany, about the time of Henry I. to the Abbey 
of St. Mary at York, which had been founded about 1078, by Alan Rufus, the first 
Earl. At least such ia the opinion of antiquaries, who consider the statement in this 
letter, that Rombnrgh was given to the Abbey of York by Alan Niger (the second Eari), 
to be erroneous. The cell of Rombnrgh was suppraved by Wolsey, and the site and 
revenues granted to his college at Ipswich in 1538, the date of the present letter. 
Edmund Walley, or Whalley, the writer of the letter, was abbot of St. Mary's at York 
from 1521 to 1530. 

I. 

THE ABBOT OP YORKE TO CARDINAL WOLSEY. 
[MS. Cott. Cleop. E. it. fol. 46.*] 

Plbaseth your grace to understaunde, that I, your pore oratour, 

have lately receyyid certen lettres frome our priour of Romeburgfa, 

with other of our brethren there beinge, by whose purporte I 

perceyve that your graces pleasure ys to suppresse the said priory 

of Romeburgh, and also to unite, annex, and improper the same 

unto the church of Saint Peters in Ipiswiche ; and for the ac- 

compleshment of the same, as they wryte xmto me, your officers 

came to the said priory the xj^^ day of this present moneth ; and 

there, after the redinge of certen lettres commissionall not onely 

of your grace, bot also of our holy father the pope, and of our 

Boveraigne lorde the kynge, for the same purpose directed, intered 

into the same priory, and that done, toke away as well the goodes 

moveable of the said priory, beinge a membre of our monastery, 

and gyven unto us by Alen Niger, summe tyme erele of Riche- 

mound, and our secounde refounder, by whose gyfte next unto the 

kinges grace we have had moost benefyttes, laundes, and pro* 

fettes gyven us, by reason whereof we be most notabily charged 

with masses, suffi'agies^ and other almouse dedes for hys bene- 



SUPPRISSION OP MONA8TIRIB8. 5 

fjrttet to us most charytably exhibite, hot also certen mtmimentes, 
eridences, and specialties, tochinge and apperteynynge unto our 
monastery, which we had lately sent unto our said priour and 
brethren there, for the tryall of certen laundes and rightus 
which lately did depende betwixt us and certen men of worshipp 
in Cambridge shyre in contraversie, and yet doith depende unde- 
dsed, and for none other purpose* In consideracion wherefore, 
yf yt might please your grace, forasmuch as we have a greata 
parte of our laundes graunted unto us by reason of the said Alen 
Niger, whereby we be daly charged as doith appere by compo- 
sicion made betwixt us and the said Alen Niger, and also con- 
firmed by Boniface the iij^ anno mi pant, iercio under certen cen- 
sures and paynes with clausis dirogatorye, as more largely by hys 
said graunte doith appere, that the said pryory might consiste and 
abyde as a membre unto oure monastery, as yt haith done this 
thre hundred yeres and more, with your graces favour, your grace 
shall not onely put me and my brether to a greate quietude, bot 
also take away many sundry doubties and greate perels of the 
residew of our laundes graunted unto us by the said erele, which 
be right notable, yf the same suppression or alienation no fiirther 
precede ; and, besydes that, minstre unto us a more notable acta 
then ye had gyven us ten tymes more laundes then unto the same 
priory doith appertcyne and belonge ; for of trueth the rentes and 
rerenues unto the same priory belonging doith very lytill sur- 
mounte the sum of xxx^L sterlinge, as far as I perccy ve. And yet 
towardes your spedall, honourable, and laudable purpose concern- 
ynge the erection and foundacion of the said college and scole, I 
am right interely eontentid, for your tenderinge of the premisses, 
to gyve unto your grace ccc« markes sterlinge, which shall be de- 
lirerd unto your grace immediately. Most hummely desjrring your 
grace to aooepte my pore mynde towardes your most noble acte, 
which shuld be far better yf that my lytill pore [estate] thereunto 
voUe extende, protestinge ever that yf your graces pleasure be to 
havetliesaid priory to rtie purpose above recyted, that then with all 



4 liSTTBRS RBLATINO TO THB 

my study, diligence, and labour, I shall continuaDy indever my self 
for the accompleshment of the same, accordingly as my dutie ys. 
Trustinge ever that your grace will se our pore monastery no 
farther hyndred, hot that we may in tyme commyng lyye lyke 
religiouse men, and serve Almighty God with our nombre deter- 
minate, and hereafter avoide both in law and good conscience all 
perells that thereby may ensue ; and also pray for our founders, 
benefactours, and your good grace, accordingly to the foundacion of 
our monastery, as our dutie ys ; and so knowith Jhesus, who pre- 
serve your most noble grace in high honour and greate pros- 
perytie long to continew. Frome our monastery of Tourke, the 
xx^^ day of Septembre. 

Your most bownden bedeman, Edmond, abbot of Yourke. 

To my lorde legates good grace. 



Tlie following letter was written in the beginning of the year 15)29. The history of 
the small priory of black canons at Batley in Suffolk is very obscure, and the list of 
priors particulariy imperfect. It was founded in 1171, by the celebrated lawyer 
Rannlf de GlanriL Whether Wolsey designed to suppress it or not is uncertain, but 
this letter shows the tyranny which the hanghty Cardinal exerted over the religious 
bouses. 

II. 

RICHARD, BISHOP OP NORWICH, TO CARDINAL WOLSBT. 

[From MS. HarL No. 604, fol. 55.] 

In moste bumble maner I commende me mito your grace, doynge 
the same t'undrestande that I have hard youre message and cre- 
dence commytted unto Maister Doctour Stewarde, your chape- 
lain, to showe unto me, and have showed unto hym my full myende 
therin, the which I doubte not he wull declare unto your grace* 

And where the president and convent of the howse of Butley, 
sone after the departjrnge of their late priour and maister there, 
prefixed and assigned a day for their election of a new priour, and 




SUPPRB88I0N OP 1IONA8TSRIB8. 5 

appo3rnted certayn of myn officers at that day to be there follj 
myended and determyned to procede to their election by the way 
of inspiracion, the same so prefixed for the election, after their 
service said and other ceremonyes obsenred, whan thei were redy 
and at the poynt to procede to their election, your lettres of se- 
qnestradon and inhibition to the contrarye were delyvered unto 
the president and convent, the which thei obeide, as became theym 
to do, and differred their election for that tyme. And whereas 
nowe I understonde that the said president and convente, before 
the said Maister Stewarde and other your officers, have proceded 
to their election, and fully compromytted in your grace to name 
and appoynt one of the brether and convente there, suche one as 
your grace shall thinke moste mete and profightable for the place, 
surely as I am credibly enfourmed there be dyverse of the brether 
right hable and mete for that office, and specially one Sir Thomas 
Sudboume, celerar there, who had been electe and chosen per viam 
ipiriius $ancti at the first day prefixed for their election by the com- 
men consent of all the brether, if your grace is inhibicion had not 
been, as myn officers than beynge there have reported unto me ; wher- 
fore your nominacion in this behalve onys made and intimate unto 
the convent, my truste is your grace wulbe contented that I shall 
oonfirme the said election and the priour so by your grace electe. 
And thus Almyghty God long preserve your grace to your hertes 
moste desire. At Hoxne, the xij^ day of January, 15 28, by your 
oratour and chapelaine, 

Rl. NORVICBN. 
T» mf lorAt cvd jmU U gnet hm Umm lettrw ad. 



o# U« cottrt hud «poa Bca*i miaat at tk« SfsC ottttrsak o# the RHo n ni H oa. 

BaHow wm a mCIt« of E«ei. %aA oHgiBally • cmmmi of Hc O07IIMV U 
kit yovUi Im WM a pwtUM </ tb* chvrdi rdbrsMTB. H« altanwdt kcld ap yo h i fwH i 
la immml raUfloM Immm ia EnUMd, «m wmx by llaorj VUl. oa m MihMj !• 




6 • LBTtSRS RSLATINO TO THB 

Scotland, md in 1535 was made bishop of St. Aiaph. He wai in a tew creeks r emof e d* 
to tlie biiliopric of St. DaTid*k» and afterwardi to that of Bath and Wells. He fled 
from England on the accession of Mary ; but on Elisabeth's retnm he was promoted to 
the bishopric of Chichester. Tanner has given the titles of such of his books as were 
pjrinted. In his Dialogue he had reflected bitterly on Wolsfy ft>r tho dissolution of the 
small monasteries with which he intended to endow his new ooDege. 

HI. 

WILLIAM BARLOW TO THE KING, A.D. 1533. 

[From MS. Cott. Cleop. E. it. foL 181.] 

. Prayse be to God, who of hys infinyte goodnes and mercye 
inestimable hath brought me owt of darcknes into lyght, and firom 
deadly ignoraunce unto the quicke knowlege of trothe, from the 
which through the fendes instygacyon and fals perswasyones I 
have greatly swenred, wrappjrnge my selfe in manyfolde erroures 
and detestable heresyes agaynst the doctryne of Chryst and deter- 
mynacyon of holy churche, in so moche that I have made cer- 
tayne bookes, and have suffired theym to be emprynted, as the 
Treatyse of the Buryall of the Masse, a Dyaloge betwene the Gen- 
tyllman and Husbandman, the Clymbynge up of Fryers and Reli- 
gious Persones, portred with fygures, a descripcion of Godes 
worde compared to the lyght ; also a convicyous dyaloge withowt 
any tytle, invejrnge specyally agaynst Saynt Thomas of Canter- 
berye, which as yet was never prynted nor publysshed openly. In 
thes treatyses I perceyve and aknowlege my selfe grevously to have 
erred, namely, agaynst the blyssed sacrament of the altare, dys- 
alowynge the masse and denyenge purgatorye, with slawnderous 
infamye of the pope and my lorde cardynall, and owtragious rayl- 
yng agaynst the clergye, which I have forsaken and utterly 
renownced* Wherfore I beynge lately informed of your hyghnes 
endued with so excellent leamynge and syngler jugement of the 
trothe, which endevored not onely to chace awaye and extyrpe 
all heresyes, but also to se a reformacyone of slawnderous lyvynge, 
for the restraynte of vyce in all estates, to the furtheraunoe of 




8UPPRB88ION OP MONASTSRIBS. J 

Teitue and avmimceiiient of Godes worde ; also connderynge the 
pyteous favour voyde of rygour, and mercye abhorrynge cmelte^ 
which your hyghnes hath used towarde other of your subgettes 
fidlen into aoche lyke heresyes, as have subroytted theym selves 
humbly unto your grace ; I have made sute by all meanes possyble 
fireely withowt mocyon of any man to come and present my selfe 
afore your highnes fet,to submytt my selfe unto your mercyfuU plea* 
sure, besechynge your gracyous pardone. Also as ferre forthe as 
I have knowlege in all thinges to acertayne your grace unfaynedly 
whatsoever your hyghnes shall vouchesave to demaunde of me, 
your unworthye subgett and oratour, 

William Barlo. 



The Dot klttr rtlstai to OM oC Um (ktkart of tb« rcfonnatim^ Hoffa Ladowr, ft^ 
ftardj oppoaant Habbcrdin. Stowe giTcit an accooat of Lfttimcr's prMchiaf ftt Briitol in 
1534,tbe date of tbepmeni letter. He waf actiTc in detecting the practioet of the If tid 
•f Kcat, aad waa, in the year foDowiag that in which this letter waa written, made Biahop 
af Woreaalar. At the time afhiapreachiBf at Briatol he waa looked upon with aooedia- 
fcYov { on the Sad Odohcr, 1&33, he had been forbidden to preach at Loadoa. Poia 
deacTJbai Habbcrdia aa '* an old divine of Oxford, a right painted Phariaaj, and a graal 
alialar abroad ia al qnartera of the raalme to deface aad impcache the aprinfjaf of Goda 
holj faapaH." It appeara that at this time the aeahma papiatrj of Habberdia waa aa 
dtataalalU to the goveraaMat aa the bold doctriaea of Latiaser. It woald aaeai that 
UabberdiB had toached too aearlj apoa the qaeation of the King's sapnaaacj. 

The abbey of St. Augaatine in Bristol appears to have been foaaded early ia the 
twelfth ccatary ; lU church, dedicated to the Holy Triaity. is aow the cathedral. Wil. 
Battoa ia staled, ia the Moaaaticoa, to have been asade abbot oa the 9th of 
r, I&34. He, with aighteea of hie asoaka, sabecribed to the Kill's aapraaeey, 
aad we asay t h ers fo te sappoee that he was oae of the aioderato party. 

IV. 

COMMISSIONBBS AT BRISTOL TO SBCRBTART CROMWRLL. 

[MB. CoCtoa« CkopaL B. !▼. foL 56.] 

Ill my moste humble wyse, with dew reoommendacyons as ap- 
pertaynctbey advertysynge your masterachype that I recevyd your 
leltar tha Saterday v<^ day of Julii, at vj. of the doke at nyite. 




8 LBTTSRS RBLATINO TO THE 

oommaundynge me by vertu of the same in the kynges name to 
electe and chose fyre or yj. oneste men to assyste and helpe me in 
all cawsys consemynge the behavynge as well of Latomer as of 
Huberdyn^ and ther prechyns, and spesyally what wordes Hyberdyn 
schold have consemynge the kynges hy3e magesty. And accord- 
ynge to thys commaundmente inmiedyatly I electyd and chose the 
reyerend lord abbot of Saynt Angustynes by Brystow^ Johan CabuU^ 
Thomas Broke^ Richard Trniell^ late mayres of the seyd towne of 
Brystow^ and Thomas a Bowen^ gentyllman. So electe and chosyn 
wee oondudyd to sytt Sunday the yj. day of Julii at after none at 
a place callyd Saynte Jamys, and then and there apperyd before 
us as weU of the spyrytuallte as of the temporalte, to whome wee 
declared and rede the commyssyon wherfore they wher callyd^ and 
so gave them inyoncyon at a day to sertefy the kynges hyjnes and 
hys moste honorable councell what Latomer had prechyd^ wherby 
thys the kynges towne of Brystow rune in infamy^ dyscorde^ 
stryfe, and debate. And lyke charge we gave them to sertefy us 
what Huberdyne had prechyd consemynge the kynges hyjnes^ or 
any worde that my3te sounde to the kynges hygh dysplesure, in 
any plase or places^ as they at ther pereU wood aunser. And apon 
whych inyoncyon, bothe of the spyrytualte and of the temporalty 
brow3te before us and sertyfyed, as by ther sertyfycattes more at 
large schall appere. And feurder to advertyse your masterschype 
the yery truthe, accordynge to our dewtys and your commaund- 
ment, what we do know in thys matters, we sertefy yow by the 
relacyons of many onest and credable persons, that the seyde 
Latomer came to Brystow and preched there the second Sonday 
in Leute laste paste ij. sermons, on in Saynte Nycholas chyrche 
afore none, and another yn the Blake Fryers at after none, and 
the Monday nexte folowynge he preched the thyrd sermone yn 
Saynte Thomas chyrche, yn the whych sermondes he prechyd 
dyyers sysmatyke and yronyous opinions : as yn hell to be no fyer 
sensyble ; the sowles that be yn purgatory to haye no nede of our 
prayers^ but rather to pray for us; no sayntes to be honoryd;. 




8UPPRBS8ION OP MONASTBR1B8. 9 

no pylgiymage to be usyd ; our blessyd lady to be a synner ; as hyt 
bathe ben reportyd and taken by the hcrers ; but for my selfe I 
never hard hym preche yn Brystow, for I was then syk, but by 
reaon of hys iij. sermondes dyvers of the kynges subyectes wythyn 
thys the kynges seyd towne, as manyfestely hathe apperyd 
hytherto, ys to be feryd be sore ynfectyd in the same, inso* 
moche grete stryfe and debate ys amonge the kynges subyectes 
here, and that amonge all maner of sortes of pepyll from the 
hyeste to the loweste withyn the same towne. And so dyd con- 
tynu from the foresayde second Sonday yn Lent unto Ester ncxte 
ensuynge, and yet dothe contynu, at which tyme of Ester Iluber- 
dyn came to Brystow and preched yn Sainte Thomas Chyrche at 
after none on Ester eve, and at Saynte Nycholas Chyrche licfore 
none on Ester day, and there prechyd scharply agenste Latomers 
artycules, proven ynge them be auctorytes as well by the Olde as 
the New Testamentes sysmatyke and yrronyous. And whereas 
3rt was very yll from the seyd seconde Sonday yn Ix?nte tyll Ester 
then nexte ensuynge, yt hathe l>en wors sens Ester ; for many that 
fiivoryd Latomer and hys new maner of prechynge, and other many 
that favoryd Hyberdync yn hys olde maner of prechynge, liothe the 
seyde partes hathe ben more ardente now sens Ester then they 
were before. Wherefore, as to our symple resons, wythowte the 
kynges moste noble grace provyde sume convcnyante remedy, 
muche more vnconvenvens ys lyke to ensu. Also, that same 
Sonday on Gylberte (!oijan came to the howsc of the Circy Fryers* 
in Brj'stow, and sayd to the warde of the same howse that he 
schowlde be ware what he scholde wrj'te and testyfy, for there 
schowlde cume iiij. c. that showlde testefy the contrary, as the 
seyde warden shewyd hyt manyfestely l>efore all the commys- 
syoners. On Frj-dny the xj**» day of Julij, Johan Drews wyth 
others brow3te yn before us syttynge yn commys»yon a lK>ke of 

* LmW M knows of Um hitCory of th« bouM of Um Grey Pmrt ko9 Prmi»rt*r«ftt i m 
Bfitlol. tA there u no litC of pnort. It «m fofiadcU tome time before \i.\\. 

CAMD. SO€. C 



10 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

many names, and iij. artycles comprisyd yn the same boke, where 
apperyth every mans confessyon. That boke so resevyd^callyd before 
us on Thomas Butteler, examyned hym what he had herde Hyber- 
dyn preche yn Saynt Thomas Chyrche ; he answeryd, that a num- 
ber of erytykes were yn Brystow, and Arom that nombre he brow3te 
hyt to xx^> or xxx** erytykes, acordynge to the fyrste artycull. 
After Thomas Walker was demandyd what he had herd of Hyber- 
dyn yn the same sayde chyrche ; he confessed that the sayd 
Hyberdyn sayd there was xx^i or xxx^ erytykes, acordynge to the 
fyrste artycull, and he sayd he hard hym say no more, and yet hys 
name ys to the second and the thyrde artyculles. Also another 
man came before us, and sayd that Huberdyn schowlde say that 
all Brystow was knaves and erytykes. John Drws persevyng 
every man to be examyned thys by hym selfe, knewe very weU 
ther confessyons wolde nothynge agre wyth the artycles yn ther 
seyde boke, wherefor he desyeryd that every man schowld brynge 
yn hys confessyon by wrytynge, and for as moche as yt was over 
longe and tedyows, as well to the commyssyoners as to the partys, 
we condessendyd to reseve there bylles, whych bylles and bokes, 
as well of the spyrytualte as of the temporalte, which your master- 
shype shall reseve of thys berer, wyth our dayly servys and prayer 
to preserve your longe lyfe and good to the plesure of God and 
your moste harteste desyer- And Almyjty God preserve owre 
moste redouptyd soveraynge lorde moste ryall person, bothe bodely 
and gostely longe to endure. A.M.E.N. 

Per mcy Willielmum Burton, abbatem mofuuterii divi 
Augustini. 

Bye me, John Calle. 

Thomas Broke. 

Per me, Rychard Tenell. 

Thomas Abowen. 
By me, Johan Bartholomew. 




SUPPRESSION OP MONASTERIES. II 

Tk« foUowlag letter mast have bees written before the precediiiK, but it will be beet 
uoderttood ia iu present position. Cromwell wee inclined to shew more fiiToar to 
Latimer then his opponents expected, and the esse with which the Utter excused the 
mistaken harshness of their censures is very remtrkable. Little is known of the 
historj of the honse of I>ominicens, or Friars Preachers, in Bristol, and there is no list 
of the priors. Dr. Hjbey succeeded Fisher as bishop of Rochester, which shows that 
he was compliant with the spirit of the times. 

V. 

JOHN IIYLSET TO CROMWELL. 
[From MS. Cotton. Cleopat. E. iv. fol. 140.] 

Master chawnseUr^ I commende me unto you as hartly as I 
may thynke, trustynge yn Uode that you be (the which Jesu con- 
tynewe) yn good prosperyte. Ytt is nott owt off your master- 
shyppys remembrance, that yn the Lent I dyd wrete unto you off 
the grete dyrysyon that was (ye and yett ys) amonge the peple yn 
the towne of BrystoU, off the whyche I wrote unto yowe that hytt 
came by the prechynge of ownc Mr. Latymar, a man nott un- 
knowne. I wrote to you allsoe that he spake off pylgremages^ 
wonihyppyng off seyntes, wurshyppyng off y mages, off pur- 
gatory, etc yn the whyche he dyd vehemently pentwade towarde 
the contrary, that the peple ware nott a lytic offendyd. I wrote 
alsoe that some men thowht necessary to preache agenst hym, the 
whyche I supposyd nott best, except that he sholde be put to 
sylence, for fere off fardyr dyvysyon (the whyche by this cause ys 
nowe happen yd yn dede) ; and some thowht hytt metur to have 
hym before hys ordynarye to lie examynyde, and soe the trewthe 
to be knowen ; and yn thys tliynges 1 desyryd you to do that you 
thowht metyst to reforme your peryshynge flock, to whome I 
wrote as to the shepparde off the sayd flockc. Nowe upon thys 
my byll men hathe crafftly usyd them selfe, ye and craflt was usyd 
to me or thys byll camme fn)me me, but that makythe nott nowe, 
the lettre ys off myne owne hande as thys ys, and nowe seynge that 
men hathe fownde the way to con%*ey hytt to you otherways then 
they ynformyd me that they wolde, I cannott denye mye hande, 
nother wyll nott ; wberfore puttynge asyde all thngea that sholde 



12 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

seme to excuse myn actte, thes war the occasyon of my letter : 
fyrst the fame that I harde of thys man, master Latymer, before 
that I knewe hyme, the whyche same decevyd nott only me butt 
other as well lernyd as I ; seconde was the vehement perswadyiige 
ayenst tlie abuse off the thynges, as ys above wretyn, wythe more, 
as off massys, off scale celi, pardons, the fyre off hell, the state off 
the sowlys yn purgatory, off faythe wytheowt good wurkes, off 
ower lady to be a synnar or noe synnar, etc. The whyche 1 and 
syche other dyd suppose that he dyd preache to the yntent to 
confownde thes thynges ; wherapon bothe the wurshypffull men, 
master Doctor Powell, master D. Goodryche, master Heberdynne, 
master pryour off Seynt Jamys, and I, dyd preache agenst, ap- 
pro vynge purgatory, pylgremages, the \i'urshyppynge off seyntes 
and ymages, alsoe approvynge that feyth wytheowt good wurkes 
ys but deade, and that ower lady beynge full of grace ys and was 
wytheowtte the spott of synne. But when we had dunne, I reken 
we laboryd but yn vayne, and browht the peple yn greter dyvysyon 
then they war, as they doe hytherto contynewe. I beseeke God 
to helpe hytt, for ower kr}'ynge owne agenst another ys nott frut- 
ffull, nother takythe onny effecte ; ffor sens I have communyd 
wythe master Lattymar, and I have harde hyme preache, and 
have yntytle hys sermon sentens for sentens, and I have percevyd 
that hys mynd ys myche more agenst the abusynge off thynges 
then agenst the thynge hytt selfe. More, the ihyrde thynge that 
causyd me to wrete unto you was thys dyvysyon that remanythe 
and yncrcasethe yett amonge us, the whyche wyll nott (by thys 
way that we have begone) be ceasyd. Therfore hytt lyythe yn 
you to devyse some other way, as God and your goode cownsell 
shall ynforme you. Yn my jugement, by that that I knowe off 
master Latymars mynde nowe, yff he myght have your lycens, he 
woolde opyn hys mynde yn thys matters that the peple sholde be 
content, and thys woolle plese the cownsell of the towne well, for 
apone thys they be agreyde, and hopythe apone your good helpe 
yn hytt. And yff I may wythe my lytle understondynge furder 




SUPPRESSION OF MONASTERIES. 13 

thys matter, to brynge bytt unto an unytye, as Ood ys my jugge, I 
wyll doe my dylygens, and yff he (quod absiij shollde hereaffler 
sey onny thynge that sholde sowne other wyse then the catholycall 
determjrnacion off the chyrche, ther wylbe inowhe that wylbe redy 
to note hyt wythe more dylygens then hytherto. The forth was 
my coscycns, thowhe hytt ware for the tym erronyows, and 
decevyd for lacke off takynge hede dylygently, to marke and 
knowe the abuse off a thynge frome the thynge. Thy fythe cause 
I shall reserve secretly to my selfe, lest that I sholde seme to put 
other men yn gylty off my factcs, that I doe nott yntent, Gode 
wyllynge, whoe have you yn hys proteccion. Wretyn jn Brystoll^ 
2* Mail, 

By me, Frere John Hvlsev, doctor 
and prj'or off the Freers Prechurs thcr. 



Tbc letters which follow rrUte to an «ff«ir that had much influence in bringtiif 
the moakt into ditfavour, and battened the great revolution which it it the object 
of the present volume to illottrate. Eliiabcth Barton, to celebrated under the title of 
the Maid of Kent, wat oriftnally t tcnrant, and being tubject to ttrangc epileptic flta, 
•he wat choten by a violent party at an inttrument of deception. She wat taught to 
pretrnd to have vitiont and revelationt. and wat flrtt brought forward by Richard 
Maatert, parton of Aldrington. Archbtthop Warham, and even Sir Thomat Mors 
and btthop Fither, were either decrtvcMl, or gave encouragement to thit piout fraud ; 
and tl»e former cauted her to be placed at a nun in the priory of St. Sepulchre at Can* 
terbury. She was there under the immediate aurvrillanre of Dr. Kdward Docking, a 
canon of (.'hritt't Church, who wat one of the mott traluut (tartiaant of the plot; and 
another monk, named Richard Drring. or Deering. t<H>k down her pretended viaioot, 
and fonned them into a book. Thit plot wat allowed to go on for tome time, and tha 
fathrra and nunt of Sjon. the Charter lloute. and Sheen, with tome of the friart ob- 
•ervanta of Richmond and (ireenwich. (»articipated largely in it. But at lenfth th« 
pnblie viotence with which the King'i proceedingt, in teeking a divorce from Calhartna 
of Arrafon, and hit quarrel with the |*ope, were attacked, called down the vengeanca 
of the Court; and the " holy m«id" wat teitrd and rianiinrd in the Star chamber, 
when t-te confrtaed the contpirary and hrr accomplicet. EUtabeth Barton. Bocktng , 
Derinf . and othrrt concerned in thit alTatr, were afterwardt condemned of high treaton, 
and etrenfed at Tyburn on the ^CHh of April, \h\4. One of thete wat Hugh Rich, a 
frtar obacrvant. The foUovring latter appeart to have been written by one alao 



H LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

ooncemed in the oonipincj, but who had undertakeD to examine the Ust-mentioned 
pertooy mnd giTes ns a brief catalogue of the principal Tiiioni of the nan. 



VI- 

LETTER TO SECRETARY CROMWELL. 
[From MS. Cotton. Cleopat. E. it. fol. 75.] 

Sir, may it please you to be advertysed that accordyng to your 
comaundement I have put the artykylles of the communycacion be- 
twene me and Mr. Ryche in wrytyng, and, as he sayth yow have 
them in wrytyng before, ever as I hard thynges wurthy to be 
notyd uppon the margent of my bok in the Doche and Frenshe 
tong, to thentent he shuld not understond my purpose, I dyd 
writ them. Yet dyd I not beleve sutche taylys (which he 
cawlyth revelacions), for I have lemyd the gospell, Attendite a 
faUis propheiis. Yf I had remembred another comaundement as 
well as I dyd that, Non concupisces rem proximi tui, with the 
saying of Catho cum bonis ambula^ I shuld not have fallyn into 
this mysery. I have in remembraunce xxx. or xxxj. of these taylles 
which ar not possible to be set forth in wrytynges, that there 
intent shuld be known, and I suppose that xx. sheytes of papor 
wyll not wryte them at lengh in order. Wherefore I have 
written the name of the story whereuppon it dothe treate, so that 
then (yf it be as he sayth) the hole story wulbe in your re- 
membraunce. 

Fyrst, of an angell that appered and bad the nun go unto the 
kjmg, that infydell prynce of Inglond, and say that I comaund 
hym to amend his lyve, and that he leve iij. thynges which he 
lovyth and purposyth uppon, that is that he tak none of the popis 
right nor patrymony from hym, the second that he distroye all 
these new ffolkes of opynyon and the workes of there new 
lernyng, the thyrde that yf he maryed and tok An* to wyffe the 

* The King was married to Anne Bolejn in the Januarj of 1533. 




8UPPRC88ION OF MONASTERIES. 15 

vengaunce of (3od shuld plage hynsy and (as she saytb) she 
shewyd this unto the kyng, etc. 

2. Item, after this ii. or iij. moncthis the angell apperyd and bad 
hur go ayen unto the kyng, and say that synce hur Ust bejrng 
with his grace, that he hath more hyghlyer stodyed to bryng his 
purpose to passe^ and that she saw in spyryt the kyng, the quene, 
and the yerle of Wybhere * standyng in a gardejrn together, and 
that the dyd deryze how to brjrng the matter to passe, and by no 
meanys it wuld not be, but at the last a lyttell devyli stode be- 
sydes the quene, and put in hur mynd to say thus, ^ Yow shall 
send my father unto themprowre, and let hym shew the emprowre 
your mjrnd and conscience, and gyve hym these manny thowsand 
docates to have his good wyll, and thus it wulbe browght to passe.'' 
Oo and fere not to shew the kyng this taylle and prevy tokyn, 
and byd hym take his owyld wyff ayen, or elles, etc It is so 
nowghty a mattur that my hand shakyth to write it, and some 
thynges better unwritten then written. 

3. Item, that whan the kynges hyghtnesse was over at Callys, 
she saw the oyste takyn from the preyst with the blyssid blud, 
and that angelles browght it hur for to receave, saying, etc. ij. 
sbeytes wuU scant write this story. 

4. Item, that she was charged to go unto the cardenallt whan 
be was most in his prosperyte, and shew hym of iij. swordes that 
he had in his hand, one of the spirytuallty, another of the tempe- 
rallty, and the other of the kynges maryage ; a long mattur. The 
bysshop of Cant, and Bokyng to be remembred. 

5. Item, another season after the angell oomaundyd hur to go 
unto the sayd cardynall, and shew hym of his fiall, and that he 
had not done as she had comaundyd hym by the wyll of Qod, etc. 



BoUjB, Viioont RoeWofd, ermmlM Earl oT Wiluhirt ia 15^, Um hihmr 
oi Asm B^ltyB. U tbe jmr fi»Uo«i«f, (1530) Um EaH of WUuhirv. witli Pr. 
Uokm^ (tlM eUct Biakop of LoihIoii) mmI Dr. Edward Lm (tbe Kiaf '■ AImomt), 
WM MBt OB aa mdImmj to BologBft, wh«re Um Pop* Mid Emperor were to nret, to d«* 
darv to thtm tht daciskm of the aaiYerutit* in li? o«r of tlie kuif *t mtw aamaf^. 
t m'obey. 



16 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

6. Item, that syns he dyed she saw the disputacion of the 
devylles for his sowylle, and how she was iij. tymes lyfte up and 
culd not se hym nether in hevyn, hell, nor purgatory, and at the 
last where shew saw hyra, and how by hur pennaunce he was 
browght unto hevyn, and what sowylles she saw ffly thorow 
purgatory, etc. 

7. Item, more the angell warned hur that she shuld go unto 
a sertayn abbot, and warne hym to take iij. of his bretherne by 
name, for they were purposed to have them away that nyght with 
iij. mens wyfFes, and that God wuld they shuld have bettur 
grace, etc. 

8. Item, of another that had betvn hvm zelfe so with roddes 
that his stamell * was blody, which he thowght to have bcryed in 
the garden, and she by the comandement of the angell met hym, 
etc. a hy mattur for penance. 

9. Item, of ij. other monkes which had takyn shippyng to go 
unto Tynldalle, which by hur prayer was torned, and the ship had 
no powre to depart from the haven, etc. 

10. Item, that the angell comaundyd hur to go to another 
monke, and byd hym bunie the New Testament that he had in 
Inglyssh, and of great vysions seen by the same in tokyn of 
grace, etc. 

11. Item, of the wamyng that the angell gave hur of a woman 
that cam unto sent Thomas of Cantorbery, a mervelos mattur and 
a long, etc. 

12. Item, the angell shewyd hur that ambassett of the pope 
shuld be at Cantorbery, and how she sent by hym the message of 
God unto the pope, how he shuld be scorged of God for ij. 
cawsis, etc. 

13. Item, that she spok by the comaundement of God at Lon- 
don Mrith oone other, and bad hym write the messag of God unto 
the pope, to the which she dyd set hur hand, etc. 

* The Siamei was a coarse shirt, worn by religioas persona. 




SUPPRESSION OP MONASTERIES. )7 

14. Item, of the owild bysshop of Cantorbeiy^ how he had pro* 
mysed to mary the kyng, and of the wamynges by the angell 
of God, etc. 

15. Item, that she dyd shew unto docter Rokyng the owyr of 
his deth, and zence that she harde the disputaciou betwene the 
angelles and tlie develles for hys sowle. 

16. Item, she dyd se hym whan he went unto hev}Ti, with his 
wurdes that he spok, and how sent Thomas was there present and 
aocompanyd hym, etc. 

17. Item, of the goyng and retome of the yerle of Wylsherc 
into Spayn, with the receavyng of the kynges letters there, and 
the answere of themprowre, etc.* 

18. Item, of the vyzion that she had, yf the kyng shuld have 
maryed at Callys^ of the greate shame that the quene shuld 
have had, etc.f 

19. Item, of sutche persons as the angell of God hath ap» 
poyented to be at hur deth, whan she shall receave the crowne of 
marterdom, and the tyme, with the place. 

20. Item, how dyvers tymes the devcll hath appered unto hur ; 
cone tyme he cam in the lykenes of a goodly man, and browght 
with hym a lady, and beffore hur face had to do with hur uppon 
hur bed, with other matteres to abhomynable, etc. 

21. Item, of a sertayn vysion that Uoldes^ wyffe had uppon sent 
Cateryns day, which the angell of God dyd shew by hur prayer, etc. 

2*i. Item, how at Corteupstreytte, § whan Mr. Gold went unto 
masse, the other Goldes w}'ffe desyryd hur to mak hur prayer 
unto Ood to know the state of prynces dowager, of ij. other 

* Tbt Earl of WUtahire «m Mnt ott aa embaatj to Spain in 1531. 

t AuM Boieya Attcoded tb« Coart to C«Uis, «»<i it would appcw hj thU pittft that 
il TO tiM ktsf '■ intentioD to mmrrj bcr on that occasion. 

X TImtv ««r« two peraottt of the name of Gold* active in thia aiair ; TtMNnaa Golda, 
•ttd Henry Gokle, parton of St. Mary Aldcrmary. London. Tba ** Mr. Gold** 
f tionad in tb« n^it articla it tht parton. 

I Onr Lady of Co«rt*al. Street, in tbc parish of Unuie, waa a tittla ciMprl. wiiK an 
laaftof the Virgin, mttch mortcd to. It waa brrt tliattb* nmncooinimcodlirr 

CAMD. 80<!. D 




18 LBTTSR8 RBLATINO TO THB 

wemeiij and of ij. freers^ which was Rich and Risby :* as sone as the 
preyste hegsai confiteovy she fiyll in a traunce^ and of hur wunderfull 
answere^ etc. 

23. Item, of a sertayn gentybnan dwellyng abowit Cantorbery, 
that had long tymes ben temptyd to drown hym selfe by the 
spryte of a woman that he had kept by his wyffes days^ which is 
damned, etc a long matter and a straynge. 

24. Item, of the vysions sene by hur sister, marvelous, and 
how she tok the blud of our Lordys sydes in a challys, and how 
she saw the playg for the citty of London, etc. 

25. Item, of the wurdes that the nun spake unto Mr. Richardes, 
how the angell of God asked for his fayth, with sertayn prevy tokyns 
that she shewyd hym that he had in his memento, with dyvers 
other thynges in your howse which cawsith them all to muse, etc, 

26. How the angell of God hath comaundyd hur to say that 
all ar but yllusions, for the tyme is not cum that God wulle put 
forth the wurk, etc. 

27. Item, of 9 I 9 I 9 I , the rayn of the kyng how long he shall 
rcyngne, as sayth a prophecy which agreeth with hur sayng, etc. 

28. Item, of iij. letteres A. F. G., by a profycye that is in the 
handes of holly Richard ; yf yowsend to me JohnGooddolphyn your 
servant, I can cawse hym to ffynd hym by enquere at the Temple. 

29. Item, more a greate matter of a golden letter that Mary 
Magdalene dyd send, and how the angell comaimdyd hur to 
cownterfayt another, by cawse the people shuld have powre upon 
hur boddy, etc., with monney that was hyd, etc. 

30. Item, that vj. days beffore the sayd Riche was takyn, he 
went to a man that hath a prophesy, and with hym Nesywyck 
the observaimt, which shewyd unto them wunderos thyng, pennes 
and yncomes, letteres of prophesy, and of all ther troble at 
Powlys Crosse. This man dwellyth ij. mylys ffrom Bugdeane, his 
name is Handford, etc. 

* Hugh Rich has been alread j mentioned : Richmrd Riibj wm one of the nun's aooom- 



SUPPRESSION or MONASTSRIBS. 19 

TIm fbUoviiif letter, vpoa the nme nibjcct m the preeeding, is from TbomM 
GoldwcU, prior of Chriit's Church, Caoterbiirj, the oldest moDsstery id Eag land, luTiiif 
been fovnded bj St. Augustine. Tbomss Goldwell was prior during the twenty-three 
years preceding the dissolution of the monastery. Warham was Archbishop of Can- 
terbury from February 1503 to August 1539, and was succeeded by Cranmer. 



VII. 

THM PRIOR OP Christ's church to cromwrll. 

[From MS. Cotton. Cleopat. B. !▼. foL 79.] 

As consemyng the knowlege of suche thynges as Ellixabeth Bar- 
ton, nun, bath spoken, whiche as she sajde she had knowlege of 
in tnuinces and rereladones, thies be the thynges that I have herd 
and have knowlq;e in. At the begynnyng therof, the whiche was 
abowte vij. or viij. yeres past, as I thynke, my lord Warham, then 
being archebusshope of Caunterbury, sent his comptroller called 
Thomas Walle to Caunterbury, and caused me to send two of my 
brothem, the whiche was the selerer. Doctor Bockyng, and 
dompne William Hadley, bacheler of divinite, to a place called 
Cotuthopestrete, to see this woman, and to see what traunoes 
she bad. They went thidcr at the begynnyng, as I suppose^ 
somewhat ageyn theire myndes, and also ageyn my mynde, except 
the obedience that I do owe unto my lord of Caunterbury ; and be 
had not byn, I wold not have sent them thider. After this be 
eaused and gave licence to the selerer to be this womannys gostely 
fiader, and so he hath contynued ever syns, as ferre as I knowe, 
and resorted unto her at tymcs con%'enyent when he wold hym silf^ 
and that by my lord of Caunterburies licens, and most tymes not 
be myne. The tyme that I have ben acquaynted with her, as I 
thynke it past not two yeres at the most Fader Kisby, one of 
the observaunt flfriers, nowe being warden of the place of flfricrs in 
Caunterbury, he was mover and chief causer that I was acquaynted 
with her. I suppose, and his mocyon had not be, I had never 
bene acquaynted with her, for my mynde was not to be ffamdyerly 
acquaynted with women. He shewed unto me that as he thought 



20 . LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

she was a persone moche in the ffavoure of God| and had speciall 
knowlege of hym in mony thynges, and he thought, and so sayde 
unto me, that I shuld have moche spirituall comfort in her 
spekyng. Sith that tyme she hath byne with me at dyner dyvers 
seasons, as I suppose vj. or vij. tymes at the most ; and at suche 
tymes as she hath ben with me she hath showed unto me that 
dyvers seasons she had revelacions and speciall knowlege ffrom 
God in certen thynges consernyng my lord of Caunterbury that 
was^ my lord cardynall, and also the kynges highnes^ consernyng 
his manage, so that she sayde if he dyd mary another woman^ his 
grace shuld not rayne kyng past one moneth afterward ; and also 
she sayde that she had byn with the kynges grace, and showed 
hym therof two tymes at the lest ; and also she sayde the she had 
shewed the same unto my lord of Caunterbury, that was my lord 
Warhain, as I suppose she dyd, for she was meny tymes with 
hym, and, as the selerer shewed unto me at dyvers seasons^ he 
gave moche credens unto her wordes in suche thynges as she 
knewe, and surmysed to knowe, that she dyd shewe unto hym. 
She sayde also that if Almyghty God dyd suffer his grace to 
rayne kyng, yet he shuld nott be so accepted in the reputacion of 
God, as she sayde it was shewed unto her by revelacion. Also 
she hath reported that at the kynges grace being at Calice, a prist 
there being at masse, the holy sacrement was taken from the awter 
and brought unto her, the whiche as she sayde she dyd receyve. 
Also the selerer shewed unto me that she had revelacions con- 
sernyng the popes holynes ; he sayde that it was shewed unto her 
that if the pope dyd geve sentence agcyn the quene that then was, 
Almyghty God wold be displeased with hym, and send plages to 
hym for it ; what the plages shuld be I cannot tell. I do not re- 
member that he dyd shewe any unto me. This be the thynges 
that they dyd speke unto me, and my answer was unto them^ 
*Thies be mervelus thynges that ye speke of, if they be trewe/ I 
do not remember that I made them any other answer at any tyme, 
and this thynges before rehersed I herd onely of them thre, thi^ 



SUPPRB88ION OF MONASTERIES. 21 

is of the nun, of the selerer, and of ffader Risby ; and of none 
other, nether by noo other meanes, but onely by thcire spekyng ; 
for as consemyng the bookes that the selerer dyd write, I dyd 
never rede them, nor never sawe them but onely when they were 
delyvered, one of them to Mr. Attorney before his last goyng to 
London, and the other to John Antony, when he was sent for it, 
at what tymes I dyd see them, but I dyd not rede apon them, as 
they can testyfy that dyd recejrve them. Also I am suer that the 
selerer will testifie for me, that he dyd never showe me the booke, 
nor eny thyng els that he wrote for her, or consernyng the seid 
nun, but onely one quayer,* the whiche he willed me to rede and 
to loke uppon, and it was consemyng dyvers that were ded ; one 
of them was the selerers unkyll, called Master Benet, and one 
other whs a servaunt of our house called Stephen Villcrs. As he 
wrote in that quaycr, the nun was desired to pray for them, and to 
knowe what case they were in ; and, as he wrote there, she had 
knowlege by revelacion that they were in payne, and for what 
offences they were there, and also what prayers and other goode 
dedes shuld be don for them to delyver them owte of payne. Hit 
was also shewed in the same quayer ho we she was meny tymes 
trobeled with her gostely enmy, tlie whiche moved her to incon* 
tynency, and to unclene levyng. Other specialities I do remem- 
ber none that I red in the seid quayer ; and moo thyngcii then 
this that he wrote for her 1 never red, nor had in niy kepyng at 
eny tyme, and that I will depose uppon my conciens. And as 
consemyng suche traunces as she had at Courthopestrete, or els 
where, I was never present at eny of them. Ilowbeit as the 
nunnes of her house do report of her, this vj. or vij. yere she hath 
be wunt to be sykke abowte the conception (?) of our lady, and to lye 
thre or iiij. dayes without mete or drynke, as they say ; and the last 

* A q«ire. Tbc monks aad profrMed tcribet wrote thrir nMiia«cfipU in M-pnfnUi 
pineni, cnch consUcinf of /omr double Irnrrt. or tiitrrn p«ct**. and henre rnlled « ftM* 
Vet nio, vkcaot &• derired oar BKideni vord ftrire. The«e ftMlemine or ** qnayetv/* 
««m nllnnvnrdt bovad iaio a voln»t. TW Frtncli tmktr appMrt U> iMvn the tnnM 
nffifia. 



32 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

ycre when she lay so I [was] desired by the selerer and her silf 
also to see her^ and so I dyd ; but at that tyme she was nott 
r • . fformed nor spake nothyngbut as a syke body is wount to do. 
Other thynges then I have rehersed before I do remember none 
to write unto you nowe ; if any other thyng come to my mynde, I 
will not fiayle to write unto you, and to sertefie you of the same, 
by Ooddes grace, etc. 

PtT me, Thomas priarem Ecclenm Ckriiti 



The following petitioB to the King appears to hare been written by the moiika of 
Christ*! Church, Canterburj, who feared to be compromiaed in the afiUr of EUaabeth 
Barton. 

VIII. 

PETITION OF THE MONKS OF CANTERBURY TO THE KINO. 

[From MS. Cotton. Cleopat. E. iv. foL 81.] 

After our most humble submission and subjection to your 
gracis majestic^ if we had not taken consolacion of the comon fiune 
reporting your majestic to be as full of benignities gntce, and 
mercy, as ever was cristened prince reignyng in Englonde, we had 
bene not onelie dejected into intollerable sorowe and pensifenes, 
but had also bene in dispaire to make any supplicacion to your 
hignes, or to be harde graciouslie in the same. But now, con- 
sidering your gracis most benigne nature, moche more inclyned to 
mercy and pitic than to the rigour of justice, we be anymated and 
set in comforte to humyliate our selfes as prostrate afore your 
highnes, and to beseche the same to remytte and forget the necli- 
gences and offences commytted ayenst your grace by certen persons 
of our congregacion and monasterie, which causith us all most 
woofullie to lamente and sorow. And where the demerites of our 
miserable brother dan Edwarde Bocking, doctour of dyvynitie, be 
so highe heynous, so grevous, and so displeasaunte to your 
majestic, that we dare not ones open our lippes to make any 
prayers or supplicacion to your highenes for hym, yet if it might 




8UPPRBS8ION OF MONA8TBRIB8. 23 

please your kighnes of your most gracious benignitie and naturaU 
goodnes to extende your superaboundant grace uppon hym, he 
should hare a thousande tymes more cause to lawde, magnyfie, 
observe, love, and praye for your grace, then they which never 
offended, aoording to the wordes of the gospeU, Cm phtM dumtti^ 
tur^ plm$ JkHgii. Whose temeritie, furious lele, and malicious 
Uynde affection, went aboute, most gracious king, not onely to 
oompase and imagene to let, stoppe, impedite, and sdaunder your 
grads manage and lawfiill matrimonye which ye now enyoye to 
Goddis pleasure, but also, as well before as after your said manage 
was concluded and consumate, hath travailed to bring us all uito 
gret suspicion of your highnes, so that we by infection and cor- 
mpcion of hym might have bene Ukewise noted of untowarde 
myndes contrarie to your grads saide manage. Of which note of 
suspidon we be moche desirous to be puiged and dered to your 
highnes ; ffor we thinke verdye that none of us (the said doctour 
Bocking onelie excepted) hath by wey of preching, teching, or by 
secret or open communycadon, moved, exhorted, or exdted any 
persone to sey, thinke, or do any thing contrarie to your grads 
manage, afore it was conduded or after. Nevertheles it can not 
be denyed but that some of us, not many in nombre, and speci- 
ally suche as were brought into our religion by doctour Bocking, 
beyng of the yonger sorte, have bene enfourmed by the said 
doctour of oerten counterfeyted, false, and most malidous revela- 
dons, as well concemyng your grads said manage, as also other- 
wise imagened and fisyned by the most lyeng and fidse nonne, late 
of Saynt Sepulcres in Canterburie, agenst your majestae. And 
where that any of us have harde, beleved, or conceled the said 
fidse reveladons, or any of theme, we be right pensyve and in- 
wardelie sorye, most humbly beseching your grace of your remys- 
ckm and most mercyfull pardon therfore, promytting unto your 
majestie that none of us shall never hereafter in worde or dede 
openlie or pryvatelie do any thing that may sounde or be judged 
ptijndifltall, hurtfull, or contrarie to your grads said manage, or 
tlM noUe issue proceeding of the same; but shall oblige our seUbs, 



24 Letters relating to the 

our monasteries and successours^ at all tymes hereafter to be of 
consonant myndes, wordes, and deades^ to the mayntenaunce, 
supportacion^ and deterraynacion allredy passed by the clergie of 
both the provynces of your gracis realme^ and to the sentence of 
our most reverend hed^ spirituall father^ and ordynarie^ the 
archebisshope of Canterburie, pronounced for the strenght, vale- 
dite, and liefulnes of the said manage, acording to the lawe of 
God, as we of dutye ar bounde to doo ; ffor gret folic it were, 
most gracious soveraigne, to be imputed unto us, that we being 
poore simple reUgeous men, of small lemyng and judgement, 
shoulde presume to thinke or sey any thing contrarie to the deter* 
mynacion of so many singuler and notable lemed men, not onlie 
of your gracis said clergie of this realme, but also of the roost 
famous clerkes of Cristynde, or contrarie to the diflFynytyve sen- 
tence of our said spirituall hedd and father, to whose judgement 
we gyve full feith and credence, as membres conforme to our said 
hedd, and to the body of your gracis said convocacions. Which 
we holy promyse to observe, and for our powers mayntayne and 
defende, and also contynuallie praye to God Almightie that his 
goodncs graunte unto your grace long lyf to his pleasure and your 
hertis desire, and scnde your highnes in your said manage pros^ 
perous and desiderate yssue, to succede in your realme and to 
reigne in the same, as many hundreth yeres to come, in honour 
and felycitie. 



The next letter on this tabject U from Roknd Lee (afterwards bishop of CoTeotry 
mnd Lichfield, and Lord President of the principality of Wales) , and Thomas BedyU, 
who was afterwards a very active visitor of the monasteries. It appears that they had 
been sent to Canterbury to pursue there the examinations relating to the proceedings 
of the ** holy maid.*' 



IX. 



ROLAND LEE AND THOMAS BEDYLL TO CROMWELL. 
[Prom MS. Cotton. Cleopat. E. iv. fol. 83.*] 

After our moost hertie commendations, theis shalbe to advertise 
yow that, God willing, we entend shortly to retorne homeward, ffor 




ftUPPRSaSION OF IfONASTBRIBS. 25 

we fjfnd not so greate maters here as we thought we shuld have doen. 
The crafty nunne kept herself very secrete here, and shewed her 
marchaundise more openly when she war far from home ; and if 
she had been as ware in other places as she hath been here, we 
•uppose she had continued in her falshede lenger than she hath 
doen, whiche was to long. The greatest cause of demore here now^ 
it to acoomplisshe certen practises whiche we have devised with 
the firere observantes of Canterburie, and we trust to bring thaim 
to some good effect. We tarry also to examine the priour of 
Hortone,* whiche is detected as a participant of the nunnys revela- 
tions ooncemyng the kinges grace reigne and his marriage. We 
have wreten unto yow that we fere that in caas we shall carry the 
parson of Aldingtone to Londone agayne now shortly, he wol 
miscary by the wey, or sone after ; whereupon we desire you to 
send us your advise. We beseche you to be good maister to 
John Antony, for he hath shewed as muche kyndnes unto us as a 
man of his behaviour myght do, and hath always beene diligent to 
further our causes as myche as he myght. As towching the 
monkes of Christes churche whiche bee detected in this mater, 
whiche be but v. or yj. yong men, whiche have red part of 
Bokkinges boke of the nunnys revelations, my lord of Cauntre- 
bury, now being in his visitacion, wol examine thaim at his ley- 
sure, and therfore we think it shal not be nede for us to tarry 
upon thair examination, onlea ye send us contrary word by this 
berer, wherin and in other tlic premisses we desire you to send 
unto us your mynd at Icnght. flfrom Cauntrebury, the x^^ day 
of December. 

Yower owne, Roland Lbb. Evyr your awne, Thomas Bbdtll. 

* At Monk** llortoB, 6t« mUct from II jtKc. wm a ccU oC Um priory of 
Rkkard OlovccsUr, miisa BrUWj. vmt iu U«t prior. 



CAMD. SOC. 



26 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

X. 

LIST OF THE NUN's GOODS. 
[From MS. Cotton. Cleopat. E. iy. foL 84.] 

Stoffe receyyyd the xrj. day of Februare, of dame Elysabeth 
Barton, by the handes of the priores of sayent Sepulcres withowt 
Canterbury, into the handes of John Antony of Canterbury, as 
her after foloeth. 

fiyrst, a coschyn blade, and one old coschyn, 
ij. carpettes, whereof one ys cut in to pecys. 
A old matteres, vij. corsse schettes, a kyverlet and a 
peyer of blanckettes, with ij. pyllos, and a bolster, 
ij. platers, iiij. dysches, ij. sausers, and a lyttell 
basen, wayyng zij^^. at iiij^ a lb. wyche my 
laydy priores hath and payed iiij*. 
A whyet corter, wych my lady priores hath, and payed xijd. 
A lyttell old dyaper towelL 
iij. pylloberes. 
ij. canstyckes. 

A ooet, wyche dame Kateren Wyttsam hath, payed v*. 
A pece of a plancke for a tabylU 
A lyttell chyst. 

Stoffe wyche remayneth in the nonnere pertaynyng unto dame 
Elysabeth Berton, at the request of my lady priores. 
ffyrst, ij. nyew coschyns, gyven unto the churche. 
A old mantell, and a kyrtell, unto the yongest nonne. 
A Trysche manteU, a colere, with ij. grett 

chystes, and ij. stolys, and a canstycke, to my lady priores. 
A kyverlet, and a old kyrtell, to dame 
Alys Colman, at the request of my lady 
priores. 




•UPPRK88ION OP MONASTBRIBft. 27 

It hat hmm 9kmdf fCated that Sir Tliomms Mora and Biiliop Fiiher wore iuTolTed 
la tho afyr of Uie " holy maid of Kent : " thej were eommitted to the Tower ahovt 
the tiflM of her eiecatkm, and were hoth condemned to the ecaffold. FUher waa be- 
headed OB the Sted of Jane, 1535, and Sir Thomas More enffered on the 6th of the 
IbDowfaif month. The fbUowing is the draoght of a letter written by Cromwell to 
Plshsr* beten hia iauMfaonssenL 

XI. 

CROMWBLL TO BISHOP FISHBR. 
[Cotton. MS. Cleopet. B. iv. toL 85*.] 

My lord, in my rig^t bertie wise I oommende me to your lord- 
ship, doing yon to understand that 1 have receyred your lettres 
dated at Rochester the xviij^ day of this moneth, in whiche you 
declare what craft and cunnyng ye have to persuade and to set a 
good countenaunce upon all that mater, drawing som scriptures to 
your purpose whiche, wel weyed acording to the places whereof 
they be taken, make not so muche for your purpose as ye allege 
tfaaim for. And where in the first lefe of your letters, ye write 
that ye doubt nothing, neither before Qod nor before the worlde, 
if nede shal that require, so to declare your self, whatsoever hath 
beene said of you, that ye have not deserved suche hevy wordes 
or terrible thietes as hath beene sent from me unto you by your 
bfother. 

How ye can decUre your self affore God and the woride when 
nede shal require, 1 can not tell ; but I think verely that your 
declaration OMde by thes lettres is fsr insufficient to prove that ye 
have deserved no hevy wordes in this behalf ; and to sey playnly, I 
sent you no hevy wordes, but wordes of great oomforte, wylling 
your blather to shewe you how benigiie and merciful the princewas, 
and that I thought it expedient for you to write unto his highnes 
and to recognise your oflfenoe and desire his pardon, whiche his 
grace wold not denye you now in your aige and sikkenes. Whiche 
my counsel I wold ye had folowed, rather than to have writen thes 
letties to me, excusing your self as thoughe there were no roaner 



28 LETTERS RELATING TO TUB 

of defaut in you. But, my lord, if it were in an other mannys 
caas than your owne, and out of the mater whiche ye favor, I 
doubt not but that ye wold think him that shuld have doen as ye 
have doen not only worthy hevy wordes, but also hevy dedys. 
For wher ye labor to excuse your self of your hering, beleving, and 
conceling of the nunnys fals and fayned revelations, and of your 
manyfold sending of your chapeleyn unto her, by a certen intent 
whiche ye pretende your self to have had to knowe by commonyng 
with her, or by sending your chapellaine to her, whether her reve- 
lations were of God or no, alleging diverse scriptures that ye were 
bound to prove thaim, and not to receve thaim affore they were 
proved ; my lord, whether ye have used a due meane to trie her and 
her revelations, or no, it appereth by the prouflFe of your owne let- 
tres; ffor wher ye write that ye had conceyved a greate opinion of 
the holines of this woman for many considerations rehersed in your 
lettres, comprised in vj. articles, whereof the first is grownde upon 
the brute and fame of her ; The secunde upon her entering into 
religion after her traunces and disfiguration ; The third upon reher- 
sall that her gostly father, being Icmed and reUgious, shuld testifie 
that she was a maide of greate holines; The fourth upon the 
report that diverse other vertuose prestes, men of good lemyngand 
reputation, shuld so testifie of her, with whiche gostly father and 
preestes ye never spake, as ye confesse in your letters ; The fyveth 
upon the prayses of my late lord of Canterbury, whiche shewed 
you (as ye write) that she had many greate visions ; The sixt upon 
this saing of the prophete Amos, Nonfavet Domintts Deu» verbum, 
nisi revelaverit secretum suum ad servos suos prophetas ; by whiche 
considerations ye were induced to the desire to know the very 
certente of this mater, whether thes revelations whiche were pre- 
tended to be shewed to her from God were true revelations or 
nott. Your lordship in al the sequell of your lettres shewc not 
that ye made no forther trial upon the trueth of her and her reve- 
lations, but only in commonyng with her, and sending your chai)el- 
laine to her with idle questians, as of the thre Mary Magdelens. 




SUPPRESSION OP IfONASTERlSS. 29 

By whiche your conversing and sending, yc tried out no thing of 
her falshedy nouther (as it is credibly supposed) entended to do, 
as yc myght have doen many weyes more easely than with 
commonyng with her or sending to her ; for litel credens was to 
be gyven to her aftirmyng her owne fayiied revelations to be frome 
Ood. ffor if credense shuld be gyven to every suche lewd person 
as wold affirme him self to have revelations from Good, what 
rcdyer wey wer ther to subvert al common welths and good 
orders in the world ? 

Vercly, my lord, if ye had entended to trie out the trueth of her 
and of her revelations, ye wold have taken another wey with you. 
First, ye wold not have beenc contented with the vayne voyces of 
the peple making brutes of her traunses and disfigurations, but 
like a wise, discrete, and circumspect prelate, ye shuld have 
examined (as other have) suche sad and credible persons as wer 
present att her traunsccs and disfigurations; not one or two, 
but a good numt>er, by whoes testimony ye shuld have proved 
whether the brutes of her traunces and disfigurations were true 
or not. And likwise ye shuld have tried by what craft and 
persuasion she was made a religious woman. And if ye had 
becne so desirous as ye prctende to enquire out the trueth or 
falshcd of this woman and of her revelations, it is to be sup- 
posed ye wold have spoken with her godd, religious, and wcl 
lemed gostly father or this tymc, and also with the vertuosc 
and wel lemed preestes (as they were estcmed), of whocs rea- 
portes ye wer informed by thaim whiche herd tliaim 8|>eke ; ye 
wold also have beene mynde<l to se the booke of her revela* 
lions which was offerd you, of whiche ye myghtc have had more 
trial of her and of her revelations than of a hundred communica- 
tions with her, or of as many sendinges of your chapellen unto 
her. As for the late lord of Cauntreburys seyng unto you that 
the liad many greate visions, it ought to move you never a deale 
lo gyve credence unto her or her revelations ; ffor the said lord 
knew no more ccrtente of her or of her revelations than ye dyd 




30 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

by her owne reaport. And as towching the saing of Amos the 
prophet, I think veryly the same moved you but a litell to herkyn 
unto her; for sythe the consummation and thendeof tholde testa- 
ment, and sythens the passion of Christ, God haithe doen many 
greate and notable thinges in the worle, whereof he shewed no 
thing to his prophetes that hath commen to the knowlege of men. 
My lord, all thes thinges moved you not to gyve credence unto 
her, but only tlie very mater whereupon she made her feds pro- 
ficyes, to whiche mater ye were so affected (as ye be noted to be 
on al maters whiche ye enter ons into), that no thing could come 
amysse that made for that purpose. 

And here I appelle your conscience, and instantly desire you to 
answer, whether if she had shewed you as many revelations for 
the confirmation of the kinges graces manage whiche he now 
enjoyeth, as she did to the contrary, ye wold have gyven as 
muche credence to her as ye have doen, and wold have let the 
trial of her and of her revelations to overpasse thes many yeres, 
where ye dwelt not from her but zx« mylys, in the same shire^ 
where her traunces and disfigurances and prophecyes in her 
traunses were surmised and countrefejrted. And if per caas ye wol 
sey (as is not unlike but ye wol sey, mynded as ye were wont to 
be) that the maters be not like, for the law of God in your opinion 
standeth with the one and not with thother ; suerly, my lord, I 
suppose this had beene no greate cause more to reject the one 
than the other, for ye know by histories of the Bible that God 
may by his revelation dispense with his owne law, as with the 
Israelites spoyling the Egiptians, and with Jacob to have iiij. wifes^ 
and suche other. 

Think you, my lord, that any indifferent mann, considering the 
qualite of the mater and your affection, and also the negligent 
passing over of suche lawful trialles as ye myght have had of the 
said nunne and her revelations, is so dull, that can not perceyve 
and disceme that your commonyng and often sending to the said 
nun was rather to here and know more of her revelations, than to 



8UPPRBMION OP IfONASTBIlIBS. 31 

trie oat the tmeth or fabhed of thes same ? And in this behalfe 
1 sappose it wolbe hard for you to purge your selfe before Qod or 
the worle, but that ye hare beene in greate defaut herin^ beleryng 
and oonceling auche thinges aa tended to the deatruction of the 
prince. And that her rereUitiona were bent and purpoied to that 
ende, it hath beene duely proTed affore as greate assembly and 
ooonael of the lordes of thb realme as hath beene seene many yerea 
heretofore out of a parliament. And what the said lordes demed 
thaim worthy to suffer, whiche herd, beleved, and conoeled theea 
fals rerelations, be more terrible than any thretes spoken by me 
to your brother. 

And where ye go abought to defende that ye be not to be 
Uamed for conceling her rerelations concemyng the Idnges grace, 
bieanae ye thought it not necessary to reherse thaim to his high- 
nes for Tij. causes ffolowing in your lettres, affore I shewe you my 
mynde concemyng thees causes, 1 suppose that, albeit ye percaas 
thought it not necessary to be shewed to the prince by you, yet 
that your thinking shal not be your triall, but the law must diffine 
whether ye owghte to utter it or not. 

And as to the first of said vij causes : albeit she told you that 
she had shewed her rerelations concemyng the kinges grace to 
Uie king her self, yet her seyng or others discharged not you but 
that ye were bound by your fidelite to shewe to the kinges grace 
that thing whiche semed to conceme his grace and his reigne so 
nyghly ; for how knew you that she shewed thes rerelations to 
the kinges grace but by her owne seyng, to whiche ye shuld have 
gyren no suche credence as to forbere the utterance of so greate 
maters concemyng a kinges welth ? And why shuld you so sinia* 
terly judge the prince, that if ye had ahewed thes same unto 
Urn he wold have thought that ye had brought that tale unto him 
more for the strenghing and confirmation of your opinion then 
for any other thing eb? Veryly, my lord, whatsoerer your 
judgement bee, I se dayly such benignite and excellent humanite 
in hia grace, that I doubt not but hia highneaa wold have ao» 




32 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

cepted it in good part, if ye had shewed the same revelations unto 
him, as ye were bounden to do by your fidelite. 

To the secunde cause : Albeit she shewed you not that any 
prince or other temporal lord shuld put the kinges grace in danger 
of his crowne, yet there were weyes inowghe by whiche her said 
revelations myght have put the kinges grace in daunger, as the 
foresaid counsel of lordes have substancially and dewly considered* 
And therefor, albeit she shewed you not the meanes whereby the 
daynger shuld ensue to the kinge, yet ye were neverthelesse 
bounden to shew him of the daunger. 

To the third : think you, my lord, that if any person wold come 
unto you and shewe you that the kinges destruction were con- 
spired against a certen tyme, and wold ferther shewe you that he 
were sent from his maister to shewe the same to the king, and wol 
sey ferther unto you that he wold go streyct to the king, were it not 
yet your duety to certifie the kinges grace of this revelation, and 
also to inquire whether the said person had doen his foresaid 
message or no ? Yes verely, and so were ye bound, though the 
nunne shewed you it was her messaige from God to be declared 
by her to the kinges grace. 

To the iiij^*>«: here ye translate the temporal duety that ye owe 
to your prince to the spiritual duety of suche as be bounde to 
declare the worde of God to the peple, and to shewe unto them 
the perill and punisshement of syne in an other worle, the concele- 
ment whereof perteyneth to the judgement of God, but the con- 
celement of this mater perteyneth to other judges of this realme. 
To the v^*»: ther wuld no blame be anexed to you, if ye had 
shewed the nunnys revelations to the kinges grace, albeit they 
were afterward found fals ; for no man owght to be blamed doing 
his duety. And if a man wold shewe you secretly that there were 
a greate mischief entended against the prince, were ye to be 
blamed if ye shewed him of it, albeit it were a fayned tale, and the 
said mischief were never imagined ? 

To the sixt, concemyng an imagination of master Pacy : it was 



SITPPRHSIIOlf 09 1CONA8TIRII8. 33 

knowen that ha was beside him selfe, and therefore they were not 
blamed that made no report thereof. But it was not lik in this 
etas, flfbr ye toke not this nunne for a mad woman ; for, if ye had, 
ye wold not hare gyven unto her so greate credence as ye dyd. 

To the final and vij^^ cause, where ye lay unto the charge of 
our soreraina, that he hath unkyndly entreated yow with grevous 
wordas and tanibla letters for shewing his grace trowthe in this 
graala mater, whereby ye were disafected to shewe unto him the 
nunnys reralations : I beleve that I know the kinges goodnes and 
natural gentilnes so well, that his grace wold not so unkyndly 
handle you as you unkyndly write of him, onlcs ye gave him other 
causes than be expressed in your letter. And whatsoever the 
kingea grace bath sayed or writen unto you heretofore, yet that 
nolwithatonding ya were neverthelessa bounden to utter to him 
thes pernicious revelations. 

Finally, where ye desire for the passion of Christ that ye be no 
more quykkened in this mater, for if ye be put to that straite ye 
wyl not lose your soule, but ye wyl speke as your conscience 
ledeth yow, with many moo wordcs of greate curraige : my lord, 
if ye had taken my counsel sent unto you by your brother, and 
foloWad the same, submitting your selfe by your letter to the 
Idngaa grace for your oflensis in this liehalf, I would have trusted 
that ya shuld never be quykkened in this mater more. Hut now, 
where ya take upon yow to deiie the hole mater, as ye were in no 
default, I can not so far promisse you. And suerly, my lord, if 
Iba matar coma to triall, your owne confession in thes lettres, l>e- 
tidat tba wittnes which ar against you, wolbe sufficient to c<in- 
damna yow ; wherefor, my lord, I wol eftsones advise you that, 
layng apart al suche excuses as ye have alleged in your letters, 
whicha in my opinion be of smal eflfect, as 1 have declared, ye l>eseehe 
the kinges grace by your letters to be your gracious lord, and to 
mnilta unto you your negligence, oversight, and offence com- 
mitted against his highnes in this l>ehalf, and I dare undertake 
thai his highnes shal lieningnely accepte yow into his gracious 
CAMD. soc. r 



34 LBTTEKS RELATING TO THE 

favor, al mater of dyspleasere past affore this tyme forgoten and 
forgyven. 

As towching the speking of your conscience^ it is thought that 
ye have writen and have spoken as muche as ye can^ and many 
thinges (as som right probably beleve) agunst your owne con- 
science. And men report that at the last convocation ye spake 
many thinges whiche ye could not wel defende, and therefor it is 
not greatly ferede what ye can sey or write in that mater, how- 
soever ye bee quykkened or strayted, and if ye had taken^ etc. 



It appears that other of the monks and friars concerned in these plots against the 
King's marriage were indulged with visions, as well as Elizabeth Barton. The two 
following letters are curious specimens of their strange revelations. The first is from 
a monk of the Charter House. 

XII. 

VISION OF JOHN DARLEY 

[From MS. Cotton. Cleop. E. iv. fol. 1S9.] 

Md. That I, John Darlay, monke of the Charterhous besyde Lon- 
don, had in my tyme licence to say service with a ffathcr of our reli- 
gion, named ffather Uaby, a very old man, in so moch when he ffell 
seke and lay apon hys deth bed, and after the tyme he was anelede 
and had rcccvyd all the sacrament of the church in the presens of all 
the covent, and whan all they war departed, I sayde unto hym, 
" good flFather liaby, yif the dede man come to the qwyke, I be- 
such yow to com to me,^' and he said, ^' yea,'' and mediately he 
dyed the same nyghte, wich was in the clansyng days last past, 
anno xv<^xxxiiij. An sens that I never dede thynke apon hym to 
saynt Jhon day Baptist last past. 

Item, the same day at v. of the cloke at after none, I be3mg in 
contemplacion in our entre in our ssell, sodanly he appered unto 
me in a monkes habyt, and said to me, ^^ whhy do ye not ffblow 



SUPPRESSION OP MONASTERIES. 35 

our ffathcr?*'* ami I sayd, " qwhcrffor?^* He sayil, " 'for he is 
marter in Iievyn next unto angellcs." And I said, ^^ wher be all 
our other fathers wich died as well [as] he ?" He answer and said, 
*' they be well, but nat so well as he.'' And than I said to hym, 
*^ fikther, bow do ye ? " And he answerd and said, '' well 
enoughs" And I said, '' ifather, shall I pray ffor yow ? " and he 
said, ^* I am well enowght, but prayer both for yow an other doith 
good." And so sodanly vanyushd away. 

Item, upon Saturday next after, at v. of the clocke in the mom- 
ynge, in the same place in our entre, he appered to me agayne 
with a lange whyte herd, and a whyte staff in his hand, lyftynge 
it up ; wherapon I was aifrayd, and than lenynge apon his staff 
sayd to me, '^ I am sory tliat I lived not to I had ben a marter." 
And 1 said, ** I thinke ye be as well as ye war a marter.*' And he 
sayd. Nay, ffor my lord of Ilochester and our ifather was next unto 
angelles in hevyn. And than I said, " (father, what elles ? " 
And than he answerd and sayd, ^^ the angelles of pease dcd lam- 
ment and munie withowt mesur ;" and so vanyuithed away. 

Writtea bj me. John Darlj, moDke of the Carterbowf , the ixtu*^ day off Jane, 
iIk ycre of o«r lord Good mm affbrtaid. 



TW 4Me of the following letter it •omewhat oncertaiD ; b«t the biabopt of Canter 
b«ry, Saliabwj, aad Worcetter teem to have been Cranmer, Shaiton, and Latimer ; 
to that it may be idaced in the March of LVlu or i:» t4>. It t« pl^x-d here on acco«nt 
of itt coABCction with the foregoing, by the yrWum ttory iit (he eommeoccmeni ; and it 
will terrc aa a cnrioai deacHption of the feeliogt of the King and the rrformera towarda 
the mMka jnal bclbra the dttaolntion of their hosaet. Latimer*! aermoA at St. Paiil*a 
Craaa to pnftkvlarty eharacteriatic of the indden change which had taken place aiaoa 
hit preadUag at Bristol. The biihop of Rocheater, who inhibttod confetaion at the 
<*r«tebed Priara, was John IM«ey. originally a friar of Bristol, already mentkmed. 
TW hiahop of Ixindoa was John Stoketley. who was not one of the reforming bishopa, 
hneiaf boea appointed to the see as early as I kK». 



* Probably he alladea to John llonghtou. tl*r prior of the t barter •honae, who had 
httm baagcd aad qaartcrtd at Tybara, oo the 27th ot April, for rcfaaiag to ackaow* 
laift tha Ktef ' i aaprtaucy. 



36 LETTERS RELATING TQ TBE 

LETTER OP THOMAS DORSET. 

[Prom MS. Cotton. Clcop. E. iv. fol. 110.] 

To the right worehipfull Mr. Horsewell, maiour, Mr. Elyete, Mr. Hawlcynf, and 
William Aishrygh, of Plommourthe, theire bownden and beholdyn Thomas Doraet, 
curate of S. Margarete in Lotbburjr in London, aendith gretyng and good bdthe in 
onr Lord Jesu Critte. Amen. 

On the niorowe after that master Hawkins departed from hens, 
I havyng nothyng to doo^ as an idler went to Lambhethe to the 
byshopis place^ to see what newis ; and I toke a whery at Pawlis 
wharffe^ wherin also was allredye a doctour^ namyd doctoor 
Creukehonie^ which was sent for to come to the byshope of Can- 
terbury. And he before the iij. byshopis of Canterbury, of Wor- 
cetre, and Salesbury, confessed that he was rapte into heven, 
where he see the Trinite settyug in a pall, or mantell, or cope (oall 
it what you please), of blew color, and from the midle upwftrd 
they were thre bodyes, and from the midle were they closid all 
thre into on bodye, they were but on, havyng also but ij. feet« 
nor but ij. Icgges; and he spake with ourladye, and she toke hym 
bye the hande, and bad hym serve her as he had doon in tyme 
passed, and bad hym to preche aborde that she wold be honorid 
at Eppiswhichc and at Willisdon* as she hath bee in old tymes, 
ne forte: this he said he wulde abyde bye. Then my lord of Can- 
terbury apposed hym nerre, and he made but weke aunswer, and 
was bade to departe and come agayne the second day aftre. So 
did he ; but at the laste he denyed his vision. Then he wold 
prove purcatory by a certayne vers in the Saulter, but when it 
was bctin well to him he cowld nott byde bye it. The byshope 

* At Ipswich and WiUeidon there were images of the Virgin, which were ohjedf of 
great rcTcrencc in Popish timet. Saunderus, De Schismate AngUcano, mentions 
them : — " Sic et populus Christianoi in Anglia ad certa loca lacra (in quibui B. Vir* 
ginit alieque sanctorum statute fuerunt erecte, et operibua Dei mirandia honoraUItt 
demonstratse) orationis ergo ascendebat, ciyuamodi tunc erant WaUinghamoB, ^fmemtf 
Vigomia, Vilttdomum^ Cantuaria, et alia ejuamodi, quK omnia CromfcUna d^iedt tl 
deformavit.*' 



8IIPPR1MI0II 09 IfONAITBRIBS. 87 

Mkfid hym what shold move hym to take handefaste hye that 
plao^. ** Mom/' qucxl he, '^ My lord of London saide that it made 
well for it. What place in the Saulter it was^ I can nott tell.'' 

Then wai there on Lamberte* within a vij^^ daye« and le^ae 
litre t)|at| whiche was detecte of heryaie to the iij. byihopis ; his 
avtidfa was this, that it was syn to pray to saintis. Then came 
he to his aunswer, and the thre byshopis cowld nott saye that it 
WIS neoessari or nedefuU, but he myght nott make syn of it ; and 
yf he wolde agree to that, he myght have byn goon bye and bye, 
Iml he wold nott. Then was he comaunded to ward in the porter 
logde, and remayne there from that Monday tyll Frydaye nyght. 
Than he was sett at large to goo whether he wolde. He came 
tbetber bapke agayne the morow to knowe tlie byshopes pleasure, 
whether be were all free or nott, and then theie apposid hym 
llgayney and he byde bye it, yet cowde they fyndc it bye no scrip- 
Imv that we owght to do it. The byshope of Worcetre was most 
tstveme agaynst hym, so was he sent to ward agayne. And on the 
Mxt OAomyng, which was Sondaye, they sent bothe hym and his 
aitides to my lord chaunccllour, and Uicrc he remaynyth in prison 
yel. My lord of Northefolk, the erle of Essex, and the cowntes 
of Oxffortbe, wrate to this byshopis agaynst hym, and for that 
pausa men suppose they handelid hym so to please thcym to geate 
favor, which thyng hathe within thys litlc whylc don great hurt 
to the truthe, but what shall come of hym (iod knowith onlye. 

I)oclour Ileyms prcchitlie l>efore the kyng, as he is appoyntid, 
every Wedynsday this Lent, and on Wedynsday in the Ymbre he 
saide in his sermone that Uod hathe brought the truthe of hb 
wonle lo hght, and princis lie the ministeris of it to gyve oo- 
loaundement that it shold goo forward, and yet is no thynge re- 
garded and make of hym but a Cristmas kyng. On Tewisdaye 
the same wckc the byshope of Rocliestre came to the Cruched 
Frytrsy and inhibita a ductour and iij. or iiij. mo to hyre confts* 
Moisy and soe in Cardmaker, and uder in their pUcis« Then came 



• fys Usbw^ w iHwvsNt W»t ia aaHIOkM i» 




38 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

the hyshopc of Londonis aparitor, came and raylid on thothcr 
hyshope, and saide that he nor no suche as he is shall have juris- 
diccion within his lordes precincte. ITien was the byshope 
of London sent for on Thursday to make aunswer to it, but he 
was sike and myght nott com. Then on Fryday the clergye sate 
on it in the convocation howse at after-non a long tyme, and lafte 
of till anodre daye, and the meane tyme all men that have takyn 
any hurt, losse, or wrong at his hande, must bryng in their byllis 
and shall have recompence. 

On Sondaye last the byshope of Worcetre preched at Paulis 
Crosse, and he saide that byshopis, abbatis, prions, parsonis, can- 
nonis resident, pristis, and all, were stronge thevis, ye dukis, lordis^ 
and all ; the kyng, quod he, made a marvelles good acte of parlia- 
ment that certayne men sholde sowe every of thcym ij. acres of 
hempe, but it were all to litle, were it so moche more, to hange the 
thevis that be in England. Byshopis, abbatis, with soche other, 
shold not have so many ser\'auntes, nor so many dysshes, but to 
goo to their first foundacion, and kepe hospitalytie to fede the 
nedye people, not jolye felowis with goldyn chaynes and velvet 
gownys, ne let theym not onis come into the howsis of religioun 
for repastc ; let theym call, knave byshope, knave abbat, knave 
prior, yet fede non of theym all, nor their horses, nor their doggis, 
nor ye[t] sett men at lybertye ; also to ete fleshe and whit mete in 
Lent, so that it be don without hurtyng of weke consciences, and 
without sedition, and lykewise on Frydayc and all dayes. The 
byshope of Canterburj' scythe that the kinges grace is at a full 
poynte for fryers and chauntry pristis, that they shall awaye all 
that, savyng tho that can prechc. limn one saide to the byshope 
that they had good trust that they shold serve fForthe there lyflfe 
tymes, and he saide they shulde serve it out at cart then, for any 
other service they shold have bye that. 

On Saterdaye in the Ymbre weke the kinges grace came in 
amonge the burgesis of the parliament, and delyvered theym abillci 
and bade theym loke upon it and waye it in conscience, for he 
wold nott, he saide, have theym passe on it nor on any other 



SUPPRB88I0N OF MONASTERIES. 39 

thyng because his grace gevith in the bill^ but they to see yf it be 
for a comyn wele to his subjectis^ and have an eye thethem'arcle. 
And on Wedynsdaye next he will be there agayne to here their 
myndes. Ther shalbe a proviso made for poore people. The gaylis 
shalbe ryde, the faultye shall dye, and the odre shalbe acquyte 
bye proclamacion or bye jure, and shalbe sett at libertie, and paye 
no fees ; and sturdye beggaris and suchc prisonars as can nott be 
sett a worke, shalbe sett a worke at the kynges charge, somme at 
Dover, and somme at the place where the water hathc broken in on 
the londe, and other mo placis. Then yf they fall to idelnes, tho 
idelers shalbe had before a justice of peace and his fawte writen ; 
then yf he be takyn idle agayne in another place, he shalbe knowne 
where his d welly ng is, and so at the second mcnycion he shalbe 
bumyd in the hande ; and yf he faylc the iij***^ tyme, he shall dye 
for it. This saide burgis of the parliament. Men sayd tliat the 
sayntuary shall, aftre this settyng of the parliament, hold no man 
for dett, morder, nor fclenyc, nor for none other cause, nor West- 
mester, nor S. Martyns, nor seint Katerj'ns, nor none other sain- 
toary. Other newis knowe I none, as k no with our LonI, who 
ever kepe us all. Writen in haste, the xiij**> day of Marchc, l>y 
your owne to his litlc power. 



It Ims bcc« alrvAdj »Utetl that the ( baiier-hoatr in London antl the rrUgiont iMmtn 
•t RIdUBond, Syon. and Qrrcnvirh bad bcrn invoKcd in tlie affair of the Maid of Kent, 
■U had diattngviahed tbcsiarlTca by their oppoaition to the meatnrra of the King. 
TWy tlrna bccnme the firat of the religion* hooaes that were aabjccted lu a refomung 
viailatkNi, tm4 aonae of the monka and nana were treated with ip'eat harahneaa and 
acvvfity. Tbe fbtlowinf ftve Irttrra. all written apiuirvntlj in the year la.i.'i, relate to 
tiMat viaHatiofia. Thomaa Hedyll and Kichard I^yton were both of them aft et w nrda 
vary activa widUm of the monaatrriea. at we ihall tee a little further on. 

TkB Cbarter>hoaar (a naoM known at pre»cnt by the cclcbrattd achool efttablithcd 
am ila site) wna founded in the reign of Edward III. by the famooa ftoldirr Sir Walter 
t Ita alte waa tcleeted by him originally to arrte for a bnrial place in thr frarfnl 
•I U49-&CI, uia nbmrt 50,000 bodiea aiw aaid to hnvt bm Interred therv dnring 




40 Limns niLATiNO to thi 

its continiiaiioe. It ftftmrwirdt btcame a monatteiy of Carthulaiu* A wwiliifiliit 
number of the Charter-house monks refused obstiiiately to acknowledfe the kuif *• 
supremicy : John Hougbton, the prior, was executed on the S7th April, 1535 ; two 
others, William Exmewe and Sebastian Newdigate, suffered on the 1 8th of Jane 
following ; and Richard Bere, John Darj, Thomas Johnson, Thomas Green, Tliomat 
Shrjne) Walter Pierson, Robert Salt, Thomas Redyng, and WillUfli Uoni# wm 
executed on the 4th of August. 

XIV, 

B8DTLL TO CROMWBLL. 

[From MS. Cotton. Cleop. E. vi. fol. 253.] 

Pleace it you to understand^ that on Tuesday furthwith upon my 
departure from you I repaired to the Charter-house^ and had 
with me diverse bokes and annotations bothe of myne owue and 
others against the primacy of the bisshope of Rome^ and also of 
sainct Peter, declaring evidently the equalite of the aposteUea by 
the law of Qod. And after long communication more than on 
howre and a half with the vicar and procurater of the houMy I 
left thoes bokes and annotations with thaim, that they shuld •• 
the holy scriptures and doctors thereupon concemyng the aaid 
maters, and thereupon reforme theim selves acordingly. And 
yesterday they sent me the said bokes and annotations againe 
home to my house by a servant of thairs, without any word or 
writing. Wherfor I sent to the procurater to com and speke with 
me, seing I kept my bed bi reason of siknes, and could not com to 
him. And at his commyng, I demaunded of him whether he and 
the vicar and other of the sennors had seen or herd the said an- 
notations, or perused the titles of the bokes making moost for 
the said maters. And he aunswerd that the vicar and he and 
Nudigat had spent the tyme upon thaim tyl ix. or x. of the olok at 
nyght, and that they saw nothing in thaim wherby they wer 
moved to alter thair opinion. I than declared to him the daingor 
of his opinion, whiche was like to be the destruction of thaim and 
thair house for ever ; and as far as I could perceyve by my com* 



8UPPEB88ION OF M0NA8TBBIBS* 41 

nmnication with the vicar and procurator on Tuesday, and with 
the procurater yesterday, they be obstinatly determined to suffer 
al extremites rather than to alter thair opinion, regarding no more 
the dethe of thair father in word or countenaunce than he wer 
lering and conversant among thaim, I also demaunded of the 
procurater whether the residue of his bretheren wer of like opinion, 
and he aunswerd he was not suer, but he thought the wer al of 
one mynd. I shewed him that I thought that the spirit whiche 
appered affor Ood, and seyed he wold be a fals spirite in the 
mouthes of al the prophetes of Acab, had inspired thaim and 
sowed thys obstinacy in thaim. Finally I suppose it to be the wyl 
of God, diat as thair religion had a simple b^ynnyng, so in this 
realme it shal have a strainge ende, procured by thaim selfes and 
by none others. And albeit they pretend holines in tliis behalf, 
soerly the ground of thair said opinion is hypocrisy, vayne glory, 
confederacy, obstinacy, to thentent they may be seen to the worle, 
or specially to suche as have confidence in thaim, more feythful 
and more constant than any other. From Aldergate strete, this 
momyng of Ascention day. I am so trobyld with the fever, that 
I am fayne to kepe my bouse. 

By your owne, 

TuoMAS Bbdyll. 



XV. 

BOLAND LBB* AND BBDYLL TO CROMWBLU 
[rro« US. CottoB. Ckopat. B. iv. fol. 10.] 

Please it yow to understande, that on Saterday laste abouta vj. 
ol the dock we receyved your lettres by the provynciall of tho 

* Boltai Lm had bem <nm of th« Kiaf't fl^pUiM, uul petforaMd tlie HMrriaft c«rt* 
MMiy bcCwcts Um Kiaf tad Annt holkfn : ia 1S34 Im ImuI bcc« mmA^ BUk^ oC Co. 
f«Mlqr m4 IJtkMM, Mid tke Kisf aUo coslvrid »poo hiai tke prMidcaqr 9i Om 
mmmdi alWaks. 

CAItO, see. O 



42 LBTTBR8 RELATING TO THB 

Augustyn ffriers^ according to the which lettres we tooke our 
journey ffurthwithe towardes Richemount^ and came thither be* 
twixte X. and xj. at night, and in the momyng ffolowing we had 
ffirst comunication with the warden and oon of the seniors named 
Sebastian^ and after with the hole convent, and moved them by 
all the meanes and policies that we coulde devise to consent to the 
articles delyvered unto us by the saide provynciall^ and requyred 
the confirmation of them by their convent scale ; which warden 
and convent shewed them selfes very untowarde in that behalfe, 
and theruppon we were fforced to move the convent to putt the 
matter holly in the arbitreroent of thcire senyours, otherwise named 
distrettes, which were but iiij. in nomber, and that they iiij. bavyng 
ffull auctoritie to consent or dissent ffor them all, and in the name 
of them all, shulde meate us at Grenewiche this day in the 
momyng, and bring their convent seale with them ; and so they 
did. And when we came to Orenewich we exhorted the convent 
likewise to putt the hole mattier in the handes of their seniors^ or 
distrettes, to thentent to avoide superfiuouse woordes and idle 
reasonyng, and specially to thentent that if the distrettes shulde 
refuse to consent, it were better after our myndes to strayne a 
flfewe then a multytude. But at Grenewiche we coulde in no wise 
obteyne to have the mattier put in the distrettes handes and arbi- 
trement, but the convent stiflFely affyrmed that wher the mattier 
concerned perticulerly every oone of their soules, they wolde aun- 
swere perticulerly every man ffor hym self. And when, after 
muchc reasonyng and debating, we requyred to have their ffinall 
and determynatt aunswer, which we demaimded of every oone of 
them perticulerly, we ffounde them in oone m3mde of contradic- 
tion and dissent ffrom the saide articles, but specially agajrnst this 
artycle. Quod episcopus Romanus nihilo niajoris neque aucioriiaiiM 
ant jurisdictionls habendus sit quam ceteri quivis episcopi in Anglia 
vel alibi gentium in sua quisque diocesi. And the cause of their 
dissent, as they saide, was by reason that that article was clcrely 
agaynsc their professyon and the rules of sayncte Fraundfy in 



8UPPRB88ION OF MONA8TBRIB8. 45 

which nile8 it is thus wrytten (as they shewed unto us) : Ad kec 
per obeJietUiam injumgo minisiris ut pttant a domino papa unum 
de stmeie Rowume ecchtie cardmalibusj qui nt ffubemaior, pro^ 
ieeior, ei corrector ieiius Jratemitatis, ut semper eubditi et suhjecti 
pedikma eameie eccteeie ^juedem $tabUe$ in fide catholica pauperta- 
tern ei kumUiiatemj ei eecnndum Evangelism Domini no$tri Jem 
CkriUiy qmod finmter pr o miiim u s obeerremns. Wherunto thre 
tnngwen : First, that saincte Frauncis and his brethem at the 
beginnyng were dweUyng in Italie undre the obedience of the bis- 
aboppa of Rome, aa all monkes not exempte be undre the obe- 
dieDoe of the biashoppe off Canterbury, and therfore it were no 
Buurraik that aaincte Frauncis wolde his brethem to be obedient 
to the bisahoppe of Rome, being their prelate ; at which tyme of 
aayncta Frauncis, and long after, ther were none of his ordre in 
En^onda, and therfore thies woordes wer not ment by ffriers of 
Engkmde. The aeconde aunswere that we made was this, that 
the diapiter of saincte Frauncis rule which they alleyge makith 
aaantkm of mynystres, and that tliey shulde desyer of the pope to 
hara oona of the cardynalles which shulde be govemer, protec- 
tour, and correctour of their brothcrhode; and we shewed them that 
in our opynyon that chapiter was, no parte of saincte Frauncis 
rule, but was flforged sythens and planted into the same by some 
ambicious ff[ri]ar of that ordre, il'or, as we sup)>osed, the name of 
mynystres was not founde out or s|)okcn of when their rule was 
oonfjmned ; and it is to be thought that saincte Frauncis, being 
a holy man, was desyrous to have a raniynall to goTernc and cor- 
recte his brethem. Thirdely, we affyrmed unto them that they 
were the kinges subjectes, and that by the lawe of (ickI tYiey 
owed him their entier obedience ; and that the |>ope and saincte 
Frauncis and they them selves, with their vowes, othes or profes- 
Miia, ooalde take away not cone jote of the oYiedience which they 
am to the kinge by Uoddis lawe. And we shewed them that non« 
of the kinges subjectes coulde submytte himself or beare oliedienoe 
la wmf other prynoe or prelate, without the kinges consent. And 



44 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

if he did, he did the kinges grace greate injuiye, and offendid 6od^ 
breakyng his lawes commaunding obedience towmrdes prynoes. 
And in this behalf we shewed that the king, being a christen 
prynce, was a spirituall man, and that obedience which they owed 
to the kinge by Ooddcs lawe was a spirituall obedience and in 
spirituall causes ; ffor they wolde be obedient but only in tem- 
porall causes. But all this reason coulde not synke into their ob- 
stinatt heddes and worne in custome of obedience of the pope. 
Albeit we ffurther declared unto them that bothe archebissoppes 
of this realme, the bisshoppes of London, W3aichester, Duresme, 
Bathe, and all other prelattes and heddes, and all the fiamouse 
clerkes of this realme, have subscrybed to this conclusyon. Quod 
JRomanus poniifex non habet majorem jurUdictionem ex sacris Uteris 
in hoc regno Anglie quam quivis alius extemus episcopus. All this 
notwithstanding, their conclusion was, they had professed saincte 
Frauncis religion, and in the observance therof they wolde lyve 
and dye. Sory we be we can not bring them to no better (frame 
and ordrc in this behalf, as our ffaithfuU myndes was to doo, ffor 
the accomplishment of the kinges pleasure. From the Myles 
ende, the xv**> day of June. 

By yower assurydly, Roland Co. et Lich. 

Your owne, Thomas Beotll. 

To master Secretarj. 



XVI. 

BEDTLL to CROMWELL. 

[From MS. Cleop. E. vi. fol. 168.] 



After my moost due thankes and hertic commendations unto 
you, I do you to understand that, as it was agreed bytwixt you 
and me at your departing, I have deliverd al maister Dr. Fysshen 
bookes late bisshope of Rochester, devised by him in the defense 



8UPPEB88ION OP MONA8TBRIB8. 45 

of the kinges grace first unlawful marriage and against his secund 
lawful marriage, to my lord of Cauntrebury, to be seen and weyed 
by him and suche as gyre attendance on him at this tyme for 
thaonswer to be made to Cocleus* boke and others, trusting that 
my said lord and the said other lemed men wol make so substan- 
dal aonswer to the said M. Flsshers books and the seid others, tliat 
not only the peple of this tyme, but also suche as shal rede the said 
aunswers at al tymes hereafter, shall wel perceyre thereby that al 
the kinges procedinges in thoes maters have been grownded upon 
good reasons and auctorites founded in the law of God, which 
his grace was bonnden in conscience to foiow, notwithstanding 
any other assertion or intelligence. 

I have also been at Syon sith your departing with my lord of 
London, where we have found the lady abbas and susters as 
conformable in every thing as myght be devised. And as towch- 
ing the father confessor and ffather Cursone (whiche be the saddest 
men ther and best learned) they shewed thaimselfes like honest 
men; and I think the confessor wol now on Sonday next in his 
sermon make due mension of the kinges title of supreme hed, 
aoording as he is commaunded. What towardnes or intowardnes 
we have seen in som other of the brethem there, I wol informe 
you at your retome to Londone, and omitte it now bicause I have 
som hope that by the wiscdome of the fallier confessor and father 
Cursone the residue shal shortly be brought to good conformitc. 
And if not, there be twa^.lhl^ brethem niust^hfi vedcduiutt 
whistle be sumwhaLsediciusc, and have labored busily to infect 
thair felowes wi jh obatinacy agai nst thg kin y^es said title . 

I had the father confessor alone in the very secrete ct>rounicm« 
tion concemyng oerten letters of the said M. Fisshcrs, of whiche 
bther Rainold made mention in his examination, whiche the said 
Fissber promised the kinges grace that be never shewed to any 



• C iciwM, 1 0«nMa tlMolofka, wm one of tke fMtifm writm %|tiMt tke Klif '• 



46 LBTTER8 RBLATINO TO THB ^ 

other man^ nouther wold. The said confessor hath confessed to 
me that the said Fissher sent to him, to the said Rainold, and to 
one other brother of thers decessed, whoes name I remember not^ 
the copy of his said letters directed to the kinges grace, and the 
copie of the kinges aunswer also, but he hath sworen to me upon 
his fidelite that the said copies tarried not with thaim but one 
nyght, and that none of his brethem saw thees same but theea 
thre aftbr named. He hath knowleged to me also that the said 
Fissher sent unto thaim with the said copies a boke of his made in 
the defense of the kinges grace first marriage, whiche he con- 
fessed himself to have in his keping, and which he hath willingly 
deliverd unto me, and also Abels booke, and one other booke made 
by the emperour his ambassitor (as I suppose)* 

My lord of Londone declared reasons for the confirmation of tht 
kinges title of supreme hed, and for the infirmation and eztino- 
tion of the bisshope of Rome jurisdiction and power within this 
realme, in such maner and fassion as was exoellmit and singuler. 
And maister More hath used him self like a feithful true man to 
his prince, and I wol ye wold write him som commendations or 
tiiankes to recomfort him. Finally maister almaner and I wciA 
know your mynd and pleasure concem3rng the boke whidie we 
drewe out of my lord of Yorke his bothe devises, whereof we witii- 
drewe many thinges and likewise added. And where ye willed ua 
to adde thereto suche substancial mater for the purpose as we 
shuld thinke conrenient, that it myght be set furthe to piinte, 
albeit we have gathered suche mater as shal please you when ye 
se it, yet we wol not be so bolde as put it to printe tyl ye se it 
and allowe it* 

I have kept Londone al this yere, and have had litel pasaetyme 
abrode« If it myght please you to help me to a warrant or two in 
Kent, at Ledys or elwher, or nyghe London, it wolde be mucbe to 
my comfort, whiche am alwayes at your commaundement. From 
London, the xxviij^^ day of July. By your owne, 

TaoMAi Bbdtum 



47 



XVII. 

DR. LATTON TO CROMWELL. 
[Frm MS. Cott. Clcop. E. it. fbl. 125.] 

Hit may please yourgoodnes to underttonde thatBisshope this 

day prechade and dedarede the kinges title yarawell, and hade a 

grot andienoe, the chorche full of people. One of the focares in 

hia laide declaration openly callede hym fals knave, with other 

foliaahe wordea. Hit was that folisshe felowe with the curlede hede, 

that knelyde in your way whan yc came forthe of the confesaora 

diambre. I cannoleste do but set hym in prison, ui pena ejus 9%i 

w^iui aUorum^ Yesterday I lemede many enormouse thynges 

againste Bisshope in the examination of the lay brederen ; firste 

that Biaahope persuadyt two of the brederyn to have gone ther ways 

by nyght, and he hymself with them, and to thaccoroplioement of 

that they lakede but money to by the seculer apparell ; further, that 

Biaahope wolde have persuadyt one of his lay brederen, a smyth, 

to have made a key for the dore, to have in the nyght tyme re* 

oayvide in wenches for hym and his felowe, and specially a wiflfe of 

Uxbrige nowe dwellyng not far from the olde lady Darbie, nygh 

Uzbrige* wiche wiffe his olde customer hatli bene many tymes 

at the graittes commonyng with the saidc Bisshope, and muclie 

be was desierouse to have hade hir convcyde in to hym. The 

saide Bisshope also persuadyt a nunc, to whomc he was confessor, 

ad KIndinem corparum ptrimplendam^ and thus he persuadyt hir in 

confession, makjmg hir to beleve that whansoever and as ofil as 

they shulde medle together, if she were immediatly aflTter confes- 

sede by hym, and towke of hym absolution, she shulde l>e clerr for- 

gyvyn of (lode, and hit shulde be none offence unto hir l>efore 

Gode; and she write dyvers and sondrie letters unto hym of 

ayeba Iber folisabenea and unthhAynea, and wolde have hade hia 




48 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

brother the smythe to have pullede owte a bare of yron of that 
windowe wheras ye examinede the lady abbas, that he myght have 
gone in to hir by nyght, and that same windowe was ther com- 
monyng place by nyght. He persuadyt the sexten that he wolde be 
in his contemplacion in the ehurche by nyght, and by that meanes 
was many nyghtes in the ehurche talkyng with hir at the saide 
graite of the nunnes qwere, and ther was ther metyng place by 
nyght, besyddes ther day communication, as in confession. Hit 
were to long to declare all thynges of hym that I have herde, 
wiche I suppos is trewe. This affter none I intende to make fur- 
ther serche, bothe of sum of the brederen and s\un also of the 
sisters, for suche lyke matters ; if I fynde any thynges apparant to 
be trewe, I shall, Gode willyng, therof certifye your mastershipe to 
morowe by vij. in the momyng, and afiler this day I suppos ther 

/ wilbe no other thynges to be knowyn as yett here, for I have 
alredy examynede dl the brederen, and many of them wolde gladly 
depart hens, and be ryght wery of ther habite: suche religion and 

\ faynede sanctitie Qode save me fro ! If Mr. Bedyll hade bene here 
a frear and of Bisshops cownsell, he wolde ryght well have helpede 
hym to have browght his matter to passe withoute brekyng up of 
any graite or yett cownterfetyng of keys, suche capacitie Gode 
hathe sende hym. From Sion, this Sonday xij. Decembris. By 
the spedy hande of your assurede poire preste^ 

Richard Latton. 



XVIII. 

BEDYLL TO CROMWELL. 

[From MS. Cott. Cleop. E. iv. fol. 109.] 



Right worshipful, after my moost hertic commendations, pleace 
it you to understand that maister Leighton and I have had mucbe 



8UPPRB88ION OP MONA8TBRIBS. 49 

bu8ine8 with thi8 house sythens your departing hens ; and as for 
the brethem, they stand stif in thair obstinacy as you left thaim. 
Copynger and Lache were sent to my lord of London on Mone- 
day. Here wer on Tuesday doctor Buttes and the quenys 
amner to convert VVytford and Litell ; and on Wensday here wer 
doctor Aldrigge, doctour Cunren^ doctor Bawghe, and doctor Mor- 
gan, sent by the kinges grace for that purpose, but they nothing 
proficted. I handled Whitford after that in the garden, bothe with \ 
faire wordes and with foule, and shewed him that throughe his 
obstinacy he shuld be brought to the greate shame of the world i 
for his irreligious life, and for his using of bawdy wordes to diverse f 
ladys at the tymes of thair confession, whereby (I seyed) he/ 
myght be the occasion that shrift shalbe layed downe throughe 
England : but he hath a brasyn forehed, whiche shameth at no« 
thing. One Mathew, a Uy brother, upon hope of liberte, is re- 
formed. We wolde fayne know your advise what we shal do with 
Whitford and Litell, and a lay brother, one Turnyngton, whiche 
is very sturdy against the kinges title. We have sequesterd 
W^hitford and Litell from hering of the ladys confessions ; and 
we think it best that the place wher thes frires have been wont to 
hire uttward confessions of al commers at certen tymes of the yere 
be walled up, and that use to be fordoen for ever ; fTor that hering i 
of utward confessions hatli been the cause of muche evyl, and of 1 
muche treson whiche hath been sowed abrode in thin mater of the \ 
kinges title, and also in the kingcji graces mater of his succession/ 
and manage. On Wensday my lord Wyndesore came hither, sent for 
by nuuster Leighton and me, and labored muche that day for the 
converting of his suster and som other of his kynneswomen here ; i 
and yesterday we had my lord of London here in Uie chapiter 
bouse of women, and the confessor also, whiche bitthe toke it upon 
thmir consciences and u|)on the perill of thair soulys that the ladys 
owght by Uodes law to consent to the kinges title, wherewith they 
wer muche comforted ; and wher we wylled al suche as consented 
to the kinges title to syt styll, and al suche as wold not cunscnt 

CAMD. 80C. u 




1 



50 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

therunto to depart out of the chapter-house, there was found 
none emong thaim whiche departed. Albeit I was informed this 
\ i^yght that one Agnes Smyth, a sturdy dame and a wylful, hath 
labored diverse of her susters to stop that we shuld not have thair 
convent seal ; but we trust we shal have it this momyng, with the 
subscription of thabbes for her self and al her susters, whiche is the 
best fassion that we can bring it to. The persone whiche ye spak 
with at the grate, covyteth very muche to speke with you, seyng she 
hath suche thinges whiche she wold utter to no man but to you, 
and what they be I can not conject. We purpose this after none, 
or els tomorow momyng, to awaite on the king grace, to know his 
pleasir in every thing, and specially towching the muring up of the 
howses of utterward confessions, Maister Leyghton hath wreten 
certen compertes unto you, and therefor I forber to spek any thing 
therof. The ladys of Sion besecheth you to be good maister imto 
thaim, and to thair house, as thair special trust is in you, and that 
they all run not into obloquy and slaunder for the mysbebavor of 
one person, A greate number of the ladys desired me to speke 
unto you that Bisshope and Parkere myght be discharged from the 
house of Sion, and Bisshope and Parker desire the same ; I mer- 
vaile that they desire not likewise to be discharged of the person 
with whom ye talked at the grate, seing Bisshopes caus and that is 
one. From Sion, the xvij*. day of December, 

By yours, as your servant, 

Thomas Beoyll. 



The next letter forms a link in the long chain of eridence of the state in which the 
English monastic houses had fallen, when the Tisitation took place. The early history 
of the monastery of StaTordale in Somersetshire is Tery obscure. It is said to hare 
been founded by Sir William Zouche. In the reign of Henry VIH. it was annexed 
to the Abbey of Taunton. There appears no reason for belieTing that Ridiard Zomche 
obtained the appointment which he here solicits. 



8UPPBB88ION OP MONA8T£RIB8. 51 

XIX. 

RYCIIARD ZOUCIIB TO CROMWELL. 
[From MS. Cott. Cleop. E. iv. fol. S60.] 

Sure, pleshyt your goode mastershype to underston tliat wer I 
dewlle ys a pore pryery, a fundacion off my nawyn8etre8, wyche 
y8 my lorde my fatheres ynerytan8 aiid myne, and be the resone 
off a lewyde pryore that was ther, wyche was a achanon off 
Tawntoun afor, browytte hytt to l>e a sell unto Tawntoun, and 
now hys hytt dystryde, and ther ya but to chanons, wyche be off 
no goode levyng, and that ys gret petty, the pore howseholde be 
so yett yntretyd ; wcrfor yff ytt may plesc your good masterchyppe 
to be 80 good master to me to gctt mc the |>ore howae wyche ya 
callyd Staverdell, I wer )>ownde to pray for your masterchyp, and 
also I schal here you my herty servys nextt the kynge ys grmS| 
and be at your coromayndment, be the gras off God, ho ever pre* 
serve your goode masterchype. 

Your howync pore servantt and bedman, 

Ryciiardb ZouciiB. 



The rollowiiif Utter bclooft, pcrhapa, to tlie next jt^r, Althoogh it U ttnuife tlttt 
Sir Peter D«ttoo Blio«ld aadrrM Oomwell by the •impic title of muuienkip et to kit 
a date. Prom dodamente fiveo in Ormcrod't History of Cbrshire, it appMrt tlwttkt 
ftUMit of Norliin rrfutcd to •arrcoUer hie hoate. and that the attempt to enforce tkt 
ordrra of the co«rt eicitrd a teriona inanrrection, and the cummiaaionera were obliged 
to take shelter in the tower of the priory chnrrh. The abbot and «»ther perMna earn* 
eernrd in thia afiair were arretted by Sir Peter I>ntton, then ShenlT of Cheahire, tad 
the former ia lopptiard to have been eireuted. It may be ohaenred. however, that thia 
iasarrection a|>|«earato ha«e taken place at the befioninf of October, l&i<». whereea the 
prrftrnt letter u dated at the bexinninf of Aufuat. 

Tk.t little hoQ«e waa founded aa a priory, abtint II II or III.'* at Kuncome in Che« 
•hire, by William Fiti Nisei, and waa m«i«ed by hi* •*« in the time of Ste|ihen to Mor* 
ton. Karly in the fifteenth centery it waa changrd fiuui 4 priory to an abbey. 



52 LETTRR8 RELATING TO THE 



XX. 

SIR PETER DUTTON TO CROMWELL. 
[From MS. Harl. 604, fol. 54.] 

Please it your gud mastership^ my duetie remembert, thes to 
advertise you that I have taken the bodies of thabbot of Norton, 
Robert Jannyns, and the straunger, a connyng smythe, two of the 
seid abbottes servantes, also Rondull Breretone, baron of the 
kynges excheker of Chestre^ and John Hale of Chestre, merchaunt, 
and have theym in my custody and kepyng. And the rest I en- 
tende to have as spedely as I can, and to be with you with theym, 
God willyng, in all convenyent spede as I possible may. More- 
over, I haue causet dan Rondull Wylmyslow, the moncke of the 
Walle Royall, to cum up to you, for whom I spake unto your gud 
mastership, whiche is a gud religious man, discrete and wel 
groundet in lemyng, and hathe many gud qualites most apte to be 
a master of a religious howse then any other moncke of that howse. 
Wiierfour it may please your gud mastership to be his gud master 
toward his preferrement that he may be admitted master of the 
same, and that I did promyse your mastership this seid moncke 
iidU accomplisshe accordyngly,wherefour I beseche your mastership 
that this bcrer and the seid moncke may resorte unto yow from 
tyme to tyme, to knowe youre pleasure therin, ensuryng you 
what ye do for me or my frynde, all is your owne, as knowithe 
our lord God, who mercifully preserve you. At Dutton, the iij***. 
day of Auguste, 

By youres assured, 

Perus Dutton, K. 

To the right hooormhle 

and his especiall gud master, maister Cromwell, 
secretary unto oar soTereign lord the kyoge. 



8UPPRBS8ION OP MONASTERIES. 53 

Tlie general TisiUtioa of the monasteries, which led to the suppression of the smaller 
houses, hegan in the aatnmn of 1535, under the immediate direction of CromwelL 
One of his most actire agents was Dr. Legh, mentioned in the following paper. Stowe, 
speaking of this erent, says that the Tisitors ** put forth all religious persons that 
woold goe, and all that were under the age of foure and twentie yceres : and after closed 
np the residoe that would remeine, so that they shuld not come out of their places, 
and took order that no man. should come to the houses of women, nor women to the 
honaes of men, hut onely to heare their serrice in the churches : all religious men that 
^parted, the ahbot or prior to gire them for their hahite a priestes gowne, and fortr 
■JiilHfB of money; the nuns to have sach apparell as secular women weare, and to go 
whcr tM wold." The ** dosing up'* of the monks in their houses is a drcwmstance 
frcqoently alluded to in the leCtcre which follow. 

The ahhey of Wardon, or De Sartis, in Bedfordshire, was founded hy Walter de 
Espee in 1135, and was furnished with monks from the ahhey of RteTauli. Henry 
Emery, the writer of the following paper, was the last ahbot : he does not appear to 
have resigned his oAoe till the surrender of his house on the 4ih of December, 1538. 
Abbot Henry's '* cawsas*' for resigning present a curious picture of the ignorance and 
tmrbakncc of the monks. 

XXI. 

THE ABBOT OF WARDOn's REASONS FOR RESIGNING. 
[Prom MS. Cotton. Cleopat. E. iv. fol. 163.] 

Tlieis be the cawses folowing whi that I, Henri abbot off War- 
don, have made labor to diverse of my frendis to rcsigne 
my office. 

Firste^ immediatele afiler the kingcs graces visitacion was exe- 
cutidd bi his commissioners master doctor Leighe and master Jo. 
ap Kece, and certaigne injunctions bi them to me and mi brc- 
theme deliveridd to be obser>'idd> mi saide liretlierne toke occasion 
agenste me Uierat, and said amongest them that I was tlie cawser 
whi that thei wer enclosidd witliin ther monasteri, to this entent 
(as thei didd imagine) that I might do owtwardeli what I wollde, 
and they shoUd not knowe it. From that tyme to this presente 
daie thei have vexidd me with many uncharitable surmises and 
obprobrius wordes, to muche and longe to be wreten. 

Item, that whereas wee bi tlie said injunctions be commandid 
to have earUe lecture of divinite, whc have none ; and wlian it is 
redd| few or non of tlie monkes cum to it. 



54 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

Item, I ded assigne dampne Thomas Londone to rede the 
divinite lecture, and be undiscretele (unknowinge to me) did rede 
the bokes off Eccius Omclies, whiche bokes be all camall and off 
a brutall understanding, and entret of many thinges clene anenst 
the determinacion of the churche of Endglonde. And so sone as 
I hadd knowledg off theis premisses, I toke from him his said 
bokes and sent to Londone to be deliverid to master doctor 
Leghe, and dischargid the said dan Thomas off his reding, and 
cawsid mi brother to rede the lecture ; and then fewe or none of 
them woUde come at him. 

Item, for as muche as I did perceave ignorance was a greate 
cawse whi that theis my bretheme wer thus farre owt of goode 
order and in continuall unquettnesse, to thentent that I woUde 
somwhat an inducedd them to understanding, I cawsid bokes of 
gramer to be bowghte for eche off them, and assignidd mi brother 
to enstructe theim, but thcr woUde come non to him but one 
Richard Balldok and Thomas Clement. 

Item, they be in nombre xv. brethem, and excepte iij. off them, 
non understand ne knowe ther rule nor the statutes off ther 
religione. 

Item, in Licnte I did sende forthe dampne Thomas Wardon in 
this housse besinesse, and he did sit at Shesforde all night at the ale 
howsse, and cam whom in the morning at matens tyme, for the 
wiche cawse I woUde a ministerid correccion to him, but he de- 
daridd openle before the covent that I hadd no auctorite to 
correcte him, and steryd them sediciousli agenste me, in so muche 
that on dampne Cristofer thretenidd me and my senrandes. 
Thus I was in suche fere that I did command my senrandes to 
watche mi chambur iiij. nightis after, till ther furi was somwhat 
aswagidd. 

Item, where above all other thinges I have often commandidd 
bothe the supprior and (as we call him) the custoi ordinis that 
ther shulld no seculer bois be conversant with ony of the monkes, 
ne to lye in ther dortor ; this notwithstanding ther is on Hewgh, 



SUPPRESSION OP MONASTBRIRS. 55 

that was a yonge monke hcre^ and he liethe in the dortor every 
night, but with whome I can not knowe ; and the same Hewghe 
was here yester daie. 

Item, the v^. daie of August Jhon Paxton and Henre Gibbeson 
did take the subprior in a hedge yn the vineyarde with a brethell 
¥roman, and he did promise viij*. to the saide Gibbeson to kepe 
his cowncell. 

Item, William Caringtone, Thomas Bikkliswade, Thomas 
London, Jhon Clifitone, Cristofer Wardon, be common dron- 
kerdes. 



I bave not asoerUinrd of wh«t ouoiiery Margtrrt Venion, the writer of the Mit 
letter, wu abbett. The TuiU>n, by putting in force the injanctioni already alluded to, 
teem to have nearly emptied the house, all the aiatert but one haTing quitted it f olun- 
tarily or by force : and the abbeai henelf appean to ha?e been not unwilling to follow 
their eianple* 

XXII. 

MAROARBT VERNON TO CROMWELL. 
[Prom MS. Cotton. Cleop. E. iv. fol. 55.] 

After all dew commcndacyons had unto yowre good mayster- 
shyp, with my most umbic thankes for the greate coste mayd on 
me and my pore maydyn at my last beynge with yowre mayster- 
shyp, furthermore plesytli yt yow to understonde that yowre 
vysytors hath bene here of late, who hath dyscharged iij. of my 
systers, the one ys dame Catherjrn, the other ij. ys the yonge 
women that were last professyd, whyche ys not a lyttyll to my 
dyscomforte; nevertheles I miut be content with the kynges 
plesure. But now as towchynge my nowne parte, I most humbly 
beseche yow to be so specyall good mayster unto me yowre poore 
bedewoman, as to geve me yowre l>est advertysment and counseyla 
what waye shalbe liest for me to take, seynge there shalbe none 



56 LBTTfiRS RELATING TO THE 

left here but my selfe and thys pore madyn ; and jrf yt wyl please 
yowre goodnes to take thys pore howse into yowre owne hondes, 
ether for yowre selfe^ or for my nowne [maister] yowre sonne, I 
woyld be glad with all my hart to geve yt into yowre master- 
shypes hondes, with that ye wyll commaunde me to do therin. 
Trustynge and nothynge dowptynge in yowre goodnes, that ye 
wyll so provyd for us, that we shall have syche onest lyvynge that 
we shall not be drevyn be necessyte nether to begge, nor to fall to 
no other unconvenyence. And thus I offer my sylfe and all myne 
unto yowre most hygh and prudent wysdome, as unto hym that 
ys my only refuge and comfort in thys world, besechynge God of 
hys goodnes to put in yow hys holy sprete, that ye maye do all 
thynge to hys lawde and glory. 

By yowre owne assured bedcwoman, 

Margaret Vernon. 



The writer of the next letter wu mt the time viiitini: the abbey of Laoock, in 
WUtshire. 

XXIII. 

DR. LEOH TO CROMWELL. 
[Prom MS. UarL No. 604, foL 59.] 

After my due and moste hartie commendacions, please it your 
mastership to be advertised^ that whereas I have in all the places 
that I have ben at, according to myne instructions and to the 
kinges graces pleasure and yours, restrayned as well the heddes and 
masters of the same places as the brethem from going foorth of 
the precincte of the said places, which I adsure you greveth the said 
heddes not a litle, as ye shall well perceve by thinstant sutes that 
they shall make to the kinges grace and to you. It hathe ben 
reaported unto me sens my comyng to theis parties, that Mr. 
doctour Laitone hathe not doon the same in the places where he 



SUPPRESSION OP MONASTRRIBS. 5/ 

bathe ben, but licenced the heddes and masters to goo abrode, which 
I suppose maketh the brethem to grudge tlie more, whan they see 
that they be worse entreated than their master, which hath pro- 
fessed the same rule that they have. Wherfor, to thintent that an 
uniformitie maye be observed amongest us in all our procedinges, 
it maye please your mastershipp other to commaunde Mr. doctour 
Laytone to geve the same injundons where he goeth and hath ben 
that I have geven in the places aforesaid, in which case yf ye see 
reasonable causes wherfor ye shulde release the same injunctions in 
some places ye maye at all tymes ; or els to advertise me of your 
pleasure therein, that I maye confourme mjrself to the same, and 
direct my proq^ng after one weye with you. Sir, yf ye go to 
ORfordeallBftely, as ye ones intended, this bringer is a man of 
:porience and intelligence there and can declare you the 
s.^c of the Universitie very well. Thus knoweth Allmightie God, 
who have your mastership in his blessed tuicion. From Laycok, 
the zx^ of Auguste. 

Yours ever assureyt, 

Thomas Lbgh. 

To th* rifbt boaovtbk 
M^ Hmmms CnuBV«ll, priiid|wU 
McrcUrie to tbo kisfcs kif boct. 



Tko mteomU 9i Um rvUci at Maiaea BraaWy. ia Wilukirc, tod of the fraUtkt oC 
tho prior, givta la Uie foUowliif Itttcr, it awtif . HUt taull iN'iorj wm fMuklod la 
tho lottor port of tho tvoUU ctatary. It woo origiaoUj • homm for Wproao voaMa, 
ifhhtbod by OBO of tho BbcCo. The loot prior wot RidMrd Joajo, wIm. oftor tbo 
rfJMolotkm of bio boow, obCoiocd tbo roctorj of Sbiptoa Moyao, la Gloaoostcrtbirt. 

TW violtatoriol iojaactioao wort rtrj toYort tfoiatt rtlict, oad tbo worobip of ioit go t i 
oao of tbtai, to fivoa ia tbo Coltoaioa MS. (CIcop. B. it. fol. f 1), mat at followt :— 
*' llna, tbal tboj tbaU aot tbowo ao rtljqaot or layaod aijracloo far ta cr o o to of bMVt, 
bat tbal tboy ciborto pjlfrjaot aad ttrajactn to ftva tbal to tbo poor* tbat tboy 
tboagbt to ofirrt to tbor ioMgot or raliqaioa." Ia tbo UtU of rrlira la otbor ■oaatio 
riot, wo iai Moaj wbicb wort prataaitd to bo protorrotivo of woatoa ia laboar i tbop 
p rofioaaly booa Boao aa obyocC of tatiio la Men floagbaMa't Croo4. 

CAMD. SOC. I 




58 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

XXIV. 

DR. LATTON TO CROMWELL. 
[From MS. Cott. Cleop. E. iv. foL S49.] 

Pleasit your mastershipe to understonde, that yestemyght late 
we came from Glassynburie to BrUtowe to Saint Austins, wheras 
we begyn this momyng, intendyng this day to dispache bothe 
this howse here, beyng but xiiij. chanons, and also the Grawntes,* 
wheras be iiij. or v. By this bringar, my servant, I sende yowe 
relyqwis, fyrste, two flowres wrappede in white and blake sarcenet 
that one Christynmas evyn hora ip$a qua Chriitus natus /uerai 
will spring and burgen f and bere blossoms, quod expertum ettf , 
saith the prior off Maden Bradeley ; ye shall also receve a bage 
of reliquis, wherin ye shall se straingeis thynges, as shall 
appere by the scripture, as, Godes cote, Oure lades smoke, Uite 
of Godes supper in cena domim, Pars petre iuper qua natus 
erat Jesus in Beihelemy belyke ther is in Bethelem plentie of 
stones and sum qwarrie, and makith ther maingierres off stone. The 
scripture of evere thyng shall declare yowe all ; and all thes of 
^Maden Bradeley, wheras is an holy father prior, and hath but vj. 
children, and but one dowghter mariede yet of the goodes of the 
monasterie, trystyng shortly to mary the reste. His sones be tale 
men waittyng upon hym,and he thankes Gode a never medelet with 
marytt women, but all with madens the faireste cowlde be gottyn, 
and always marede them ryght well* The pope, consideryng his 
fragilitie, gave hym licens to kepe an hore, and hath goode wri- 
tyng sub plumbo to discharge his conscience, and toe hoys M''. 
Underhyll to be his gostely father, and he to gyve hym plenam re- 
ndssianem, &c. 

I sende yowe also oure lades gyrdeU of Bruton,^ rede silke, 

* Billeflwyke Hotpitel, in the tobnrbt of Bristol, wu alio called (Hiut't frtwi 
Mmnrioe de Gmut, by whom it wm founded, before 1339. 

t Burgeo, to bud, 

I The priory of Bmton or Brewetone, in Somersetshire, wss fomded about the year 
1005, by Athdmer, earl of Corawall. It was cooTerted into an abbey io the begiBDing 
of the reign of Heory VIII. 



SUPPRBStlON OP MONASTBBIBS. 59 

wiche is a solemne reliqoie sent to women traveljrng, wiche shall 
not miscarie m partu. I sende yowe also Mare magdalens girdell, 
and that is wrappyde and coveride with white, sent also with gret 
reverenoe to women traveling, wiche girdell Matilda thempresse, 
fbwnder of Ferley,'^ gave unto them, as saith the holy Cather of 
Ferley. I have crosses of silver and golde, sum wiche I sende 
yow not now bycause I have mo that shalbe delivered me this 
nyght by the prior of Maden Bradeley hym self. To morowe erly 
in the momyng I shall bring yow the reste, whan I have reoevide 
ally and perchaunce I shall fynde sum thyng here. In casse ye de» 
part this day, hit may please yowe to sende me worde by this 
bringer, my servant, wiche way I shall repaire afi%er yowe. 
Within the Chartar Howse hath professide and done althynges 
accordyng as I shall declare yow at large to morowe erly. At 
Bruton and Olasenburie ther is nothyng notable ; the brethren 
be so straite keppide that they cannot offende, but fsine they 
wolde if they myght, as they confesse, and so the faute is not in 
them. From Sainte Austines withoute Bristowe, this saint Bar- 
tilmews day, at iiij. of the doke in the momyng, by the spedy 
hande of your moste assurede poir preste, 

Rtchardb Layton. 



Jolui Btftdoc. Om fttbicct of Om foUovi^ Itttcr, is prataUy Om mmm pcfMa wIm 
viU be fMMd m littk later coaccriMd ia a toiMwhal rimilar diacofary to that kera •••• 
tkNMd. liia tfasaactioB with the prior of the Crmtchad friara U DOt v^^l to hia 
credit : aod tha chaacallor appcan to hara fonaad bo very ai^jut oplAloa o# hiai. 

XXV. 

JOHN BARTBLOT TO CBOMWBLU 
[Proa MS. CoCtOtt. Oaopat. E. it. fat 134.] 

Pleas it your honourable mastership to be adve rtisid, that in 
the tyme of Lent last past your contynuell oratour John BarteloC, 

• rwlay. la Wiltahira* waa a avaU hovaa deprUaat o« tha priory of U««a, foMiad 
hy tha aacoad Hnphtay da Boham. Tha capfaaa MotOda waa i 
Ami tha coOffMlka chartar of Haary HI. 



60 LETTS R8 RELATING TO THE 

with other to the noumber of v. personez of good conversacion, 
ffound the prior of the Crossid Fryers in London at that tyme 
beyng in bedde with his hoore^ both nakyd, abought xj. of the 
dok in the for none, upon a Fryday, at which tyme the said priour, 
to thentent his mysdemeaner and shamfidl fEU^ shuld not be 
knowen wherby he shuld susteyn opyn shame, knelid upon his 
knees, and not only desyrid your said oratour and his cumpany to 
kepe secret his said acte and not to disclose in any wise the same, 
but also for the same entent frely of his owen mocion yaf 
amonges theym about xxx^. which he then was possessid of, of the 
which summe your oratour hadde by the said yef * abought yij^. 
And also the said priour promysid to yef amonges the said com- 
pany xxx'L more by a certen day. And after by mediacion of 
ffirendes of the said priour, the said xxx>>. was releasid to the 
summe of vj^i, which yj'^ the said priour bound hym self to pay 
to your oratour by his bill obligatorie at a certen day in the same 
lymittid. Yet this notwithstonding, for because your said ora- 
tour for nonpayment of the said vjK did arrest the said firyer, he 
hath so heynously enformed the lord chauncellour ayenst your 
oratour, that he not oonly will put hym to suertie, making the 
premisses a heynous robery, sayeng opynly that your oratour is 
worthy to be hangid, but also will by his high auctorite compell 
your oratour to repay ayen to the said firyer the summe of xxx''., 
oonles your moost charitable goodnes be therin otherwise shewid. 
Yt may tberfor pleas your good mastership, of your aboimdaunt 
goodnes, to provyd that the premissez may be duly examyned 
according to equite, for this is the very and hole truth in the 
same. And your said oratour shall pray to Gtod for your honour 
and preservacion long to endewer. 

By your humble to his pour duryng his lif, 

John Bartblot. 

To the right honoorahle nutter tecretory. 

♦ Gift 



SUPPRESSION OP MONASTBRIRB. 61 

Tlie abbefi of Rieraoli and FooBUint , iiMBtkmed In the foUowing l«Uer, vt w«Q 
knowB At Um preteat day by their eitensiTe aad pictnmqiM roint. The foraicr, • 
ho«ue of the Ciitercuii order, wu fouoded in 1131 by Walter Etpec; the latter waa 
fovnded in the year following (113^) by a colony of monka of the abbey of St. Mary 
at York. This letter can hardly be by the tame llwaiaa Legh who waa to active a 
▼Wlor, and whoao signatiire occva ao frequently to other lettert. 

XXVI. 

THOMAS I. LBOII TO CROMWELL. 
[From MS. Cotton. Cleopat. E. it. foL 137.} 

Pleasithe it your mastershyp to be adrartesyd that, according 
onto your commandement, with most diligence I hawe deliverd 
your letter, also attymes most convenient referryd unto the kynges 
oommyssionars at Riwax siche credance as yower pleisar and 
equite wolde, whyche uppon the abbott of Funtans partt was butt 
lyghtly regardyd, and playnly expressyd of the same, that suche 
letter as I deliveryd and credance relatyde was ffrom M* Crum- 
well onley, and nott ffrom the kinges hyghnesse, wheropon, by 
the councelles of docter Spensar and Boyear, a procter, after 
evidence prove be wyttnessys, and the abbott of Rywax con- 
fession publishyde, the said abbott amonge other exceptions 
dyd laye thys exoepcion, Qmod tigort liierantm nuUa co wu m U 
MkmariU nee Uiorum a/inri competii ami tompeiere poiest Jmrie* 
diciio contra pr^aium abbaiem de Rietaile, pro eo rideHeei ei 
ex quo dieie liiiere regie fueruni ei euni dolose^ eurrepiiiie^ 
quod euni iaeiia rerUaie ei ejtpre$$a falsiiaie per dolam ei frait' 
dem ac kujumnodi (/) eerenueim principis noeiri circmmteniume tin* 
peiraie, who in hys obstinacie and parrvarte mynde adhering 
to the miles of hys religion, as he said, departyd from Riwmx^ 
and wolde nott accordingli unto your letters tbare remayne for 
the accomplyshment of the kinges commatmdement, notwitli- 
stondyng that I often tymes desiryd hym and commaundyd hym 
in the kinges name to tarry and make prosses according to justice 
withowt forder delay ; whyche rebelliouse mynde at this tyme is soo 
radicate, not only in hym, butt also in money of that religion. 



62 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

as in the abbott of Rywax wryting thys letter here inclosyde to 
the slaundare of the kinges heygnes, and after the kinges lettars 
receivyd dyd imprison and otharways punyche divers of hys 
brethem whyche ware ayenst hym and hys dissolute lywing ; also 
dyd take ffrom one of the same^ being a wery agyd man, all hys 
money whyche he shulde hawe made hys jubili withalle, that as 
persons almost nothing regarding God and veri lytyll owr grett 
maister the king, under the pretence of the rwUes of there reli- 
^on, lyvythe as persones, solute ab omni lege $eu obedientia et Deo 
et regi debiiay being abowghtwardes, as yt semythe to me, to rwlle 
the king by ther rulles, whyche ys a perverse ordre that so noble 
a hedde shulde be rulyd by so putride and most corrupte mem- 
bres. Sed Cato inquity ob$ta principiiSm All the cuntre maykythe 
exdamacions of thys abbot of Riwax, uppon hys abhomynable 
lywing and extorcions by hym commyttyd, also many wronges to 
divers myserable persons don, whyche evidently duthe apere by 
bylles corroboratt to be trwe, wythe ther othese corporale in the 
presens of the commissionars and the said abbott takyn, and 
opon the same xvj. witnessys examynyd, affermyng ther exclama- 
dons to be trwe. Therfore, tempore jam mttantej the kinges 
magiste consideryd, whome they hawe knowligyd to be mpremum 
etqmt totius ecclene Anglicane^ the honor of my lorde of Rutland *■ 
in thys besynes remembryd, your worshyp and also my pore 
honeste not forgotton, they wolde ether quykli be lokyd opon and 
shortly, or elles ther dessolute lywing with rebelliose demeanour 
shall every day increase more and more, to the dysplesour of God, 
disquietnes of the kinges prerogative, and reproche slanderouse 
unto ther religion, with troble of suche cuntres as they ar inhabytyd 
in. The abbot of Funtance bad knowlige at hys being at Riwax, 
the erle of Cumberlondf to have a commission for to inqwyer upon 
hys demenars, whyche causyde hym in ther businesses to playe 

• Thomai Earl of Ratland, as a deaoendeBt of Walter Eqpae, was the patron of 
Rieraolz. After its dissolation he obtained a grant of the site. 

t Henry Clifford, created Eari of Comberiand in 1535. He ahared largdy in the 
spoils of the 



8UPPRRS810N OP liONASTBRIRtf. G5 

twe partes, nam tunc tua re$ agUur paries cum prtmrnuM ardei. 
Thes premysses consyderyd, I trast ye wyll thinkehym notworthe 
to be visitour of hys religion ony longer by the kinges auctorite. 
And in thys cause of the abbot of Riwaxe, the other coramyssionars 
hathe precedide according to the lawe, and yowr credence by me 
to theyme relatyde, and condignlie hathe remowyd hym from the 
rewlle of hys abbacie and admynistracion of the same. With my 
slawe wryting I besiche yow to tak no displesur, and of the cause 
therof I shall at my cummyng to London make trwe reladon 
unto yow. Wrytten in hast, the fyrst day off Septembar, ffrom 
Belver. 

By your senrand, 

Thomas I(?) Lrgh. 

I pray yow noote there presumptuose myndes, most alienat 
flfrom religion, hawing nothing of ther own, ne may have tber 
accomptcs made, whiche oonly to be calyd an abbatte will con- 
tende contrare to ther obediencie with the kinges highnes, the 
fownders, and all other, to the great slandar of the religion, dis- 
qwiettnes and extreme costes and charges of ther howse. 

To Um ryflit wonbypCiiU matter 
TVoMM CnuBwdl, oon of iIm kingct 
■KMt boaorablo covncell , th jt 
bo ddjTcrdo vjUm tpcdo. 



la tke foUowiag IctUr we Aaa Um Abbot of Gkatoabvry, om o# Um grMtoat db b ty i 
la Rsfkuid, potttkmii^ Agmiait mmm of Um viiitatorkl i^JMMtioM. Wt AdHta^ya 
•lUrwardi octiaf BMiro dccModlj la oppoihkwi to tbt wteboo o# Um eawt, for mhkk bt 
wto at laoC broafbt to tbe toaSbU. 

XXVII. 

JOHN PITR-JAMRS TO CROMWRLL. 
[PhMi MS. Cottoa. Ctcop. R. it. fol. 39.] 

My singulcr gode master, after moste humble recommendacion. 




64 LKTTRR8 RBLATING TO THB 

with like thanckes for your great payne of late taken with me to my 
great comforte^this shal be to advertyse your saide gode mastershipp 
that I have spoken with my lorde abbot of Glaston concemynge 
suche injunccions as weer yeven hym and his covent by your 
deputie at the last visitacion there. Wherof there be foure ar- 
ticles * in this papar here ynclosede, and as to too the first articles 
extendyth generally to every moncke yn the howse, but to suche as 
be exceptede in the seccound article, to infourm your mastershipp 
of the trothe, ther be certen officers brodirs of the howse whiche 
have allway be attendaunt apon the abbot, as his chapleyn, 
steward, celerer, and on or too officers moo ; if they schuld be 
bounde to the firste too articles, it schuld muche disapoynt the 
order of the howse, whiche bathe longe ben full honorable. 
Wherfore if it may pleas your saide gode masterschipp to licence 
the abbot to dispence with thoo too firste articles, yn my mynde ye 
schall doo a verie gode dede, and I dare be suertie he will dis- 
pence with none but with suche as schalbe necessarie. And to the 
thirde article they have used allwayes to make ther leesses by on of 
the religion and ceculer men appoynted to hym, whiche leesses 
have comenly be made at a courte and letten by copie of the 
courte roll, and the covent never made previe to the leese, and 
if they schuld make no leese but by assent of the more parte of 
the covent, it schuld be verie tedyous bothe to them and to ther 
tenauntes. Wherfore, if it may pleas your gode masterschipp to 
discharge that thirde article, the abbot weer muche bounde to your 
gode masterschipp. And to the iu}^^ article, peraventure tiiere 

* The iMiper cootaining these four articles appears to be lost, and a slip with four 
■rtides in no point answering to the description giren in the letter is attached to it in 
the letter. One of the injunctions of the visitors was, " that no monke or brother of 
this monastery by any meanes goo forthe of the precynct of the same.*' Another 
i^jnaetion, whidi appears to be that allnded to by the abbot of Glastonbnry in his 
third article, was, ** Also that the abbot and president of this house shall make no 
waste of the woodes pertayning to this house, nor shall set out unadTisydly any 
flermes or rerersions without the consent of the more parte of the conrent.** See the 
dnmght of the Tisitaioriil iigunctioas in the Cottonian MS. Cleop. E. it. fol. 21. 



SUPPRESSION OP MONASTBRIBB. 65 

be sume of his brodirs would be gladd to be abrode, and to make 
untrew surmyse, so the abbot may paye for ther costes. Wher- 
fore, it may pleas yow to ordre that clawse to be spared to tyme 
the abbot may wayte on your gode masterschipp the next terme^ 
or elles to make it if the complaynaunt prove his complaynt to be 
trew than to have his costes, or dies not, the abbot weer moche 
bounde to yowe. Other articles ther be whiche they thincke 
verie strayt ; howbeit they will sue to your gode masterschipp ffor 
that at more leyser, and yn the meane tyme I dowte not they will 
kepe as gode religion as any howse of that order withyn this realme, 
as knowith God, who longe preserve your saide gode masterschipp. 
At Redliche, the ij^^^. day of Septembre. 

Your humble daylye oratour, as he is moste bownd, 

John Fpit James. 



TlUfl it Um Moood letter from Dr. Legb on Uie Mbjeet o# tkal part of the iajwic- 
tioM wUdi conSiMd the moaks tmd their raperiort to tkeir boveet. Hie coe4i«tor 
Dr. Leifhtoa eppeera to heve been indined to more iodttlgeace oa tliie head, to wliieli 
CffWBvell eecae to here been aot unfiivoarable. 



XXVIIl. 

DR. LBGH TO CROMWELL. 
[Tnm MS. Cottoa. Clcop. B. it. HdI. 54.] 

After my dewe commendations to your good maistershipp, 
please it you to be advertised that I have receyved youre gentill 
and loving lettres, yn which ye wolde that at my discretion I may 
licence the heddis for their necessary busynes and affaires to go 
furth of theire monasteries in suyche discrete maner and fourme as 
no brute* may be made thereof. Sir, it was not myne entent in my 

I* e. aeieef ^^par€« 
CAMD. SOC. K 




6*6 LETTERS RELATING TO TIIB 

lettres to have any autoritie to dispense with the saide heddes in 
this case, but as in tymes past so I doo yet think it very neoes- 
/sary that they have not libertie so sone after their injuctionsj 
/partely because it will be some occasion to think the other may 
j as well be broke, and partely because their inferiors shall think 
/ that they have no litell injury so to be bounden, and their hed^ 
which hath professid the same religion and shulde be in all harde« 
nes as a lanteme and example to theym, thus to be losid. Be- 
sides this, if ye had withdrawen your hand a while herein, they 
shuld have had gret occasion to seke uppon the kinges fiivour and 
yours, and so it might have lyen in your handes to gratifie theym 
daily to their great hartys ease and your no litell oommoditie. 
And also dyvers other causes there be, as ye shall knowe by the 
compertes in this visitation, why it is not expedient as yet that some 
of theym shuld have suych libertie. Wherfore, notwithstonding 
your gentill licence geven to me in this behalf, I entende to release 
none before that I speke with your maistership, or els that ye 
send me strayte commaundement so to doo. Praying you hartely 
that ye well consider whome ye send to the universities of Oxford 
and Cambrige, where other will be founde all vertue and goodnes 
or els the fontayne of all vice and myschief, and if all be well 
orderid there, no dowte both God and the king shall be well 
servid in these affaires, and your maistershippes office well dis- 
charged. Thus I commit you to Allmightie God. From Willton, 
the third daie of Septembre. 

Yours ever assureytt, 

Thomas Leoh. 



\ 






Ovr next letter introdt^i iu agtio to the monks of the Cbarter Hovte at LoodoB» 
who ooDtinued obttiiiate hi their noo-cooformtty with the detiret of the court. It ii 
an iateretting picture of tlw state of the house at this period. 



8UPPRB88ION OP 1IONA8TBR1B8. 6/ 

XXIX. 

JA8PAR PTLOLLB TO CROMWBLL. 

[Prom MS. Cotton. Cleop. E. iv. fol. 35.] 

My dewtye to your good inai8ter8hipe humbly preiny8idey plea- 
sithe hit the 8aine to understande that with this my rude letter I 
have sent to you a paper of suche proportyon of vyttell and other 
as the lay brothers byre tellyth me of necessite muste be pro- 
Tydyde for them, whiche will not be borne with tlie revenuoe of 
the howse, ffor the yerly revenucc of tlie bowse is vj<^. xlij*". iiij«*. 
ob., and the provysion in that proportyon amountythe to vj^. Iviij^^ 
Tij*. iiij*'. And yet sythjrns the makyng of that proportyon, whete 
is risen iiij*. in every quarter, and malte xx**. in every quarter, and 
comunely all other vittell rysithe therwith. I lenie her among 
this laye broders, that hertofore when all vittell was at a conve- 
nyent price, and allso when they were fewer persons in number 
than thei now be, the proctowr hath accomptyde for m^'. a yere, 
theyr rent of asyse beyng but as above vj^.xlij**. iiij**. ob., whiche 
coatlow fiare, buyldynges, and other, was than l>ome of the bene- 
volence and charyte off the citie of London. Nowe they not re- 
garding this dcrthe, nether the encrcase of ther superiluus nom- 
ber, nether yet the decay of the said benevolence and charyte, 
wold have and bathe that same fare contynuall that then was 
usid, and wold have like plentye of brede and ale and fyshe gevyn to 
strangers in the butter\*c and at the butterye dore, and as large 
lyvere of bredde and ale to all ther servantes, and to vagabundet 
at the gate, as was than uside, wich can not be. Wherfore, under 
the favor of your mastemhipe, hit semythe to be moche necessary 
to mynyshe eyther ther number or deyntye fare, and all84> the 
superiluus lyvere of brede and ale. 

These Charterhowsc monkes wold l>e callyde solytary : but to 
the doynter (lore thcrl>? al>ovo xxiiij. kcyn, in the liandrs of 
xxiiij. [Kntons, and hit is lykc in letters, unprofytable tales and 



68 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

tydinges^ and stuntyme perverse concell commythe and goethe by 
reason therof. Allso to the buttrey dore ther be xij. sundrye keys^ 
in xij. mens handes^ wherin symythe to be small husbandrye. 

Nowe is the tyme of the yere when provysion was wont to be 
made of lyng^ haberdens, and of other salt store^ and allso of ther 
wynter vesturys [to] theyr bodyes and to ther beddis, and for faell 
to ther cellys^ wherin I tarye tyll I may knowe your mastershippia 
pleasure therein. 

I thinke, under correctyon of your mastfershipe^ that hit were very 
necessary to remove the ij. lay broders from the buttery, and sett 
ij. temporall persons ther in that rome, and lykewyse yn the 
kychine, ffor in those ij. officys lye the waste of the howse. 

In the beginnynge of Auguste laste paste, my lorde of Gaunter- 
burye sent for ij. monkes her, Rochester and Rawlyns. His lord- 
shipe sent Rochester home again, but he kepithe Rawlyns styll 
with hym, and I understand he bathe chaungid his habytt to seculer 
prestes clothing, and eatyth fleshe. I know that summe of them^ 
and I thinke that dyverse moo of them, wold be glad to be 
lycencyde to the same. 

Oon lay brother apastata, late of the ile of Axalme,^ as he said, 
being sycke yn the greate syckenes, was secretlye withowt my know- 
lege receyvyde her into the cloyster, wher he dyed within iiij. 
days. Oon of the lay brothers kepte him in his siknes, and is 
now sike in the same greate sycknes. Goddis wyll be performyde. 

Wher the lorde Rede, late chife justyce of the oomon place, 
hath her foundid a chantrye of viij^ yerly for terme of xxx. yeris, 
his chaplen dyed the first day of September, and ther is yet xiiij. 
yers to cum. Maister John Maydwell, comenly callyd the Scot- 
tysshe frere, hath bin hir with danne John Rochester, William 
Marshall and other than being present, and hath exhortyd him 
to the best, but they cowd fynde no good towardnes in him, but 
after an howres communicacyon they lefte him as they fownde 
bim. 

* The Cbarteriioase of Aiholme will be Mentioned furUier on. 



SUPPRESSION OF llONASTBRItS. 69 

Than I entretyd Rochester and iiij. or t. of the monkes to be 
contentyde to hyr him precheoon sermon amo[n]g them, oon day 
that weke, wherwith they were than contentyd ; but on the next 
day, when they had spokyn with ther other broders, they sent me 
worde that I shuld not bryng him among them, for if I so dyd, 
they wold not hire him, by cause they harde tell of him that he 
precbide agajrnst the honoryng of images and of sayntes, and that 
he was a blasphemor of saynctis. And I said that I mervayled 
mocbe of them, for ther can be no gretter heresie in any man, 
specyally in a relygius man, than to say that he can not preche 
the worde of God, nether will not hire hit prechid. And they say 
ikmt they wyll reade ther doctors, and go no farder ; and I tellyd 
them ikmi suche doctourt hatbe made sum of ther compaynye to 
be strong tmytourt and traytomsly to suffer dethe. Now, sir, 
standing the case in the premisses as I have now wryttyne, I dare 
do notliing tyll I know asBuwbat of yourmaatershipis pleasoie. 
For I have lemyde of my felowe Jokn Whalley, that your jdflttF* 
sure is that I shuld breke noone old ordir of Am bowse ; bat your 
commandement onys knowyne, I trust to endevor my self to foloMi 
and accomplisahe hit, with suche diligence and discrecion as I am 
able, and as God will geve me grace, and as I thinke to aunswer to 
your mastership ju dred of your displeasure, as knoweth God, 
who ever ledde you ffrom hencefortli forwarde, as he bathe done 
hiderto, yn his holye spiryte, the comforte of our mooste christen 
and mooste catholike prince, the kynges highnes, and of all hia 
noblemen, and all other his true subjectes. At the Charterhowao 
nezte to London, the v. day of September. 

Your humble servant, J asp. Fylollb. 

Sur, I have sowyde to the byll of proporcic )n a parchement con- 
taynyng the names of the whole howshold of the Charterhouse, 
and by cause ye shall not menrell upon the ordyr of that byll, in 
tbe first Ijrne is set byfore every mans name that bath confeaayd 
hym selfe to be the kyngs trew man, ther is set a g. for good, and 
before the other a b. fur badde. 



70 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

In the secunde lyne ys sett the letter that standyth upon his 
cell dore. The thyrde lyne is the niimber of the persons. 




We lure already seen aereral allaiioiii to the intended TisitotioBf of the Unirenitiei, 
aa connected with the Tisitation of the monasteries, for it is clear that the UniYersities 
were at this time looked upon and treated as at least in great part monastic establish- 
ments. The following letter from Dr. La]rton affords ns a kind of sample of what 
was done at Oxford. It is a carious pictnre of the state of learning at the moment 
when oar island was aboat to participate with the continent in its restoration. 

XXX. 

DR. LAYTON TO CROMWELL. 
[From MS. Cotton. Fanstina C. vii. fol. 205.] 

Pleasit your goodnes to be advertisyde that in Magdelen Colege 
we fownde stablisshede one lecture of divinitie, two of philosophies 
one morale another naturale^ and one of Laten tonge, well kept 
and diligently frequentede. To thes we have adjonede a lecture 
in the Greke, that is, the grammer in Greke perpetually to be 
rede there, and all the yewthe therunto to have confluence for ther 
principulles. In New Colege we have stablisshede two lecturres 
publique, one of Greke, another in Laten, and have made therfore 
for evermore an honeste salarie and stipende. In AUsowllen 
Colege we have in lyke maner stablesshede two lecturres, one of 
Greke, another in Laten, with a goode stipende and salarie ther- 
unto assignede for ever. In Corpus Christi Colege we fownde 
two lecturres stablesshede by the founder, one in Greke, another 
in Latten, publique for all men therunto to have concourse. We 
have further stablessede a lecture in Laten tonge, publique, in 
Marten Colege ; and another in Qwenes Colege ; and have as- 
signede and made a sufficient stipende for either of thes for ever- 
more. Bicause we fownde all other the colegeis not able in 
londes and revenewis to have within them lectures publique, as the 
other afore rehersede hathe, we have injoned the saide poire 




SUPPRESSION OP MONASTBRIBS. 71 

colegeis that they and evcre of them shall frequent and have dayly 
concourse unto the saide lectures. Penam impasuimuM to evere 
scoler within the unirersitie not heryng at the leste one of thes 
lectures, for that day that he shalbe absent from one of the saide 
lectures to be punissede in the losse of his commons for that day» 
the saide paine evere day tociensquocien» ab9tn»fuerit^ nttj coii^iir- 
renti cauia aliqua legititnoy ajpprobanda tamen per prqpomimm 
eoUegii nre aule. 

We have sett Dunce * in Bocardo, and hare utterly banisshede 
hym Oxforde for ever, with all his blinde glosses, and is nowe 
made a comon ser>'ant to evere man, faste nailede up upon postes 
in alt comon howses of easment : id quod ocuHm meis vidi. And 
the seconde tyme we came to New Colcge, afller we hade declarede 
your injunctions, we fownde all the gret quadrant court full of the 
leiflfes of Dunce, the wynde blowyng them into evere comer. And 
ther we fownde one Mr. Grenefelde, a gentilman of Bukyngham- 
shire, getheryng up part of the saide bowke leiffes (as he saide) 
therwith to make hym sewelles or blawnsherres to kepe the deit 
within the woode, therby to have the better cry with his howndes. 

We have also^ in the place of the canon lecture, jonede a civel 
lecture, to l>e rede in evere colege, hale, and in. 

We have further, in visitynge the religiouse 8tudenttes,t 
emongyste all other injunctions adjoyned that none of them for no 
maner cause shall cum within any taveme, in, alhowse, or any other 
bowse whatsoever hit be, within tlie towne and the suburbs of the 
same, upon payne onse so taken by day or by nyght to he tent 
imediatly home to his cloister whereas he was professede. With- 




t TW f Ufitmm Bhtdtntin were Xhm ttnaMito wat Co Um ttaivrrMtj witli uUbitioM 
fron Um ■KMUMlcrict. 0»e ol the TiaitorUI iigvactioM. in AllMiott Co cliia dtM ol 
fC»atsU, dirvcti :»** Alto CluU cIm abbot or prvoklcoC kyop t^a fjmi io hmm 
iiit OM or Cvo oC bit bfttbrm, oerorAyiv Co Cbo bobUiCo •mi p ottfitiot oT cbit 
vbkb brttborm, ollor cboy bo lcro|4 io goo4 vtA boUj WtCcrt, vboo Iboy nAmnm 
U m»f lafCrvrt wmi CoMbo Cbor brvtborm mi diUcooCly pcoocbo Um m^Hm ol 



•• 




72 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

oate double we here say this acte to be gredy lamentede of all the 
duble honeste women of the towne, and specially of ther laundres 
that now may not onse entre within the gaittes, and muche lease 
within ther chambers^ wherunto they wer ryght well accustomede. 
I doubt not but for this thyng onely the honeste matrones will 
sew unto yowe for a redresse. 

Other thynges moo wiche ys to tediouse and long to conceye by 
writyng we have done^ wiche all I shall declare unto yowe at my 
cummyng. This Sonday by nyght we shall make an ende ; for all 
this day we repaire to colageis for the redresse of division and 
complaintt put unto us. To morowe by vij. of the cloke in the 
momjrng I wilbe in the chapitre howse at Abyngton, and I truste 
to bring yow the trewthe of evere thyng for that howse; and 
therof doubte ye not. On Wedinsday by nyght, at utermoste^ 
I truste to be with yowe at Winchestre, 6ode willyng, who sende 
yowe as goode helthe as your hert desierith. We fynde here all 
men applyng and glade to accomplisshe all thynges. From Ox- 
forde, thys Sonday the xij^^ day of Septembre, 

by your moste assurede poire preste and servant, 

Rtcharde Layton. 

To the rjgfat honorable Mr. Thomas Cromwell, 
cheffe aecretarie to the kyogea hyghnes. 



The letter which foUowi appears to haTe been written about the tame time as the 
preceding. The abbey of Rewley, or De rtgttU hco, in the snbarbs of Oxford, was 
ftranded by the will of Richard king of the Romans, brother of Henry IH. The last 
abbot (the writer of this letter) was Nicholas Ansten. 

XXXI. 
the abbot op REWLEY to CROMWELL. 
[From MS. Cotton. Cleop. E. it. fbt 269.] 

Ryght honorable and my syngular good master^ my dutye re- 
membred; I humblye commend to yow^ glad to here of youre helth^ 



SUPPRESSION OP IIONASTBRIBS. 73 

welih, and prosperyte, the which I pray Jhesu long to contynewe 
to your hertes desyre, and thanckyng your mastershipp for your 

(greatt kyndnes shewid to me att all tymes, whereas itt pleasyd 
yow that so sone I shold come to your speache, with so lytell ex- 
pense in lyeng att Londone, and also for your good and gentle 
wordes, kynde and lovyng offre and profre, nott haryng for the 
same pleasure or commodytie of me as yett, trustyng by some 
specyall gyfil of grace to acqwyte itt x. fold. And whereas I had a 
letter sende me, that our monasterye shold be gyren to M^Archard, 
your servant, and that itt was also in the commyssyon, I sub« 
mytt myselfe fiille and holle to your mastershipp, as all my refuge, 
heipe, and soa>r is yn yow, glad of my voluntar)-e mynde to be 
bounde in obligation of one hunderd powndes to be payed to your 
mastershipp, so that our house may be savyd, although itt be con- 
verted intoo thuse of a college, to have both lemynge and lemyd 
men go forwardes tlicryn. I was loth to attempt your master^ 
shypp any farther, se}'ng I had such gentle answeres, onlesse the 
greatt rumour of the towne and univcrsite compulsed me, bycause 
of the flforsaid gyffl to the said Mr. Archard, besechyng your 
mastershipps kynde letter agaynst the surveyoures comyng to dys- 
charge them, that itt may be as a shcld or buckler to defende me, 
that yow may gctt yow a memoryall to be prayed for for ever. And 
thus almyghty Jhesus send your mastershipp longe lyfe and moche 
honour. 

Nicolas by the grace of God abbott of Royallyen. 



Sir TboouM Awilry, aftcrwrnrda baro* AsJIej ol Walden. In Ratei, loni ckAiicallor 
ol EogUad. the vntcr ol the foUotvlag letter, wu • waloM f^rooMrtcr of the <lia0ol«* 
tioa ol tbc moAMtrric*, tad obUiiMd Urge frmaU ol tbo ttieiee mkich caaM to tiM 
cfovn by that gmt nemrt. 

BarkiBf , or Bcrkinf , km E«ei, «u o«c ol tkc oldeot »«oaeriM io Eh^*^* boTtaf 

CAMD. SOC. L 



74 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

been foanded bj Erkenwald btihop of London in 677. It was remarkable alio for ita 
ricbea. Dorotby Barley waa tbe laat abbeaa, and aorrendered the honae to the King on 
the 14th of NoTember, 1539. 



XXXII. 

SIR THOMAS AUDLET TO CROMWELL. 
[SUte Pitpera, Vol. I. p. 450.] 

After my right herty commendations, these shalbe to adver- 
tyse you, that I have sent forth wryttes for prorogacion of the 
parlament, commyssions and proclamations for come, and also 
proclamations for clothiers, accordyngly as ye heretofore adver- 
tysed me that it was the kynges plesure that I shuld so do. I 
have also made redy wryttes for adjoumement of the terme til 
Halowmas, and also sent letters in your name and myne for certi- 
ficate of the residewe of the bokes of the spiritual possessions yet 
beyng onretoumed; wherin the comyssioners, I promyse you, 
have been very necligent. I send to you a boke of the instruc- 
tions for coume. I have usid my poor wytt in yt, trustyng it 
shalbe taken in good part. I am enformed that doctour Lee is 
substitute by you to visite al the religeous houses in the diocese 
of London. My sute at this tyme ys to you, that it may plese 
you to spare the visitation of the house of Barkyng, til your re- 
toume into these partiez, that I and you may speke together, 
and ye shal comand me as moche to my power. If it like you 
that this abstynens may bee at my request, I then hertely desire 
you to direct your letters to doctour Lee for the same. In good 
fayth, my request ys, not for any defaut or suspect that I have in 
doctour Lee, for I here not but that he suith hymself right indif- 
ferently in the execution of his charge ; but it is for other con- 
siderations that I wold be a sutour to you for the said house. 
And when ye and I have spoken togethir at your retoume, do as 
ye shal seeroe best ; trustyng for my sake, and at my contempla- 
tion, ye will use the more favour to the house. Preying you to 



8UPPRB88ION OF MONA8TBRIK8. 75 

remembir al my requestes in my last letters to you directyd^ and 
eftsones desire you to make myn mo^t humble recommendations 
to the Idnges highnes and to the quenes grace. And thus fare 
ye as hertdy well as I wold my self. Wryten the morow after 
Michaelmas day. Your assured to al his power^ 

Thomas Audblt^ k. chaunoelour. 

To hit hertie lorii^ froid, 
Mr. SecrtCary, be this 
yovea. 



TIm ffDQowiBf aeecNuit of tho oftptare of tho tbbot of Luigdott't oonoibiae It tU- 
gvlarly laikroot. Lufdoo, or Watt Ltagiioo, in KenU wan a trnall abbey of Pre- 
MOMtrateMiaaa, fooaded and endowed by WiUiann de Aaberrille, ia 1 199. Tbe naaM 
of tbe ImC abbot was WUliam Sayer. The priYate poeterat or *« ttartyng hoilleo ** 
of Che BBonaateriet are frequently iMntiooed l^ the old Mtlriafei. One of the m«M- 
tioM (MS. Cotton. Cleop. S. Iy. Ibl. 91) aeeauto hare been partienlarly aiated 
tnch honaet at that of Lanngdon. *' Alto, that ther be ne mUtrfn§ te/e tkk 
ttty kmi enr, and that by the great for-gate of the tame, whieh diligently ahalbe 
watehyd and kept by tome porter tpeciaUy appoynctyd for that p«rpoee» and ahalbe 
thate and openyd by tha taate bothe daye and nyght at e o nren yen t and a ti nt ti i w|d 
which porter thall ngpttf mU wenntr wtwen from enterannee into the mid 




t» 



XXXUI. 

DR. LAYTON TO CROMWBLL. 
[fnm MS. Cotton. Cleop. B. tv. foL IS7.] 

Pleasit your goodnes to understonde, that one Friday ixij\ 
Octobris, I rode bake with spede to take an inrentarie of Foiri- 
stoncy* and from thens I went to Langden. Wheras immediatly 
discendyng from my horse, I sent BartleCt, your servant, with alle 
my serrantes^ to drcumcept the abbay, and surely to kepe alle 



• At PolhetloM hi Kmi, BndhaM kimg ef Kent fanniii a nintry> on the 

whieh Nigellnt de Mandeville fonnded a priory in 109S. Thk honte wai 

en the 15th ef November. 1S35, m wiU be teen by a mbtunint letter In the 



76 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

bake dorres and startyng hoilles, etc. I my self went alone to the 
abbottes logeyng jonyng upon the feldes and wode, evyn lyke a 
cony clapper fulle of startyng hollies^ a goode space knok- 
kyng at thabbottes dore^ nee vox nee senna apparuU^ saveyng 
thabbottes litle doge that^ within his dore faste lokked^ bayede 
and barkede. I fownde a short polax standyng behynde the dore, 
and with yt I dasshede thabbottes dore in peisses, ictu oculi, and 
set one of my men to kepe that dore, and aboute howse I go with 
that polax in my hande, ne /orie^ for thabbot is a daingerouse 
desperate knave and a hardy. But for a conclusion, his hore, 
alias his gentle womman, bestyrrede hir stumpis towardes hir start- 
yng hoilles, and ther Bartlett wachyng the pursuet towke the 
tendre damoisel, and affter I hade examynede hir, to Dover ther to 
the maire to sett hir in sum cage or prison for viij. dais, and I 
browgt holy father abbot to Canterbury, and here in Christes- 
churche I will leve hym in prison. In this soden doyng ex tem^ 
pore to circumcept the howse and to serche, your servant John 
Antonie his men mervelede what felow I was, and so dyde the reste 
of thabbay, for I was unknowyn ther of al men. At last, I 
fownde hir apparel in thabbottes cofer. To tell yowe all this 
commodie, but for thabbot a tragedie, hit were to long. Now hit 
shalle appere to gentilmen of this contrey, and other the comons, 
that ye shall not deprive or visite but upon substanciall growndes. 
Surely I suppos Gode hym self put hit in my mynde thus so- 
denly to make a serche at the begynnyng, bycause no chanon ap-^ 
perede in my syghte ; I supposede rather to have fownde a hore 
emongiste them then in thabbottes chambre. The reste off alle this 
knaverie I shall differ tyll my cumyng unto yow, wiche shalbe with 
as muche spede as I can possible, doyng piy assurede deligence in 
the reste. This momyng I ryde towardes the archebisshop to 
visite hym ; now whan I have visite hys see, this nyght I wilbe at 
Feversham abbay.* This ys to advertise yowr maistershipe. 

* The abbey of FaTenham in Kent was foonded about 1 147f and filled with Clnniac 
monks from Bennondaey. 



SUPPRESSION OP MONASTBRIBS/ 77 

ScribuUede this Satterday, an writen with the hasty hand of 
your assarede servant, 

Rychard Layton, Preste. 



Tlw following Irttor wu written by the mom William Barlow, who wrote the letter 
printed before at page 6. He appeara to hate been moved* at his deaire, from the 
priory of Haverfordwrtt to that of Biaham, which he quitted on the 29nd of Pebmary 
I&3&.6, for the Bishopric of Asaph, which in the following April (1536) he eichanged 
for that of St. David's. Ilia predecessor in the latter see, against whom he here oom- 
pUins, was Richard Rawlins, appointed in 15^. 

The priory of llaTcrfordwest was founded before the year 1900 by Robert de Haver* 
ford, the first Norman lord of this district. The ruins are still visible by the river 
side, near the town. 

XXXIV. 

WILLIAM BARLOW TO CROMWELL. 
[Prom MS. Cotton. Clcop. E. iv. fol. 107.] 

Plcasith your good maistershipe with compassion to advertise the 
complaynt and unfayncd peticion of your humble oratour, dis- 
quietly vexcde witliout cause or any pretenccd occasion motioned 
of your saide oratours partie. Whereas the quene of here graciouse 
iKJunte advouched me unworthy the priorshipe of Haverfordwest 
under here graces foundacion, syns the tyme of my thcr contynual 
residence, consideryng tlic hungry famyiie of heryng the worde of 
God and desolate scarct*te of true prechers, I have endeveryd my 
self with no smalle bodely daunger agenst Antichrist, and all his 
confederat adherentes, sincerely to preche the gospeU of Christ, 
whose vcrite as hit is invincible so is hit incessantly assautyd of 
faythles false perverters ; by reson wherof they whiche of dutie 
ought to fortifie me in mayntenyng the truthe maliciously have 
concevid a malivolent mynde causles to maligne agenst me, in 
suche wise that I was forced ffrom theire tyranny to appele unto 
the kyng his honoralile councellc, as playnly apperithe by the un« 




78 * LBTTBRB RBLATINO TO THB 

true surmised oittclea falsely contrived by tLe blacke fireere of 
Haverfordirest, whiche though I presented to your maistershipe 
as thacte of his onely doing, yet was hit the mayntenans of the 
busshope and his ungostly spiritoall officers, whiche is evident by 
the rewarde of the busshope to the fireere at his depaityng, also by 
his letters directed to Mr. dean of tharches and to doctoure Huys, 
diligently to aollicite that I mygbt be suppressed in my just matter. 
And where they sitLe perceiTe that (praise be to God !) under the 
favour of your righteouse equite they cannot prerule ageost me as 
they vilfoUy wnlde, yet cesac they not wrongfully to vex suche as 
pertayne to me, troblyng them with tyranny for my sake, no 
auche cruelte deserryng ; as where of late I sent a aervaunt home 
about certen bosynes, immediatly aftre his commyng the busahops 
officers asdted tiym to apperans, and ransacking bis honae forced 
hym to delyver suche bokes as be had, that is to saye, an Tnglyssbe 
Testament, thexposicion of the iiij*, v*"", and vj* chapters of 
Mathewe, the Ten Commaundementes, and the Epistelle of Saynt 
Johan, violently withholding them with vehement reproches and 
clamarouse exclamacions agenst herctikes, as if to have the Tes- 
tament in Tnglyssbe were horrible beresie, to no litle dismaying 
and ferefiUl discomfort of the sincere hvorers of Godes word. 
Moreover, they charged in the kynges name the maire of Tynby, 
in payne of fyve hundreth merckes, to putt in warde the sud poore 
man, bia wiff, and a certen honest widowe of inculpable fame, with 
whom they were at host, laying certen articles to theyre charge whiche 
they never thought nor spake ; and aftre most sbamefull rumon 
raysed uppe to theyre dy^macion, with slaunderouse wonderment 
of the towne, alle crafty meanes asaayde to bryng in false witnes, 
when no accuser wuld appere openely, as a true certificat undre 
the townea scale laigely dothe testifie, the above mencyoned offi- 
cers, without any charitable satisfaction to the said parties wrong- 
folly imprisonede, badd the maire do with them as he lusted, and 
■o diens departyng made ther advaunt * in places where Uiey came 
■ ndrboMt. 



8UPPRB88ION OP MONA8TBBIE0. 7^ 

of theire TalyEunt actes agenst heretikea, meanyng therby the far 
Yorera of Christea gospelL In conaideracion wherof hit may pleaae 
your singuler goodnea to proryde a redrease, that ffirom the ter- 
roure of suche tjrrannea the kynges faythfiille subjectea youre poore 
oratoora maye peaceably lyve according to (Joddea Uwea, without 
any suche unchriaten empeachement and combrouae yezacyona. 
Furthermore, unfaynedly to aaaertayne your maiaterahipe, in what 
petioua case gretely lamentable the kyngea fSuthfiill aubjectea the 
poore reaiana * in the diocea of saynt Darid your suppliaunt ora- 
toura ar miserably ordred undre the clergye^ requyreth a farre 
larger processe then here maye conveniently be comprised ; for 
though we have semblably to other dioceaes in outwarde auctorite 
and exterior ceremonies a busshop, a sufirigan, archdeaoona, deana, 
commissaries^ and other busshoplyke officers intitled with spiri- 
tuall namesy also a multitude of mounckes^ chanona, ffreera, and 
secular pristes, yet among them all, so many in nombre and in 
so large a diocea, is ther not one that sincerely prechithe Groddea 
word, nor scarce any that hertely favorithe hit, but all utter ene- 
myes theragenst, whose stubbume resistence cannot be without 
froward rebellion agenst the kynges graciouse actes establisshed 
uppon the verite of Ooddes word. And concemyng the enormy- 
ouse rices, the frawdulent exactions, the mysordred lyryng, and 
hethyn idolatry, shamefully supported undre the clergies jurisdic- 
tion, whiche by sequele of theyre blynd wilfull ignorans do conse- 
quently folowe, no diocea I suppose more corrupted nor none ao 
farre out of frame, without hope of reformacion, except your 
maistershipe shall see a redreaae, in whom under the kyngea grace 
the trust of all thoae that meane well onely connstyth. Fynally 
theyr abuaed faaahions at lengithe to diaooTer, at your commaunde- 
ment, I ahalbe redy with suche certenta of truthe, that no adver- 
sary ahalbe able to make contrary denyall ; whiche ao performed, 
hit may then pleaae youre good matsterahipe to licence me for to 
departe, under the laufuU favour of youre protection, without the 




80 LBTTBRS RELATING TO THE 

whiche nether can I without parell repaire home^ nor ther in saffle 
contynue among so odiouse adversaries of Christes doctrine, by 
whose tyranny that I may not be imjustly oppressed, I most 
humbly beseche your assistent ayde, howbeit no farder then the 
verity of Scripture will justifie my cause, nether for no camall 
commodite of any worldly preferment, but alle onely for tha- 
vauncement of Christes gospell, to the honor of God, who ever- 
more graciously preserve your maistershipe in honorable felicite. 
Your humble oratour, 

William Barlo, prior of Haverfordwest. 

To the right bonormble maister Thomas 
Cmmwell, chief aecretmry to the 
kynges hi^hnes. 



The priory of Bridlington, aitnated on the coast of Yorkshire, was founded early in 
the reign of Henry I. by Walter de Gannt, whose &ther (Gilbert de Gaunt) had re- 
ceif ed a grant of the manor from William the Conqaeror. The second Gilbert de 
Gaunt, eldest son and heir of the foander, confirmed his father's charters, and added 
liberal donations of his own. The following letter has been printed by Mr. Prickett, in 
his History of Bridlington, bat with a wrong date. The writer was William Wode, the 
last prior, who in the year following (1536) took an actiTe part in the insurrection 
commonly called the *' Pilgrimage of Grace," and was executed along with the abbots 
of Fountains, Rief aulx, and Jerranlz, also implicated in that rebellion. 

XXXV. 

THE PRIOR OP BRIDLINGTON TO CROMWELL. 

[From MS. Cott. Cleop. E. it. fol. 53.] 

Right wourshipfidl, my dewtie in my moste humble maner re- 
membred, I recommende me to your gude maistershipe, and for 
somuche as your sayd maistershipe by your last lettres to me 
directed advised me, and in like maner counselled me, to recognishe 
the kynges highnes to be our patrone and ffounder, forasmuche 
as noe article, worde, sentence, or clause in our originall graunte to 



SUPPRESSION OF MONASTIBIIS. 81 

bus mayde by sir Gilbert de Ghiunte, cosyne to our originall ffoon- 
der^ appered to the contrarie whie of equitie his highnes owght 
not so to be, or elles to appere before your maistershipe and other 
of his graces counsell the laste day of Octobre^ as I wolde awoide 
his graces highe displeasour. In this matter, even so humblie as 
I canne, I shall besuche your gude maistershipe to be gude mais- 
ter to me and your poour and cotidiall oratours my brethercn ; for 
notwithstondinge the kinges grace his noble progenitours titles 
and dames hertofore mayde to our said patronage and founder- 
sbipe (thoghe all we ar and ever will be at his moste graciouse 
oommaundement and pleasour), yet we have ever l)enne dimissed 
dere withowt any interruption in this behalfe nighe this two hun- 
dreth yeres, as shall appere before your gudnes under substandall 
OTideiice of recorde. And so I besuche your maistershipe we may 
be at this tyme, for in your maistershipe our hoUe truste in all our 
gude causes remaneth. And where as I ame detenedc withe 
diverse infirmities in my body, and in lyke maner ame feble of 
naturoi so that withowt great yeopardie of my liffe I cannot nor 
ame not hable to labour in doinge of my dewtie to appere before 
your [gude] maistershipe, I shall right humblie besuche your gudnes 
to have [me] excused, and in lyke maner to accept this berar my 
brother as my lauful deputie in this behalfe, who shall mayke 
your maistershipe aunswer as concemynge thes premisses, to 
wbome I besuche your maistershipe yeve firm credence, of whome 
also ye sbal resave a poour token frome me whiclie I eftsones 
besuche your gude maistershipe to accept, thankfuUie witli my 
poour hert and cotidiall prayers, of whicbe ye shall be assured 
enduringe my liffe, as is my dewtie, Uode willinge, who ever 
preserve your gude maistershipe, in muche wourshipe longe to 
endure. Frome our monasterie of Bridlingtone, the zxiij'^ day 
of Octobrei by your bumble and cotidiall oratour, 

William, prior of the same. 



OAMD. SOC. 




82 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

The next letter reUtei to the priory of Fordham, in Cambridgethire. 
which Tanner calls *' Fordham aliaa Bigynge/' is said to hare been founded by Ro- 
bert de Fordham, for canons of the order of Sempringham. 

XXXVI. 

DR. LEGH TO CROMWELL. 

[From MS. Cotton. Cleop. E. iv. fol. 229.] 

My hartye recommendatyons presupposid, pleasith yt your mas- 
tership to undrestand^ that ther ys a pryory namyd Byggyn in the 
towne of Fordham, in the dyocesse of Norwyche, wher as ys but the 
prior and his moncke, and the moncke is in extreme age and at 
dethes doore, and my lorde of Northehumberland ysfownder thereof 
whom I suppose ye maye very easely opteyne his title and in- 
terest. Tt is a propre howse, and yt stand commodyously and plea- 
sauntly, and yt maye spend xxx^>. by the yere in temporall landes, 
besyde spyrytualtyes, whyche ys a benefyce of xyj'*. by the yere. 
Also I desyre you to send me worde, what shall be doon with thes 
relygyous persons whiche knelyng on ther knees, howldyng up 
ther handes, instantly with humble petycyon desyre of God, the 
kyng, and you, to be dymyssyd from ther relygyon, sayyng they 
lyve in yt contrary to Goddys lawe and ther conscyens, trustyng 
that the kyng of hys gracyous goodnes and you wyll set them at 
lybertye owte of this bondage, which they ar not able lenger 
to endure (as they saye), but shuld fall into dysperatyon or elles 
ronne awaye, with many other lamentable petycyons whiche war 
now to long to wryte, but yt war a dede of charyte that they 
royght lyve in that kynd of ly vyng whiche myght be moste to the 
glorye of God, the quyetnes of ther conscyens, and most to the 
commonwelthe, who so ever hathe informyd you to the con- 
trary, for your harte wold lamente to here them as I doo, as thys 
berer your servauntec an shewe you. As consemyng thes tliynges, 
I shall desyre your mastershyp of farder knowlege what I shall 
doo, and I shalle be redy to accomplyshe your mynde in thes and 



8UPPRB8810N OF MONA8TBR1B8. 83 

ill all other thynges with dylygens to thuttermost of my poore« 
desyryng that you vryll remembre God herein (as I dowte not 
but ye wyll), who ever accomplyshe your good mynd in all 
thynges. From Ely, the fyrst daye of Novembre. 

Yours ever assuryd, 

Thomas Leou. 



!■ tk€ Uftt editioB of Uie MonMtlcon tbcre appetn to be loiiie error or confusion 
rdatiaf to tlie date of the following letter, and to the last abbot of the Prcmonstra- 
t— aisn abbey of West Derehaoa, who is said to hare been Roger Porman, and to hare 
hald thesasae oAce ftroan 15» to the tisM of the dissolntion of his house. It is stated 
in the sasae work that *' John Mazej, bishop of Elphin, waa ooflunendator of Wei* 
beck, A.D. 15^.** 

The abbej of PremonstratensiaD canons of Welbeck, in Nottinghamshire, was bef«& 
in the reign of Stephen, and the foundation completed nnder Henry II* The bishops 
of Ely, haTing bonght the manor, were afterwards considered the founders or pntrooa. 
The abbey of West Dereham, in Norlblk, formed by a colony of canons brought from 
Wdbeck, was buUt in 1 188 by Hubert, then dean of York, afterwards bishop of Salis* 
bury. 

XXXVII. 

THE COMMENDATOR OF WELBECK TO CROMWELL. 
[Prom MS. Cotton. Clcop. E. iv. fol. 43. J 

Jhesu. 
Please hit you, maister secretarie, to understondet I receyred 
the xxr'}^^ day of Octobre a certificate from the conrent of West- 
dorham under there convent sele of the dethe of my brother abbot 
ther (whose soule God pardon !), and tlie sele of his office also, 
accordinge to the old custome and usage that hatli ben all wayes 
usid in timys past, to be sent unto the father abbot from all his 
fiUall chirches, and also aooordinge to ye private statutis of our 
Sir, I per ca y v a thai the kyngea grace visiton (dodiir 




84 LATTSB8 BBtATIKO TO THE 

Lee) be forthe in those parties^ and whether hit be yotir inaitier- 
shipis plesure that he shall medle in that eleccion or noo I disnre 
humbly to know your plesur^ ffor I insure you I wolde do no* 
thinge but that which my3t stonde with your lawful &rore» 
seinge that ye are and hath ben alwaye so gud maister to me 
and unto my pour religion. Notwithstondinge^ as your maister- 
shipe knowes well that the kynges grace hathe gyven to me and 
imto the pour monastery of Welbeck (imperpetuum) under his 
brod sele for all eleccions of al the ordre of Premonstraten. within 
this realme and Walis. Howbehit I intend to do nothinge but that 
shall stond withe the kynges grace plesur and yours boihe, humbly 
dissiringe to know your maistershipis plesur in writing what I 
shall do herein. Tour maistership said unto me, at my last ht^ 
inge withe you, that when any eleccion fell in my religion I shuld 
do my duety lyke as I have done before tyme, and accordingly 
unto the kynges grace graunt. Also ther hathe ben a prest (the 
person of Brandon Ferre), and maid a sequestradon of all the 
gudis ther, both within and witheout, moveable and unmovable, 
but whether your maistership knowes of hit or not I can not say. 
Sir, as towching all suche communicacions as I hade at my last 
being withe yow, (God willing) I shall performe at my commyng 
upe at Candlemas next commyng. And thus Jhesu preserve yow 
in helthe with myche honore. From Welbeck, the ij^*^ day of 
Novembre. 

Yours to hys little poure, 

John Elphin and commendatar off Welbek. 



the commisdonert •ppeu to hate foifld lit^ la tbe large Bene^etlM i M4ili i ltH| 
ofBory in Suffolk to report, tsotpt a lisl of iqMVStil^ 



8UPPRMII0N Of MOKAITBRIIS. 85 

XXXVtIl. 

JOHN AP RICB TO CROUWftLL. 

[From MS. Cotton. Cleop. B. iv. fol. ISO.] 

Please it your masterthip, fforasmoche as I suppose ye shall 
have sute made unto yow touching Burie er we retourne, I thought 
convenient to advertise yow of our procedinges there, and also of 
the compertes of the same. As for thabbot, we found nothing 
suspect as touching his lyving, but it was detected that he laye 
moche forth in his granges^ that he delited moche in playng 
at dice and cardes, and therin spent moche money, and in 
buylduig for his pleasure* He did not preche openly. Also that 
be converted divers fermes into copie holdes, wherof poore men 
doth oomplayne. Also he semeth to be addict to the mayntenyng 
of suche supersticious ceremones as hathe ben used hertofor. 

As touching the convent, we coulde geate litle or no reportcs 
amonge theym, although we did use moche diligence in our ex- 
aminacion, and therby, with some other argumentes gethered of 
their examinacions, I fcrmcly l>elcvc and sup|>osc that they had 
confedered and compacted biforc our commyng that tliey shulde 
disclose nothing. And yet it is confessed and proved, that there 
was here suche frequence of women commyng and reassortiiig to 
this monastery as to no place more. Amongest the reliques we 
founde moche vanitie and 8U|>enitition, as the coles that Saint 
Laurence was tosted withall, the paring of 8. Edmundes nayUeSi 
8. Thomas of Canterbury |>enneknyff and his bootea, and divert 
skttUes for the hedache ; peoes of tlie holie crosse able to make a 
hole crosse of;* other reliques for rayne and certain other super- 
•tatiouae usages, for avoyding of wedes growing in come, with 
suche other« Here departe of theym that be under age upon an 
•igbtf and of theym that be above age upon a five, wolde departe 

^ TIm bi mw w B«aib«r of pkcM of tU Ir^ crutt yottrtttd by dif (trnt rtUs^Mft 
kmum, boU o« tk9 eoaUMst uid ia Za^f^md, wtta ftf«|««it Mibioct of rklk«b 

Iks 




86 LETTERfl RCLATINO TO THE 

y{ they might, and they be of the best sorte in the house tnd of 
best lernjnig andjugement. The hole nomber of the covent before 
we cam was Ix., saving one, beside iij. that were at Oxforde. Of 
Elie I have written to your mastership by my felowe Richard a 
Ijee. And thus Almightie God have you in his tuicion. From 
Burie, v*. Novembre. 

Tour servant moste bounden, 

John ap Rice. 



The foUowing letter ii u ■dditkmal e<rb)eiice of the eagtratu with which the caan- 
trj gentlemea and the conctien were lookinf oat for iharei io the abber UaJo. The 
iind] prior; of laghim in Norfolk wai foondcd in the foorteenth ccntorj, bf Sir 
Miles Stepleton, of Bedale in Yarkthiir. 

XXXIX. 

RICHARD WIIARTON TO CROMWELL. 
[Prom MS. Cleop. E. iv. fol. 133.] 
Kyght woorshypfull syr, as I am most bownde of dewtye, with 
my humble recommendacions to your mastershyppe, ayr, yt shall 
please yow to be athvertysyd that here ys an abbey callyd Ing- 
ham in Norfolke, not fare frome Seynt Benettes abbeye, the 
fownder therof ys on sir Frawnses Calthrope, and afiter hys dethe 
one Edwardc Calthrope, nevevre and heyer unto the sayd syr 
Fraunses, whoo bathe marj'id a nere kynswoman off myne. The 
prior and co\ent of the same abbye, by the corent seale, hathe 
solde the hole abbye with all the londdes therto belong)*ng, to 
one Wylliam Wodhowse a nere dweller to the same, wythowgbt 
the knowle^ of the fownder, and allso contrary to the promyase 
of the snyd prior and covcnt, who promyssyd the sayd Kdward 
Calthrope that in case they dyde eyther selle or aleyne the same 
or ony parte therof, that the same Edwarde shutde have yt be- 
fore any other man, forasmycbe as yt waa ffowndyd by byi awn- 



SUPPRESSION Of ICONASTBBIIS. 87 

setours, and the sayd Edward allso nexte heyerto the fowndacion. 
Tett notwithstondyng hys promysse, he hathte solde yt to the 
sayde Woodhowse by the covent seale, as afore mensionyd, and the 
same Woodhowse now beyng at London to serve owght the reeo- 
verye of the same. Soo as the same Edwarde Calthrope for ever 
shall loose hys fowndacion, and allso hys bargeyne of the prior and 
corent, onlesse yt wyll please your mastershype, at thys my 
power sewte, to be soo goode master to the sayde Eldwarde Call« 
thrope to stoppe the recovere incontinent with spede, tyll your 
mastersh3rpe shalbe further instructyd and se>\ryd unto by the 
sayd Eklwarde Calthrope and other of hys fryndys. And foras- 
myche as the sayde Eldward ys the fownder and allso hade a spe- 
ciall promyse of the prior and covent to bye the same in casse 
they dyd sell yt, after my power mynde yt ware moste reason that 
he sholde have the barganye and profarment before ony other. 
Yfyt please yower mastershyppe to heipe hym and stonde hys good 
master, I dowght with yowcr helpe he maye recover hys sayd bar* 
gajrne in the same, and for the paynys that yower mastershyppe 
shall take therin, the name Kdward shall gyflfe vow an hondryde 
powndes, and yow nhall bynde hym and allc hys fr)'nddys to be 
yower sar^'aunttys and l)edemen whyll they doo lyve. I beseche 
yow, syr, that I maye Ik? athevertysyd of yowcr pleasure herein by 
my servaunt thys lir}*ngrr. Syr, I am allwayso l>olde to crave to 
yower mastershy])pe for eyde and helpe for me and my frj'nddys, 
not able to requite yowcr goodnessc but with my power harte and 
sarvyse, wyche yn and shalbe at yower commaundment ; and thus 
I beseche God to prcser\'e yower mastershyppe to long lyfie and 
good prosperytye. Frome Bungeye, tlie vij. daye of Novembyr. 

Att yower mastenihyp|)es commawndmcnt, 

Rychaed Wiiaeton. 



TW Mbjfrt of tbr fbUtMiiftg letter U • rotttUiMtioa of \h* rrport prrtiotttly ifiwtn 
at p. 75, of iIm |icr«fot voUoie. 




88 LimmS BBLATINO TO THB 

XL. 

THB COMM IMI0NBB8 IN KBNT TO GBOMWBLLt 

[From MS. Cott. Cleop. E. iv. fDl. S19.] 

Right worshipfull sir^ itt maye youe to understond, that we r^ 
ceyyed your lettre this present Tewesdaye att nyght, about Yij« of 
the clok, by the handes of John Antony your servaunt, advertetyng 
youe that before the receyt therof we have been att the monai* 
teries of Langdon, Dovour, and Folkston, and have taken a dere 
surrender of every of the same monasteries under ther oovent 
seales, beyng also recognised in ther chapter houses, accordyng to 
your wiUe and commaundement, wheruppon dyverse tenauntes be- 
longyng to the seid monasteries have openly attorned unto the 
kynges grace. 

We have also receyved into your custodye the oovent seales 
of the seid monasteries^ and have in lyke maner receyvd all 
the evidence belongyng to the monasteries of Langdon and 
Folkston, and have likewyse receyved parte of the evidence be** 
longyng to Devour, such as we thought most eipedyent, and the 
residue we have putt into a suer chiste under lockj wherof we 
have the key in our custodye. 

We have also lefte the chanons and monkes still in ther houses^ 
withoute any clere dyscharge of them, butt have putt them att 
ther liberte and choise whether they wille abide ther until! the 
kynges graceis plesure be ferther knowen therin, or eles to goo from 
thens to ther fiyndes, wherof the most parte desire to have capa- 
citees, and somme to be assigned over to other places of religeon. 
Which monkys and chanons att the tyme of the receypt of your 
seid lettre (as we trust and thynk) ar remaynyng still in ther 
houses. 

Advertesyng your mastership fferther of the estate of the seid 
monasteries, wherin (as yett) we toke none inventorieS| by cause 
the inventories were taken idhredy, as your mwtersbip Imowes. 



SUPPRESSION OP MONASTBRIBS. 89 

Fyrsty the house of Langdon is sore in decaye, and no maner 
of grayne or other vittalles for the realcff of the house. Tliabbott 
therof (as he is reported) a vcray unthrifte yvell housbond, and 
of yll rule, and his covent veraye ignorant and poore. 

The house of Dovour is a goodly house and well repayred in all 
places, as fer as we cowd perceyve ; and that the prior (as itt 
was reported unto us) flfound the house att his ffyrst comyng 
thither indented in ix^^li., and hath reduced and brought that to 
c'*. as itt is said, of whose nowe case dyverse of the honest in- 
habitantes of Dovour shewe them selves veray sory. 

The house of Folkston is a littiil house, well re|)ayred, and the 
prior a vermy honest parson, and a veray good husbond,* and no 
lea belovyd emonges his neypours. 

We have consulted uppon your letter that Ilerry Polstcd, John 
Antony, and Antony Ager shall accomplish the same in all thyng 
with all convenyent spede. And thus the Holy Ooost contyncwe 
yowe in goo<i helth [and] welflfare. Writton at Canterbury, the xvj. 
daye of Noveml)er. 

Your owne, Thomas Brdyll. 

Your 8er\'aunt, IIkrrv Polstrd. 

Your servant, John Anthony. 



Tbc neit letter it tltofHlirr WMUtrd. bat it tppcArt to luive bfea vrittm abo«l tlik 
tioie. uul it pUrcd berc fron iu mDncctioB wttk xht procccdiagt in Kent, • porttai 
of vbirii form tbc tab^crt of tbc preceding letter. We ba«e alrMdj accB tbc prioc of 
( bn»t*t tliveb, Caaterborf, eieviiog bioMclf inm baviof any eoaooctkw witb 
RliMbetb Btfton. 



* I. <. ■ c«r«#«l boMcbcvper. 

CAMU. sor. N 




90 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

XLI. 

CHRISTOPHER LEVTN8 TO CROMWELL. 
[From MS. Cott. Cleop. E. it. foL 124.] 

Pleasithe hit your mastershype to understonde, that one Son- 
daye was senyghte I delyveryde unto your servaunt mayster Rloll 
a certayne bill of complaynte ayenste the priour of Christe Churche 
in Cantreburye, wheryne I openyde unto your mastershipe that 
dyverse brethren of the same howse hadde shewyde unto me that 
the sayde pryour hadde takyne a coUette ffor the bysshoppe of 
Rome by name of Pope^ contrarye to his othe and a lawe made in 
that behalflfe,* and allso delyveryde unto hyme the copye of an 
inventorye latelye exhibityde by hym unto your maistershipe of 
the juelles and plate belongynge unto the same monasterye, with 
a remembraunce of certayne parceUs of sylver^ golde^ and stone to 
the value of thowsandys of poundys, as the brethren of the same 
house reporte, willffullye lefte owte of the sayde inventorye, con- 
trarye unto an injunction to hyme gevynne by doctor Leyghtone, 
vysitour there under your mastershipe. Whether your maister^ 
shipe have knowelege of the same byll or no, I knowe not; but 
the sayde priour ys departyde to his howse, and I verylye thynke, 
that those his brethren or monkes whiche have openyde thys 
matter, whome he knowith ryght well, that after his comynge home 
they shall never come forthe to depose in thys matter that he 
hathe done ayenste our soverayng lorde the kynge,but other shalbe 
poysenyde or murtheryde in prysone, as the commen reporte of the 
monkes of the same house ys that he hathe murthredde dyverse 
other. And bysydys thys, hit ys not to be dowbtyde that he, 
knowynge hyme selfe to be gyltye in the mater before rehersyde, 
wyll eloyne owt of the same howse into the handys of hys secrett 

* The act of parlUment abrogating the '* ainrped power of the bUhop of Rome/' 
in this island, who was no longer to receive the name of |MfM, was passed in the 
session of the 35 Hen. VIII. 



SUPPRESSION OP HONASTERIBS. 91 

fryndys thowsandys of poundes^ wiche is well knowen he hatbe^ 
to hys conforte herafter, to die greate hynderance of our soveraing 
lorde the kynge, whiche ys justelye intytyllydde by his lawes ther- 
unto, upon thys offence done, to have the hole moveable goodes of 
the howse. Whiche hynderaunce to our sayde soveraing lord^ 
and dangers unto these poore men hys brethren, in thys behalfe 
consyderyde, hit may please your mastershipe to take summe 
order by your highe discressyon. Wryten by your bedman and 
the kynges trewe subjecte, 

Cristopbr Lbvyns. 

To the right hoDorable 
maister Thonai Cnunwell 
hjfhe tecrefmrye to the 
kjDget hfghnet. 



Towtrdi the cod of the jear Lajton aod Legh aet oat on • viattattun jovrney towarda 
Yorkshire. The following letter cariet them aa far aa lichSeld. 

XLII. 

DR. LAVTON TO CROMWELL. 

[Prom MS. Cotton. CIcop. E. iv. fol. 131.] 

Hit may please your mastershipe to understande, that in goyng 
northwardes from London I towke in my way towardes Lichefelde, 
wheras I appointcde to mete with doctor Leig, Arste a prone of 
Gyll>ertyns and nunnes inclosedc and closse;* wheras they wolde 
not in any wisse have admittedc me as vysiter, I wolde not be so 
answercde, but visitede them, and ther fownde two of the saide 
nunnes not baron ; one of them imprtgnatii wupprior domus^ an 
other a servyng man. Tlie two prioresses wolde not confesse this, 
nother tlie parties, nor none of the nunnes, but one old l>eldame ; 

• Thk «aa prohahij tha iifiory of ChackaaAd in Bidfnrleklra. kmm^i about IIMi 
Cor CMOM and mum of the otdar of St. OUhvt af 



92 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

and whan I objectede agayns the saide prioresses^ that if they 
cowlde not shewe me a cause resonable of that ther conseilement^ 
I muste nedes and wolde punnisshe them for ther manifeste per- 
jurie, ther answer was that they were bownde by ther religion never 
to confesses the secrette fawttes done emongiste them^ but onely 
to ther owne visiture of ther religion, and to that they were 
swome evere one of them at ther firste admission. Another 
priorie callede Harwolde,* wherin was iiij. or v. nunnes with the 
priores ; one of them hade two faire chyldren, another one and no 
mo. My lorde Mordant,t dwellyng nygh the saide howse, in- 
tyssede the yong nunnes to breke up the cofer wheras the covent 
seaUe was ; sir John Mordant his eldyste son then present, ther 
perswadyng them to the same, causede ther the prioresse and hir 
folysshe yong floke to scale a writyng made in Latten ; what therin 
is- conteynede nother the priores nor hir sisters can telle, sayjrng 
that my Lord Mordant tellith them that hit ys but a leasse of a 
benifice iraproperite, with other small tenanderyse. They say all 
they durste not say hym nay ; and the priores saith planely that 
she never wolde consent therto. This was done sens Michaelmas. 
To cale my lorde Mordant to make answere thus by power and 
myght in his contrey to use bowses of religion of the kinges 
foundation (me semith) ye can no lesse do by your oflfes, unleste 
ye will suffer the kinges foundations in continewaunce by every 
man to be abusede. At Saint Androse in Northampton ^ the 
howse is in dett gretly, the landes solde and morgagede, the fermes 

* At Harewold, or Harwood, in Bedfordshire, there was a priory of nuns of the 
order of St. Aogustine, founded in the middle of the twelfth century. Very little ia 
known of its histcry. 

t Sir John Mordaont, who had been iheriff of Bedford and Buckf in the first year 
of Henry's reign, and had been employed by that monarch in seTeral important occa- 
sions. He was summoned to parliament as a bnron in 1532. 

X The date of the original foundation of the priory of St. Andrew in Northampton 
is somewhat uncertain. lu 1084, Simon de St. Lis, the first Norman Earl of North- 
ampton and Huntingdon, repaired and newly endowed this house, and placed in it a 
company of Cluniac monks. The last prior is said to have been Francis Abtree, aiia* 
Leicester : it is stated in the last edition of Dugdale that he is called by Layton in this 
letter John Petie, the words ** 1 have petie '* baring been mistaken for a proper name. 



8UPPRB88ION OP HONA8TBRIB8. 93 

let owte, and the rent recevide before hande, for x., xv., xx. chaun- 
teres fowndett to be paide oute of the londes, and gret bondes off 
forfaitures thenipon for non payment; the howse is iiij. hundreth 
powndes in revenewys. The kinges fowndation thus to be man- 
gellede by the quondam, I have petie ; the prior now is a bacheler of 
divinitie, a gret husbond, and a goode clerkc, and petie hit is that 
ever he cam ther : if he were promotede to a better thyng, and tlie 
kinges grace wolde take hit into his handes, so myght he recover 
all the londes agayne, wiche the prior shall never. In my retome 
owte of the northc I will attempte hym so to do, if hit be your 
pleasure. The colege of Newarke "^ here in Lecestre of the kinges 
fowndation, with an hospitalc, is wcUe keppede, and honeste men 
therin, iij. hundreth powndes in ther yt*zarewre howse before 
hande. The abbay here is confederj'de, we suppos, and nothyng 
will confessc. The abbot is an honeste man, and doth vara well, 
but he hath here the moste obstinate and factiouse chanons that 
ever I knewc. This momyng I will objecte aganste divers of them 
bugric and adulterie, el sic specialiier discendere, wiche I have 
Icniede of other (but not of any of them) ; what I shall fynde I 
cannot tell. This momyng we depart towardcs Lichefclde churche, 
and from thcns to ccrtaync abbays upon Trent syde, and so to 
{laHC on to 8othewelle,t and to Im* at Yorke within a day afilcr the 
xij^** day, we intendc, and thus to make spede with diligenc*c and 
trew knowlege of cvcrcthyng in our intent. My lonle of Lincolne^ 
comniaundyt the prechers here of Newarke colege that they 
sliuUle no more prvche, but oncly in ther ownc l>eniliccs. Why 
shuldc he inhibitc any man to prcchc the wordc of Gode ? He 

* The ('ollrfv of Nrwark. or St. Mate's the greAtrr. in Um ettj of Lrkrtt^r, vm 
fonaded by llrnry duke of tjuica*(rr, ami Uie buiUtiics eoaipleU«l by JoUa of GmuU. 
The ( Imrvh »m ilettrojed ailcr Um UuaulutioD. 

t The cullrfuae cbarcb of Soathwell id Xotfinghawhire b Mid to kavr bmm 
fo«»<lcd by P4ialinus an*bbifthop of York abovt a.d. 9LHK Siib«e«|«e«Uy latbc iwcUlk 
century it coatuCrl of u&teen caaocu. Alter lU iliMolutioii, it »tt rrttornl by 
lleory VI 11. and •till riiali. 

; Job* IjMkglMMkd, cottMcrulcd ia l^il.MMl mo «cry t««lo«« 




94 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

visitede here at Lecestre^ and thorow his dioces in thes parttes, at 
Lent laste, onely to prevent the kinges visitacion; he cannot 
visite but de iriennio in trienniumj and he preventedc his tyme 
more then half a yere, so to prevent the kinges : et sic visitavit 
pendente visitatione metropoliticay to the derogation oflF my lorde 
of Canterburies power and prerogative metropolitan^ gyvyn hym 
by the kinges hyghnes. If he will so suflFer his power to be con- 
temnede, hit is petie he shulde have his mitre. From Lichcfelde^ 
crastino divi Thome. By the spedy hande of youre assurede 
preste and servande, 

Rycharde Layton. 



The fmall priory of Newstead, called in Latin De Novo Loco juxta Stam/ordt for 
which the bishop of Lincoln writes in the following letter, was founded in the begin- 
ning of the reign of Henry III. by William de Albini. The last prior was Richard 
Lynne, so that it is probable that the bishop's recommendation was not listened to. 

XLIII. 

THE BISHOP OF LINCOLN TO CROMWELL. 

[From MS. Cotton. Cleop. E. iv. fol. 48*.] 

Myn humble duety remembred unto your good mastershippe, 
with my bounden thankes for your grette goodnes always and att 
all tymes shewed unto me, ytt may please you to understand that 
the pore house of Newsted besydcs Stamford hathe bene voyde 
sence the xxix^^ day of October, by the resignation of the late 
prior ther. And forasmoche as ther ar nowe butt twoo chanons 
in the sayd house, my lord of Rutland, ther ffounder, hathe nomi- 
nate ther unto sir John Blakytt, chanon, whiche semyth to be a 
right honest sobre man, and hathe compounded for the firste \ 
fiructes. And for that your mastershippe commaunded me nott to 
medle with eny religious houses, I wilnott intermedle in these 
premisses, nor eny other lyke, withoute knowledge of your pleasour. 



SUPPRRSSION OP MONA8TBRIB8. 95 

In consideration whereof, I beseche you I may knowe the same 
by this berer, wheddre itt may stand with your said pleasour to 
lycenoe me to admytte the said nomination, and to gyve mandaium 
to tharchcdekon for his installation, for the ease of the said poore 
house. And thus the blessyd Trynyte have you in his tuidon. 
Wrytcn att Woobome, the x^ day of January. Your bo¥mden 
bedisman, 

John Lincoln. 

To the right honoormble master 
•eeretary, thii may be deljTeryd. 



Om of tbe objecta of the miaaioo of Legh aod Lajtoa to the North, appeara to have 
been to intimate the wiihea of the coart to the archbishop of York (Ba«ard Lee), who 
was looked vpoo with some sospicion as a Ihvoarer of the monks and of the old 
reUgioo. In the year following he was drawn into the ** pilgrimage of ginoe** rebel, 
lion, bnt cxcnsed himself on the gronnd of hsTing acted nnder oompnlaion. 

XLIT. 

DR. LBOn TO CROMWKLL. 
[From MS. Cotton. Cleopat. E. it. fol. 104.] 

Ryght worshipfull syr, my dewty presupposid, this is to adver- 
tise you that master doctor Layton and I the xj. daye of January 
war with the archebushope of Yorke, whom we accordjrng to your 
pleasure and preoeptes have vysyte, injoynyng him to prrache and 
teache the word of God according to his bownd dewty to his c 
committid unto hym, and also in the knowlege concemyng i 
prerogatyve poore that the kynges grace have, and to see other 
here in his jurisdiction being enduyd with good qualites, haryng 
any rcspecte either to God, goodnes, vertue, or godlynes, to pcr- 
forme the same ; injoyning moreover to hym to bring up unto yoa 
hys fynt, second, and thyrd fundations, wherupon he enjoiytke 
hys office and pren>gatyve poore, with the grawntes, privelegit, 
and concessions geven t4) hym and to his see apperteynyng. The 





96 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

whiche whan that you have red them, and knowen in all poyntes 
the hole effect of them, I doo not dowte but that you shall see and 
rede many thynges wordy reformation, by the knowlege wherof I 
suppose the kynges hyghnes and you wyll be glad, and to thyncke 
it mete that every bushope war in leke wyse orderyd, then shuld 
they them under ther govemauns edyfye moche in Christ, in his 
doctrine and teachynges, and then the poore ignoraunte persons, 
now by blyndenes and ignoraunce sedusid^ myght therby be 
browght to lighte and knowlege, wherby they shuld profitt moche 
the welthe of ther owne sowlys and the commynaltye. And it 
shuld be gretly expedient to the concervacion of ther fidelite 
toward ther prince, and to hys graces succession now begotten, or 
hereafter to be begotton. Now that I have enformyd your master- 
ship of our actes and dedes, doon to a good ende, as our opinion 
serve us, yt shall lye in your circumspecte prudencye and wysdom 
to order all thynges as ye shall thin eke to your approvyd dyscre- 
tion most mete, and to the farderans of the glory of God and pre- 
servation of the common welthe most expedient and necessary. 
For in the same injunctions geven heretofore, eyther augmentid or 
diminyshyd, to be mynystred to other bushopys, as shall be 
thowght to your wysdom most convenyent, I doo not dowght 
but it shall be moche profitable and commodius bothe to the kynges 
highnes and to your mastership, as knoweth God, who ever pre- 
serve your mastership. From Yorke, the xiij^ dayc of January. 

Yours ever assureyd. \ 

TuoirAs LsQik 

To the ryght honenble \ 

mttter Thomtt Cromwell, 
chyeff lecretary unto the 
kynges highnes, and master 
of hit rollys, this be delyveryd. 



SUPPRKMION OP 1IONA8TSRIK8. 97 

The mitred abbej of St. Mary it York, mentioned in the foUowiog letter, dated 
from the ekrenth century. According to some it wii fonnded by etri Siward ; ac- 
cording to others, it sprang from a colony of monks who came thither from Whitby. 
It was enlarged by William Rnfas, and became in course of time a very rich house. 
The last abbot was William Thornton or Dent. 



XLV. 

DR. LAYTON TO CROMWELL. 

[From MS. Cotton. Cleop. E. iv. foL 115*.] 

Hit may please your mastenhipe to be advertissede, tliat here in 
Vorkeshire we fynde gret corruption emongiste persons religiouse, 
evyn lyke as we dyde in tlie sowthe, tarn in capite quam in membriM, 
and wursc if wurse may be in kyndes of knaverie, as, rtirahere 
tnttnbrum virile in ipso punctu ieminis cmitiendi, ne indefieret proHs 
generation and nunnes to take potations ad prolem conceptum oppri" 
tnendmn, with suche other kindes of offences lamentable to here. 
Tliis day, we liegyn with Saint Mare abbay, whereas we suppos 
to fynde muche evile disposition bothe in thabbot and the convent, 
wheroffy Uode willyng, I shall certify yowc in my next letters. 
Tlie dean of Yorke was never fully concludede with the tresareure 
here for the deanrie. The dean wolde not resign unto hym, un- 
leste he wolde leffe hym other possessions ; for pension he wolde 
none have, fearyng suche lyke debaytment therof as was of pen- 
sions in the laste I'krliament. To have takyn the tresarcureshipe 
for the lieu of a pension he was onse content, wherunto the tre- 
sareure wolde not agre, unleste he myght have hade his prebende 
also with his deanrie, wiche the dean wolde not, and so they 
broke ; the tresareure wolde have hade the dean to have wryten 
unto yowe of sum towardnes in the premisses at suche tyme as 
tlie tresareure came up lastc to London, wyche the dean then 
refusede to do, bycause therof he persavede no gret towardnes of 
any conclusion. This is the deans taile to me, and this I fynde 
trewe ; wherfore I shall desier your mastershipe to continewe 

CAMD. see, O 



98 LBTTIRB RfLATlNO TO THB 

your goode mynde towardes me, and in the mean tyme ye ahalbe 
fute assurede of my faithful! servyce in all suche yoor aSaires as 
ye commite unto me^ and for no corruption or lucre frome my 
loyaltie to swerve in doyng my princes commaundement for your 
dischai^e, whyche hath put your truste and affiance unto me. 
Frome Yorke, xiij"* Januarii, by your assurede poire preste, 

Richards Latton. 



Whfla Lggfa ud L«7ton were in the North, BedyU wu oecnpied In CtmbrMfMUn, 
ami the fen dutricE. The celebtated tbbej of Ruuc)' wu foonded Man ifteT the 
middle of the tenth centorj . The chATter of King EAgtr ii printed in the Slonei- 
tieon. The ImE abbot wu John Wardeboji, eiiei Lawrence : he waa appi^ted to 
that place aa earlf a* ISOT, and mnit lUTe been an tAi man at the lime be amtinJwJ 
Ut home to the King, which he did rttj wiilinglr. 

XLVI, 

DEDYLL TO CROMWELL. 

[Prom. MS. Cotloo. Cleop. E. iv. fol. 304.] 

In my rooost hertie wise I commende me to yon, doing yoa to 
understand that I am now at Ramesey, wher in myne opinion the 
abbatt and convent be as true and as feythfid obedienciaries to 
the kinges grace as any religious folkes in this realme, and lire as 
uprightly as any other, after the best sort of lyving that hath been 
emong religious folkes this many yeres, that is to sey mor gyren 
to ceremonies than is necessary. I pray God I may fynd other 
houses in no worse condicion, and than I wolbe right glad that 
I tok this jomey. Your cosyn Mr. Richard * was her on Thurs- 
day, by whom I sent letters unto yon, whiche I thinke ye have 

* The term rttuin waa applied in a Tcrj general manner to all kindi of diatant 
aAnitj. Richard Cromwell wa* the Mccttar?'! Dcpbew. 



aUPPRBiSION OP MONAiTKRlBS. 99 

not yet receyred^ Muche of the mater of my letters concerneth 
a charter of king Edgar, whiche I found in this house, wreten in a 
very antique Romane hand, whereof the subscription is this, Sij^ 
num Edgari illustris Anglorum imperaiorU ; And it is subscribed 
with vj. dukes whiche were in Edgars tymes. The said Edgar 
exempteth the abbat and his convent and al his men from the 
power of al bisshops, and maketh thaim immediatly subject to 
him self ; and albeit they were then excepted, the bisshop of Rome 
had never to do with thaim. Ther may be good notes gatherd 
out herof, as I have wreten mor playne in my said letters delivered 
to Mr. Richard. Here in this monastery of Ramsey be two bre- 
them whiche have gyven thes billys enclosed unto me, very 
affectuosly desiryng to have liberte to go from thaire cloyster by 
the kinges grace auctorite, or els to have licence to repair to my 
lord of Cauntrebury to sue thaire capacites. I have steyed thaim 
as wel as I can, with suchc counsels and exhortations as I could 
gyve thaim ; but I fere, if they can have no liberte graunted thaim, 
they wol take it of thaire owne auctorite. I beseche you to write 
a word or two how I shal use me self towardes thaim and al other 
whiche wol make like suyt, in no smal num)>er as I think, whereof 
som occasion hath growen by that that docter Lee now at Christ- 
mas gave liberte to half the hovaa* of Sawtre t to depart (as I am 
informed), whiche Sautre is within v. myles of Ramsey. Tlie re- 
ligious men thinketh that I have like auctorite as doctor Lee, and 
that moreth thaim to make this suvt. Nevertheless I wol no 
thing do therein^ or presume suche hyghe maters, without your 
adrise and counsel, beseching you to write your roynd in this be- 
half, and in suche other thinges whiche ye wold me to do in this 

* Tkia btltr k frtttrvfd la tbt tame Yolame, bmt it aoC of imporUaca. at if dUaij 
ffonHiat a copy ot part of tlir charter. 

t IV Mmy of Saltrrj, or Stmirrf, ia llaBtiagdoatlurr, wat foaadrd in 1 1 its «Imi 
SlauNi aarl of Nortbamptoa caubliabrd tbcrr a coavrat of Cbtrrciaa moakA from tl» 
abWj of War4oa la B«4for4MUrv. TU UiC abbot wat William AageU. 



100 LETTERS RELATING TO TUB 

jorney. If it pleased you to grant me a commission to visit the 
religious houses unvisitted in Lyncoln diocese, whiche shal be 
nyghe my jomey, it shuld be muche to my commodite. From 
Ramsey the xv. day of January. 



By your owne, 

Thomas Bsoyll. 



To the right honorable tnd my stngiiler 

freade, M. Thomas Cromwel, 

the kioges grace secretarie moott worthy. 



The next letter relates to the mal-practices of the abbot of Foantaios, who has bees 
already mentioned in a prenons letter. He was a few months afterwards condemned 
and executed for his actiTity in the rebellion of 1536. 

XLTII. 

LAYTON AND LEOH TO CROMWELL. 

[From MS. Cotton. Cleop. E. iv. fol. 114.] 

Pleasit your mastershipe to understonde^ that thabbot of Fon- 
tance hath so gretly dilapidate his howse, wastede ther wooddes, 
notoriously kepyng vj. hoorres, diffamede here a toto populo, one 
day denyyng thes articles with many mo^ the next day folowyng 
the same confessyng^ thus manifestely incurryng perjurie. vj. days 
before our accesse to his monasterie he committede thefft and 
sacrilege, confessyng the same. At mydnyght causede hb chape- 
laine to stele the sextens kcis, and towke owte a jewels a crosse of 
golde with stones. One Warren, a goldsmith of the Chepe, was with 
hym in his chambre at that owre, and ther they stole oute a gret 
emerode with a rubie ; the saide Warren made thabbot beleve the 
rubie to be but a garnet, and so for that he payede nothyng, for 
the emerode but xx^i. He solde hym also then plate withoate 
weyght or ownces : howe moche thabbot therfore therin was de- 
cevide he cannot tell^ for the trewith ys he ys a vara fole^ and a mi- 
serable ideote. We pronuncede hym perjurede^ and wiUede hym 



SUPPRESSION OP MONASTSRISS. lOl 

to shew U8 a cause why he owght not of ryght and justes to be 
deprivede, and reheresydc and rede unto hym his owne rule, 
wiche deprivede Iiym for tlie premisses, with other many his trans- 
gressions mo, wiche were to long to write. He cowlde not denye 
but that by those his o^^-ne miles he owght to be deprivede, if 
ther hade bene no nother lawe made or written for deprivation; 
and for a conclusion he hath resignede privelie into our handes, 
noman therof yet knowyng. We have acceptede and admittede 
his resignation, et declaravimus mona$terium jam esse racansy and 
sufferith hym to ministre in all thynges (for the avoidance off sus- 
picion) evyn as he dyde before, tyll we knowe your further plea- 
sure* Tlier is never a monke in that howse mete for that rowme. 
Yf the erle of Comerlande knewe that hit were voide, he wolde 
make all labor he cowlde possible for the scelerer ther, wiche I 
inseure yowe is not mete therfore, for suche causes as I knowe ye 
will alowe, whan I shall declare them unto yow. There is a 
monke of the howse callede Marmaduke, to whom Mr. Timmes 
leflft a prebendc in Repon churche, nowe abydyng upon the same 
prebende, the wysyste monke within Inglondc of that cote and well 
lemede, xx*^ yerres officer and rewler of all that howse, a welthie 
felowe, wiche will gyve yowe syx hundreth markes to make hym 
abbot ther, and pay yowe immediatly aflftcr the election, withoute 
delay or respite, at one payment, and as I su|>|h>s withoute muche 
borowyng. The first fruttcs to the kyng is a thowsande {Kiwndes, 
wiche he with his pollicie will pay within iij. yerres, and owe no- 
man therfore one grote, as he saith, and his reason therin is vara 
apparant. Yf ye have not therfore providcde or promisede suche 
a rowme for any other your frendes, this man we thynke were 
mete both for the kinges honour and for the dis(*harge of your 
conscience, and the profett of the howse ; fiir I am sure all thab* 
bottea of his religion will thynke hym a r}'glit apte man hereunto, 
and the moste mete of any other. What slialbe your pleasure 
fortber in this beludffe, other in preferryng this man, or other ways 
as ye thynke beslei we advertistede of your pleasure abalbe glade^ 



102 LBTTBB8 BBLATINO TO THB 

with all diligence and dexteritie that shall ly in us, to accomplisshe 
that your mynde, disieryng yowe that by this bringer my senrant 
with spede hit may please jrowe to certifie us of the premisses. 
And we suppos that many other of the beste abbottes mo, affter 
they have commonede with your mastershipe and us, will cum to 
lyke preferment. And wheras we have herde that thabbot of 
Whitbie * hath by his letters certifyede yowe heretofore that he 
wolde resigne, if he be so myndett at our cimiyng thether (wiche 
shalbe shortly) or if we fynde any cause of deprivation, whom hit 
shall please yowe then therunto to prefere, if ye be prefixede of 
any, hit may also please yowe to certifie us, or if ye be not deter- 
minede of any, then if hit be your pleasure to commite that to 
our discretion we shall fynde yowe a man habile both for the 
kinges honoure and discharge of his conscience and for your wur- 
shipe and also profite. This monke of Repon hath a prebende of 
xl. powndes, wiche ye may bestowe also upon your frende, if ye 
make hym abbot. 

Te shall do well to sende for Warren the goldesmith, and 
lay \mto hym thefft and sacrilege, and the recept therof, and to 
know what other thynges he hath hade of thabbot this viij. or ix. 
yerres paste. And thus I pray Gode sende yow as goode helth 
as yowre hert desierith. From Richemont, xx* Januarii, by your 
assurede poire prestes and faithful servandes, 

Rtchabdb Layton and Thomas Lboh. 

To the ryght honorible 
matter Thomai Cromwell, 
cheffe lecretarie to the 
kinges hyghnet. 

* Whitbj wu one of the mott tncient moaastic honiM in tiie aorth oi EoglaBd, 
founded by the abbess Hilda about a.d. 657 (the land hannf been granted by Oswy king 
of Northtimberland as a nunnery by the name of Streoneshalch. After the conqnest 
it was refomided as a monastery of Benedftetine monks. Tho abbot rsigned la 1587i 
and Henry Datell, who was appointed by tbt king lo looeeed Ub, tamadsrad tbt 
Boautery la 1540. 




•vppmiMioif 09 MOifAmmiKt. 103 

TIm IbDowliig Mb l«tttr wit written hj John Sbtpey, aAm Cietelodie, tht kft 
alibol of fkrcnkaai In Kent. The eonuniedonen eppeer to he?e wkhed to wreet hie 
honee from kim on the ground of hie edTmnoed ege i end he meet heve been old, for he 
wee abbot ee eeriy ee the Uth Hen. VII. (a.d. 149()). He voted for the King in the 
qneetion of the divorec : and, with the prior and oth«n of the honee, he inbeeribed to 
the King'i rapremaqr on the lOCh Dee. 1534. He ftnally tnrrindered the abbey on the 
Mhof Jnly, 1&38. 

Thie abbej, which etande at a little diatanee to the north-eaet of the town of PaTcr- 
•haa, wu fonnded about 1147, fbr a conrent of Cluniac monki broui^t from the 
priory of Bermondaey In Southward. 

XLVIII. 

THE ABBOT OP PAVERSHAM TO CROMWELL. 
[Prom MS. Cotton. Cleop. E. it. fbl. 34.] 

Right wonhipfull lyr, after hamble recommendations accord- 
ing to my mont bounden dutye, with lyke thanket for your bene- 
Tolent mynde alwayet shewid toward me and my poore houae to 
your goodnen had and used ; it may please you to be advertised, 
that I latelye receyrid your lovyng lettres dated the viij^. day of 
this present moneth, concemyng a resignation to be had of the 
poore house which I under God and the k3^gis highnes my sore* 
reigne lorde of longe tyme (though unworthye suche a cure) have 
hadde mynistration and rule of, and that by cause of thage and 
debilyte which ar reported to be in me. So it is, right worship- 
ful! syr, I trust I am not yet nowe so ferr infeobled or decayed, 
nether in body nor in remembraunce, either by ony extremytie of 
aege whome debilitye lightlye for the most part alway aocompa- 
nyethy either by ony immoderate passion of ony greate oont3muaU 
iniirmytie, but that I may aswell ( high thankes be unto Ood 
therof !) aocommodat my self to the good ordre, rule, and govern^ 
aunce of my pore house and monastery as ever I myght sith my 
first promotion to the same, though I may not so well percaae 
ryde and journey abrode as I might hare done in tjrme passed* 
But admytte the peculier office of an abbat to oonaiste (as I must 
ncdea refeU, for we prolsaae a rule myebe dyverte therunto) in 




104 LBTTBR8 RELATING TO THE 

journeying forth and surveying of the possessions of his house^ in 
which case agilytie and pacyence of labour in journeying weer 
myche requyred indeede : though I my self be not so well able to 
take paynes therin as I have been in my yongre yeeres, at which 
tyme I trust I toke suche paynes that I nede lessc surveying of 
the same at this present tyme, yet have I suche feithfull ap- 
proved servauntes whome I have brought upp in mye poure house 
from their tendre yeres, and those of suche witt and good discre- 
tion joyned with the long experyence of the trade of suche 
wordely thinges, that they ar able to fumysshe and supplye those 
partes, I knowe right well, in all poyntes myche better then ever I 
my self coulde, or then it had been cxpedyent or decent for me to 
have doone. Ayen, on that other side, if the cheif office and pro- 
fession of an abbat be (as I have ever taken it) to lyve chaste and 
solitarylye, to be separate from the intromeadlyng of worldelye 
thinges, to serve God quyetlye, to distribute his facultyes in re- 
fresshing of poore indigent persons, to have a vigilant eigh to the 
good ordre and rule of his house and the flock to hym commytted 
in God, I trust your favour and benevolence obteyned (wherof I 
right humbly requyre you) I my self may and am aswell able 
yet nowe to supplye and contynue those partes as ever I was in all 
my lief, as concemynge the sufficyencye of myne owne persone. 
Yet doubtlesse myche more ease and quyet might it be unto me, 
as ye in your seid lettres right freendly and vehementlye have 
persuaded, for to make resignation of my seid office uppon the pro- 
vision of suche a reasonable pension as your good maistreshippe 
shulde thinke meete and convenyent, wherin surely I wolde no- 
thing doubte your worshipe and conscience, but in the same have 
myche affiaunce, not onely for the greate goodnes and good in- 
differencye which I here every where commenly reported by you, 
but also for the greate favour and benevolence which I have al- 
wayes founde in you. And percase in myne owne mynde I coulde 
right well be contented and fully persuaded for as myche as con- 
cemeth myne owne part so to doo for the satisfiiction and conten- 



iUPPRBMION OP MONAtrVRIVS. 105 

tacion of your loryng motyon, for I am nothing lease then ambi- 
cyoas ; but I do more esteeme in tliis thing the myserable state 
and condition that our poore house shuld stond in, if suche thing 
ahoulde com to passe, then I doo myne owne pryvat office and 
dignitie, thadmynyttratyon wherof though it be somwhat more 
pajrnefiill unto me then it hath been accustomed heretofore, yet God 
fbrbydde that it shulde seme unto me hirkefuU or tedyouse. 
Moreorer I [pray] your good maistership, to whome I wolde all 
these thinges weere as opynlye and manyfestlye knowen as to my 
seilf, our seid poore house and monasterye by meaiie and occa- 
sion of dyrerse and many importable costes and charges which 
we hsTe susteyned aswell toward the kinges highnes as otherwise: 
partelye by reason of dyrers greate sommes of money which it was 
left indebted in, in the tyme of my last predecessour there (which 
as it is well knowen in the countrey was but a right slendrc bus* 
bande to the house) : partelye by meane of djrvers and many greate 
reparations, aswell of the edifyces of our churche as of other 
boussing, which weere suffred to fall in greate ruyne and decaye, 
insomoche that som of theym weer in mancr lykclye to fill clene 
downe to the grounde, as in the innyng of dyvers marsshcs be- 
longyng to our seid monasterye which the violent rages and sourges 
of the implacable see hadde wonne and occupyed, beyng nowc sith 
my tyme well and sufficyontly repayred and fully amended^ 
as the thing it seilf may sufRcyently declare, to thinestymable 
costes and charges of our poore house : partely ayen by the meane 
of the greate costes, charges, and expenses which we hare hadde 
and susteyned by and thorough thoocasion of dyrers and many 
sondrye suetes and actions which we have been compelled to use 
and pursue ayenst dyvers of our tenauntes for the recoverye of 
dyrersse rightes of our seid monasterye of long tyme injustelye de* 
teigned and by the same tenauntes obstynatlye denyed; and 
partlye also by meane of dyvers and many greate sommes of 
money which we have payed and lent unto the kinges highnes, as- 
well in dysmes and subsidies as otherwise, awountyng in all lu 

OAMD. SOC. P 



106 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

the som of ij^'^>. and above, to our greate empoyerysshingy and is 
yet nowe at this present tyme indebted to dyyers of our frendes 
and creditours above the som of cccc.li. as ye shalbe ferther in- 
structed of the particulers therof whensoever it shall please you 
to demaunde a ferther and more exact declaration therin. Which 
sommesy if it might please Almighty God that I might lyve and 
with your good favour contynue in my seid office by the space of 
six or sevyn yeres at the ferthest^ I doubte not but I shulde see 
theym well repayed and contented ayen. But if I shoulde nowe at 
this present tyme resigne my seid office (the case stonding as it 
doth) undoubtedlye our poore house, beyng nowe so ferre endebted 
alredy by meane of thoccasyons before remembred (thimportune 
charges of the first frutes and tenth which wolde be due unto the 
kinges highnes nowe immediatlye upiK>n the same resignation 
hadde therunto added and accumulat), shoulde be cleerelye im- 
poverysshed and utterly decayed and \mdone for ever in my 
mynde, which I am right well assured your goodnesse wolde ne 
coveiteth not to bring to passe. And therfore Christe forbidde 
that ever I shulde so heynouslye offende and commytt ayenst 
Almightye God and the kinges highnes and sovereigne lorde, that 
by my meane or consent, so godlye and auncyent a foundation, 
buylded and dedicat in the honour of Saynct Savyour of so noble 
and victoryouse a prynce and one of the kynges most noble pro- 
genytours, whose very bodye, togither with the bodyes of his 
deere and welbeloved quene and also the prynce his sonne, there 
lyeth buryed in honourable sepulture, and ar had all thre in per- 
petuall memorye with contynuall suffrages and commendations of 
prayers,* shuld be utterlye and irrecuperablyc decayed and undone, 
as it must nedes of verey necessitie foUowe if ony suche resigna- 
tion shuld nowe be had. Wherfore, the whole premysses tendrelye 
considered and deliberatly perpended, right worshipfull syr, I doubt 
not but ye will contynue your accustomed favour and benevolence 

* King Stephen, his queen Matilda, and their ion Eostaoe Eaii of Boulogne, were 
tmrted in the church of Farerthain Abbej. 




iUPPRBSSION OF MONASTERIES. 107 

wliich ye have alwayes borne toward our poore monasterye, and 
so doyng ye shall not only please and content Almightye God our 
Savyour, but also byende us to be your contynuall bedcmen and 
pray to God duryng our lyves for the prosperous astate of your 
good maistreship longe to endure with myche increase of honour. 
Dated at oure i>oore monasterye aforcseid, the xvj^^ day of this 
present monetlie of Marche^ anno Domini 1535. 

By youre bedeman and dayelly oratour 

John* abbott of Favershani. 

To the right hononible kii ctpecwiU 
good BMUAUrc McrcUrye, be Uiu 
letter dclytrrjil. 



At the time when the fortgoing letter was written the fint grand ttep in the destmC' 
tioa of the monatteries had been made. Towarda the end of February, 1535*6, tha bill 
for the dtttoltttion of the leater monaatcriea paaaed the Engluh parliament. Grafton, 
p. 454, Myt, " in this time was geren nnto the King, bj the content of the great and 
fatte abbottea, all religioo* hontea that were of the talne of three hundred marks and 
nnder, in hope that their great monaaterys shonld have continued still. Bot even at 
that tjrme one sayde in the parliament house, that these were at thomes, but the great 
abbottcs were putrifyed olde okes, and they must needs folowe : and so will other do 
in Clirtstendome, quod Doctor Stokesley bbhop of liondon, or manye yerea be paaaed.** 
In fact there wrrr few people of any penetration who did not forsee that it waa b«t the 
beginning of a mora general conSscation of the monastic property. 

The act now pasaed was entitled, ** An Acte wherby Rrlygeoua llooaea of Monkea* 
C'banoni, and Nonnes. whicbe may dyspend Manora, Landes, TeneoMatea, and Here* 
dyUmeotes, above the dera yrrly ?alae of ij. c. li. ara gevea lo the Kingaa llifkaci^ 
hia heirrs and succeaaonn, for ever. (/7* Hen. VIII. cap. tIS).— Tba prausbk rum 
at folio vt,—" Foraaatoche at manilett synne, vicious, camall, tad abkcMiyMihlt 
lyvyng, is dayly used and commytted aaaongra the lyteU tad samlt abbeys, p t yu t y eat 
and other ralrgyous houses of monkea, chanons, aad aoaact, wImtu the eoagragackMi 
of tuehe rrlygyous persoaes is under tke nomber of i^. p er aoaa, wkerby tha goutar* 
Boura of sucbe ralygyout bouses and thir covent spoyla, dyaCmyt, eoaaume, tad utterly 
wasi, aawell ther churrhes. monattrrjc*. pryoryes, priadpaU hoaaH, farm a a , graagett 
Undr«, trnrmrotrs, mn4 hrredytsmentet, as the oraaaaeatea of tkcr charelMa tad tkcr 
goodet sad cstt«Ue, to the hifih dysplrs»our of AUaygkty God, slauadcr 9i good 
ralycyon. and to the grrate infjiny of the kjngea highnea aad the raalme, if radrct 
fthuld not be kad*<c thcrof) and albeit that asaay coBtyavaU eyiytaciOM katht beat 



I 



108 LBTTBRS RBLATIKO TO THE 

hertofore had by the space of two hondreth jerea and more, for an honeaC and charyta* 
ble refonnacion of sache unthrifty, camall, and abhomynable lyryng , yett nererthaleaee 
lytell or none amendement ys hytherto hadde, but ther Tycyons lyryng ahamdetly 
encreaaseth and angmentith, and by a enrsed outome foo rooted and enfiBaled Uuit a 
greate multytnde of the relygyouf penonet in tuche imale hoviaea doo raftlier diOM to 
roTe abrode in ^KMtaiy than to conforme them to the obtenradon of good relygyoa; 
soe that without suche small houses be utterly suppressed, and the relygyoos penoni 
therin commytted to greate and honorable monasteries of relygyon in this reahne, 
where thei maye be compdled to lyre rdygyously fbr the refturmacioB of thar ly?ct| 
ther canne elles be noo refbrmadon in thia behalf. In conaideraeion wherof the kyngea 
most royall m^estye beynge supreme hede in erthe under God of the churche of 
Englonde, dayly findyeng and derysyng the increase adTauncement and exaltation of 
true doctryne and vertue in the seid churche, to the onelye glorye and honor 91 Crod aad 
the totall extirpyng and dystruccion of yyce and synne, haryng knowledge that tiM 
premysses be true, as well by the comptes of his late rysytacions as by aondry u e dyble 
informacions, consyderyng also that dyrerce and greate solempne monaateryes of thia 
realme, wherin, thankes be to God, relygyon is right well kept and obserred, be destytute 
of suche ftill nombers of relygyous persons aa they ovght and maye kepe^ bath 
thought good that a pleyne declaraci o n ahuld be made of the premytaes aswili to tha 
lordes spirituall and temporall as to other his loryng subjectes the ooBflMBS in thia 
present parliament assembled ; wherupon the seid lordes and commona by a greate de« 
liberadon fynally be resolred, that yt ys and shalbe moche more to the pleafoar of 
Almyghty God and for the honor of this his realme that the possessions of soche spiritiaU 
relygyous bowses, nowe beyng spent, spoyled, and wasted for incraaae and mayntcoaaoe 
of synne, shuld be used and conTerted to better uses, and the unthryfty rdygyow 
persons soo spendyng the same to be compellyd to rcforme ther lyrea. Amd therepon 
moat humbly deaire the kynges highnes that yt may be enacted by anctoryta of thia 
present parly ament, that his majeatie shall have and eajoye to hym and hia heirea fbr 
ever all and synguler suche monasteryes pryoryes and other relygyous houses of monkes, 
chanons, and nonnes, of what kyndes or dyrersyties of kabyttes, rules, or orders soo 
erer thd be called or named, which haye not in landes and tencmentea, rentea, tythes, 
pordons and other heredytamentes, above the dere yerdy Talue of two kmndictk 
poundes ; and in lyke maner ahall have and enjoye all the scytes and eireuytea of every 
suche rdygyous houses, and all and synguler the nymors, granges, measea, londea, 
tenementes, rererdons, rentes, senryces, tythes, pendons, portions, churches, chapcUea, 
adrowsons, patronages, annnyties, rightes, entres, condycions, and other heredytamcotee 
apperteyoyng or bdongyng to every suche monasterye, pryory , or other rdygyoua honaey 
not hayyng as ys aforeseid above the seid dere yerdy value of two hundreth poundes^ 
in as large and ample maner as tlie abbottes, pryours, abbesses, pryoresaes, or other 
governors of suche monasteryes, pryoryes, and other rdygyous houses now have or 
ought to have the same in the right of ther houses. And that also his highnes shall 
have to hym and to hys hdres all and synguler suche monaateryea, abbds, and pryoryea 
whiche at eny tyme, within one yere next aftre the makyng of thia acta, hath be gevyn 




f 



SUFFEKSSION OF MONAtTimiM. 109 

aad gnmited to Ids mt^ntf by uj abbot, pryovr, •bbtt, or pryovM, vote tb« eovtst 
or tb«t othorfTTM batk bo w p p mu d or djtooltod. And oU mad tynivkr tbo 
I, londco, t io wno tot, rroico, Mrryeco, rovofdoM, tytboi, pooeioM. p ottlooi, 
churckot, cbopellet, adToirtoiif , patronagct, rightet, entrees, condicioiis, sad sU otber 
inl oi si t oi sad btroditssBoats to tbt ssmo sMasstorjes, abbeys, and pryoryts, or to say 
of tboait tpptrtsyayaf or bolonfyaf . To bars aad to bolda all aad syagmlor tbo pro* 
■ yisai wttb all tbar rffbtos, profyttos, )«ryodyccloM, aad iioiBiodytfw, aaio tbo 
kyofta BMjaarji aad to bia bsiraa and aaaignss for orcr, to doo aad aaa tbanrytb bia 
aad tbar owes wyUaa to tbo ploaaor of Abaygbfy Qod aad to tbe booor aad prof^ of 

Allor aoaso proy f alo a s la fiiroar of poraooa boldlaf raats, iio. oat of tbo possaasloa* 
of tbo abbeys to bo diasolfod, tbo biU goes oa to say,^'« Frorydod alwoia aad bo yt 
tbat, iDfaaasoebo aa dy?cres of tbo eblef fovsnwars of sacbe rolygyoas boaaaa, 
lyayof tbo otter spoyU aad doatfoodon of tbar boaoaa, aad drsodayag tbo sap* 
p fWi jat tberof, for tbe asayatoaaaco of tbor dolaatabis ly^ros, bare lately fraaddaatly 
aad oralloly BMde feoffsaMatas, aatatoa. gyltaa, grsaatos, sad laaaaaa aader tbar ooroal 
Boolaa, or safted rs c ofsrss of tbor asaaors, loadea, toaasaoatca, aad barodytaaMalas la 
fee syaiple, fee tayle for tenae of lyf or lytea or for yorca, or cbargad tbo aoBM wilb 
laatos or oorrodyos, to tbo graata doeaya aad dyaiyaycioa of tbar boaaaa. tbat all aaeba 
araHyo aad fraadoloat rs e otere s , faofluaaatos, ostatoa, gyftaa, graaatca, aad 
aad ofory of tbooi, BMde by eay of tbo aeid cbiof goreraors of saebo rslygyoaa 
aadar tba eofoat aoolaa witbia oae yers aett afora tbe asakyag of tbia aeto* aball bo 
attoffty voyde oad of aoae eflseto. 

*' Pforydad alvoys tbat sacbe penoa aad perooaa aa bare laaaaaa for tatme of lyf or 
ysr a a w b sr ap o a Is ros cr tsd tbe olde reatss aad aarrioss arcastooMd, aad aacb aa bavo 
eay oflyoe, foea. aad eorrodyea tbat batbe bee aecastoaisd or osed la sacb relygyoas 
booses, or boCb boagbt say llvorye or lyryag ia any aaobo booses, sball bars aad 
aa|oye tbar said laaasea, oiycos, fees, oorrodyos, lyrsrss, or lyry^os, aa if tbia acta 
aaoas asver oa aMOo* 

*• Aad yt ys also easctyd by sactoryts afocoeids tbot tbo kyBgaa Ugbaea abaU bare 
and enjoys to kU o«m p ro p e r c use all Ibc omimentes. jewellas, goodes, catalks, aad 
dsttas vbkb sppsrloyaod to any of tbo eblsf govrraoars of tbe osid nioaaatsfycs or 
l a tygjo aa boaaaa In tbe rigbt of tbcr scid aioasateryss or booses st tbo forst dsy of 
lia>Ai la tbo yore of oars Larda God ii*.ajiia?. or eay tyMO sytboa. wbarioitar aad 
lo aboss poasassloa soovtr tbey sbaB cowbm or be foaade : eiospt oaoly saebo boastaoy 
gffoyae, aad voedos. sad saebo otbcr lyke caUUea aad rsteaass. aa bate boa aobi ia tbo 
seid fomtc days of Msrcbc o€ tytben for tbe orcessarye or rtooaable eapaaoas or 
sbargos of say of tbe seid moaaateryes or boasts. 

•• IN sf y dad alwds tbat sacbe of tbe sdd cbief goveraoars abirb bavs be elect or 
oMde abbo tto , prfor, abbeeeo, or priorto. of eay of tbe aaMi ralygyoas boasoe sytbea tba 
font days of iaaaarye wkick was la tbe ysto of oar Lerde (lod M'.a.LUlt^., aad by 
tbatof bo beaadea to paye tbe forst firatos to tbe kyag«a kigbaes at day«a to 

for tbo aoiM, Ibal la ovary aaabo baaso faab obM 




110 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

gorernour and the fnertyes of erery of them shalbe derly dyschtrged by iactoryie of 
this acte ayenst the kyngei highnes and all other pereones for the payment of aiiclie 
sommes of money aa thei atonde bonnden to paye for ther aetd fnrat fhitea or for enj 
parte therof. 

" And forasmoche aa the clere yerely valoe of all the seid monaaterya, pryoryea, and 
other relygyona hooaea in this realme, is certefyed into the kynges ezcheker amongeat 
the bokea of the yerely ▼alnaciooa of all the spirituall poaseasiona of thia realmet 
amongeat which shall and may appere the certentye and nomber of auche small and 
lytell relygyons houses as have not in londea, tenementes, rentea, tythea, pordonSt and 
other heredytamentesy above the seid clere yerely raloe of two hnndreth poandea ; be 
it therfore enacted by anctorytie aforseid, that the kynges highnes shall have and enjoye 
accordyng to this acte the actnall and reall possession of all and syngler snche monaa- 
teryes, pryoryes, and other relygyona honaes, as shall appere by the seid oertyfycate re- 
maynyng in the kyngea escheqner not to have in londea, tenementes, rentes, tythes, 
porcions, and other heredytamentes above the seid clere yerely value of two hnndreth 
poandea : soo that his highnes maye lawfully gyve, grannte, and dyspose them or any 
of them at his wyll and pleaaonr, to the honor of God and the welth of thia lealmey 
without further inquysycion or offices to be had or founde for the same. 

" In oonsyderadon of whiche premysaes to be had to his highnes and to hia heires as 
ys aforseid, his majestye ys pleasyd and contentyd, of his most excellent chary te, to 
provyde to every chief hed and govemour of every suche relygyous house duryng ther 
lyves, suohe yerely pencions or benefyces as for ther degrees and qualytyea shalbe re* 
sonable and convenyent ; wherein his highnes wyll have most tender respect to suche 
of the seid chief govemours as well and truly conserve and kepe the goodea and oma- 
mentea of ther houses to the use of his majestie without apoyle, waste, or embeaylyng 
the aame, and also hia majestye wyll ordeyne and provyde that the coventea of every 
iuche relygyoua house shall have ther capacytea, if thei wyll, to lyve honestlye and 
▼ertuously abrode, and some convenyent charytie dysposed to them toward ther 
lyvyng, or clles shalbe commytted to suche honorable greate monasteryes of this realme 
wherin good relygyon ys observed, as shalbe lymyted by hia highnea, ther to lyve 
relygyously duryng ther lyves. 

" And yt ys ordeyned by auctoryte aforseid, that the cheff govemours and coventea 
of suche honerable greate monaateryea shall take and accept into ther houses from tyme 
to tyme such nomber of the persons of the seid coventea as shalbe assigned and ap« 
poynted by the kynges highnes, and kepe them relygyoualy duryng their lyves within 
ther seid monasteryes in Ijke maner and forme as the coventes of suche greate moiiaa« 
teryea be orderyd and kept.'* 

Some clauses follow relating to the payments of tithes and subsidies out of the 
monaatic eatatea, and to the payment of debts due from the monasteries dissolved. The 
bill then proceeds, — ** Provyded always that the kynges highnes, at eny tyme after the 
makyng of this acte, may at hys pleasure ordeyne and declare by hys leltrea patentee 
under hia greate aeale, that suche of the seid relygyous houses which his highnes shall 
not be dyspoaed to have suppreaayed nor dyaaolved by auctoryle of thia acte, shall 



8UPPAX88ION OP MONAJTSRUKS. Hi 



ttyllc contynof , remayne, and be in tha um» bod je corportU and in the leid ewcncyali 
CfUte, qualite, and condycion, atwell in pouessiona at otherwyie, at the! were afore the 
mak jng of thia arte, withoat any fuppretsion or dyatolncion therof or of any parte of 
the tame by aoctoryte of this acte ; and that cTcry inche ordinannce and declaracion 
too to be made by the hyogn highnea ihalbe good and effectual! to the chieff gOTcr- 
noon of snche rclygyooi hooiet which hia majeatye will not have mppretayd and to 
ther incceaioan, accordyng to the tenonn and porportea of the lettm patentee therof 
to be made ; any thyng or thyoget conteyned in thii acte to the contrary hereof 
notwythitondyng.*' 

Alter lome other proviaoea not neceaiary to be repeated here, the act goea on,— 
** Saryng alweys and reserved unto erery peraon and penona beyng fonnden* patnNM* 
or dononn of eny abbeyi, pryoryea, or other relygyooa houaet that thalbe anpprcaeyd by 
thyi acte, ther hriret tod tnccettoura, all toche right, tytle, interett, poeeeiiion, rentea, 
anonityet, feet, offycet, letet, commoni, and all other prof jttet whataooetrer, which any 
of thrm ha?e or thald hate had wythont frande or coryn, by any maner meanet, other* 
wyae then by reaaoo or occatyon of the dytaolocton of the teid abbeyt, pryoryet, or other 
rrlygyoQt hoaset, in, to, or opon any tbe teid abbcit, pryoryet, or other relygyona honata 
wherof thei be foundert, patront, or doaoort, or in, to, or npon city the londee, tene* 
meatea, or other heredytamentet apperteynyng or belongyng to the tame ; in lyke manor 
forme and coadycion as other pertonet and bodyet polytyke be tSTed by this acte aa ya 
afore reherteJ, and at if tbe teid abbeit, pryoriea, or other relygyoot honaet had not be 
tnpprettyd and dyttolred by tbtt tcte, but had coatynued ttyll in ther eaaencyaU 
bodyet and eatatet at thci be now in, coy thyng in tUit acte to the contrary hereof 
notwtthttondyng. 

" And ferther be yt intcted, ordeyned, and ettaUyuhed by aoctoryte aforeaeid, that aU 
and tyngler pertonnet, bodyet polyt jke and corporat, to whom the kynget atajettye, hIa 
hcirrt or tuccettourt, herea/ter thtll gyve, grante, Ictt, or demytc any tcytt or precynct 
with the hotttet thempon buylded. tngrtber with the drmcanet of any ■Mwatterice, 
pryoryet, or other relygyont hootrt tbtt thalbe dyttolTed or gevyn to the kyagen 
highoea by thit acte, and the heiret, •ot'cettourt, eiecatourt, and aatignea of etery tnche 
prrtoo. bodje poly tyke and oorportte, »halbc boumlea by anrtoryte of thit acte, und er 
the penalytyet hereafter entueng, to krpe or cMute to be krpt an honett contyncwell 
ho«t tnd houthold in the tame tcyte or precynct. and to occnpye yerely aamoehe of 
the tame demeaoet in plowyng and tyllage of hutboodry, that yt to taye aaMoehe •f tho 
teid drmeanet which hath ben commonly utcd to be krpt in tyllage by the goecraonri, 
abbottet, or pryourt of the tame howtet, monattcryet, or pryoryet, or by ther ft r mar 
or fermert ocropjren^ the ttme, wjthin the tyme of ii" )eret neit before thit acte : and 
if any petton or pertont, bodyes poljtyke or corpfirat. that thalbe boitndm by thit acte^ 
doo not keep an hoocti houie, houihuld, houthondry. tnd lyllasc in ataner and forma aa 
yt af«*rrtrid, that then he or ihri too offcndyng thall forfeit to the kyngea highneaa for 
every nKmeth too offending vj*. liij*. mj'. to be recovered to hit ute In any of hia 
conrtrt of record. 

** And o^tr that yt yt enaetyd by auetoryte aforctetd, that all j ne ty eee of pane in 




112 LBTTBRe RSLATINO TO THB 

erorj thire where any nieiie oflinee ehalbe eommytted or done eontrtry to IBkM ixm 
meenyiig and intent of thie preeent acte, ihall in every qnarter and generall §mKfnm§ 
within the Ijmyttet of ther eommynyon inqnyre of the prenynea, and duJI haw hXL 
poar and anctoryte to hier and determyn the aame, and to taxe and aaaeaae boo leaae 
fyne for erery the teid offeneea then ya afore lymytted for the aame offeneea, aad liM 
eztretea theraf to he made and eert el ^ e d in the kyngea cicheker aoeo rdyn g aad at aneh 
tyme and forme aa other eztretea of fynea, yaanea, and amereyaaMntaa Itmt made hy Iht 
aame jnatyoea." 

The following paper appeara to hare been written in the time of Oneen BUnboth, 
hy aome one who had witneaaed the diaaolntion of the religiona hovaea, and who hare 
aeta down hia reeoUectiona of the eaaaea and manner of tiiat great randvtioa in the 
aodal oonditioB of our iiland. 



XLIX. 

THK MANNER OF DI880LVINO THR ABBRT9 BT K. H. 8. 

[From MS. Cotton. Titoa F. in. fol. 866.] 

The furst entraunce was a president gewen by cardinall Wolsey^ 
who under pretense of and four better abilitie to bilde his sumptu- 
ous colledge^ dessolved certaine small housses^ and by that doinge 
of himselfe, I doubt not with good warraunt from Rome^ he did 
make loose in others the conscience towardes those houses. 
After him there came to the kinges service Mr. Cormwelli whoe 
had served the cardinall in these former doinges. 

That Cormwell was the man that by his seall^ his wisdome^ 
and his couradge, was Goods instrument to carrie all to good 
effect. These meanes he used. He firste found meanes to per- 
swade the king that it might lawfully be done; that for his 
crowne and state in saftie it was necessarie to be done, four that he 
made appeare to the kinge howe by their meanes the pope and 
clergie bad so greate aucthoritie^ revenue^ alliaunce^ and princi- 
pallye captivitie of the sowles and obedience of subjectes^ that 
they were able to put kinge in haiarde at their will i that for his 



8UPPRV88ION OP HON A8TB RIBS. 113 

revenue and maintenaunce of his estate, warres, and affaires both 
in peace and in warre, at home and abroade, with others, it was 
moste profitable to dissolve them for augmentacion of his trea- 
sure. 

He allyed the king so stronglie with mightie forces in Ger* 
manie and that league of religion, so as with there forces and his 
treasure and the consideracion of common perill by there common 
enemie the pope, he was able to withstande and encounter any 
foren princes that at the popes irritacion and prostitutinge of 
his kingdome to the occupante woulde make any attempt against 
him : this allyaunce was bothe by league with Saxonie and other, 
and the marriadge with the sister of Cleve. 

Tlie emperor and French king were so in hostilite, that either 
of them was glade to wine king Henrie to his part, wherby either 
of them feared to irritate him, least he joyninge with the other 
mighte make to harde a match againste the other; wherby I 
thincke that the same hostilitie was the raither cherrished byCrom* 
wells policic : whereuppon grew the play in Fraunce, wherein were 
shewed the emperor and the Frenche king plaing at tenise, and the 
king of England paieng four the balles;^ liesides that thoughe they 
had not l)en in hostillitie, yet neither of them durst suffer tlie 
other to ovcrgrowe by impropriatiiige to him selfc any thing in 
England, and so the eni|>cror him sclfe was glad to set still, al- 
thouffhe the principall ground in shcwe of the quarell touched him 
in lieiour repudiatcni (?)• 

Cromwell caused preacliors to goe abroacle, and maintayned 
them to instnicte the peopK*, and so to perswade the subjectcs con- 
sciences to stand fast to the king without feare of the po|>cs 
curse, or his dcsolving of his allcgicnce. 

He caused to l>e placed in the archcbuithopes place Cranmer, 
and in divers other bu»hoprickes and hier places in tlie rlcarge 

* Thu u ft c«h«>ui anil rarly ri«iii|ilr uf political mricmturr. AiKilhrr umiUr aoCice. 
rrUliAf to tbe Minr |irrio«l. « ill be fovml in EUit'i l^rltrr*. •rcuttil trrir*. lol. li. 
p. 41. 

CAMD. SOC. Q 




114 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

divers protestantes, by meanes wherof he was able to execute 
greate thinges amonge them selves, and they were not able so 
muche as to enter into any full and perfect counsell against them, 
muche lesse to put any thing in publicke execution, as against the 
former kinges of theis realrae. 

He knewe that the clargie had in king Richardes the secondes 
titne suborned an other with pretense of a next title to depose 
the kinge; he knewe that his clargie were attemptinge the like with 
the marquies of Exetar. 

He perswaded the king by maintteininge of equum juSy and by 
holdinge-downe the over-emminent power of soche greate ones as 
in time paste, like bell-wethers, had led the sheppeshe flockes of 
England against their prince, to knett fast to him the love of his 
commons and specially of his cittie of London. 

He placed abbottes and firiers in divers great housses divers 
lemed men, and perswaded against these supersti[ti]en8, which men 
were rcadie to make surrender of their houses at the kinges com* 
maundement. 

He caused the king to restrayne all payment at Rome, and all re- 
sorte of his subjectes thither, either for suites, appells, faculties, or 
other causes, wherby both he kept treasure and held it from his 
ennemies, and restrained his ennemies from fliinge to foren partes 
or conference with them. 

He caused visitacions to be made of all the reeli^ous houses 
touching their conversations, whereuppon was retoumed the 
booke called the Blacke Booke, expressing of everie suche house the 
vile lives and abhominable factes, in murders of their bretheme, 
in sodomyes, in whordomes, in destroying of children, in forging of 
deedes, and other infinite horrors of life, in so muche as deviding of 
all the religious persons in England into three partes two of theise 
partes at the least were sodomites : and this appeared in writting, 
with the names of the parties and their factes. This was shewed in 
parliament, and the villanics made knowen and abhorred. 

He caused the king of the abbes possessions to make suche 



SUPPRESSION OP MONASTERIES 115 

dispersion^ as it behoved infinite multitudes for thiir owne intrest 
to joyne with the king in hollding them downe^ wfciche he did by 
divers meanes, and these amoung other: by ffownding divers 
bushoprickcs and colleges with these possessions, selling many of 
them to many men four reasonable prises^ exchainging many of 
them with the nobilitie and other for their auncient possession to 
their greate gaine in-ith whome he exchainged, preferring many suf- 
ficient persons to tlie kinges servis who were sone raised to nobi- 
litie and to worshipe and good calling, and all indewed with main- 
tenaunce out of the revenewes of abbyes. 

Here is all I can remember. 

There was ako used for the manner of dessolution— 

First, divers abbotes and other that could be thereunto per^ 
swaded, or were some of them four the purpose placed by the king, 
made surrender of their houses and conveied them to the kinge 
by order of bwe, and had com|)etent pencions l>oth them selves 
and their companie during their lives. Somme beinge detected by 
the said visitacion, to have the kinges favour not to punishe them 
with rigour, not to publishe their infamie for their vile factes, were 
likewise content to surrender. 

For all the rest, which were not then many, the parliament being 
made acquainted with their vile lives, were redely contented both 
to confirme the surrender, and geive their consyntes to the geving 
of all the reaste to the kinge. 



116 



CHAPTER II. 

FROM THE DISSOLUTION OP THE SMALLER HOUSES TO THE 
PASSING OP THE ACT FOR THE DISSOLUTION OF THE LARGER 
MONASTERIES. 

No sooner was the set for the dissolntioii of the smsller monasteries passed, than we 
find Cromwell beset bj two classes of suitors ; on one side the heads of houses where 
the fewest irregularities had been discovered hoped to have advantage of the danse 
which left it in the power of the king to preserve at his discretion snoh houses as 
might appear deserving of exception, while on the other many of the gentlemen and 
noblemen of the conrt eagerlj sought to obtain a share of the spoils. Among the 
letters which follow will be found examples of both these classes of applications. The 
fate of the nuns appears to have excited on the whole more compassion than that of the 
monks and friars. The following petition is from the prioress and sisters of Legbome, 
or Lekebum, in Lincolnshire, a nunnery founded bj Robert Pitz-Gilbert towards the 
end of the twelfth century. Little is known of the history of this house, and it is not 
clear how Cromwell came to be considered the representative of its founder. 

L. 

THE PRIORESS AND NUNS OP LEGBORNE TO CROMWELL. 

[Prom MS. Cotton. Cleop. E. iv. fol. S70».] 

Right honourable oure most synguler maister and ffounder, otire 
duetie in the humblest wise presupposed, with dayly prayer as 
youre perpetuall and religious beedwomen, please yt youre goodnes 
to understonde, that whereas almyghty God hath indued you with 
just title ffoundcr of the pryory of Legbome, to the great comfort 
of me and all my systers, we doo and shall alweyes submyt oure 
selfes to youre most rightuouse commaundement and ordre, oonly 
puttyng oure comfort in youre goodnesse for all causes concemyng 
youre poure pryory of Legboume. And whereas we doo here that 
a grete nombre of abbyes shalbe punysshid, subprest, and put 
downe, bicause of theire myslyvyng, and that all abbyes and 
pryoryes under the value of cc^ be at oure moste noble prynoes 




SrPPRBStlON OP MONA9TKR1B8. 117 



pleasure to subpresse and put downe, yet if it may pleas youre 
goodnes we trust in God ye shall here no compleyntes agaynst us 
nother in oure lyryng nor hospitalitie kepyng. In consideradon 
whcrof, if it may please youre goodnes in oure great neccssitie to 
be a meane and sewter for youre owne powre pryory^ that it may 
be preserved and stond, you shalbe a more higher ffounder to us 
then he that first foundid oure howse. We have noon othir 
comfort nor refuge but oonly unto youre goodnes, and we hooly 
submyt our selfes to the pleasure of God, to the pleasure of oure 
pryncc, and to the pleasure of you oure flfounder, and howsoever it 
sliall please God that we shalbe orderid, we shall contynne youre 
faithful! and day ly bcdcwomen, as knoweth owre Lorde, who ever 
preserve you to youre most comfort. 

Your owne dayly beadwomen, Jane 
Messyndyne, pryores, and systers of 
the pryory of Legbome. 



The next letter relatct Co two of tJie laallcr relifioiu booMi in Dcroitthiffv. Tb« 
priory of Totae* wu fooniled bj Jodbel or 4ohcl in the reign of WilUaa the Con* 
qiaeror, u a cell to the great bcnodictinc abbey of Angers. Tho patronage deacmJeJ 
fnim tbc original fonndcr to tbe Zoncba, in which Cuntly it remained till their at* 
uinder after the acoeaaion of Henry VII., when it waa conferred by the crown on Sir 
Prtrr E«lgcttmbe. Thomaa Rychard appcara aa the laaC prior of thia honac. 

The priory of Comworthy waa a poor honae of Austin nnna, alao In the patronage of 
the Rdgmmbea. ahhongh it appears <lovbtftil whether tho original fonnder wm of tM 
laniily. or whether, bka tho priory of Totnoa, it wm dorivod tram Iht gonchta. 1W 
following letter anpporta the latter Mppoailion. Tho Uat pripim wfpmn la hnvn 
been Avicia Dynham. 

i.1. 

SIR PSTSU SDGBCL'MBS TO CROMWSLL. 

[Prom MS. Cotton. Cleop. E. iv. ful. <&(f.] 

Artier my moat harty rect>mmendacyons, with lyke thatickes for 
your goodnes to me att tymes schewyd, and this ya to advertysc 




118 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

yow that here ys moche communycacyon and brutes ^ that all ab- 
bays, pryorys, and nunrys under the cler yerly valew of ec*". schall 
be suppressyd, nottwithstondynge hyt ys nott as yett in thes par- 
ties oponly knowen the occacyon off suppressyon, nor who schall 
take most benyffyte therby, nor to whate usse hyt schall rest at 
lengthe. But trew hyt ys, that I am by the kyngges ffather by hys 
graunt to my poare ffather made to hym and hys isue male, 
ffounder off the pryory off Tottenes and the nunry off Comwor- 
ihye in Devonsschyre, and every off them be under the valew off 
cc^. And as to Tottenes, the pryour ther ys a man off goode ver- 
tuus converssacyon, and a good viander, and I can do no lesse 
with my truthe and dewty but to advertyse yow off that I know 
trew in this causse, hartely besechynge yow so to advertysse the 
kyngges highnes, and that I in my most \mibyU maner beseche hys 
grace to order me in this causse as onne that wyll juberd f lyff and 
goodes to do hys grace trew servyce, and hartely beseche all- 
myghty God longge to- preserve hys most nobyll persson, and 
yow so to serve hys highnes. From my poare howsse, the daye 
off annuncyacyon off our lady, ywr aun, 

P. EOOECOMBE. 

Mr. secretory, in casse hyt be sso that the kyngges pleasure maye 
he by ywr meanys so good that the prior of Tottenes maye enjoye 
the spirituall promocyons, and hyt wyll be no bettere ffor hym and 
hys bredere to leve on, and I to have the temperall possessyons yn 
parte theroff, the sunnere ffor concyderacyons that I am ffownder 
off bothe howsys, I promyse yow by this my wrytynge to concyder 
yowr ffavor and sute, as I trust to plese yow, and yff ye ihinck my 
sute not ressonabyU, I refferre me and my causse to yor order 
under the kyngges highnes above all others lyvynge, and so I 
trust yow, and herin I hartely praye yow to know ywr pleasure. 

* Brutes, i. e. reports, rumoars. 
t Jeopard. 



RrPPRRSSION UP 1IONA8TERIBB. 119 

BoxgraTc in Saitex wu an alirn priory, founded In the reifn of Henry I. by Robert 
de II aye, tt a cell to the benedictine abbey of Etaay in Normandy. On iU diaaolnCioa, 
the aitc and premiaea were granted to Sir Thomaa Weat lord Lawarr. who waa patroo 
of the priory aa repreaentative of the llayea, by poaietaing their eatmte and reaidenoe of 
Halnaker Houae. the * pore howac * mentioned in the letter. The laat prior wee 
Thomaa My let. 

Lll. 

LORD LAWARR TO CROMWELL. 
[Prom MS. Cotton. Cleop. E. iv. fol. 234.] 

Riglit wonihipfull sir, in my most hartcs wise I recommend me 
to yuu, vercy desyrus to here of youre good helthey thankyng you 
of yuur provyd goodncs shewed to me undeservid, for the whiche 
you hynd me to l>e youres dewryng my lyflToy and so shall ye flfynd 
me to tlie I>ost of my Ictyll powre. Pleasythe you to be adver- 
tysed, that I have perflfyt word that the acte is past that all howsea 
otrn*lygyoii that is under three hundred markys ys gevyn to tho 
kyngcs luKhnes, l>othe the landes and gooddes, and that by the said 
acte his hif;hnes may by his letters patentes under his grete seale 
g)*vc lysence to as many as shall stand with his gracys pleasure to 
coiitynewc unsul)pressyd. And so it is, that I have a power 
howsi* called Boxgravcy very ncre to my power howse, wherof I 
am flToundcr, and there lycthe many of my aunsytorys, and also 
my wyfTys mother ; and for bycawse hyt is of my flfoundacyony and 
that my i>ar)'she chun*lie is under the roofe of the churche of the 
said monastery, and have made a power chaix*ll to In* buryed yn, 
wherfor yf liit myght Htand with the kyngcn gracys pleasure, for 
the power scrvyce that I have doyn his highnes« to flforcbere the 
sul>pressyng of the same, or else to translate hyt ynto a college of 
suclie lumibre as the landes wyll here ; and yf hyt may not stand 
so with liis gracys pleasure, tlicn I wold lowly beseche hys grace 
to have the prefarment of the farme, with all such other thynges 
as the pr\'or yn his tyme had for the provysyon of his bowse ; 
wherfToro I wvll l>cM!clie you that I mav have voure lawflul flaver. 
good wyllv and lielpe hereyn. And suerly, syr, I shall recom|)encie 
youre goodnes, kyndnet, and p^yne hereyn, so that I trust that 




120 LETTBRS RELATING TO THE 

for soe powere a thyng that you shalbe contentyd and pleasyd^ be- 
sechyng you to be as good to me bereyn as you may be^ as my 
most trust ys in you^ as knowythe the blessyd Trinite^ who long 
preserve you. Wryttyn at my powere howse, upon owre Lady 
day. 

Tour owen assuryd, 

Thomas Lawaub. 



As was before itated, the latter part of lord Lawarr't reqaeit waa granted, and lie 
obtained both the property and eren the famitnre of BoxgraTe priory. The priory 
church afterwards became the parish charch of the town, and the tomb of his fiither 
is still preserved. It is rather singoUr that in the following letter, which most have 
been written at this time, Cromwell is addressed by the title of lord: this howerer 
may hare been a mere piece of flattery from an inferior, as a compliment to his political 
•t«tk>n. X \' ' " '-, ' ' ./x/t \ /'v./. /./ / 






/ 



\ "' LIII. '\ ■ . v '/ . - Aj. 



JOHN MORISE TO CROMWELL. '' 



[From MS. Cotton. Cleop. E. iv. fol. 234*.] 

Right honorable and my synguler goode lorde^ I humbly recom- 
mende me unto yowe ; this shalbe to advertyse your lordshippe, 
that syr John Dawtree, master Palmer^ and I^ according to the 
kynges commyssion and instruccions^ have dyssolved the pryorie 
of Boxgrave in the countie of Sussex. The besenes of dissolucion 
therof was fjmysshed the xxvj^^. day of this present moneth, at 
which tyme I receved your lordshypps lettre in ffavor of my lord 
LawarrCy which according to your lordshypps commaundment by 
that sent of other joynt commyssioners wyth me I have folowed, 
80 that my seyd lord Lawarre^ as I trusty is contented. The yalure 
of the goodes that he hath bowght cummys to cxxv^^. xiij*. iiij<). 
wherof he hath payed xl^. and for the rest I have taken his owne 
bond to the kynges use to be payed at suche dayes as he hym selff 
hath desyred, that is to sey^ Myghelmas next and Elster ffolowing. 




817PPRBS8ION OV MONASTRRIRM. 1:31 

wliorwyth I trust the kyn<rcs grace will)e pleased l>y meanes of 
yowre good iordshyppe, and the rather for that his grace^ by the 
vygylant circumspectyon and dylygent dewte of tlie seyd lord 
I^warrCy hath more proflfett there then in any other howie dis- 
solved in Sussex. And^ as I verely thynke^ the kyng is not better 
answered nor more trewly of the goodes apperteynyng to his 
highnes by reason of any howse dyssolved in Inglond, then he is 
also there, as almyghty God knowith, who long preser\'e your 
hirdshippe with the increase of honor to his pleasure. From 
Boxgrave, the xxvij**» day of Man*he« 

Att your comaundment glad to do serves, 

joiiAN y 

To the right bonormblr 
•Qil my tjngulrr good 
l<>nl. the lurdc prrre 
SnUr, jere this. 



Thr followtiif Irttcr b Another toit for • RT*iit of abbey Uadi. The priory of 
FiAmhrd. or (u it «u more anciently railed) Caatrl llymrl, in NorthampConahire. waa 
fi»undc«l by Ruhanl Eogayne the rltlrr, who divtl in I •*«*'<. Aftrr tlie diaaolntioo it 
B|i|*<-«r« tu have bren rrtainrd for §t*me time in the king't hands, and it waa finally 
frantrd to John lord Ra«»ell. The laat prior waa Chrictophrr llarpeworth. Thi«, •• 
wrll aa thr priory of Wor«pring in Somrrart, wa« c»nr of tlic tmaller houan. Thr Uttrr 
waa founded in I .'10 by William de Coortenry. The laat abbot or prior of thia hou«« 
waa Rofer Thorynton. 

I-iV. 

III'MPIIRBY BTAFPORD TO CROMWRLL. 
[Prom MS. (*otton. Cleop. E. ir. fol. 209.*] 

Ili;;ht worshipfull, yn my mo<»t huml>lyst wise I can I comcMul 
mo unto y4)ur g<NMl mastership, thanckyng your mastcmhip ever for 
the pneat kyndenes and ffavour shewed unto me alweys« and 
wlirrt* it may please your mastemhip to call to your giMNi remem- 
limuiis that ye promyscd me to lie good master unto nic when 

CAMD. SOC. R 



122 LBTTBRS RBLATINO TO THE 

the fyme came : sir, your mastership shall understond that whereas 
yet I am not able to doo suche acceptable service unto the kynges 
highnes my master, as my poore and true hert wold, and if I hadd 
wherwith to maynteyn it, so it is, pleasith it your mastership to 
understond, that where I desyred Mr. Bryan to be so good master 
unto roe as to moshion unto your mastership to helpe me to the 
giflte of the priorie of Fynshed, a house of chanons yn the couutie 
of Northampton, of the yerly value of lvj>*. x», xj^. ob. yn case it 
be subpressed, sir, your mastership shall understond that sens 
that tyme my naturall ffather willed me to write to your master- 
ship, and to non other, for to be good master unto me for a house 
of chanons yn Somersett shiere called Worspryng, where my seyd 
ffather is ffounder therof, and as I doo subpose of like value or ther- 
aboutes. And if it wold please your mastership to be so good 
master unto me as to helpe me to Worspryng priorie, I were and 
wylbe wylst I leve your bedman and alweys redy to your master- 
ship suche poore service and pleasure as shal become me to doo, 
whillest I do leve, God wyllyng, who ever have your mastership 
yn his tuysshon. From Bletherweke,^ thus present Palme Sonday, 
by v(»ur own assured to his litle power, 

HuMPFRAT Stafford, esquycr. 

To the right honorable sir 

Thoma* Cromwell, knyght, secretorie 

to the kinges hyghnet, d.d. thus. 



The foUowing letter from Edward Lee, archbishop of York, relates to some of the 
small houses dependent upon his see. The abboU and monks, perceiving the diaaolv- 
tion of these houses to be incTiUble, seem in many insUnces to hare tamed to their 
own advantage the movables and jewels which were in their hands. The sale or em. 
bexxlement of these articles was afterwards placed among the heaviest charges against 
certain obstinate abbots. 

• Blatherwick Hall, in Northamptonshire. The old mansion is still standing. 



8UPPRB88ION OF MONA8TBBIB8. 12.) 

LV. 

TUB ARCHB181IOF OF YORK TO CBOMWBLL. 

[From MS. CotCon. Cleop. E. it. fol. S39.] 

Right honorable, aftre my hmrtiest commendation, accordeng to 
your requcste made to me in your lettres, I have furthwith upon 
the reccipte of the same sent oonmiawndement to certayne monas- 
teries beeing nie to Yorcke, where I was than, and nowe I have 
given commaundement to all archdeacons to wame all monasteries 
of lesse yerelie valewe than ij^ li. being within their archdeaconries, 
that they shall no thing imbecille ne alien; and if theye have, 
that theye shall agayne call suchc thinges aliened or imbecillcd to 
their handes. Some that were noted to have received some 
goodcs of suche monasteries I called and warned that they shold 
in no wiese meddle with anye suche goodes, and that if tliey had 
anyc suche, that tlicy shold restore them, and ferthermore, if anye 
suche goodcs shalbee offrcd to them, that they shold give me 
wanicng. And for bicause most rcsorte for suche propose is to 
the citie of Yorke, I have warned the maiour of Yorke, and oother 
of his l>rodren therof, and speciallie the maister of the mynte, 
uiMih tlicir peril and daunger that tiicye receive no ginxles of anye 
surhe monasterie, and ferthor herin I entcnd to doo, from tyme 
to tynic, as I shall see nccdc, and dailie doo warne suche as doo 
rt*surtc to me, that they meddle not with anye suche gcMxles, that 
by thcni tliis commawndiment maye l>ee the more published, as I 
tru^t it shalbee nowe by tharchdeacons oflicialles, wiche l>e nowe all 
abrtNlc, and have speciall commawndiment to sett furthe this 
pro|)(ise. 

Sir, I entierlie praye you to bee good to me for ij. places of the 
|)atn»nsi;^ of the archbushoppes of Yorke, that if you shall 
thinki* o|ion suche considerations as I shall alledge that I have 
n*as4>ii to sue for them, that you woll hel|)e nie with your gtMid 
wuni, that theye bee not suppressed. Tlie tone of them, named 



121 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

Saincte Oswaldes, is not of foundation a monasterie of religiousc 
jneny but is libera capella archiepiscopi. No man hathe title in 
it but the archbushoppe : the priour therof is removable at my 
pleasure and accomptable to me, and the archbushoppe maye put 
ther, if he woU, seculer prestes, and so wold I have doone at my 
entre, if I had not ther founde oone of myne acquayntaunce 
whome I judged meete to bee ther undre me. And morover 
tharchbushoppes of Yorke had it given to them by William 
Rufus in exchaunge fur recompense as well of landes, as juris- 
diction taken from them at the commeng in of William Con- 
querour, as apperethe in my registres and oodre old bookes. And 
in the same it apperethe that the saied chapell enjoyethe all privi- 
laiges lieke as all oother the kinges free chapeUes ; for it was some 
tyme libera capella regia^ and for the defense of the saied privi- 
laiges, and jurisdiction ther, my predecessours have alwaies had 
writtes from the king agaynst all disturbers, bicausc it is no oodre 
but libera capella, and some tyme was the kinges. 

The toodre is called Hexham,^ upon the borders of Scotland, 
and was some tyme sedes episcopalis, and manye holie men some 
tyme busshoppcs ther bee in that churche, sainctes of name ; and 
wiese men, that knowe the borders, thinke that the landes therof, 
althoughe theye were x. tymes as moche, can not contrevaile the 
damaige that is lieke to ensue if it bee suppressed, and some waie 
ther is never a house between Scottland and the lordshippe of Hex- 
ham ; and men feare if the monasterie goo downe, that in pro- 
cesse all shall bee wast mochc within the land. And what com- 
fort that monasterie is daylie to the contre ther, and speciallie in 
tyme of warr, not onlie the contre men doo knowe, but also manye 
of the noble men of this realme that hathe doone the kinges high- 
nes service in Scotland. I doubt not but that the land of that 



* Ilrxham was a bUhop's see under the Anglo-Saxons. The monaster j, called by 
the Anglo-Saxons Hagustald, dated from the scTenth century. The last prior was 
Edward Jaye. 



SrPPRRSSION OP MONASTBRIBS. 125 

moiiasteric is better tlian twoo hundred pound by ycre, as lick- 
wiese tharbushoppes landes war moche bettur if they hue in 
a quiet place. Some of my prcdicessours have had thcr xiij^. 
marees by the ycre, and nowe it is communibui annis undre ij^ li. 
I entierlic praye you, if you thinke that I have reason to sue for 
these ij., that you wolt helpe me to save them. And as for Hexham, 
I thinke it is necessarie to bee considred, as I thinke theye that 
knowe the borders woU saie. 

Sir, according to tlie kinges commawndiment, I have generallie 
given commaiinidment that no prechers shalbee suflfred that with- 
ow3te discretion preache novelties, and, as you right wieselie con- 
sidered, doo rather sowe seedcs of dissention than doo anye good, 
and some suche as I have herd to use suche preacheng I have 
disriiarged, and yet they preach, but I make processe agaynst 
tliem, and some of them saie theye wool! get licence of the king to 
preache. If theye obteigne anye suche licence, I then amc dis- 
cliarged fur them that have suche licence ; but I trust that you woH 
sutire no suche licence to passe, but that I shall knowe therof,and 
what yuur pleasure is, than if they preache suche novchies I praye 
you I maye knowe by this l)earer. Some saie theye have licence 
(»f my lord of Cantorburie; but I trust theye have no suche, and if 
theye have, none shall)ee obeyde here, but oniie the kinges and 
ytiurcs. And thus in my hcrtiest mancr flfarc you well. Fn>m 
(*awodc, tlie xxiij^. of April, XhMi. 

Your owne ever assured, 

EuorARDB Ebob. 



Tkr MXt Irttrr rrUUt lo iIm pcationt vhkli wtrt gnm%e4 to tW htmd* tad Moskt 
of thr liiitoUcd bcitttrt. ll apfcori that ibeac «rrr ofWo trndU, tad the Mooki k§4 
probftbly MMBrCimrm diAciUtin is ntabluliioc tkrtr cUims. t*«»knfonl in Norfolk «u 
• pnutj of Auguttioc eaooM. fooadcd is tkr rviffo of NtrplM« bj WiUu» Cheymtj. 
Thr ftilr •»• f ranted on the !itli of May, •*!! Ilcnfy VIII. lo Tboouw Howard d«k« ot 
NorfuUi. John Maltbcvt. Um ImI pnoc . bod MibKribcd oitb bit ouoM to tbc blag's 
•u|irvaHK-y. 



126' LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

LVI. 
THE PRIOR OF COKE8FORD TO CROMWELL. 
[From MS. Cotton. Ckop. E. it. foL 869*.] 

Ryght wyrthfull sir^ with dwe reverens my duty remembred^ 
desiryng and hartely prayng your masterthep to be good maister 
to me and help me to my pore levynge and pencion^ for the wyche 
I thynke longe to know wherto I xall hold me, and, sir, for the 
love of God and of your charitabyle disposicion youe here towards 
me, of your goodnes and nothynge of my deservynge, it may lyke 
youe to se the order of it and redy sped for my por comfort and 
levynge, and that it may so be ordered by your best advyse and 
cownsell that I may have it without further vezacion or trobyle 
in getyng on leveynge of my forsed por levynge, for I fer me with- 
out your good heipe and ayd and comfort it wylbe hard to combee. 
I have no frend to make my compleynt to but to yow alonly ; 
wherfore I besche yow to take informacions of Mr. BaUey of the 
Francys, my frynd this brynger. Mr. doctor Lee wylbe good 
to me with your good helpe, in home ys all my trost ; he pro- 
mysed me at Londone to have xz^.for my pension, I trust to have 
that with better, and my chambre, with all that bylongynge to 
that same, with ij. beddys, one for my self and another for my 
servant In thes thynges, ^ith all other, I submit my self to God 
and to your good wyll, and I, your chaplene and dayly orator, with 
alle trew and diligent servys and promysys, by me befor pro- 
mysyd, as ever xalle lye in my lytyll pore, as knowith our Liord, 
how ever have youe in his glorius tuiscion, after your wyrschip* 
full hartes desyre. Wretyngc at Cokesford, this Sonday next 
before the Invencion of the holy crose. 

Alle yours and at your comaunment, your dayly oratour 
and chaplen, Johan Mathewe, latt pryor of Cokesford. 



8UPPRB88ION OP 1IONA8TBRIB8. 127 

Calwicb, or Calewjcb, in SulTonUkire, wbb origiaaUj a hcrmitagt or nudl eeO 
foaodcd before 114t), and giten by Nicbokt de Grewlci FiU Nigel to the priory of 
Kcnilwortb. A snudl convent of bUck canons wai also placed here. Very little ap- 
pears to be known of tbe history of this boose, and almost all the informatioo contained 
in tbe followinf letter is sapplementary to the aooonnC given in the h»t edition of tho 
Monasticon. 

Rowcester* or Rocester* in Staffordshire, was an abbey of black monkst founded by 
Rirbard Bacon abo«t the year 114<i. The last abbot was WUliam Grafton. 



LVII. 

RICHARD tTRBTB TO CROMWBLL. 
[From MS. Cotton. Clcopat. E. iv. fol. 836.] 

Nf y duty done, according to your lettres datyd penuUimo die 
AprUtM I have hen at Calwich, and takyn an inventarj of the 
gcMMles of tliat house hy indenture, and committyd the keping and 
garding of all thinges ther to thabbott of Rowceter ij. myles thens, 
and on of \\\n brethren abidith at Calwich to orerse them who 
hath kept the sequestre syns the departur of the kte prior. The 
Talour of the goodes and hiundes foloith. 

/ff/irtmijy houschokl very course, as doith 

appere by particUirs in the inven- 

tary 

//em, in catall, as oxen, kye,* horses, 

rnare^ shepe old and yonge 
Item^ in come apon the grounde • 
//em, stuff for the church, as chales and 

restmentes, etc x**. ix*. viij^. 



xv«. 


Xllj*. 


ij-. 


Ixxix". 


XT*. 


lllj^. 


xj». 


vj.. 


• •• ■ 



Summa, cxvij". iiij». x*. 



* A'fr. i. e. cows. 




128 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

Itenij the demeanes lyen roundabowt the 

house, and ben worth yerely . . xxiij". xij". 

Item, other tenthes yerely . . . xvij*^ viij". j^. ob. 

Item, the paroch church of Glaston to 
that monastery appropriate besyde 
the vicar indoment .... xiijl". vj«. viij^. 

In these is no harde peneworth : the house and other byldingcs be 
in mean good state of reparacion. I have dischargyd and put 
forth such persons as were not mete to be ther, and laft such as 
be husbaundes, and I have made sure the convent saill, and the 
evidence. 

The first founder ther was Nich. Gresley, in whose title nowe 
claymyth Mr. Longford (as men here report). Ther be diverse 
benefactours that hath gyfiyn landes to that house, as it doith 
appere, viz. my lord Stuard, sir Henrie Saucheverell, Mr. Oker, 
and other thair ansetors. And thus ye may partly perceyve, and 
what I can do ferther shalbe redy by God his grace. 

Item, to the last part of your lettre toching demeanour and the 
payment to the collectours, in the archdeaconry of Coventry, 
Derby, Staff., and Salop ; the collectors have amoste made an 
ende in these iiij. archdeaconrys, as fer as I can perceyve is no 
denying, and as for the collectour of tharchdeaconry of Chester, I 
never herd from hym, so I supposyd he had good spede in his 
gedring. And how and in what maner all thynges is ther ye 
shalbe acertenyd shortly. I trust no man in that archdeaconry 
woldc be obstinate, if thay be well handlyd. Mr. parson Molenex 
told mc this weke that the collectour as yet askyd hym no money, 
ner gaf hym wamyng, and whether faute be in the collectour or 
other, ye shalbe shortly acertenyd, and money sent with spede, by 
God his grace. The deithe of my lord and his wilfuU and parciall 
cessing, defferrith all this, as knowith God, who kepe you. Lich., 
xijo. Maij. 

Yours, Richard Stretb, preist. 




trPPREHMIDN OP MONASTKRIBt. 129 

The followiof letter reUtet to the proeecdtnft of the eommiMioiieri in Northaaiptoa. 
■hire. At Chtucomb, Chacomb, or S«ucomb, there wm • priory of Augofltiiie csnoofl, 
founded bj Huiih dc Chacombc in the reign of Henry II. The Uit prior wu Thoma* 
Stoorr. Aihby Magna, in I^ce»ter»hire, wai a nunor belonging to the nnnnery of 
Cateaby, or Catteby, in Northamptonihire, which houne irai founded by Philip d« 
Eaaeby or Athby, or by his ton Robert, about the reign of Richard I. The last 
priorcu it gaid to have been named Joco«a, i.e. Juice. From a ■ubeeqmeut letter i\ 
appears that this letter has addressed to the Chsncellor of the A ugmentationi. 

LVIII. 
TIIK COMMI8HIO.\ER8 l\ NORTH AM PTONHlll RK TO SIR R. RICH.(?) 

[From MS. Cotton. (Meop. E. iv. fol. Mf.] 

Ry^ht honorable, after all humble recoinnieiiilacioiis, theis «hall>e 
to advertysie you that we liave byn yti execueioii off the kyngea 
commission dirertecl unto us, l>e;;yngnyng at Chacum))e, wlicr 
we acTomplysshed alle thynges aconlyng unto our commyssion, 
and fnime thens we repayred to Asslieby, where after on days tar* 
reyni; we werr ffayne to departe thens unto Cateaby nunrey, byoc- 
rarion of sykenesse, where we have also aeconiplisshed the kyngea 
commyssion accordyng to his high conunandement and our poore 
dis|n*rcions. Which howae of Catesby we ffounde in verr)' |ierfctt 
onier, the priores a sure, wyse, discrete, and very religyous 
woman, witli ix. nunnys under her ol>edyencye as relygious and 
devoute and with as good obedyencye as we have in tyme past seen 
or lH*lyke shall see. The seid howse stand yth in sueche a quarter 
muche to the releff off the kynges |ie<iple, and his graces pore sub- 
ject<*s their lykewyse mooche relewed, as by the re|>orte of dyvera 
womhyppfulles nere therunto adjoynyng as of alle other yt ys 
to us o|)eidy declared. When*fori*yf yt shulde please the kyngea 
highnesse to have eny remorse that eiiy suchc relygous house 
shall stande, we tliynke his grace cannot ap|>oynt eny house more 
mete to she we his most gracious charitie and pitey one than one 
the said howse of Catesby. Ferther ye shall understande, tluit as 
to her lMiund«*n dewtye towardes the kynges highnea in theis 
his arfayres, also for discrete enterteynment of ws his t*ommys- 
sioners and our cfiiupMiyy we have not fownde nor belyke shall 

CAMD. sor. s 




130 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

fynde eny suche of more dyscrecion. And lese peraventure theyr 
may be labor made to her detryment and other undoyng, before 
knowleg showlde cum to his hyghnesse and to yow frome ua, yt 
may therfore please yow to sygnefy unto his hyghnesse the effecte 
of theis our lettres, to thentent his grace may stay the graunte 
theyrof tyll suche tyme we may ascerteyn yow of our fuUe certy- 
fycat and compartes in that behalfe accordyng. Frome Catesby, 
the xij. day off this present moneth off May ; from the kynges 
commyssioners at your commandement. 

Edmond Knyghtley. 

John Lane. 

George Gyffard. 

robt. burgoyn. 



The priory of St. Petroc at Bodmin in Cornwall wai founded in Saxon times, and 
waa refonnded for Augnstine canons in 1120. The site with demesnes were granted, ; > fi 
after its dissolution, to Thomas Stemhold, the celebrated translator of the Psalma. 
The last prior was Thomas Yirian, alias Wannyworth : he was suffragan bishop of 
Megara in Greece, and his tomb is still preserred in the church. 

LIX. 

THE PRIOR OF BODMIN TO MR. LOK. 
[From MS. Cotton. Cleop. E. iv. fol. 116.] 

Master Lok, I harttili recommend me unto you, so thankyng 
you for your gret kyndenesse and payne that ye have take for me, 
which I trust wons God wyllyng to recompens. Syr, I am sore 
disquietid with a sett of unthryfty chanons, my convent and there 
berars, which of longe contynuans have lyvyd unthriftili and 
agene the gode order of rclygyon, to the grete sklaunder of the 
same, as all the contrey can telle. For the reformacyon thereof, 
the buschope yn hys late visitacyon gave certayne and dyvers in- 
juncions, commaundyng me straytle to see observyd and kepl^ 



SUPPRESSION OP MONASTBRIKS. 131 

which are noo hardar thane ower owne rule and profession byndis 
usy and as alle other relygyus men use and observe where god 
relygioun is observid and kept ; wherewith they be sore grerid, 
and jntend tlie most parte of them to depart with capacitise 
withowt my concent and wylle, and won of them hatlie purchesid 
a capacyte the last terme withowt my lycence, which is agene the 
wordes of his capacite, wherefor I have restraynyd his departyng, 
for no gret los that I showld have of hym, but for the yl exemple 
tu othere ; for yf I showld suffer this man to depart yn this mancr, 
I shall have never a chanon to byde with me. I am sore thret- 
tynyd with won master Roger Arundell, a gret berar and maynty* 
nar of my bretheme agenst me, and the procurar of there capa- 
citesy to be browght before the kynges grace honorable councell, 
for that I have not sufferd this lewde chanon to depart with his 
ca|>aciie acordyng to there yntent I pray you harttili to shew 
this mater to my gode master secretary, desieryng hym, as my 
speciall trust ys yn hym, yf anney complayntes cum to hym, as I 
dowt not but that there wol, yt may plese hym to refer the ex* 
amynatioun of the mater to sir Johan Arundell, sir Peter Egge- 
cuml>e, sir Johan Chamond, or any other discrete gentilmen yn 
tlie contrey whatsoever, so that I cum not to London, as there 
purpose ys, which showld be to gret a charge for me to here, 
my hows beyng sore yndettid alleredy. This gentilman hathe 
procured a rommyssion, as I am informyd, to pull downe a were 
longyng to my pore hows, whiche hathe stande us thes ccccc. yere 
and more. If nede be, I wol wryte more of this mater by mastre 
Hill. Tims fare ye as wel, as jrour gentil hart can thynke, and alle 
my gode frendes and lemers to honour (?) pray you have harttili 
rommendid. From Badmyn, 25 May, by your owne for ever, 

Thomas, priour there. 

To tbc ryght vortblp^m 
mMtrr W. Lokc, merttw, dwrllyag yn the 
( brpsryUr. at llir tyagnr of ibc 
Padlok, Ikii be dd. with tpcdc. 



132 UETTEK8 RELATING TO THE 

The following letter from Richard Beerely, a monk of Pershore, is a carioai iDiit- 
tration of the state of the religious houses. His request appears to have heen granted, 
as we do not find his name among the list of monks who received pensions at the disso- 
lution of the house. The Benedictine ahbey of Pershore in Worcestershire, was 
founded towards the end of the seventh century. The last ahbot appears to ha^e been 
John Stanewell or Stoojwell. 

LX. 

RICHARD BEURLY TO CROMWELL. 

[From MS. Cotton. Cleop. E. iv. fol. 161.] 

Most reverent lord yn God, second person yn this rem of 
Englond, ynduyd with all grace and goodnes, y submytt my selfe 
unto your grace and goodnes, desyuryng you myckely to be 
good and gracyus lord unto me synful and poor creatur, my lowly 
and myck scrybullyng unto your nobuU grace at thys tyme ys 
gruggyng yn my conchons that the relygyon wyche we do obser 
and keype ys no ruU of senttBenett, nor yt no commandyment of 
God, nor of no sentt, but ly3th and foulysse serymonys, mayd sum 
yn old tyme and sume yn our tyme, by ly3th and ondyscrytt 
faders, wych have done ther dutys and fulfellyd ther owne sery- 
monys, an lett the preceps an commandymentes of God go. And so 
have y do thys syx yerc, wych doth now greve my conchons sore, 
that y have bye a dyssymblar so long tyme, the wych relygyon 
say sent Jamys, ys yn vayne and bryngyng forth no good fruttes ; 
bettur owtt then yn the relygyon, except yt were the tru relygyon 
of Chryst. Also we do nothyng sejTch for the doctr)^n of Chryst, 
but all fowloys our owne sensyaly and pleser. And thys rely- 
gyon, as y supposse, ys all yn vayne glory, and nothyng worthy to 
be except nather before God nor man. Also, most gracyus lord, 
ther ys a secrett thyng yn my conchons wych dothc move me to 
goo owt of the relygyon, an yf yt were never so perfett, wych no 
man may know but my gostly fader, the wych I supposs yf a man 
mothe guge yn other yong persons as yn me sclfe, for Chryst say, 



8UFFRBS8ION OK MONAMTERlEll. 153 

no^Ue judicare tt non judicabimini ; therfore y wyl gugc ray 
iiowne coiichons fyrst, the wych fautt he shall know of me heyr- 
after more largyorlvy and many other fowll vycys don amonckst 
relygyus me[M], not relygj-us men, as y thynk the owtt not to be 
raid, but dyssymblars with God. Now, most gracyus lord and 
most worthyst vycytar that ever cam amonckes us, heipe me owt 
of thys vaync relygyon, and macke me your servant, hande-mayd, 
and beydnian, and save my sowUe, wych sholdbe lost yf ye helpe 
yt not, the wych you may save with on word speckyng,and mayck 
me wych utn now nawtt to cum unto grace and goodnes. Now y 
wyll ynstnix your grace sumwatt of relygyus men, and how the 
kynges grace commandyment ys keyp yn puttyng forth of bockes 
the beyscliatt of Roms userpt |>ower. Monckes drynk an bowU 
after rollacvoti trll ten or xii. of the clock, and cum to mattens at 
(Ironck as niyss, and sume at cardes, sume at dyyss, and at ta* 
hullc!!, sume cum to mattens l>egenynge at the mydcs, and sume 
when yt y s allmoHt done, and wold not cum ther so only for Ixiddly 
punnysmcnt, nothyng for (iodcs sayck, wyth many other vycys 
the u!»c, wyche y liave no lesier now to express. Also abbettes, 
nionckrs, prent, don lyttyl or nothyng to put owtt of lM>ckcs the 
bevNJiatt of Itomes name, for v mv sevlfc do know yn dvvers 
t>ockes wlier ys name and hys useq>t powor upon us ys. No 
more unto your noijul grac^ at tiiVH tyme, but Jesu preserve you 
to plescr. Amen. 

Your commyssary commandyd me to wrytt my niynd unto 
your noliul grace, l>y my outhe I toyk of hym yn our chaptur 
hows. 

Re me, your beydman, dan. Rye. Beerley, now 
nionck vn the monasterv of Pershor. 

To MIT Bobull tad fnryvt lord 
vjiytar yn ihr kyiifri curtt be 
thja hyl (IcIjTrryd yo bAst. 




134 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

The writer of the following letter wu William Walle, abbot of Kenilworth, tiom 
the 8th to the 39th Hen. VIII. He wai not the last superior of this hoose, haring 
been succeeded by Simon Jekys, or Jakys. The abbey of Kenilworth was founded 
about 1122 by Geoffrey de Clinton, chamberlain and treasurer to Henry I. Broke, in 
Rutland, was a Tery snudl priory, subordinate to the abbey of Kenilworth : its h»t 
prior was Roger Orwell. 



LXI. 

THE ABBOT OF KENILWORTH TO CROMWELL, 
[From MS. Cotton. Cleop. E. it. foL 214.] 

Ryght honorable and my synguler good master, my covenable 
duety with condygne recommendacyons humbly unto your master- 
shypp remembryd, maye it please you to be further advertisyd of 
such matter as at thys daye, I and my pore house ar muche per- 
plexid and unquietid in, concemyng our maner or cell of Broke, in 
the county of Rotteland, whych by the injust and wntrewe demean- 
our and behavour of such my chanon as I sent thider for to have 
the govemaunce and rule thereof, and for that he had not suche 
profitable and commodyous pencyon assygned and made sure 
unto hym duryng hys lyfe as he and his consell wold and could 
devyse and aske, hath entytled the kynges hyghnes in his court of 
augmentacyons unto the hoole tytle and interest thereof; whyche 
woU and shalbe, onles your mercyfuU favor be ministrid and 
shewid therein, a utter undoyng and distruccyon of my house and 
monastery for ever. For it is not unremembred, I dowte not, 
unto you, that when I fyrst receyved your lettres concemyng the 
said house, at my next sendyng after of the saide your lettres, I 
offirid the fferme and lesse of the same unto ony frend of yours, yf 
it please you to name thereunto, and so entred into bai^yn and 
lesse, and dimisid it after suche forme and facion as ye knowe, 
with bond of a M. marc unto the lesse for his surety and state 
therein accordyngly, wych yf it cannot be performed by us, wc be 



SUPPRBMION OP MONABTBRIBS. 1S5 

dangred in the scid stiin by the lawes of this realme. Wherefore 
it maye please you of your goodnes and periitt charite to be 
a meane unto the kynges highncs, and to oder of hia counsell that 
thalle have the heryng, ordryng, and determjrnacion of the said 
matter, that our juste, trewe, and periitt interest of the said maner 
of Broke, with the appertenauntys, whyche war pperpetually and 
freghley gyvcn unto our monastry of Kenellworth in pure all- 
messe, as it is moost evydently apparaunt in evydence, maye stylle 
belonge to ap])erteyn unto our saide bowse, accordyng as thys 
Uwis and ryght doth requyre and aske. And for that it shalle not 
becum me to stond in contencyon and traverse with his highnea, 
or to defend or prosecute any thyng that his grace and counsell do 
suppose and dome to be his ryght and title by his lawis newly 
made and ordenyd, it may please your mastershyppe» for and in 
my name, to be solicytour and mediatour, that I and my house 
maye have and cnyoye of the lease of our saide sovereyghne lord the 
residwe of all the londis and tenementes at this daye belongyng 
unto the said cell of Broke, for suche resonable rent aa they now 
be demysid by me, and for lyke yerys in ffee fferme, to thentent 
that suche my lesse as nowe hath them by me may enyoy and 
contynue suche dimyssion as u dyniisid unto them in salvacion 
of the bond of the said M**. marcs, whereunto I and my house 
stand chargyd. And where it plesid the kinges hyghnes for my 
good and trewe ser\'yce done to his grace at the insurrezion at 
Coventre to my grctt charge, Ui promyse me his favour in ony my 
reaaanable suyte concemyng ryght of my house, I shalle, for hia 
goodnes to me in this case shewid, accept my selfe well recoro* 
pensid, and what end so ever your maaterahyppe shalle take I aballa 
at alle oures abyde, for in you nowe ia all my trust, as God know- 
ith, who ever prosper you in honor. Att Kenellworth, the xvij^ 
daye of Junij. 

Your humble orator, 

William, abbat ther. 




136 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

George Giffard, the writer of the following letter, was one of the commiBsionen for 
the dissolution of the smaller religions houses, and was now on his progress through 
Staffordshire and Leicestershire. Garrendon, from whence the letter is dated, was an 
abbey in Leicestershire, founded in 1133 by Robert le Bossn earl of Leicester, for a 
colony of monks from Warerley. The last prior was Thomas Syeston alias Shepyshed. 
The priories mentioned in this letter were very small foundations. Bradley wai 
founded in the reign of John: its last prior was John Arundell, appointed Jan. 
18, 1509. Kirkby Beler was a small house in Leicestershire founded by Roger de 
Beler in the reign of Edward IL 



LXII. 

GEORGE OlFFARD TO CROMWELL. 

[From MS. Cotton. Cleop. E. iv. p. 213.] 

Ryght honorable sir, after myne humble recommendacions, thys 
shalbe tadvertyse youe that I have recey ved your most comfortable 
letters, for the whiche in my right lowly wyse I rendre unto youe 
most hartie thankes ; pleasithc itt your mastreship to be fferther 
advertised, that we have sirveyed the howse or priore of Brook, 
the certificathe wherofF I sent you by your fFermers sunn and my 
nephu Roger Carell this present, the xviij. day of June, the priorie 
of Bradley, thabbey of Wolneston, the priorie of Kirby Bellers^ 
the priorie of Woulstropp, and now be att thabbey of Garadon. 
And, sir, forasmyche as of late my fellows and I dyd \i\Tight unto 
Mr. chauncellour of the awgmentacions in the favour of thabbey 
of Seynt James* and the nunrie of Catysby in Northampton shire, 
whiche letter he shewed unto the kynghis highncs in the favour 
of those howsez, where the kynghis highnes was displeased, as he 
seyd to my servant Thomas Harper, seyeng that itt was like that 
we had receyved rewardes, whiche caused us to wright as we dyd, 
whiche myght putt me in ffeare to write, nottwithstondyng the 
sure knowlege that I have had allwey in your indifference gyvethe 

* The abbey of St. James in Northampton was founded by William PcTerel, the 
natural son of king William the Conqueror, for black monks. The abbot with eight 
monks had iubacribed to the king*s supremacy. Between 1532 and the ditiolutton of 
thia hooae it had two abbots— John Daaset and William Brockden. 



aUPPREMIOS OF MONASTERIXt. 13* 

me boldnes to wright to yowe in the flavour of the howse of Wol- 
• [troppc],* the goveniour whcrof is a vcrc good husbond for the 
howso, and wellieloved of all thcnhabitantes thorunto adjoynyng, a 
right honest man, havyng viij. religious persons bcyng prcstcs of 
right good conversacion and Ijrvyng religiously, havyng such quali- 
ties of vertu as we have nott flbwnd the like in no place ; for thcr ys 
nott oon religious person thear butt that the can and dothc use eythcr 
inbrotheryng,t wr}-tyng bookes, with vcrey flayre haund, niakyng 
ther own gamementesy kar\'yng, payntyng, or graff*yng.t The 
howse without any sclandre or evyll flame, and stonds in a wast 
grownde verey solitarie, kepjTig suche hospitalite th.it excejU by 
synguler good provision itt cowld natt be meynteyned witli lialfc 
so muche landes more as they may s|>end, suche a nombre of the 
poure inhabitantes nye therunto dayly relcvyd, that we have nott 
sene the hke, ha\'yng no more landes than they have, (mk! be 
evyn my jugc, as I do wright unto youc the trothe, and non other 
wyse to my knowlegc, whiche vcrc |)etie alloon causithc mc to 
wright. The premyssez wherofl' considered* in most humble wise 
I Iiesechc youc to lie a meanc unto the kynghis majestic for the 
stondyng of tlie seid Wolstroppc, whcrby liis grace shall do a mychc 
gracious and a meritorius actc fl'or the rclefl ofl* his |K^urc subjcrtes 
their, and ve shail>c sure nott onlv to have the contvnewall 
prayour of those religious |M*rsons thcar, butt nNo the hartie prayour 
ofi'all thcnhabitantes withyn iiij. or v. mylc abowt that howsc. And 
this fl'or lack of wvtt I am bold to wrii:lit unto vouc the nlavnes 
of my harte, as unto hym that of all lyvyng creatures I have most 
assured and ffaythfuU trust yn, so knowyth our loni (tod, who 
have you in his most mercyfull tuycion. From Garadon, the xix. 
day ofl* June. 

Your hounden bedeman att comandement, 

(lEOHOE GvrPAiiP. 

* WooUtropf U 9homX foar mikt from GrtnthAm in lincelnahirr. 
t i. c. cmbroMcriaf . X I. •. taffVfteff. 

CAMD. toe. T 



138 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

On the 9th of July in this year (1536), Cromwell was reiBed to the peerage as baron 
Cromwell of Okeham, and henceforward we shall always find him addressed by the 
title of lord. It is a distinction which has enabled me to fix the date of a letter in 
several instances where it had been previously mistaken. 

Richard Southwell, the writer of the following letter, was one of the commissioners 
who were now visiting Norfolk and Cambridgeshire. It is hardly necessary to observe 
that Walsingham was one of the most famous places of pilgrimage in England. The 
discovery mentioned in the letter^ is a curious trait of the scientific pursuits of the 
monks. 



LXIII. 

RICHARD SOUTHWELL TO CROMWELL. 

[From MS. Cotton. Cleop. E. iv. fol. 231.] 

It maye please your good lordshipe to be advertised that sir 
Thomas Lestrange and Mr. Hoges, accordinge unto the seques- 
tratyon delegate unto them, have ben at Walsingham and ther 
sequestred all suche monney, plat, juelles, and stuff, as ther wasse 
inventyd and founde. Emoung other thinges the same sir Thomas 
Lestrange and Mr. Hoges dyd ther fynd a secrete prevye place 
within the howse, where no channon nor onnye other of the 
howse dyd ever enter, as they saye, in wiche there were in- 
strewmcntes, pottes, belowes, flyes of suche strange colers as the 
lick non of us had seenc, with poysies, and other thinges to 
sorte, and denyd(?) gould and sylver, nothing ther wantinge that 
should belonge to the arte of multyplyeng. OflF all wiche they 
desyred me by lettres to advertysc you, and alsoo that frome the 
Satredaye at night tyll the Sondaye next folowinge was oflred • 
at ther now beinge c.xxxiij^ iiij", over and besyd waxe. Of this 
moultiplyeng it maye please you to cawse liem to be examyned, 
and so to advertyse unto them your further pleasuen Thus I 

* i. e. offered by the pilgrims at the image of our Lady of Walsingham. 



SUPPRESSION OP MONASTERIES. 13'J 

prayc God send your good lordshi|)C liartyc hclthc* Fromc my 
I)orc bowse, this xxv. of Julii, a"* xxviij**. 

liumblye yours to commandc, 

KiC. Sot'TllWELL. 
To the right hooerabb 
•ad my tynf uler good 
lord, mj lord prcvjo 
•nle. 



The Benedictine nunnery of Polletworth in Warwickihire, of which the rains are 
•tiU connderehle, owed its modem foandstion and esrlieit endowments to the second 
Robert de Mannion, distinguished by his turbulence in the troubleiomc rrign of king 
Stephen. Tradition, however, carries back the date of its original foundation to the 
time of the Saxons. The last abbess, Alicia Fitxherbert* was elected to that office in 
the first year of the reign of Henry VI II. 

LXtT. 

TUB COMMISSIONERS TO CROMWELL. 
[Prom MS. Cotton. Cleop. E. iv. fol. 2I0.«] 

After oure ductics of humlde recommendacion unto yourc |;ood 
lordiiliip hade* it may please the wmc to I>e advertysed that we 
have surveyd the nionastcr}*e or noiincry of FoUeswortli in the 
countyc of Warwike, wherin ys an abbas namyd dame Alice 
Ffitzhcrberty of the a^c of Ix. yeres, a very sadde* discrete, and 
relyi^ous woman, and hath byn heed and governour their xxvij. 
yeresy and in the same bowse under her rule ar xij. vertuous and 
rcUgyous nonnes, and of good conversacion as farr as we can here 
or perceyve, as well by our examinacions as by the oi>eu flfame 
and report of all the countrey, and never one of Uie nonnes tliar 
will leyve nor forsake therr habite and relygyon. Wherfore in our 
opyneons, yf it myght so stande with your lordships pli-asure, ye 
mought doo a right good and meryetoryous dcde to l>e a medyatour 
to tlie kiiiges highnes Cur tlie said house to stande and remayne 
unsupprtsscd j ffori as we thinkei ye shall not speke in the prefer* 




140 LETTERS RELATIKO TO THE 

ment of a better nonnery nor of better women. And in the towne 
of Pollesworth ar xliiij. tenementes, and never a plough but one^ 
the resydue be artifycers, laborers^ and vitellers, and lyve in effect 
by the said house^ and the repayre and resorte thar ys made to 
the gentyhnens childern and sudjoumentes that ther doo lif to the 
nombre somctyme of xxx*'*^, and sometyme xl*** and moo, that 
their be right vertuously brought upp. And the towne and non- 
nery standith in a harde soile and barren ground, and to our esty- 
macions, yf the nonnery be suppressed, the towne will shortely 
after falle to ruyne and dekaye, and the people therin to the nombre 
of vj. or vij. score persones are nott unlike to wander and to 
seke for their lyN^yng, as our Lorde Gode beste knowith, who 
preserve youre lordshipe in good lif and longe, with encrease of 
honour. Wrytton at Maxstoke* beside Coventre, the xxviij. daye 
of July. 

By the kinges commissioners, John Grevyll, Sthond 
MouxTFORT, Thomas Holte, Roger Wygston, George 
Gyffaud, Rodt. Burgoyx. 



The following letter fumiBhes as with another instance of the etgemess with which 
the courtiers sought after their share in the spoils of the monasteries. Sir Tbomai 
j|r Elyot was a distinguished diplomatist, a man of great learning, and had heen an Inti- 
mate friend of Sir Thomas More. 

LXV. 
SIR THOMAS ELYOT TO CROMWELL. 

[From MS. Cotton. Cleop. E. iv. fol. 220».] ^ 

My mostc speciall goodc lorde, whereas, by your contynuell 
exercise in waighty affayrcs, allso frequent access of sutars unto 
your goode lordship, I could not fynde oportunity to gyve to your 
lordship due and convenycnt thankes for your honorable and 

^ Maxtock, a pariah in Warwickshire, near the town of ColeshilL 



' . . • v/ 



/» 



V 



4 

' ^ 1 



•UPPRStSlON OF MONASTSRISS. 141 

gentill report to the kinges majetty on Wenyeday Uet paisid in my 
favour, I am now constrayned to supply with my penne my sayde 
duety, offryng unto your lordship all harty lore and senryce that 
a poure man may ow and beare to his goode lorde and approved 
frende, which allthowgh hability lakking in me, I can not expresse 
by any benefyte, your wisedoni notwithstanding, which I have 
allway honoured and tnistid, will I doubt not accept my goode 
intent, being, I thank Godd, ever syncere and withoute flatery or 
ill dissimulacion, I wissiung unto your lordship the honorable 
desyres of your hart, with the contynuall favor of Godd and of 
your prynce. My lorde, forasmochc as I suppose tliai the 
kinges moste gentill communicacion witli me, and allso his moste 
comfortable report unto the lordes of me, procedid of your afore 
remembrid recommendaciuns, I am animate to importune your 
goode lordship with moste harty desyres to contynue my goode 
lorde in augmenting the kinges goode estimacion of me ; whereof 
I prumyve yow Ixrforc Godd, your lonlship shall never have cause 
to repent. And where I |>erceyve that ye suspect tliat I favour 
not truely Iluly Scripture, I wold Godd that the king and you 
mowght see the most secrete thowghtes of my hart, surely ye 
shold then |)erceyve that, the ordre of charity savyd, I have hi aa 
mo(*hc detestai*ion an uny man lyviuf; all vayne supersticions, 
supcriluouse ceremonycs, sklaundcrouse jouglyngcs, countrefaite 
miraklcs, arrogant usuq)arions of men callid spirituall, and masking 
religions, and all other abusions of Christes holy doctrine and 
lawcs. And as moclie I injoy at the kinges godly proceding to the 
due refonnacion of the sayde cnormytics as any his graces poure 
subject lyving. I therefor beseeche your goode lordship now to 
lay apart the rememhraunce of the amity Iietwcne nie and sir 
Tliumas More, whicli was but twpir ad ara#, as is the proverb, 
eonsydenng that I was never so moche addict unto hym as I was 
unto truthe and fidelity toward my soveraigne lorde, as Godd b 
my juge. And where my s|)eciall trust and oncly ex|)ectation is 
to be holpen by the meanea of your lordship, and natunJl shamo- 




142 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

fastness more raigneth in me than is necessary, so that I wold 
not prese to the kinges majesty iivdthoute your lordshippes assist- 
enee, imto whome I have sondry tymes declarid myn indigence, 
and whereof it hath hapned, I therefor moste humbly desyre you 
my speciall goode lorde, so to bryng me into the kinges most noble 
remembrance, that of his moste bounteouse liberality it may like 
his highnesse to reward me with some oonvenyent porcion of his 
suppressid landis, whereby I may be able to contynue my life 
according to that honest degree whereunto his grace hath callid 
me. And that your lordship forgete not, that neither of his grace 
nor of any other persone I have fee, office, pencion, or ferme, nor 
have any maner of lucre or advauntage, besydes the revenues of 
my poure land, which are but small, and no more than I may 
therewith mayntayne my poure house. And if by your lordshippes 
meanes I may achieve goode effect of my sute, your lordship shall 
not fynde me ingrate. And whatsoever porcion of land that I 
shall attayne by the kynges gift, I promyse to give to your lord- 
ship the first yeres frutes, with myn assured and faithfull hart and 
servyce. This lettre I have writen, bycause that I herd that your 
lordship went to the court ; and as for my first sute, I shall at 
your lordshippes better laysour recontynue it, trusting allso in your 
lordshippes favour therin. 

Writen at my house by Smythfeld, tliis Moneday. 

Yours moste bounden, 
Th. Elyot, kt. 

To my speciall goode lorde 
my lorde pryvy seale. 



The baths of Buxton, in the Peak of Derby, to which the next letter relates, were 
frc<|uentcd as early as the times of the Britons and Romans. In popish times, tKese, 
in common with other wells and fountains, were regarded with a superstitious feeling, 
derived from the period of Saxon paganism, and preserved in many popular oemno- 
piet to the preieat day. The wells at Baxtoo were dedicated to St. Ajme^ aid Um 




SUPPRVaSIOS OP MONASTERIES. 14S 

chief pUce for drinking the waters is still called St. Anne's Well. The abbey of Bar- 
ton npon Trent, in Staffbrdfthire, was crlrbrated as the resting place of the bones of St. 
Modwen. The image alluded to in the following letter probably stood oter the well, 
still known by the name of Mod wen's well. 



LXVl. 

SIR WILLIAM DASSETT TO CROMWELL. 
[Prom MS. Cotton. Cleop. E. iv. fol. 2JH.] 

Ryght honorabuU my incsspcyciall gud lord^ acordyng to my 
bowndeii dewtc and the teynor of yuwrc lordschypys Icttres lately 
to me dyrcctyd, I have scndc unto yowre gud lordschyp by thys 
beyrer, my brother, Francis Bassett, the ymagcs off sentt Anne 
off Buxtone and sentt Mudwen of Burtun apon Trentt, the wych 
ymages I dyd take fnime the place where they dyd stande, and 
browght them tu my owne huwss within xIviij^ howres after the 
contemplacioii of yowrc seyd lordschypis lettres, in as soober maner 
as my lyttuU and rude wytt woUde serve me. And ffor that there 
srhuUde no moro idoUatre and su|>erstirion be there usyd, I dyd 
nott only deface the talHTnacuIlc.s and plactx where they dyd 
standc, butt all»o dvd take awav rrurhvH, M.*licrtes, and ftchetes, 
with wax offcrydy bring thyni;rs thatt dyd aluro and intyse the 
yngnorantt |>epull to the seyd offeryng ; allsio gyffyng the keiiers 
of bothe placiii admonirion and cliar^e thatt no more offeryng 
srhuUd l>e made in those placin tyll the kynge.n plcsure and yowre 
lordschypis be ffurthcr knowon in thut l>ehallf. My K)rd, I have 
allso h>kkyd upp and sealyd the lutthyH and welles at Buxtona, 
thatt non schall enter to wasche them, tyll yowre lordschypis 
pleiiure tie ffurther knownc, whereof I benycli yowre gud lonl- 
scliyp that I may l>o an*rtanyd otF agayn att yowre plesure, and I 
Achall nott fayle to execute yowre lordxchipis cumniandnicntt to 
the uttermust of my lyttull wytt and |iower. And, my lord, as 
c*oiicc*niyiig tlic opynion off the |H*pull and the ffonde trukt that 
tliey dyd putt in tho»c ymages, and the vaiiytc of tlie tliynges, thys 



144 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

beyrer my brother can telle yowre lordschyp much better att laige 
then I can wryte, for he was with me att the doing of all^ and in all 
placis, as knowyth Jhesu^ whome ever have yowre gud lordschyp 
in hys blessyd kepyng. Wrytten att Langley,* with the rewde 
and sympyll hande of yowre assuryd and feythfuU orator^ and as 
on ever att yowre cummandmentt next unto the kyng to the utter- 
most of my lyttull power. 

William Bassett, knyght. 



The following letter reUtei to Barj St. Edmiuids, one of the Urgeft nwntiHf 
fonndationi in England, which therefore did not come under the fint act of mipjptmmpm, 
bat it wu Tiflited for the purpose of confiscating its saperstitions relics, &c. 

LXTII. 
THE COMMISSIONERS TO CROMWELL. 

[From MS. Cotton. Cleop. £. iv. foL 239*.] 

Pleasith it your lordship to be advertysed, that wee have ben at 
saynt Edmondes Bury, where we founde a riche shryne whiche 
was very comberous to deface. We have takyn in the scyd 
monastery in golde and sylver m'.m^m*.m*.m'. markes^ and above, 
over and besydes a well and riche crosse with emereddes, as also 
dyvers and sundry stones of great value, and yet we have leftc the 
churche, abbott, and covent very well fFumesshed with plate 
of sylver necessary for the same. And forasmuche as we be 
creadably informyd that ther dyed of late ij. monkes at Ely, 
whether they dyed of the sykenes or no we knowe not as yet, 
and there hathe ben great death in the towne, notwithstondyng 
we entende to make further scrche therein, so that if we fynde 
not the mater to muche daungerous, we wyll prosede, and els 

* Langley Mejuell, aboat four miles from Derby, was the estate and reddeBce of 
Sir William Basset. It sahsequently passed from the Bassets to the Cunilj of 
Catendish. 




SrPPRBSSION OP MONASTBRIRS. 145 

not untyll your pleasure l>c knowyn therein. And this present 
day we departe from Bury tciwardes Ely, and wc assure your 
lordship the abbott and eonvent lie very well contented with 
every thyng that wc have done therc^ as knowith Uod, woo 
preserve your lordshipp. 

Your Lordeshipc mostc bownden^ 

John Williams. 

RvciiARD Pollard. 

PlIVLVP Parys. 

John Smyth. 



The abbey of Wobarn did not come within the Art of Parliament, bat in the conna 
of the vbitation rriine« apprar to have been laid to the charge of the inmatea that were 
•nlK4*ient to call fur iti difttululion. In the present Irttrr, the abbot and convent 
attempt to drfrnd them trl ret ; but they were untnccetful, fur earlj in the year following 
(I.V17) the abbot and prior and the parson of Puddington ^a parith in the neiubbourhood) 
wrrr riecnted at Kcdford. Robert Mobi. the last abbot, is mentioned aa holding that 
olBce a« early at l'iJ4. 

Wobum abbey wa« foandrd in 1 1 4 '» by Hugh de Ilnlrbrck. The eatate wat given to 
John lord Rutaell in the firit year of (he irign of Rdnard VI., and the •tie uf the abbry 
it now the teat »f the dakr of Bedford. 

The following letter it not dated, but it mutt have been written in the latter |ttrt of 
thr year lo.iO. 

LXVIII. 

THK ADDOT AND CONVENT OK WOBfRN TO THK KINO. 
[Prom MS. Cotton. Clcop. E. iv. fol. *«0.] 

In most humble and olx^dient wise she withe unto your most 
excellent hii^hnen vour rcintvnuall orators and daily iNMJenicn 
thablx)t and cuyent uf your monasterie of Wuburn, that whereas 
we do apperrt*yve by the relation of your praees eimiinissiionen 
Mr. ci(K*tour lA*gh and Mr. Wdliam^, that diyersc* and sondrye ae- 
euHeinentes have ben made upon us unto your highiies and your 

CAMU. IOC, I' 




14G LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

graces most honorable counsell^ concemynge manyfolde ciymet, 
enormites, and high treason to your excellent maiesty, we beynge 
inwardely stryken with sorowe and hevynes four that our desertet 
shulde be suche that' any jote of dewe obedience unto your grace 
y, (whom under God we do a^se to be our supreme heed, cor 
comfort and joye) shulde be notyd in us, seynge we be and 
ever have ben, as we trust in God, cleane frome any suche crymes 
and enormites, and therfor judging nothing to be so expedient 
and behovefuU unto us as clerely to renounce all pretext of ex- 
cuse or triall with your grace, by whiche we might percase in 
our default incurre your majesties high indignacion to our utter 
undoynge, do in moost humble wise and upon our knees with 
harte and mynde submytt owt selfes and our monasterye, with 
all the moveables and un movables therof, unto your majestiefl 
accustomede grace and mercy, mekely desirynge the same to 
shewe your pitie and compassion upon us in suche godly wise 
that we maye deserve to contynewe (as we trust we have ben) 
your perpetuall orators and bedemen, and to contynewe utile 
mcmbres of your commcn wcalthc, to the high lawde and 
praise of allmightie God, and perpetuall merite and renowne of 
your excellent majestic, whom almightie God of his infinite 
grace preserve longe to endure. 

Your humble and most obedient oratours and dayly bedesmen, 

Thal)bot and convent of Wobum. 



Richard Cromwell, the nephew of Lord Cromwell, was one of the commisuonen 
employed to visit Cambridgeshire and the monastic houses in the Fen district. The 
following letter leaves him at Ramsey. The date of the month would teem to show 
that this letter was written in 133^, when the 15th of October would be on a Toetday. 

LXIX. 

RICHARD CROMWELL TO LORD CROMWELL. 
[From MS. Cotton. Clcop. E. iv. fol. 204«.] 

I have me most humbly commcndyd unto your lordshipp^ I 



SVPPRBSilON OF MONASTERIES. 147 

rode one Sondaye to Cambrige to my bedd, and the next momyng 
was upe betymes, supposyng to have found at Elye Mr. Pollard 
and Mr. Williams^ but they were departyd bifore my commyng, 
and so beyng at dynncr at Somcrsham with the busshop of Elye 
I overtoke tlieirm, at which tymc 1 openyd your pleasure unto 
them in every thyng. Your lordsliipp, I thynke, shall shortely ap* 
parseyve the pryour of Elye to he of a frowarde sorte, by evydent 
tokens, as at our commyng home shalbe at large relatyde unto 
youe. At the makyng hcrof we hadd done nothyng at Kamseyei 
savyng that over nyglit I commenyd with the abliot, whome I 
found conformable to every thyng as Hhallic at this tyme put in 
ure» accordyng as your lordshipps will is. Assone as we have done 
at Ramsey we go to Pcterborougli, and frome tlicnse to my house, 
and so home, the which I trust shallie nt the farthest one this 
daye come sevyn days. Thus the hlcssyd Thrynytye preserve 
your hirdshipps hclth. From ItamscyOy on Tcwysday in the mor- 
nyng, beyng tlie xvlh of Octtibrc. 

Your lordshipps most bounden nophewe, 

Rich. Crumwcll. 



The two nest letten are from Ilaxh 1 jtimrr. biahop of Wormtf r. and rrUtr chicflT 
to thr rtliffiooa matten and to thr monastic houiri tow«nU (he hordrn uf Wales. 
Tbry bear do date of tear* but thry muiC bcluof to the Uit monthi of l^.l(>. 

LX\. 

BISHOP LATVMEH To CROMWELL. 

[From MS. Cottun. Clrop. E. iv. ful. I <9.] 

Ryght honorable, talutrm in ChristOn and, syr, when I was with 
your lordsliy|M* lojite you were drsyrowst to kno where you myght 
have good iiionki's. 1 tcllyd you of too with my hird of Wcstmy- 
stcr, I colcle iiatt then nanii* tliom to you« butt now I ran ; the 
won yi callyd Uotirson, the otltcr Clarkis both buclu'larM of divi- 
uitCi well Icmyd, of ryght jugment, and very honestc men* The 




148 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

prior of Coventrc,* as I here say, ys dede ; the matter ys sum- 
whatt eiityrd with the kynges grace and lyke to goo forwardf 
yf you putt thertoo your helpynge hande, I dowght natt butt my 
brother abbott of Westmyster, as yll as he myght spare them^ 
yett vryll forgoo them for such a purpas, butt much the rather yf 
he perceve your pleseur therin. 

I wold have waytyd uppon your lordshyppe my selff, as my dewty 
hade byn, butt sewriy, syr, I doo whatt I can to able my selff to 
stande in die pulpytt uppon Tewsday. I am in a fayntt wery- 
ncsse over all my boody, butt chcffly in the small of my backe, 
butt I have a good nursshe, good mastress Pasham^ wych^ 
seyngc whatt casse I was in, hath fachyd me hoom to here owne 
howsse, and doth pympur me upe with all dylygence, for I fere a 
consumption, butt ytt makyth lytull matter for me. I pray God 
preserve your lordshyppe longe in helth, to all such good purposes 
as God hath ordenyd you too. 

In master Pashames howsse, 

H. Latymer, Wigom. 
viij of Novemb. 



Great Malvern was a celebrated priorj, founded about the year 1083. At preteat 
there are little remains, except the priory church, which was preserved for the me of 
the parish, and is a very handsome building. Tlie prior at this time was Thomas 
Dereham, who was succeeded immediately before the dissolution by Richard Why- 
thome alias Bedyl. 

JL.XXI. 

BISHOP LATIMER TO CROMWELL. 

[From MS. Cotton. Cleop. E. iv. fol. 264.] 

Right honorable, salutem in Salvatorc, and, syr, I have to thanke 
your good lordshypc ffor many thyngcs, ande now a laitt ffor 

* Thomas Wyiford, who was succeeded by Tliomas Cams well, Camsclc, or Kampt* 
well (the name ap|>ears diiferently written), so that bishop Latimer's recommendatioD 
waa not carried into effect. 



SUPPRESSION OP MONASTERIES. 1 ID 

your syngulcr goodnessc showyd (as I undyrstand) to master 
Lucy, a right good gcntilman, andc also toward nuister Artoii, 
another of the same sortt, l)utt of thys my devrtyc moor att moor 
Icyser. And yctt thus much now I wyll say, ande natt say it alone, 
butt with many, that your lordshype won man have promotyd 
many moo honestc men syiiyste Uod promotyd you, then hath 
many men doon l>efoore your tyme thowgh in licke authorite 
with you, tamtjHam non tibi natus jo/i, Mtd multorum comModo : 
(fficiat qui omnia facit tit in ennflem fincm diiitistime t*ira/ domi- 
natio tuttj ut mc inter nobiles nohilissimtts n^adiu^ yuum quidem 
nihil esife possit nobilins quam bonoa viros rvtherc^ mahs antem re^ 
ftrimerr^ id quod tibi hactenus usurenit plus omnibus facerr. 

Butt now, syr, another thynge, that by your favour I myght 
lie a motionare unto you, at the reqweste of an honeste man, the 
prior of Grett Malvome in my diocese, thowgh natt of my dio- 
cese, referryngo the successe of the hooll matter to your ownly 
approvyd wyxsdoom and lienyngc goodnesse in every casse, flfor 
I knoo that I dou play the flfowll, butt yctt with my foolysshnessc 
I sumwhatt qwyett an unqwyctt man and mytygatt hys hevyncsse, 
which I am l>old to doo with you^ fTor that I kiio by cxiK*rience 
your goodnessc, that you wyll here with fowllcs in thcr fri*yhicsse. 
Thys man l>oth hcryth and feryth (as ho sayth) the suppresxione 
of hys howsse, wich, thowgh he wyll be conformable in all 
|Kiyntten to the kynges hynesne plcsc'wr, and yourei, ons knoyn, 
as both I advertVHvd livm, ande also hvs Iniwnden dewtve vh to 
Ix^, yett neverthelcHHe yf he thowght hys inter])ryeHse shuld natt 
be my stake nor tunic to ony displesewr, he wold be an humble 
sewter to your lordshyiie, and by the same to the kynges giKxi 
gnicv, for the upntandynge of Iivh fctrsayd howsste, and ctintynu. 
ance of the same to many goo<l pur|iaHessi\ natt in monkrye» 
he mavnyth natt ?«oo, (jod forbvd, butt onv other wavn an shuld 
Ik* tlhiwght ande seyme giiod to the kynges niajcHtyo, a*» to 
mayntayne techynge, prechyn^e, studye %%ith pniyynuc, andc 
(to the which he ys much gyvyne) good howskepynge, tTor tu 
the vertu of hospitilitye he bathe byn grettly indynyd from hys 



150 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

begynnynge, ande ys very much commendyd in thes partees for 
the same ; so that if ccecc. markes to the kynges byneaae, with 
CO. markes to your selffe for your good w)'ll^ myght occasione the 
promatione of hys intentt^ att leste way for the tyme of hya 
lyffe, he dowbtyth natt to make hys frendes for the same^ yf 80 
lytull cold bringe soo much to passe. The man ys old, a good 
howskepere^ fedyth many, and that dayly^ for the contreth ys 
poore and full of penurye ; ande^ alas ! my good lord, shall we 
nat see ij. or iij. in every shy re changyd to such remedye. 

Thus too thys honeste man is importunyte hath browght me 
beyounde my dewtye, savynge for the confydence and troste 
that I have always in your beningnytye. As he hatha knolege 
froom you, soo he wyll prepare for you, ever obedyentt to 
your advertyessment. Syr Wylliam Kyngston can make re- 
portt of the man. God prospere you to the utterynge of all 
hoolow harttes. Blessyd be God of Englande that workytb 
all, hows instrumente you be ! I herde you say wons affcur you 
hade sene that furyows invectyve of cardynall Pooll, that you 
wold make hym to ete hys owne hartt, which you have now, [I 
trow,] browght to passe, for he muste [nedes] now ette hys owne 
hartt, and be [cum as] hartlesse as he ys gracelesse. 

H. L. WiGOR. 

13 Decemb. Hartl.*^ 



The priory of Laond, in Leicestershire, was founded by Richard Basiet and ICavd 
his wife about 1 \2!i. The site of the priory of Laund, with all belonging to it, wta 
granted by Henry VIII. to Lord Cromwell. 

John Smith, the writer of the following letter, has already occurred aa one of tlie 
commissioners in Norfolk. The letter was addressed to his brother-in-law Franda 
Care, one of the king's commissioners for taking the surrender of the religious hooicf. 

LXXII. 

JOHN SMITH TO FRANCIS CAVE. 

[From MS. Cotton. Cleop. E. iv. fol. 217.«»] 

My hartie recommendacions to yow premyssed^ this is to adver- 
* Hartlebwyy the palace of tb« biihopf of Woroeiter, 



•UPPBMilON OP MONAtTBBIU. 151 

tyte yow that uppon Wenysday last I receyvyd your letter, and 
■yns the receyte therof I have indevored my selff to the bent of 
my power accordyng to theffecte therof ; and an concemyng the 
priory of Lawnd, I have caused too honest persons to vewe the 
deroaynes of the same, and wheras the seid demeynes withe 
Whatbore * flfelde, were wont and accustemyed to kepe this tyme / 
of the yere too thowsande sheipe or very ncre, ther be at thys l 
scant fTyve hunderde sheipe, of the wiche I suppose the one daye / 
halff of them be not the priores ; and wheras the seid prior was 
accustymed to kepe uppon his comynes in Loddyngton fleld 
ffyve hunderd sheipe, ther is at this daye nut one sheipe ; and 
wheras the seid prior was accustymed to have uppon his com3rns/ 
in Frysby flfcld a fflocke of sheipe, ther is at this day non. And as 
concemyng J>oys, all ffatc beys, cxccpte a very ffcwc for the bowse, 
be sold, and mych of the stuf of howshold is convcyd awoy, wiche 
sheii)e, licysc, and howshold stuf wzs sold and covcyed liefTorc the 
last gcjug of the priort to Londonc, and in the tymc of his beyng 
ther; but syns his comyng home I cane not leme that he bathe 
made aweye any catali, except rerteyn of the l>est mylche kyc he 
hade and one bull, wiche I am informyd he rawsed to Im* con- 
veyed the ffirst nyght that he came flfrom Londonc to Lodciyngton. 
And as concemyng the plate, the prior told me that he hade made 
hit awey a good wliyll agoo, to the intent to have redemyd his 
bowse, if itt wold have Ix^ne, except the juelles and plate c»f 
chirche, wiche I am infomiyd remaynx styllc. And a.H f(»r his 
horses, he told me that he had i^-ven to dvvers nf hvs sicrvauntes 
ever)' of them a geldyng, and that I thyncke ther rrmaynd but a 
ffewe good. And as concemyng leices, I thyncke ther be non 
letten owt of the demeynes, except hit be tythis, wiche I th3mk 
were grauntyd, but uppon rondicion, as I suppose tiie |Murtyes, if 
thei l>e well examyned, wyll oonffesse. And as concemyng Lod- 
dyngton, I understand ther be dyvers leices graunted of certeyn 
dowses and of the mylles ther, wiche I thyncke wecr lykwyse letten 

• WlMabortMcii ^ a lMMl«t is %hm psritli ol IM^w^am, 

t Joka liwMrttr Hi wmwUtni Um rriorj to tiM klag U IU4, sa4 ks4 s 
pcarioa of iNo a ytor. 



152 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

but uppon condicion, wiche leysez were grauntyd beffore the priores 

goyng to Londone, but, as I am informyd, thei weer not all dely- 

verd tyll the priores comjTig whom agayn. Syns the priores 

retom from Londone, I thyncke ther were no leyees sealed. Not- 

withstandyng I have perflFyt knowlege that the priore hathe bene 

sore in hand with his brether, syns his comyng whom, to have 

a leace sealyd of all his purehesed lond in Alstyd and other townes 

adjonyng, for on of his kynnesmen, wherunto his brether wyll not 

agree as yet, becawsc hit is unresonable, as his brether report. 

This is all that I have seye at this tyme, but as I leme so shall I 

certyflFy yow. I trust I shall leme more agaynst the kynges 

comyssyoners comyng, as knoythe our Lorde, who kepe yow. 

From Withcoke, * the xxij. day of December. By your lovyng 

brother, 

John Smythe. 



It required little foresight to perceive that the larger abbeys mast soon follow their 
Weaker brethren, and wc find the abboti and priors, in their consternation, attemptiiig 
every means of conciliating and appeasing the government : the repression of the great 
insurrection in the north had left them more than ever exposed to the king's reaent- 
ment. In the following letter wc see the abbot of the great monastic establishmeiit in 
the fens of Lincolnshire (the early foundation of St. Guthlac) attempting to coDciliAte 
the qood-will of the all-powerful minister by a present of fish. The abbot of CroyUnd 
was John Welles alias Bridges. 

LXXIII. 
THE ABBOT OF CROYLAND TO CROMWELL. 

[From. MS. Cotton. Cleop. E. iv. fol. 57.»] 

With dew reverence I commaund mc unto yowr honorable 
lordshipe, humblye asserteynyng the same that I sende yowr 
lordshipc by this berar ])artc of owr fenne fyshc, ryght mekely 
bescchyng yowr lordsliip favorablye to acccpte the same fyshe, and 
to be gud and favorable lorde unto mc and my pore house, in suche 
cause as I hcraftir shal have cause to sewe unto your gud lord- 

* Withcote, CO. Leicester. It is on the edge of Rutlandshire. John Smith was 
lord of Withcotc. 




SUPPRESSION OP MONASTERIES. 153 

ship, and I with my brctheni shall daily pray to owre Lord God 
for the long contynuaunce of your good lordship in helth. At 
Croyland^ the xxv^ day of Merche. By yowr dayly oratour. 

John, abbot. 



In the etriier put of the jear 1537, the two lerfe CiitercUB abbeji in Lancethire, 
Whellry uid ParneM, came into the kinf 't hands. The rormer of theee houace was 
ftrat founded at Stanlaw in Cheahire, about A.D. llT^i whence it was reaaoved to 
^iMllej in \196, The last abbot. John Paaleu, elected to that oll&ce in 1506, waa 
eiecuted on the 12th of March, 1 537, at Whalley, having been concerned in the 
rebellion called the Pil|[rinafe of (trace. The abbey of Pumna. now rrmarkable for 
ita Ane ruins, was quietly surrendered by the last abbot, Ro^er Pyle, and his brtfthrcn, 
as appears by the following document. Purneas abbey was founded in I W7 by Stephen, 
then earl of Boulogne, but subsequently king of England. 

LXXIV. 

REPORT OP THE St'RRENDER OP Ft*RNESS ABBEY. 
(Prom MS. Cotton. Cleop. E. it. fol. 346.] 

M**. at Whalley abbay, the Thursday l>cyng the v*>» day off 
Aprill, in the xxviij***. ycrc of our !»ovcrand h)rd kyng Ilonric 
viijt'*. that I, Ro;;cr ablM>t of the monaHterie of Funien, knawyn;; 
the niysonler and evyll liff Initli unto (icmI and our prynce of the 
bn*dren of the said monasterie, in dischanryng of my conscience 
doo frely and liollie surrender, gifT, and graunt unto the kynges 
highnesy and to his heyres and assignes for evermore, all suchc 
interest and titill as I have had, have, or may have, of and in the 
said monasterie of Fumes, and of and in the landes, rentt^s, |mis- 
sessionA, revenous, servyces both spirituall and tem|>oraU, and of 
and in all g<M>de4 and cattalles and all other thyng whatsoever 
it Ik\ l>elongyng or in ony vise ap|)erteynyng to the said mo- 
nasterie and every {Murt and parcell therof, in as large and ample 
maner and forme as ever I hade or aught to have of and in the 
!iamc or uny |Mut or parcell therof by ony maner of meanes, 
titill, interest, gift, gnuint, or oUicnrtae, pennittyng and byndeyng 

CAMO. soc, X 




154 LKTTER8 RELATING TO THE 

my selfF by thes presentes that from hcnsfurth I shall at all tymes 
and in all places, whansooever I shalbe called uppon, be redye 
and glad to conferme, ratefie, and astabilishe this my deyd, purpos, 
mynd, and intent, as shalbe devised by the lemed counsell of the 
kynges said highnes, wiche commyth frely of my selff and without 
ony inforcement, in consideracion of the evyll dissposicion of the 
bredren of the said monasterie, as is aforesaid ; in wittynes wherof 
herunto I have subscribed my name, and writtyn this byll with 
myn awn [hand], the day, yere, and place beforsaid, in the presence 
of the right honorable lord my lord therle of Sussex, the kynges 
leuetenaunt within this countie of Lancaster, and also in the pre* 
sence of sir Thomas Butteler, sir WiUiam Leyland, Mr. Johan 
Cladon, clerk, sir Johan Beron, and sir Antony Fitzherbert, one 
of the kynges justicis, beyng of the kynges counsell within the 
said countie, who hereunto have also put to theyr handes to 
testefic the same. 

Per me, Rogerum abbatem Fumesii. 

RoBERTus Sussex. 

Antony Fitzherbrrt. 

Wylliam Leyland. 

Henr. Farryngrnk. (?) 

Jo II ON Clayden, prest. 



The next letter relates to a small priory in Norfolk, Newbridge, of the hiaCorj of 
which very little is known. The duke of Norfolk appears to hare wiahed to protect It 
by giving up voluntarily to the minister a share in the patronage. 

LXXV. 
THE DUKE OF NORFOLK TO CROMWELL. 

[From MS. Cotton. Cleop. E. iv. fol. 41.*] 

My vcray goode lorde, after my hcrty commendations unto 
your good lordship^ thiese shalbe tadvertise the same that it is 




SUPPRESSION OP MONASTERIES. 155 

commc unto my knowleage, by the relation of the berers hereof, 
tliat the priour of the house of Newburgh^ lieyng of my fundation, 
is btely deimrted this world ; and allieit of many yercs heretofore 
it liath not l>en seen contrary l)ut the reUgiouse i)ersones of the 
same in such like cases have ever furst reiiaired unto me and 
myne auncetours for our consent as patrone of tlie same, and 
theruppon to tharchebushoppe of Yourke for their confirmation, 
yet nowe, forasmoche as they knowe not howe to use them- 
selffes (considering the kinges highnes hath plenariam potestaiem 
in such cases) any further than as I shall directe them, I have 
therfore thought convenient at this present to scndc them to your 
good lordshippe, requiring the same to take such good order with 
them tlicrin as by your great wisdome shalbe thought most ex* 
pedient, and in such sorte as the same be not to the hurt or 
pn*judire of any my right and title in the saide house, wherunto 
I doubtc not but ye woll have good respecte accordingly. My 
good lonly a)nKtdering as well that the said house is far indebted 
and behynde liande by the great mysorder and negligence of the 
saide late priour there, as also tliat none of that house is mete to 
be rewlcr thcn>f, l)eynL; of such sorte as not lik of long tyme 
tamende and restore the same to his pristine estate, I require 
you therfore, my good lorde, to handle them by all the |N>licie ye 
ran, that they at their retourne from you may frelye put the 
mntirr of thcr elertion in comprt>miHsion to us twoo, to thentent 
that we IxMithe coujoinctly togeyther may s<i order the matier as to 
us fih:ill>e thought mo5»t convenient; and of your pnicedinges 
with them herein I require you of advertisement. And thus 
most hertily fare ye well. From Kenyngale, the xij^l> daie of April!. 

Yours asscwredly, T. Norppolk, 

Mv lord, if ve shall fvnde anv ditTvculte in them to consent to 

• a • • • 

nmiprnmytt this mater to \x% ij., I rt*quyre you to rt*torm* them to 
me hither, tnintyn;; to n*fonne their folies, little gode diftcrecion 
lK*ing in any of them, as I thyiik. 




156 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

,f,-' In the summer of this year (1537) biegan the second great Tuitation of the monai- 
teries, preparatory to the final measure of suppression. Layton and Legl^ w^o in the 
following letter solicit their commission, were from begining to tfnd'two i^Jthft moit 
active agents of the court. It was during this Tisitation, which continued throngli the 
year 1538, that so many bouses were persuaded or compelled to a tolnntaiy lur- 
render. 

LXXVI. 

I > 
^f' DR. LAYTOX TO CROMWELL. 

V 

•^ ►, [From MS. Cotton. Cleop. E. iv. fol. 10.] 

(v ^ ^^ ^ Pleasit yowe to understonde, that whereas ye intende shortly 

to ^-isite, and be lyke sliall have many sutters unto yowe for the 

■ same to be your commissares, if hit myght stonde with your pleasure 

that docto rLee and I myght have eommittyde unto us the north 

contre, and to begyn in Lineolne dioces north warde s here fro m^ 

Eoifdon, Chester dioces, Yorke, and so &ithe to the borders of 

Scoflande, to rj'de downe one syde and to cum up the other, ye 

shalbe well and fastc assuryde that ye shall nother fyndc monke, 

chanone, frear, prior, abbott, or any other of what degree so ever 

he be, that sliall do the kynges hyglmes so goodc servys in this 

matter for thos partties, nether l)e so trusty, trewe, and faithfull 

to yowe in the same, doyng all thynges so diligently for your pur- 

pos and your discharge. And forasmuche as the kynges hyghnes 

hath put his onely truste in yowe for the reformacion of his 

clergie, gyvyng yowe thcrunto onely auctoritie and power, ye 

mustc have suchc as ye may trust evyn as well as your owne self, 

wiche muste be unto yowe as alter ^e fto. Doctor Lee and I have 

onely bene preferryde to the k}Tiges ser\'ys by_ypwe, et te solum 

[ y ^ ab eo tempore in huhcusque dt^m habuimus Mcecenalem et unicum 

f^ ^^ patronum^ nee alium unquam habituri. Owre desier is, therfor> 

\^J(i^>^ nowe to declare unto yowe owre trewe herttes and faithfull mynde, 

.^.^ owre faste and unfaynede servys that we here towardes yowe, and 

^ , owe unto yowe, as ye have of ryght bownde us. Ther ys nother 

Ij^^ monasteric, selle, prioric, nor any other religiouse howsc in the 



8UPPRB88ION OF IfONASTBRIBS. 157 

north ; but other doctor Lee or I have familier acqwaTntance 
within X. or xij. mylles of hit, so that no knaverie can be hyde 
from us in that contre, nor ther we cannot be over fayascdc nor 
suffer any maner injurie. We knowe and have experiens bothc of 
the fassion off* the contrc and the rudenes of the pepull, owre 
frendes and kynsfookea be dispersyde in thoa parties in evere 
place rcdy to assyste us if any atobome or sturdy carle myght 
I>erchaunce be fowndc a rebcllous. If ye hade leisure to overlooke 
the bookc of articles that I made for your visitacion this tyme xiUt 
moncthes, and to marke evere sondrie interrogatorie therin wryt- 
tyn, dowtlcs thcr is matter suffi cient to dctecte and opyn all V 
colo ryde sancti tie, all aup^rsticiouse rcwUcs of prctensjde religion, I 
other abusys detestable of all sorttes,. hcther[to] clokyde and ' 
coloryde by the reformitors (so namede) of evere religion wiche 
ever, by frendcshipo, tyll this day hf^h founde crafity meanys to 
be ther owne visiters, therby no reformacion intendjrng notlier 
goodc religion (if any be) to increase, but onely to kepe aecretfi 
all matters of mischefic> with muche privey murmuiyng emong 
them setfles, sellyng thcr jewelles and plate to take half the valew 
for rcdy money, with grct rew}'ne and dckay of ther howsia, 
wichc muste ncdes yet continewe and indure dayly more and 
more with incres^e^ unlcste ye nowe sett to yowr hclpyng hande, 
and with expedicion spedy and efftsones tcndre the premisses. 
Mostc humble desieryn^ yowe to take no displeasure with this 
my rude and playne letter, thus l>oldely utteryng unto yowe my 
intire mynde and ccmsaytc, referryng all to your wisdom and 
goodnes. Tliis Friday, the iiij^^ day of June, by the hasty hande 
of your moste aasuryde [rair prcste, 

Ryciiabdb Latton. 



The Urfr mmI crIcbrBird mhhrj at Jcrfftttls. Jcirftvi, or Jorvalln, km Yorkiliirt, «m 
«Imi forfritcd by the ftttaiadcr of iU abbol, who wm bro«f kl to tbe ■MibU for Um * 

part be h&i taktm \m Um nisfiaafa of Groet. Sallay or SsvWy Abb«y, ib t'nfva. la 



• 




158 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

the West Riding of Yorkshire, was founded by William de Percy in 1146 or 1147. 
The last abbot, William Trafford, was hanged at Lancaster for his opposition to the 
measures of the court. The site of Sallay was given to Sir Arthur Darcy, the writer 
of the following letter, who was the second son of Sir Thomas Darcy, created baron 
Darcy of Darcy, on the accession of Henry VIII. who had been inToWed also in the 
Pilgrimage of Grace, and delivered up Pontefract Castle to the rebeb. Sir Arthur 
Darcy appears on the present occasion to have been sent to the North to aid in 
pacifying the country after the suppression of the rebellion. 

LXXVII. 

SIR ARTHUR DARCY TO CROMWELL. 

[Cott. MS. Cleop. E. iv. p. 240.] 

Yt schall lyke your honourabyll lordschypp to be advertyssyd, 
that I was with my lorde lewtenant att the suppressyon off Ger- 
vayes, whyche howes within the gatt ys coveryd wholly with leadd, 
and thcr is oon off the ffayrest chyrches that I have sseen, ffityr 
medooze^ and the iy\-er runnyng by ytt, and a grett demayne. 
The kynges hyenes is att greatt charge with hys sstoodes off mares, 
att Thornbery and other placys, whyche arr ffyne growndes, and I 
thynke thatt att Gervayes and in the grangyes incydent, with the 
hellp off ther grett large commones, the kynges hyenes by good 
oversseers scholld have ther the most best pasture thatt schoUd be 
in Yngland, hard and sownd off kynd ; ffor ssurly the breed off 
Gervayes ffor horses was the tryed breed in the northe, the Stallones 
and marees well ssoortyd, I thynke in no reallme scholld be ffownd 
the lykes to them, ffor ther is large and hye growndw ffor the 
ssomer, and in wynter wooddes and low growndes to serve them. 
My lord, by my lord lewtenant I have restytucyon off a grett part 
off my goodes att Coverham. From Gervayes I went to Sallay, 
wher I inqueryd owtt a chalyce thatt was brybbed ffrome the kyng 
affor the ssuppressyon off the howes, and allso I have ffownd a 
booke off dettes belongyng to the howes, and ther is a barkhawes 
stoord with leddyr. I requyre yowr lordschypp to send to me 
your pleassure whatt I schall doo therin. 



SUPPRESSION OP IfONASTBRIBS. 159 

^f y good lord, I rcquyrc jow to gctt me lycencs ffor xiiij. daycs 
to cum upp to dysspache mc off dettca thatt I ow. Off my ffaythe, 
I never brake so muche credence as I have lattly doon. I have 
dcssyrd Nfr. Jolymentt to remember yowr lordscliypp ffor my 
cawssys. Off trewtlie, my lord, I doo wast the kynges money here 
att Pomffrett ; ffor off a trewthe the contreyes in the nortlie was 
never in a moore dredcffull and trew obbeysance. 

Af y lord, I bessyche 30W be good lord to me : ytt is schewd to 
mc thatt the\ynges hycnes woUd ageyn survey my landcs, and 
ffcrthcr Mr. chanssler dyd send to me thatt ytt was thoght thatt 
I had dysseyvyd the #yng. My lord, ye know thatt I mygbt 
have hadd seynt Lenanles, whiche is better by iij<^ markes then 
my landes in the ffyrst survey. I dyd reffuze thatt ; and on my 
ffaythc I never knew whatt Salley was, tyll ytt was grauntyd. M. 
Fermor and M. Nfontagew wolld have gyffyn syx c« markes 
yerly ffor GrencAsnorton ; and in consyderacyon theroff, and with 
my wyffe in marya^o, the kynges hyenes gave me my landes wn- 
ssun-cyd. Yff ytt l>e the kynges pleasure to have my rentalles, appon 
my lytr I srhall not lye, butt bryng them my sellfe, and hys grace 
schall have all thynges att hys ccmssyence and pleasure^ as know- 
ythc (jcmI, who ever presserve 30W with myclie honorr. The viij. 
iby off Juyn. 

5«»wrs humbly till comandment, 

Artiitr Darcy. 



A frrat itambUng blork with Kifif IIrnf7 VIII. wtt the qorttion <4 tbc BAiriaf* of 
the clrrgj. Ilr aiipran to ha«e brrn alwaft ttnmitly oppoM«l to th€ BAiriafV of 
pnrtta la •rotiarot id which hi^lpHffhtcr Ivbubrth alto pftrtooh) ; bol bavlBf at oao 
time ip«ea MMDe rcuua for thinkflf that be was aot avcrte to tocb marriafca, Buaf 
of the clericy acte«l acrordinKlj, aad became thereby ioTolved in conililerabk aabar- 
riMmrot. The date of the two fuUowinx lettcn ta aoMewhat «lo«btAi], b«t tbvy 
a|i|iear to lirloiuc to the prttent year. The vicar of MeatUeaham in Saffolk, aod Jolw 
Fottrr. prraeut laataacn of pricata who veotarrd to cootract nurrtafea i aa<l tbo pra- 
npiunry with which th« latter pat awaj hia paftacr oa Icanuof hu mitCakc, ia ci* 
trvmclj ainuaittc* 



160 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

LXXVIII. 

THOMAS TTRELL TO CROMWELL. 

[From MS. Cotton. Cleop. E. iv. fol. 124*.] 

Witb moste humble recommendacions, plese it your grace, 
my lord, to be advertysed, that the vicar off Mendyllsham, my 
neybour, hath nowe at the feste off Penticoste laste paasyd browght 
home hys woman and chyldern into hys vicarage, opynly de- 
claryng how he is mared wnto her, and scbe is hys lawfull wyff. 
Thys acte by hym done is in thys countre^ monster, and many 
do growge at it. But for that he reportyth that the kynges 
grace doth know he is maryd, men do refrayne to do that theyre 
harttes wold serve theym to do ; and as to our ordynary, he dare 
do no thyng. I moste lowly beseche your grace that I may know 
your plesure whatte is beste to be done for the reformacion off 
hys opyn cryme, whyche is abomynable in the jugement off the 
laye peopell ; and hys cnsample wnponnyched shall be occadon 
for other camall evyll dysposed prestes to do in lyke maner, 
whyche God defend, and preserve your grace in helth, with long 
prosperus lyffe, the joye future trustyd apon not therby in any 
wyse minysched. Wrytyn the xij'** day off June. 

Your humble dayly bedysman, 

powre Thomas Tyrell. 



LXXIX. 

JOHN FOSTER TO CROMWELL. 

[From MS. Cotton. Cleop. E. iv. fol. 116*.] 

In my moste humblyst wyse, I beyng not so bold as to appere 
before youre lordschyp untyll your plesure is knowyn, feere 




SUPPRESSION OF IfONASTBRIBS. IGl 

sett appartt, nccic compcllythc me to wrytt. Thys last Lcntt I 
(iyd IK) lossc then wrytt, and also to your presence I dycl approcho, 
suyng for your lordschyppys gracyous servycc ; but now my sute 
ys muclic other, for my dysfortunc liathc byn to have conceyvyd 
untruly (Joddys worde^ and not only with yntellectyon to have 
thought yt, but exteryally and really I have fulfyllyd the same. 
For I as then beyng a prcsste have accompleschyd maryage, nothyng 
pretendyng but as an ol)edycntt subyect ; for yf the kyngys grace 
could have founde yt laufuU that prestys mught have byn 
maryd, they wold have byn to the crowne dubbyll and dubbyll 
faythefull ; furste yn love, secondly for fere that the byschoppe of 
Rome schuhl sette yn hys powre unto ther desolacyon. Hut now 
by the noy^e of the peopuU I perseyve I have dunne amyscc, 
which saythe that the kyngys erudyte yugementt with all hys 
cownccll tem|)erall and spyrytuall hathe stableschyd a contrary 
onler» that all prestys schal))e separat by a day ; with which order 
I have contentyd my selfe, and as sone as I henle yt to be tru 
I Bcntt the woman to her frendys iij. score mylys from me, and 
spedeiy and with all celerj'te I have resortyd hether to desyre the 
kyngea hyghtnes of hys favour and absolucyon for my aniysce 
doyngt prayn;; and l>csechyng your lordschypps gracyous cunifort 
for the ciptaynyng of hys gracyous pardon, and I schalbc your 
l>ounden sorvauntt yn hartt and also yn contynuall icrvyce, yf 
yt sichall please your gracy«>us hirdschypp to accept yt, dur}'ng 
my lyfc. Wryttyn the xviij. day <if June. 

Yourc iMiunden for ever, 

John Fobtbr. 



Thr nrtt Irtlrr rrlftirt Ca lb* Mookt of Ibe C.'lurtcr lliMiic in Umilun, vho con* 
ttnurJ ttiU ID Chr kiof't <luplr«s«rr. Onr or Cvo trICrn oa ihtt Mmt tabjert hmw 
•lr«««ij brrn tnca ia lh« carlkr part uf tha prtarat vvluac. 

CAM II. sue. Y 




IG2 LETTRRS RELATING TO THE 

LXXX. 
BEDYLL TO CROMWELL. 
[From MS. Cotton. Cleop. E. iy. fol. 217.] 

My very good lord, after my moost hertie commendationSy it 
shall pleace your lordship to understand that the monkes of the 
Charterhouse here at Liondone, whiche were committed to Newgate 
for thaire traitorus'behayor long tyme continued against the kinges 
grace, be almoost dispeched by thand of God, as it may appere to 
you by this byll inclosed, whereof, considering thaire behaTor and 
the hole mater, I am not sory, but wold that al suche as love not 
the kinges hignes and his wordly honor were in like caas. My 
lord (as ye may) I desire you in the wey of charite^ and none other 
wise, to be good lord to the priour of the said Charterhooaey 
whiche is as honest a man as ever was in that habite (or els I am 
muche deceyved), and is one whiche never offended the kinges 
grace by disobedience of his lawes, but hath labored very sore 
continually for the reformation of his brethem. And now at the 
last, at myn exhortation and instigation, constantly movedy and 
finally persuaded his brethem to surrender thaire house, landes, 
and goodes into the kinges handes, and to trust only to his mercy 
and grace. I beseche you, my lord, that the said priour may be 
so entreated by your help, that he be not sory and repent that he 
hath fered and folowed your sore wordes and my gentil exhorta- 
tion made unto him to surrender his said house, and thinke that 
he might have kept the same, if your lordship and I had not led 
him to the said surrender. But suerly (I beleve) that I knowe 
the man so well, that howsoever he be order he wolbe contented 
without grudge ; he is a man of suche charite as I have not seen 
the like. As towching the house of the Charterhouse, I pray 
Good, if it shal pleace the king to alter it, that it may be turned 
into a better use (seing it is in the face of our werls), (?) and muche 



8UPPRB8810N OF MONA8TRRJEA. 103 

communication wol run thereof throughout this rcalmc ; ffor Lion- 
done is the conmion countrey of al England, from whiche is de- 
rived to al iMirtes of this realme al good and yll occurrent here. 
From Londone, the xiiij^^ day of Juny. 

By your lordships at commandement, 

Thomas Bbdyll. 



Tkt foUowinf letter ii one of mtnj which will tabeeqacntlj ocev rcUtiag to thm 
nusner in which the minor artidet of monaitic property were dif posed of. The 
moautsrj of Ixrirrttrr allnded to, wm that of St. Mary de Pratii, near the town* 
fMnded in 1143 hy Robert le Bom, carl of Leiccilcr. 



LXXXI. 
FRANCIS CA%'B TO CROMWBLL. 

[From MS. Cotton. Cleop. E. it. fol. 915.*] 

My most l)ownden dutyc rememl>enrd, this is to advcrtis yower 
good lorcUhipiM.* (if the htili* entate of the late monastery of Ley- 
cestcfi in the wiche we have taken tlie surrender and feyne of 
thabbott an convent, and the wrytinges thcruf l)e in my custodyc. 
By yower lordshi|>|)es goodnes towardes me I now ame in the pos- 
session of the house and all the dcmeynes wiche was unlet at 
the tynie of owre repare thcthcr. We also fownde the house 
indettyd to dyvcrs creditors in iiij^.xj*^ x*. over and In^sydes 
certen summen of money tlie house was indettyd to the kynges 
heyt;hnefl, whemf we make no n*coninge of; and for the dis- 
charge therof, we have made sale of the stoke and store, witlic 
the housholdstuffe and omainenttes of the chun*hr, wiche aniounte 
unto ccxxviij". Tlie plate is onsolde, wiche maister Frenun 
takithe the charge of, and in valuyd at hy weyght r.iiij**x**. Tlie 
leaile hy rstyniation is valuyd at m^*. ; the ImtIIcs at iiij^^viij**. 
For the dischargeyngc uf thabliult, cunvvntt, and scr^aiittes of llie 



1G4 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

seydc monastery, there haithe beyne payde, as dothe apere more 
particularly by the bouke we send yower lordshippe, cxlix". ; and 
forasmoche as thabbott haithe nott receyvyd of hus in redy 
money butt xx", he haithe requyerde me to desyer yower lord- 
shippe to be so good lorde unto hym he may have xx". or twentie 
markes more, ^fhe churche and house remenythe as yet unde- 
facede ; and in the chirche be meny thynges to be maide sale of, 
for the wiche yt may plese yower lordshippe to lett me knawe 
yower pleysure, as well for the farther sale to be made as for the 
dcfasinge of the chirche and other superfluus byldinges \*'iche be 
abowte the monastery. A hundrithe markes yerly will not sus- 
teyne the charges in reparyng this house, yf all byldinges be lett 
stande, as yower lordshippe shall knowe more hereafter. Thus I 
pray Jhesus longe to preserve yow in helthe withe muche honore. 
Wrytten at the late monastery of Leycester, the xxix**> day of 
Auguste, by yower lordshipes most bownden servantt, 

Frauncis Cave. 



The following letter relates to a similar subject to that spoken of in the preceding, 
the demolition of the monasteries of Jervaux and Bridlington. Bridlington priory 
(already mentioned) came into the king's hand by the attainder of the prior, who 
active in the rebellion of 1530'. 



LXXXII. 

KICIIAKD BELLASYS TO CROMWELL. 

[From MS. Cotton. Cleop. E. iv. fol. 241.] 

Pleashithe your good lordship to be advertysed, I have taken 
down all the Icadc of Jarvaxe, and maid it in pecys of half fodcrs, 
whychc Icade amowntytlie to the nombre of eghten skore and fyve 
foders, wythe thryltye and ffowre foders and a half that were 
there byf«)re ; and the said leade can not be conveit nor caryed 
unto the next sombre, for the ways in that cowntre arc so foule 



SUPPRESSION OP MONASTERIES. 165 

and (leapc that no car)'agc can passe in wyntrc. And as conccr- 
nin|;e the rasing and takyn down the howsCy if it be your lordships 
plcasour, I amc myndet to let it staunde to tlic spryngc of the yerc, 
by reason the days ar now so short, it woldc ))e doble charges to 
doo it now. And as concemingc the sellyng of the belles, I can 
not sell them above xv*« the howndrethe, wherin I wolde gladly 
knowe your lordships plcasour whether I shuld sell them after that 
pryce, or send them up to London ; and if they be sent up, 
surely the caryage wolbe costly frome that place to the water. 
And as for Byrdlington, I have doyn nothing there as yet, but 
sparythc it to Marche next, bycause the days now are so short ; 
and frome suche tyme as I l>eg)'n, I trust shortlye to dyspache it, 
after suche fashon, that when all is fynished, I trust your lordship 
shall think that I have lK*n no evyll howsband in all suche 
thin^rs as your lordsihip haithe appoynted me to doo. And thus 
the Ilolyc Ciost ever preserve Vour lordship in honour. At Yorke, 
this xiiij^^ daye of Novcmbre, by your most bounden beademan, 

KlCIIARD BbLLVCYS. 



The foltowioK letter xiTct • brief accoaot of the diuolation of ft Bumbcr of monutk 
knuara of tbe oorth of KiikLuiJ. 

Tlir llrnrdirtine ftMiry of i)urton-oo -Trent, in StAfforilahire. WM of Saiob orifia, 
bif inK been founded about tbe yr«r l(K>. bj Wulfric S|»otl. In ancient timet it «■• 
often i-ftlled Modwrnnettow, becaoic tbe rrlica of St. Mod wen were eaabriDcd thrrt. 
M'lUiMu Kdjt wutbc U«t ftbbot : tbe date of tk« •urmdcr given in lb« but 
of tbe MoDMticon, 1&.19. mnit be wrosf, and nppcnn to bavc oricinatcd from n 
Lake of tbe date of tbe present letter. 

The •lien priory of IVrntcfrMt in Yorkshire «•• fouDdcd by Robert de Imcj in thm 
rrifn of WiUism Rnfo*, and was made dependent on tb« fofvign bousa of La Charity 
tur I^itrr, whence the Arst nonka of the English house «cfc bftiwght. Tha last prior 
»s* Jainra ThwsTtt. 

# 

Tlie Cistercian sbbej of fountains, the msfnificent mint of which ttill eicite tha 
•Jmirstioa of viaitors, was founded in II Ji by a colony of monk* from St. Mary't at 
York. The U«t abbot was Marttaduke Hrodatay, or bradlry, •nfragan Uahop of Hull. 

St. Mary'a abbey at \ork has been uentiuaed on a furiucr i^afe. 

.N'uii'Appletun wa« a nunnery near Tadcaater. in the Meal tUdiag of Yorkahire, 
founded by Alica dc St. quuUiB iu the latter pait of the reiga of bCepbca. Tha lasC 
I iioicas was Auac LMtgloa. 



166 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

The rich mitred-abbey of Selby in Yorkshirei wu founded by William the Con- 
queror in 1069. The last abbot was Robert Selby or Rogers. The fine abbey church 

is still entire. 

The hospital of St. Leonard at York is said to hare been first endowed by king 
Athelstan, and to have been refounded by William Rufus. 

It may be observed that the dates of the surrender of nearly all these hooaei eppear 
to be wrongly given in the Monasticon. 

LXXXIII. 

THE COMMISSIONERS OF THE NORTH TO CROMWELL. 

[From MS. Cotton. Cleop. E. iv. foL 242.] 

After meest humble commendacions to your good lordship, 
pleaseth it the same be advertiesed^ that we have altered Burton- 
upon-Trent; and accordinge to the kinges highnes commission 
and instruccions we haTe dissolved the bowses of Hampole, Sancte 
Oswaldesy Pountefracte, Fontaimce, Sancte Maries in Tourke, 
Nonappleton, and Selbye, and also altered the bowse of Sancte 
Leonerdes in Tourke, after suche ordre and fassion as we trust 
shall appeir to your lordship to be to the kinges honour and con- 
tentacion. Albeit, we could natt maike dispeche in parte of the 
said places withoute some difficulties as your lordship shall per* 
ceyve at our repayer to Londone, ffiirtber certifienge your lordship 
that we have takyn the shrynes in all such places as we have yett 
hetherto repayrede unto the kinges use ; and forasmoche as we 
have no commission in that behalf^ we beseiche youe that we 
may have a commission for that purpouse^ beringe date of the 
other commissions, to shewe if needc shall requier. And thus 
our LfOrde ever preserve your goode lordship in moche honour. 

At Sclbie, the viij^ day of Decembre. 

Yours at commandement, 

Waltere Hendle. 

RiCHARDE LaYTON. 

Thomas Legii. 
Ryciiard Belassys. 
Uichard Watkyns. 




flUPPRBSSION OF MONASTBRIKS. 167 



The folloviBg letter eoateiit a eontiButkMi of Um prooecdingi oC Um 
in Yorkshire. 

The priory of Monk-Bretton, or Land, two milei from Bamilej, wie fonnded enrif 
in the reign of Henry II. and made dependent npon the monaitery of Pontefract. 
The latt prior appears to have been William Browne. 

The priory of St. Andrew at York, •ometimca called St. Andrew in Fisheriata, wm 
founded abont the year 1 -HW, for twelve canona of the order of Sempringham. 

Byland abbey (Bella Landa) was founded in 1 14.1 by Roger de Mowbray. This and 
St. Andrew's at York had been preserved from the wreck of the smaller monasteriea. 
to which, by the tmaUneM of their revennea, they belonged. The last abbot of Byland 
was John Ledes, mHm Alanbrigg. 

The priory of Anstin canons at Kirk ham was fonnded by Walter Espcc and hia wife 
in 1 Til. Thr last prior was John Kilwik. 

Elreton, cir Ellcrtoo priory, situate on the Dcrwent in Spaldingmorv, was founded 
before 1 *•'!?, by William Fiti Peter, for canona of the order of Saupringham. The ImC 
prior of this house wia John Golding. A portion of the priory church now forma the 
psriiih rhurch. 

There was a house of fritrs at Tirkhtll, which is mentioned by Lcland. but so Uttle 
is known of itj history, that it is even uncertain to what order it belonged. 

The '* Friars ** at lloacaatcr ia known chiefly by the note in Leland. '* There waa 
a hnu«e of (tray Frerrs here, at the north code of the bridge, oomuncly caullid tha 
Frerr* Bridge.'* 

At Puntrfract there was a house of Black Friars, and another of While Friars. The 
latlrr was founded by Edmund dr Lary, carl of Lincoln, before l'i^7. 

At York there were numerous houses of Friars, belonging to the dtffrrent orden. 

Bolton Abbey is now Che beautiful seat of the duke of Devonshire. It was founded 
in II «> by William de McKhines. 



LXXXIV. 

TilK COMMIKSIONERK OF THE NORTH TO CROMWELL. 
[From MS. Cotton. CIcop. E. it. fol. UH^.] 

Owrc moste ningulcrc good lorcle, owre bowndon dcwtiea lowlie 
proniynrtle, picas yt youre honorahlc lordeshippe Uw he adrer- 
tiMMli*, we have laytlye pcceyrede youre letten C()iitei^in(»e the 
kini^oa majeaties pleasure anempice tlie ordere of leed and belles 
apitcrteanynge to suche huwses off rclu(eon conteanyde in the 
kiiif^es graces letters commissionall to us addressed, wheiuf we 



\GS LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

have allredye comroytte the salve custodie to substandall honeste 
persons liable too answer thercfoore^ and have not solde ne in- 
tended to sell anye percell thereof. We have qwyedye takine the 
surrenders and dissolvyd the monasteries off Wyeresoppe, Moncke- 
breton, Sancte Androos at Yorke, Byland^ Ryvaille, Kjrrkeham, 
and EUerton, the fFreers at Tykliill, Doncastere^ Pontefracte, and 
the citie off Yorke. where we perceyved no murmure ore gruge in 
anye behalfe^ hot were thanckefuUye receyvede^ as we shall within 
vj. dayes more playnlie certefye your lordeshippe. And wheere 
yt haithe pleasyd youre lordeshippe too wryte fore reservinge 
of leed and belles at Bolton^ in chauns ther ys as yet noo 
suche commission cummyne to owre handes^ as Jhesus knowethe, 
whoo preser\*e your lordeshippe in helthe and honour. At Yorke^ 
the xv**>« daye of Decembere, 

Youre lordshippes humble boundon orators, 

George Lawson. 

Rycherd Belassbz. 

WiLLM. BlITHMAN. 

Jambs Rokbby. 



The next letter relates to the snppresbion of the monastery of St. Andrew at North* 
ampton, of which a short account has been given on a former page. 

LXXXV. 

THE COMMISSIONERS TO CROMWELL. 

[From MS. Cotton. Cleop. E. iv. fol. 207.] 

Hit may please your lordshipe to be advertissede, that this 
seconde day of Marche we have taken a realesse and a deade of 
feofFtement of the monasterie of Saint Androse in Northehamptone 
to the kinges use, and an humble submission of the prior and 
covent, as we suppos, to the kinges honoure and contentation, 
rcfferryng our diligence and doynges therin to your jugement. 



SUPPRESSION OP MONASTERIES. IG9 

W(» have also compowiulcdc with the h<H)Ie covciit for thcr 
]>enHioiifl, exceptc the prior and aupprior, wirlie desicrithe to 
abyde your order in thassyngnement of theires : here iiidosedc 
your h)rdesln{)e may |)crsavc our order taken with the restc of the 
covent, haveyng a respectc therin to the age, qualitie, and dis- 
cretion of the persons ; and by yowrc lordeshippes lu'ttor advice 
we thynk hit ex|>edient tlie saidc pensions to l>e payede by the 
hondes of tlie |)articuler recever of the suppressede londes of this 
countie of Northaniton, and ther i>ensions payable at our I^dys 
day next in.sowyng; and for that cause wc have dis|>acheilc them 
with IcsM* money in hcmde. We have also assignedc a vicarage of 
vij*'. nowc at this tyme vacant, to one of the ctivent for his 
pension, wirhe moste humblie desieritlie to have remission of 
the Arste fruites therof, wiclie we juge necessaire to be grauntedc 
by the kingcs liighnes, leste the {Hire man shulde begc in the 
mean tynus the thyng l>eyng of so sniale valew that everc of them 
haveyng his pension shalbe in better case then he. The halle 
rhambersi seillede with the bestc parte of the edifices is covered 
with leade : whether the kinges pleasure is we shall dis€*over^ the 
same or not, we be desierouse to be certitiede liv this brimrer. 
For the survcv of the londes we shall do therin what we mav. 
We fynde many leasses grauntede oute by the olde prior, murhe 
uiithritrtelye, with niuche tanuullyng and iH'sines, wiche we shall 
declare unt«i yowre lordeshi|>e at our cumyng. Thus our I^irde 
sende yowe huige lylle with increase «)f lumoure. Frome Nortlic- 
hamptone, by your lordeship|>es moste assuri*de to comnnundct 

WVLLIAM PaRRB. 

Your servant, KiriiARD Layton, pn*ste. 
Your |M)re and most bonden old servaunt, 

KoilBRT Sow Til WELL. 

Your humiile and obedvent servaunt, 

Thomas Mvi.demav. 



* I c. uaruvrr. 
CAMD. 80C. 



170 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

An ordre taken the secunde daie of Marche^ the xxix. yeare 
of the reign of our soveraign lorde kyng Heny the Eyght, 
by his highnes commyssioners, with the religious of the 
late monastery of saint Andrews thappostell in Northamp- 
ton^ for their annuall pencions yeven unto them onely of 
his graces charyte duryng the terme of their naturall 
lyres, to begynne at the ffeast of thannunciacion of our 
Lady nexte ensewing, as on his graces behalfe is to them 
proroysed by the saide commyssioners. 

First, Fraunces Leycetour, late priour, and Thomas 
Bettes; suppriour of the saide late monastery, 
ben by the saide commyssioners respyted uppon 
certen consyderacions, tyll my lorde prevy sealys 
pleasure therein be knowTie 

Thomas Smyth of thage of lij. yeares for his yerely 

pencion ...... iiij*>. 

Thomas Cowlestone of thage of fFyftye yearys for 

his yerely pencion .... iiij**. 

Robert Marten of thage of xlj. yeares for his yerely 
pencion ...... iiijl>. 

James Hopkyns of thage of lij. yeares for his yerely 

pencion ...... iiij". 

Richarde Bunbery of thage of xl. yeares for his pen- 
cion yerely ..... iiij". 

John Rote of thage of xxxvj. yeares is assigned by 
the saide commyssioners to the vycarage of Saint 
Gyles in Northampton, being of the yerely valew 
of vij". and of the gyfte of the saide monastery, in 
recompence of his yerely pencion. 

Jhon Ilarolde of thage of xxxij. yeares for his yerely 

pencion ...... lxvj». >4ijd. 

Thomas Barbor of thage of xxxj. yeares for his yerely 

pencion ...... Ixvj". viij**. 



8UPPRB8810N OP MONASTERIES. 1 J I 

Wylliam Warde of thagc of xxix^L yearcs for his 

ycrely pcncion ..... liij-. iiij««. 

Thomas Athury of thage of xxvij. yeares for his 
ycrely pcncion ..... liij*. iiij««. 

Wylliam Sowthecote of thage of xxxj. yeares for his 

yerely pcncion . . . . . liij«. iiij**. 

Wylliam Parre. 
Uic. Layton, prestc. 
Robert Sowtiiwell. 
Thomas Myldbmaye. 



The followinf letter alio re Utci to the diMolatioB of the mootftery uf St. Amlmr 
ml Northampton. The priory of Weitacre io Norfolk, founded about the reign of 
William Rufat aa a rrll to the abbey of Lewei in Suasex, had been lurrendered un the 
14th of January in thr present year. Boxlry in Kent waa a Citterrian abbey, founded 
in 1144 by M'lUiam df Ipre earl of Kent. It waa surrendered, according to the 
Mnna»(irun, "Jan. 'i'J, 1617. ^J Hen. VIII." which must of coorae mean Jan. V!», 
loJtf. Thr last abbot of Itoxley waa John Dobbs. 

LXXWI. 
RtlllRRT SOI'TltWELL TO CROMWELL. 

[Fruin MS. Cotton. Cleop. R. tv. ful. il**.] 

Although, my very ^(mmI Ionic, that there wanted here Ktimmc 
parto of the (>r(*asion!i coniprchciidyd in the submyNHion iif the late 
monaster)' of Westa(*re, a« eoncernin;^ the clere alienarion of the 
pifiHesiKions l>elontn"R to the »ame, with nuchc lieke, yett fowncle 
we here of other (that as I fiup|>o!ie lien in the more |>arte of the 
resydow that at this daic sttnidcn) sutlirieiit inow^h for the full- 
fyllyng of the HuhmysMcm that now we iiendc yt)iir lordcithipp in 
the place of the other that wanted, no us hy the varicte of iM*ea- 
•tion^ this iNMike in the mort* {larte or all \% altrryd from the other 
in matter, a.% hy the |M.*rusin|{ tlicruf your lurdvahipp i^hull wcli* 




1/2 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

persey ve, which I humbly beseche you that it may lieke you to do. 
And although it shall seme tedyous, or the over reding onworthie, 
yet shall I eftsons humbly beseche you to accepte it in good 
parte, and for a perfight demonstracion of my good will to have 
made the bcttyr, in case my knowlege had extended therto. The 
erncst employture neverthelesse of my pore and symple wytt shall 
at no time wante to ser^'e to the very best and uttermost force 
( therof. Sir, theis pore men have nat spared to confesse the 
Itreweth, as ye shall wele perceyve, wherby in my pore mynde they 
deserve the more favour, and I dare saie in their hartes thinke 
tlicrn selfFes rather to have meryted perdon by their ignorance 
tlian prayse or lawde for their forme of lyving. Whether ther 
was cawsc why that Boxley shulde recognyce as moche or more^ 
it may please you to judge, whom it also pleased to shewe me the 
idolle that stodc there, in myne opynyon a very monstruows 
siglit. Here was also of late in this monastery a pece of saint 
Andrews fynger, covered with an unce of sylver or there aboughte 
(as I conjecture), a very precyows juell in the estimacion of many^ 
and now leyde to pledge by the monastery to one of the towne for 
xU»., which we intende nat to redeme of the pryce, excepte we be 
commaunded so to do. Levyng this matter, it maie lieke you 
farther to undrestande, that in perusing the olde accomptes 
of the monastery we fownde the yerely revenews of the same to 
have extended in times past to sevyn hundreth markes, and by 
the bookes of the tenth nat to fower hundreth markes, and yett 
no parte of the possessions clerely alienate from the monastery^ 
but decressed by the reccyte of the rentes afore hande by the pre- 
, decessours to this priour of suche as be fermours to tliem for many 
yeares. There have growne no decay by tiiis priour that we can 
lerne, but surely his predecessoiirs plesured moche in odoryferous 
savours, as it sliulde seme by iheir converting the rentes of their 
j monastery, that were wonte to l>e paide in coyne and grayne, into 
gelofer flowers and roses. Wlierto the valew of the lande will 
uppon this survey amounte^ I can nat as yett advertyce your lorde- 



8irppRK88lON OF MONASTERIES. 17«^ 

shypp, but the monastery in moveables is very pore, moche in- 
detted, and in ledd, as I conjecture, wurth fower or fyve hundrcth 
pi)wndes. Sir, we liave pracrtysed with the pore men for their 
pencions as casely to the kynges charge and as mociie to his graces 
honour, as we cowde devyce. The boke wherof we do sende unto 
your h)rdeshypp, with the names and summes for the mokyng of 
tlieir |)atente!i, wiiich being sent unto us to be dclyvered to the 
parties afore our departure, shaibe moche to their contentacion, 
and no lesse to the kynges lionour, to imi)arte with somewhat of 
hi.H gracyous charjtc towarde tlie maiiitenaunce of their pore 
lyvyn<;. My h»rdc, if it niyght so stande with your pleasure, I 
wolde Innn1)ly be.Hcche you to have in your good lordeship|)es re- 
menil>niunce my iTathers sute consernyng Mallyng : I made your 
lordcshipp (as my synguler good iurde) prevy to the oneiy con* 
sideracion that moved me to use this im|>ortunyte with you, as 
(lod shall judge me, whom I most hertyly beseche to send your 
iordohiiipp King lifli* witli moche incresse of honour. At North- 
ampton, tlie 8 of Merciie, by the handes of your pore and most 
boundcn old scrvaunt, 

Robert Sowtiiwrll* 



Tlif* ( irthuiian priiirjr mrntiuiird in the foUnwinf Irttrr, wa« sitaAlrtt near Eppe* 
niirtti. in ihr i*lr of .\«rht>Iiii in l.nu-t»lnihirr, and »a« »tylril the gtrftfy ta the iroo^. 
It «!■ fiiumlrtl lij Thomaa Mo«(»raT. .thrn r«rl uf Naltingham, but after* ardtcrralcd 
iluki- of Nurfulk ID thr niortccutli yrar of Rictivd II. 

I.WWII. 

AUCinilMIIOF rHANMKK TO CROMWELL. 

[Kn.ni Ms. ( ut!«n. Cleop. E i*. fol. .Ml.*] 

After most liartie commendaci<in» to your lordcshyiH*, tforas- 
m(»rli tks I am rufurnu'd that your lord^hyiH* cntcndrtli tode{M)BC 
tlic priour of tlie IMiarterliowie within tin* ik* of Axlioime, thcis 
hIiuUm; to dcsyrc you to |>ennytt the saidcpriuurktyll to cuiityiicw in 



174 LETTBR8 RELATING TO THE 

hys rome^ for I am abowte throwe the helpe of suche ffireyndes as 
I have in thoyse parties to procure that the saide priour shall wyl- 
linglye resygne the same into the kynges hondes. Thus almyghtie 
God preserve your lordshype. Frome Fourde, the vij^ daie of 
March. 

Your own assured ever, 

T. Cantuabien. 



The following letter is placed here somewhat out of its place, on acooimt of its im- 
mediate connection with the preceding. 

LXXXVIII. 

LETTER FROM THE BRETHREN OF THE CHARTER HOUSE IN 

AXHOLM TO THE PRIOR OF 8HENE. 

[From MS. Cotton. Cleop. E. iv. fol. 97.] 

Humly shewyth and complanyth unto your faderhede your 
poor oratours and chyldren of obediens, nott knowyng whome we 
may make our complant and shewe our dolorus grefes, but only 
unto your worshypfull faderhede, that our fader prior hath done 
and dayly doth in convayng our goodes owt of our howse. As 
sone as he was comme home fro London, he sayd that he had 
gyfyne up hys offyce, the howse and the landes, but not the 
goodes. At hys goyng up to London he left us in monye nother 
golde nor sylver, but only iij*». for to kepe our howse withaU, and 
it is not a lytyll that he hath receyvyd of our baly * syns Myghyl- 
mes, and yet he dyd report to mayster doctor Layton that he 
had dcvydyd the same monye in porcions and gyfyne it to his 
brethren, whych thyng is not trwe. Butt when prior Awstynf 
was dead, this man was vicar, and mych of that that we had that 

* BaiUir. 

t This prior is not mentioned in the Monasticou, where the last prior is stated to 
have been Michael Makencss. 



BUPPRBflSION OP MONA8TBR1BS. 175 

tymc he dclyTcrcd it to us in porcions ; and as sone as he was 
prior, he cald it in agane ; but now at thys tymc for our comforth 
wc can nothjrng gett of hym. He hath convaydc owt of hys eelle 
wax worth xl*., and pe^i'tyr vessell to the nowmbyr of iij. score, or 
thcr al)owte» and iij. pecys of lyne cloth, and ij. pecys of wolan 
cloth, and a great qwantyte of spyce, with other moo thyngcs. 
Our chcse and fysshe is greatly wastyd, sych as we shuld l3nre 
withall ; and all our rydyng horses is gone, and none left in the 
howse but our carttc horses, with certcn other catell and movable 
goodes that dyd belong to the howse, whych wcrre to long to ^Tyte 
every thyng. His prcvy caryers dyd convay thys by nyght, and 
thys they dyd so long at last they were takyn with our awne ser« 
vans, and such thyngcs were bmght in agaync. Also our fader 
hath presumyde, after he had gyfyn up the howse and iandes, he 
Wdid have lettvn a certen fcrmhold bv the covent scale to one 
of liys kynsmcn, but parte of the covent wolde nott consent 
therto, and tiicrforc he is sore grevyde with some of them. Also 
he hath Ictt my k)rd of Darbyis olTyser take copyes owt of our 
co|)cs that wc holde of my lord of Dnrliy, whych we fcare sliall tume 
us to hurt and trobull ; and as sone as he had them he dys<*hargde 
us of them and of our fyshyng waters, whych thyngcs were the 
most pnifytt that longde unto us. Also wc fore convayng of our 
cvvdcnce, and he reccvvvth rcnttcs as he dvd lK*fore, whvch wo 
thynke shall l>e but lytyll profytt to (lur howse. We dyd desyre 
hym to have a key witli iiym in the kcpyng of our covent scale, 
but he wyll grawntt us none, and wc fere of more hurt and dys- 
pleaser shall cum to us thcrliy. For but late we were certifyed 
that mavHter Stokwith savd to our fader« ** yf that the visitors of 

• • 

your religion cum to visitt, aliydc hym not, but convey your selfe 
with tiic C4)vcnt S4*ale, and tarry nott hys c«immyng.'* And Henry 
Stokwitli dyd say to the same man, if that tliat he had done wolde 
n(«t serve, then he wold take another way. And, as m*c In* informyd, 
our fader is myndyd to send hym to London very shortly, and we 




176 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

fere he shall have the covent seayle with hym for to do the worst 
to the howse that he can. Also mayster Henry Stokwith was at 
London at the feast of All Santes, or there abowte^ and he had 
with hym of our monye xx^K to labor for our fader^ that he shuld 
not preche when he comme home : he sayd that my lord pryvy 
seale had grawntyd hym that he shuld not preche^ nor he shuld 
not be put owt of his office, and for that promys my lord had on 
hym XX. markes. But we, that ar the poor covent, can not thynke 
that my lord had it, but that M. Stokwith dyd kepe it hym 
selfe, and so doth report of my lord. Also, after the tyme that 
M. Stokwith commc home, our fader wold asyne no man to preche 
accordyng to your commawnment. And when our fader is any 
thyng movyd or troblyd with us, hewyll send for M. Stokwith 
for to reforme us, as he hath done many tymes. Of what autoryte 
he do take it upon hym, we pray you, fader, that it may be 
knowne. Also M. Stockwith doth sclawnder the covent, and 
sayth our howse is noght els nisi spelunca latronuniy nor he caryth 
not what he doth say, so that his wordes may make for his purpas. 
Also, our husbandrye is not lokyd upon, our lond is not tylde^ 
muke is not led, our come lyth in the bam, sum is threshte^ and 
[sum is husbojndyd, and raych is yit to threshe, and takethhur[t] 
with vcrmyn ; and as sone as our fader comme home, he shewede 
our ser\'andes that he had gyven up the [howse, and] bad them 
shyfte for them selfe, and so at Ester they went many of them away. 
And shortly hay tyme shall cum, and when it shuld be sped^ 
other thynges shalbc to do. And for we can se none other by 
all his actes and dedes, but that he goth abowte to undo the 
howse ; and for fere that an other man shuld have hys oflFyce, he 
intendyth to leave hym lytyll or noght to kepe howse withall. Also 
he and his carnall frendes detrackyth us, sayng that all the troble 
that the howse is in commytli nothyng of hym selfe, but by us, 
i^ith letters that we have wrj'tyn op to my lord of the prevy 
seale. Now, worshypfuU fader, for the love [of] God, heli>e us at 



&i;PPBB88ION OP MONA8TKRIB8. 177 

gret ncde» and 8cnd us sum conforthable cowncell, and our lord 
Jheau rewarde you in hc^yn, and evermore kepc you and all your 
devoute bredcrcn. Amen. 

By your headmen and ehyldren of ol)edien8y 

Dan Bryan Lee, vicar. 

Dayn Tiiomab Alred. 

Brother T110MA8 Converb. 



The great Benedictine abbey of Efeaham, in Worcettenhire, waa fovnded by Efwia 
btfthop of Won*ester, at the beipnntng of the eighth centnry. The laat laperior of thia 
home but one waa abbot LitchAelilt who bailt the noble gateway. tower itill Btandtng ; 
be waa pennadrd to rcaign, and waa snccceded by Philip llawford, miima llallard, who 
•nrrcBdered the abbry to the king'a oomoiiMioncrB. 

LXXXIX. 

WILLIAM PBTRB TO CROMWELL. 
[Proa MS. Cotton. Cleop. E. iv. ful. JS.*!.] 

My (luotc most humbly remembryti, it may please your lorde- 
iihipp to bi*c advertiiiedy thatt a(*cordin|; to yowcr commawndmcnt I 
have byn at Evcsiliam^ and ther rcreyvyd the resignation of 
thabt>ott, whiche he was ctmtentyd to mnk imme<liatly uppon the 
sight of your lordi*Hhip|)es letters, saving thatt he dcsiryd me very 
instantly thatt I woUle nott open the same during the tyme of 
my l>ring here, bicause (as he sayd) it wold l>ec notydd thatt he 
was eom|K*llyd to resigne for fear of deprivation. As touching hia 
pensicm, and the asnurancx* therof, he hath made certayn re* 
questes, submitting hym self to l>ec ordred in all thinges as to your 
kirdeshipp sliall lie thought mete. Wee have taken tlie surrendar 
of this priorye* with as moche quyetnes as might be desiryd, and 
prepare our self four the dis|)eche of all other thinges as diligently 
as we may, which tinisshed wee shall wayte on your lordcshipp, 

• I^ntony tee the rod uf the letter. The Auitin priory of l^athoay. near Glon. 
ertirf, (generally railed Lanthooy wrnnda) waa fonnded by King Henry I. in 1114. 
The laai prior waa Richard HcnuCnd or Hart. 

CAMD. 8i>C. 2 A 




178 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

and certefye the same of all thinges at large. This berar can oer- 
tefye your lordeshipp whow farre wee have procedjd hitherto, 
by whom wee have send the names of the chanons for the making 
of ther capacites. And so allmighte God have your lordeshipp in 
his blessed keping. From Lanthonye, the xvij^^ of Marche. 
Tour lordeshippes most bownden beadesman and servant, 

William Pstre. 



The abbey of Peterborough was a foundatioa of great antiquity, dating from the 
middle of the serenth century. It was originally named Medeahamitede, but was after* 
wards called Peterborough, from the name of its patron saint. Its abbot in later timee 
wore the mitre, and had a seat in parliament. At the dissolution, it was conTerted into 
a bishop's see by the king. The last abbot was John Chambers, who became the flnt 
bishop, being consecrated on the the 23rd October, 1541 . 

xc. 

WILLIAM PARRE TO CROMWELL. 

[From MS. Cott. Cleop. E. iv. fol. S05.] 

Pleasethe your lordship to bee advertised^ that according to the 
tenour of my last Icttre sente unto your lordship by this berer, I 
have bene at Peterbourgl^ where the abbot, upon the rumour 
that was spred abrode of the commyng downe of the visitours, and 
not upon any occasion geven or myiiistred to hym either in worde 
or dede by doctor Layton, shewed hymself to bee afirayed, inso- 
moche as at my furst commyng thiddir he required me of myne 
advise and favour what was best for hym to doo, and perceiving 
by hym amongis other commynicacion that speciallie he tendred 
the contynuaunce and standing of his monastery, I declared that I 
had no auctorite ner commyssion to treate or comon with hym 
concernyng any poynt, cause, or purpos, touching either the 
standing or the dissolucion of Iiis hous, and that my commyng 
thiddir was for no other matier but bicause he sent for me, ad- 
vising hym to put all doubtcs awaye, onles he knewe other matier 
thenc I did. Nevcrthcles tliis coude not satisfie his myende, but 



8UPPRB88ION OP MONAtTBRIBS. 179 

ffering that tome thing shulde bee done contnire to his myende, 
he sent sir Thomas Tresharo, the manhall of his hall, and Johan 
Laync of Kettring to me, who alledged on his l>ehalf that he was 
contente upon condicion that he mought bide in suertie that his 
hous shulde stande to give the kinges highnes on hoole ycrcs rent 
of all the landes apperteynyng to the monastery, whiche I thinke 
amountethe nigh upon two thousaunde and five hundred merkes. 
And over that to gratifie your lordship to bee good lorde to hym, 
with the some, as I suppose, of thre hundred poundcs. Notwith- 
standing therein I gave hym directe aunswere, that I coude not 
detormync any such poyntes with hym more thenc I had nlrcdie 
before shewed hym, untill suche tymc as 1 had knowleige of your 
lordshippcs pleasure, wherewith and at that same tyme there 
arrived this said bercr with letters from your lordship. And aftre 
he had knowclege howe good lorde ye were unto hym, by the 
reaiM)rtc of on that came from the court, he digressed apar- 
telle from IiIm ffurst commynicacion, and said that in his suctes 
towanles the kinges highnes and your lordship he wolde l)ee 
onlred as Mr. comptroller and myself wold advise hym, and in 
this state I left hym, without any fcrther prouf or treatio bitwene 
hym and me. Ilowebeit if [it] sliall pleas your lordiihip to com- 
maunde me with any ferther service in thapproving liym eftexones 
in his matier, I shall most humble ensue the same, supposing 
that small treatie wolde moeve hym to accomplishe his furst oflre. 
It maye pleas your lordship to bee s<m> goode lorde to me as to 
have the bill of Kendall fur the |K)re inhabitauntes of the same in 
your remembrance, wherebie your lordship shall not onlie, in my 
judgement, do<i as gcMNl a dede as ever was done and acquire all 
the ctimons there for ever to liee your perpetuell bednien, but alsou 
suche rest, quietnes, and suertie against the kinges ennemyes 
shall therrbie pnicede, that it shall>ee to the c«imforteand rewiseof 
all that parties, whirhe nowe by the crucltie and MoniMtrc |H>llic*io of 
(Ml «»r two privat {HTstinrN is in muner rlcrelic nub verted. 'Ilie 
I Mire men hat lie no other ineaiie but dailie either on nouibrc or 



180 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

other to labour hiddir to shewe theire grieffes^ in trust that for 
theym all I shulde bee a sueter unto your lordship to releasse theym 
of theire extreme oppressons and bondage^ whiche most humblie I 
beseche your lordship amonges other your weightie busynes to 
considre. And thus the hoolie Trenytie evermore have you, my 
singler good lorde, in his hoolie govemaunce. At Horton, the 
xviij*. daye of Merche. 

Your lordshippis assurred most boundon, 

Wtlliam Parrb. 



The gremi priory of Lewes in Sussex was founded by Willism eari of Warren io 
1077 or 1078. The priors were mitred and sat in parliament. Robert Crowbam was 
the last prior. The site of this house was granted to Cromwell. The date of Um 
surrender given in the last edition of the Monasticoui 6 Not. 1538, must be incorrect. 
March 1537, is, of coarse, 153{. The following letter gives a singular picture of the 
devastations made in many of the dissolved houses. 

XCI. 

JOHN PORTINARl* TO CROMWELL* 

[From MS. Cotton. Cleop. E. iv. p. 232.] 

My lord^ I Iiumbly commend my selfe unto your lordshyp^ the 
laste I wrote unto your lordshyp was the xx^*» daye of thys present 
monith by the handes of Mr. Wyliamson, by the whych I adver- 
tised your lordshyp of the lengthe and greatenes of thys churche, 
and how we had begon to pull the hole down to the ground^ and 
what manor and fashion they used in pulling it down. I told your 
lordshyp of a vaute on the ryghte syde of the hyghe altare^ that was 
borne up with fower greatc pillars^ having abowt it v. chappelles^ 
whych be compased in with the walles Ixx. stokes (?) of lengthy 
that is^ fete ccx. All thys is down a Thursday and Fryday last. 
Now we ar pluckyng down an hygher vaute, borne up by fower 

* Perhaps this is a di)«guiiied name, as the letter appears to be in the haod-writtng 
of Richard Moryson. 



8UPPRBSSION OP 1CONA8TBRIB8. 181 

thicke and grose pillars, xiiij. fote fro syde to syde, abowt in cir* 
cumference xlv. fotc. Tliys shall downe for our second worke. 
As it goth forward I woU advise your lordshyp from tyme to 
tyme, and that your lordshyp may knowe with how many men we 
have don thys, we browght from London xvij. persons, 3 car- 
pentars, 2 smythes, 2 plummars, and on that kepitb the fomace. 
Every of these attendith to hys own office : x. of them hewed the 
wallcs abowte, amonge the whych ther were 3 carpentars : thiesa 
made proctea to undersette wher tlie other cutte away, thother 
brake and cutte the waules. Thiese ar men exercised moch better 
then the men that we fynd here in the contrey. Wherfor we must 
both have mo men, and other tliinges also, that we have nede of, 
all the whych I woU within thys ij. or thrc dayes tell your lord- 
shyp by muuthc. A Tuesday they began to cast the ledde, and it 
shall>e don with such diligence and savyng as may be, so that our 
trust is your lordshyp shall be mocli satisfied with that we do, 
unto wliom I most humbly commend my self, moch desiringe God 
to maiiiteyn your helth, your honour, your harteseasc. At Lewes, 
the xxiiij. of March, 1537- 

Your lordshyps servant, 

JoilAN PORTINARI. 

Undemethc here your lordsliyp shall siee a juste mesurc of the 
hole abbey. 

The churche is in Icn^thc cl. fotc. 

The hoygthc, Ixiij. fotc. 

The cin*umfcrcnre alM)Wtc it, M.o.lviij. fotc. 

Ttie wall of the fore frontc, tliickc x fotc. 

Till* tiiyckcncs of the stepil wull, x fotc. 

Tlie thirkenes of the waules imirmo, w futc. 

Tlier Ik* in the churche xxxij. pillars, staiidyng equally from 
the walles. 

All hygli roufe made for the Im'Ucs. 

Eyght pillars verry bygge, thicke xiiij. fote, aliowte xlv. fo. 



182 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

Thother zxiij. ar for the moste parte x fote thicke, and zxy. 
abowght. 

The heygthe of the greater sorte is zlij. fo. ; of thother xviij. 
fote. 

The heygthe of the roafe before the hyghe altare is Ixxxxiij. 
fote. 

In the middes of the churchy where the belles dyd hange^ ar 
cv. fote. 

The heygthe of the stepil at the fronte is Ixzxx. fote. 



Binham and Beef ton, mentioned in the following letter, were two priorlei in Nor- 
folk. The first was a cell to St. Albans, although the writer of this letter states the 
contrary. It is said to haTe been as old as the time of the conqueror : the last prior 
appears to have been John Albon. Beeston was founded about the beginning of the 
reign of Hen. III. ; its last prior was Richard Hudson or Hodgeson. 

XCII. 

SIR RICHARD RICUE TO CROMWELL. 
[From MS. Harl. No. 604, foL 67.] 

Aftur my harty recommendacions^ thes shalbe to render to yowe 
my most harty thankes for your good expedycion of my matter of 
Syon^ for the wyche^ on my faith^ ye have and shall bynde me; for 
this and many other pleasures and gratuytes to me shewyd^ I reken 
my selff most bownden to owe to yowe my pore servyce (next to 
the king) duryng my lyff. My lorde^ I entend to suppresse Byn- 
ham before my retome, which pretendyth hit selff to be a sell to 
Seynt Albonys, yf ye advertyse me not to the conterary. I have 
fynez and other matters of record levyed by them not namyng the 
abbott of Saynt Albanys. Also contynually they make leases 
under ther owne seale^ not namyng the abbott. Also I entend to 
suppresse Beeston^ which pretend them selffez to be ffryers^ which 
ys not true^ but they ar chanons, and so apparellid, knowen^ and 
taken. They consume the goodes and cattalles. I and other have 
sent to yowe a generall lettur of our procedynges in thes partyes. 



SUPPRESSION OF ICONASTBRISS. 183 

And thus I beseche Jhesu preserve yowc in honor and helth. Frome 
Wood Rysing, this present xxix^'* daye of Marche. 

Your owne assurydly^ 

Rychard Rychb. 

To hit rjght bonenble 
and lini^alcr good lorde 
the lordc priTj leale. 



Tho Beit letter is from WtllUm Bvlow» then biahop of St. DtYid't, and (with othcn 
which follow) giTrt a curioiu picture of the state of Wales at the time of the diasola* 
tion of the monastic houses. An immense number of superstitious images and rrUcs 
were during the prcteot year coaflscatcd and dcstroTod in all parts of the kingdom. 

XCIll. 

BISHOP BARLOW TO CROMWBLL. 

[From MS. Cotton. Clcop. E. ir. fol. 117.] 

After my right bumble commendacions, the benevolente good- 
ncs of your kjrdship towarde me, apperccaved both by your lord- 
shipH Icttrcs and by rclacion of M. doctour Barnes conceniyng 
soch sommcs of moneye as I am yndetted to the kynges highnes 
favorably to l>e respited, though I can not in this nor in otlicr 
yiiur manyfold bcnefites condigly make recompensacion, yet the 
jitlc that I mayc to tlie uttermost of my |>orc possibilitye my un* 
fayned ende\'our shall not fayle faythfully to |ierfourme« Con- 
ccrnynge your lordships Icttres addressed for the taper of Ilarer- 
forde West, yer the receyte of them I had done refourmacion and 
o|ienly detected the abuse thcrof, all parties which before tyme re- 
pugned penitently reconcyled. But sythen I chaunced apon 
another ta|)er of moch greater credyte and of more shameful! de- 
testacion, called our ladyes ta|)er of Cardigan,* which I have sente 
here to your lordship with convenyentinstructyons of that dcveliah 



* There was at (rardigaa a small priory of ReBcdictine BMmks, dept&dcnt on tho 
ahbry of Chcrtsey la Hnntj, fouMlod htfofv l«»l i tho laal prior waa Hwam lion. 




184 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

delosyon. Forthermore, where I admonished the canons of 
Sainte Davids accordinge to the kynges injunctions in no wyse to 
set forth fayned reliques for to allure people to superstidon^ 
nether to advaunce the vayne obserracion of unnecessary holy 
dayes abrogated by the kynges supreme authoritye, on sainte 
Davids daye the people wilfully solemnysinge the feest, certen 
reliques were set forth which I caused to be sequestred and taken 
awaye, detaynynge them in my custody untill I maye be adver- 
tised of your lordships pleasour. The parcels of the reliques are 
these : two heedes of sylver plate enclosinge two rotten skulles 
stuffed with putrified clowtes; Item^ two arme bones, and a 
worme eaten boke covered with sylver plate. Off the canons 
slombringe necligence towarde the prefermente of Gods worde^ 
and what an ungodly disguysed sermone was preached in ihe ca- 
thedrall church in the feest of Ynnocentes last passed, they beiiige 
presente with an auditory of iij. or iiij. hundred persons, this 
bearer^ a mynister of the same church, shall forder declare, havynge 
parte of the said sermone in wrytinge apparente to be showed. 
Forthermore, though I myght seme more presumptuous then 
neadcth to mocion any sute for the translacion of the see from 
St. Davyds to Kermerddyn, yet, my good lorde, the just 
equytye therof and expedyente utilytie enforceth me so to pre- 
sume, consyderinge that a better deade for the comen wealth and 
dew reformacion of the whole mysordered dyocesse can not be 
purposed, as well for the preferremente of Gods worde, as for the 
abolyshinge of all antichristian supersticion, and therin the kynges 
supreme majestie to be amplyfied with the unyversall commoditye 
of hys graces subjectes there rcseauntc, annoy enge none with 
discommoditye, excepte perchaunce foure or fyve persons will 
surmyse their pryvate pleasour to be anoyed yn profetinge the 
comon wealth. And the cause partlye that moveth me thui 
with importune instaunce to be urgente in my sute, ys the over 
sumptuous expenses that the canons have interprysed in reedi- 
fyenge the body of theyr cathedrall church, which yer it be 




SUPPRESSION OF MONASTERIES. 1B5 

fully fyneshed will utterly consume the small rcsydew of the 
church treasure remayninge in their custody, without any profyt- 
able effecte, savinge to norysh clatteringe conventycles of barba- 
rous rurall persons, the deformed habitacions of the pore coUe- 
gyans in soch beggerly ruyne and so wrechcdly decayed that 
honestye will abhorre to beholde them. Which to remedy, 
pleaseth the kynges highnes of his gracyous bountye to graunte 
the Grey Freres place at Kermerddyn,* where his most noble 
progenytour and graundefathcr lyeth honorably entiered, lycen- 
sjrnge the see thydder to be translated, which (his graces pleasour 
condescendinge) niaye be perfourmed withoute any chargeable 
difficultie, and not only the pore coUegyans but also the canons 
resydentearyes myght be there pleasantly enhabited, with habound- 
ant pro\nsion of all nccessarye commoditecs, contynually havinge 
oportune occasion to profite the kynges subjectes. Whereas 
at S. r>a\nds, lurkynge in a desolate comer, they that be best 
myndcd can do verayc litle good in case they wold, savynge to 
them selves. And concemynge the (freres, that they nether shuld 
be agreeved with any prejudice, I dowte not but under the kynges 
highnes favour of soch preferrementes as I have of his grace suffi- 
ciently to provyde for every one of them that shalbe founde an 
able mynister of Christes church in competente leniynge and 
honest conversacion. Moreover the sayed towne of Kermerddyn 
l)einge the most frequented place and indifferently sytuate in the 
myddle of the dyocesse, I myght there (and Qod willinge so I 
wolde) settle my contynuall c«msiBtory, assisted with lemed per- 
sons, maynteynynge a ffre grammer scole, with a dayly lecture 
of holy scripture, whereby Gods honour princypally preferred, 
the Welsh rudenes decreasynge. Christian cyvilitye maye be in- 



* This VM probftbly Um pnof7 at CMrmartliea, of wbich thcr« art ttiU couicWrmbW 
rrmaiat. Thia letter wr a n to coatndict tha eoaiaoa opiaioa that tAmumA Tailor, 
Ant earl oT Rkhmooa. tlie father of Kla( Henry VII. waa bvrica in tlM cailMaral aT 
Si. David't. Ilia reaaaiat wart per^pa riaiot twi tkitWr on tka aapprratioa of tte 
priory. 

CAMD. SOC. 2 B 




186 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

troduced to the famous renowne of the kynges supremytye^ 
whose princely majestye almightye Jesu preserve with your good 
lordship. From Kermerddyn^ the last daye of Merch. 

Your lordeshyppes to commaund, 

W. Menevsn. 

To the right honorable 
and mj sjnguler good 
lorde my lorde priTey 
seale. 

[Jnelosed with the foregoing letter,'] 

Thexaminacion of Thomas Hore, prior of Cardigan , donatyre of the late momstefye 
of Cherscy, concern ynge the pretensed taper of our Lady there. 

Inprimis, the said pryonr sayeth that he hath be prior there the space of fyre yeret. 

Item, that he ncTer saw the taper of onr Lady within but at the neder ende, whfere 
it appered wood unto his judgement. 

Item, that he estemed the same to be a holy relyqne to hit jodgemente, acoordinge 
to the fame of the cantrey, unto the tyme that he saw it opened. And then he eon- 
fesseth hym selfe to haye be deceayed therin. 

Item, that the image now situate in the church of Cardigan » which ya vied for a 
greate pilgremage to this presente daye, was founde standinge apon the ryrer of Tyve« 
beinge an arme of the see, and her sonne apon her lappe* and the same t^>er bemynge 
in her hande. 

Item, that the said ymage was caryed from thens unto Christes churdi of Cardigniy 
and the sayd ymage wold not tarry there, but was founde thre or fowre tymei in the 
place where now ys buylded the church of our Lady, and the taper bninnynge in ber 
hande, which contynued styll burnynge the space of nyne yeres, without waatingey 
untill the tyme that one forsware hymselfe theron, and then it extincted, and never 
burned after. 

Item, that sence the ceasinge of burnynge of the sayd taper, it was endoeed and 
taken for a greate relyque, and so worshipped and kyssed of pylgremes, and need of 
men to sweare by in difficill and hardc matters,* wherof the adyauntage admonnted to 
greate sommes of money in tymes passed, payenge yerely of the same xl^ noblea for n 
pcncion unto thabbot of Chersey. 

Thexaminacion of syr f Morgan Meredeth, Ticar of our Lady church there. 

Inprimis, he sayeth that he hath be vicar there xxj^. yeres. 

* We might imagine, by the number of holy relics which the Welsh had to swear by, 
that they were constantly in the habit of false-swearing, and did not beliere one 
another. Other instances will be found in Giraldus Cambrensis, &c. 

t Sir, applied to a priest, was a scholastic title, the translation of domhim^ given 
to a person who had Uken his first degree in the university. We meet with other 
instances in the course of these letters. 




SUPPRESSION OP MONASTBRIBS. 18/ 

Item, that prior Johan ProdMun* tolde hym, that becaoie the people toke the wax 
awaye, he pat the tree beneth, that the people ■hold not dymineth the tubttaDce of the 
taper, otherwiee he aaaenteth and agrceth in all thioget with the prioor. 

ii^uuetionet dictU pritri §t riemrio fmcU H tofmc/e, deeitmo itjrlo die ineMJ* Miertif, 

mmcioriimte rtfim m e d imm i e, 

inprimit, that the tajd prior and ricare mlinnis Heihu thall preaeh and declare the 
goffpell or the epiitle reade apon that daye in the mother tongue, ezponynge the mom 
ftjncerlj ai ferre ai their lemjnge will ezteode, openynge to the people the abhoniaa- 
ble idolatri and diiceatfnll joggUnge of their predicetaoura there in worthippinge and 
canelnge to be worshipped a pece of old rotten tymber, pnttinge the people in belcfe 
the lame to be a holy reliqve, and a taper which had burned withont coneooiynge or 
wait, &c. 

Item, the tayd pryovr and ricar thall to preedi erery Sondaye and holy day betwizte 
thit and dowtimum im mUi$, 

Item, the tayd prior and rieare thall do awaye or cante to be done awaye all maocr 
of clothet, fygnred wax, delntyont of myraclet, throwdet, and other entytementet of 
the ignorante people to pilgremage and ydolatry. 

Item, that they thall take an ynventory of all and every toch clothet, wax, throwdea, 
and other entyiementet, and the tame thall conTerte into the ate of pore people, or 
otherwite to tone other good ate, makynge thcrof a recknynge in writinge, declaringa 
the trewe bestowynge and atinge of the tame. 

Item, that all and tyngoler thete injanctyont thalbe bTiolablye obtcnrcd in payne 
of cootcmpte. 



XCIV. 

IIIHIIOI* BARLOW TO CROMWELL. 
[From MS. Cotton. Cleop. E. iv. fol. Mi,] 

After mostc humble rccDinmciHlarions, pleasith your lordrfthippe 
to l>c a€lvcrtyMHlc% that immcdyatly upon the rec(*yte of y«>ur 
honomhle lettreiiy I macle delyvery (»f soche ^hhIcs tif the chaun- 
toum uf Seyrite Davydcs as reniayiied in my cuAttKlye ; and where 
itt was 8Ug]{e8tyde that I rysctetle his howaM? and toke awaye all his 

• Probably Uote't pudccetof in the oAcr. 




188 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

goodes and catalle, to sertefye your lordeshippe an&yndly of the 
trewetb^ I causyde nothinge to be removede thence butt certeyne 
cbestes, wherein was perceyvede to be his plate and money^ 
whiche after his voluntary submyssion I dyd upon consyderacyons, 
bycause parte of the contrie was ryotously raysid uppe by his 
ffirendes^ and for the manaeynge rumoures of Mr. Rychard De- 
vourax hyther commynge^ as this barer my brother can ferder 
enforme your lordeshippe with the hole circumstance of the 
chauntres ferre abusyde demeanour and intollerable fessheon. 
Wherein doinge my dutie^ though I have nott excedyd equyte and 
conscience, yett is ther soche valyant baringe, contrarye to all 
justice^ that onles your good lordeshippe be my favorable defence 
in rights I shall not escape confusyon. For, whatt by moche 
money and many myghty ffrendes, my adversaries, as they make 
theyr advaunte, dubt nothinge to prevayle. And of this partyall 
baringe the pryncypall procurers are two of my rycheste cannons 
(other lawde I can nott geve theym), swome chaplajrnes to mj 
lorde Ferreis, Mr. Gryffith ap Owen and Mr. John Liewes^ trea- 
sorer of Seynte Davydes, who upon dyspleasure causeles in this 
mater to hynder my fame and to elevate my hatred, have sythen 
absentyd theyme selflF, contrarye to the kynges actes, ydelly 
sojournynge in Carmerdyne, and nowe fully porposide withowte 
occasyon of greyff to be playntyfFe agaynste me, whom I never 
agrevyde in no case, excepte they acounte it for a greif, bycause 
in tlie late sedytyous season, havynge notycion that certeyn of the 
rebellyous lettres were amongest the cannons, sever[ally] examyn- 
ynge theym I trj-ede owtc that the trcasorer had a copyc, whiche I 
requyringe hime to dclj-ver, he made excuse that he hade loste it, 
whereof I wrote to my brother then beinge att London to certefie 
your lordeshippe, whiche cam nott to his handes, butt as I am 
enformede were syns delyvered to Mr. William Popley. Con- 
ceminge the other, Mr. Lewes GryfFj-th ap Owen, in my late 
vysytacion itt was presentyde and founde that he hade kepte a 
certeyn woman, havinge dyvers chyldren by her, and causyde 




SUPPRESSION OP MOMA8TBRIB8. 189 

(as she affinnith, forced) her to contracte matrymony with a ser- 
vante of his owen, and sythen by the space of ij. yeres hath suf- 
frede her dayly frequentynge his howse to acompany another canon, 
one of his nexte neyghboures (by whome she hath hade one 
chylde, and is redy to be delyverede of another) ; whiche with lyke 
neccssarie maters of reformatyon I charytably Uyde to thejrr 
charge. And as for any other causes of greiif, I knowe none that 
they can lawfully allege agaynste me, exoepte they be agrevyde 
with my contynuall prechinge and syncere settynge forthe of the 
kynges gracyous artycles to the reproche of ungodly superstycyon 
and abhoniynablcidolatry, whiche with horryblc blasphemy agaynste 
Gmi, and detestable dclusyon of the kynges subgettes, have bene 
here shamfuUy supportyd, as by apparente evydens att your lorde- 
fthippes pleasour redy to be showed, shall manyfestly apere. And 
yet in all tliiese thinges, natwithstandynge their obstynate repug- 
nance, I have usyde soche attempred moderacion, that yf they can 
justly con\'ynce mc of any rasshe inordynate extremyte, I wyll 
never desire to l>e favored of your lordeshippe, whiche as I have 
all waves largely founde withowte any demeryte, so I truste never 
by noo mysdemeanour to lose ; as knowith Criste, who have your 
good lordeiihip])e in his kepyngc. Frome Seynte Davydes, the v^ 
<laye of Apryll. 

Your lordeshyppes to commaunde, 

W. Mbnbvbn. 



Tbr tnuL^t of DarTcl (lathrren, meationed in the folloviaf UfUr, which appttn to 
K««r }tern an objrct ctf frrat irrrrrocr in Walr«, wm ■«bM«|ttmfly trantporCed !• 
I^indon, and in Mit was pabltclj Harnt In SmithArld, aknif with friar Po r ta l o# 
(ffrrnwirh, wbo bad bern rondrmnrd for bifb trraaoa in drayiag aad ofipoaiai iIm 
kioK't taprraMC7. Tbc bttraiiif of tbia imafa vitb tba friar appear* to bata craalad 
nmttdrrable arttftation at tbe tune, aad ia airatiuord bj BKiat of tbr rbroaidrra. Hall, 
after Irllinf Ibr tlory f*f friar PorYat, aajra — ** A bttlr brforv tbr riroitioa. a bag* aad 
grral laiafc waa broaf bt to tba gallova, vbicb iaaagr vaa bmagbt oat ot Walaa. md o# 




190 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

Welshmen mach sought and worshipped. This image was called Darvdl GatboNDy 
and the Welshmen had a prophecy that this image should set a whole Foreit a Are, 
which prophecy now took effect, for he set this friar Forest on fire and conmincd bim 

to nothing Upon the gallows that he died on was set op in great letfcen 

these yerses following : 

" David Darvell Gatheren, 
As saith the Welshmen, 

Fetched outlawes ont of heU. 
Now is he come with spere and shilde 
In harnes to bam in Smithfelde, 

For in Wales he may not dwell. 
And Forest the frier, 
That obstinate Iyer, 

That wilfully shalbe dead, 
In his contamacie 
The Gospell doth deny. 

The kyng to be supreme head." 

It would seem by these yerses that the image represented a man in armour, or at 
least armed. Bishop Latimer preached a sermon on this occasion. 

xcv. 

ELI8 PRICE TO CROMWELL. 

[From MS. Cotton. Cleop. E. iv. fol. 55».] 

Ryghte bonorable and my syngular goode lorde and mayster, all 
circumstauncys and tbankes sett asidc^ pleasithe yt youre good 
lordeshipe to be advertisid that wbere I was constitute and made 
by youre honorable desire and commaundmente commissarie 
gencrall of the dyosese of Saynte Assaph, I have done my dylygens 
and dutic for the expulsinge and takynge awaye of certen abu- 
sions^ supersticions, and ipocryscs usid within the saide diosece of 
Saynte Assaph, acordynge to the kynges honorable actes and in- 
junctions thcrin made. That not with stondinge^ there ys an image 
of Darvellgadam within the saide diosece, in whome the people 
have so greate confidence, hope, and truste, that they cumme daylye 
a pillgramage unto hym, somme witlie kync, other with oxen or 
horsis, and the rcste withe money, insomuchc that there was fyve 




SITPPRBSSION OF MONASTERIES. 191 

or syxe hundrethe pillgrames to a mans estimacion that offered 
to the saide image the Afte daie of this presente monethe of Aprill. 
The innocente people hathe ben sore aluryd and entisid to wor- 
shipe the saide image, insomuche that there is a commyn sayinge 
as yet amongist them that whosoever will offer anie thinge to the 
saide image of Darvellgadarn, he hathe power to fatche hym or 
them that so offers oute of hell when they be dampned. Ther- 
fore, for the reformacion and amendmente of the premisses, I 
wolde glad lie knowe by this berer youre honorable pleasure and 
will, as knownthe God, who ever preserve your lordeshi]>e longe 
in welthe and honor. Writen in Northe Wales, the vj. daye of 
this presente Aprill. 

Yourq l>edman and dayelye oratour by dutie, 

Elis Price. 



A party of cominiMioneri wer«, about this time, diipatcbed towards Wales, wIm> ap* 
pear to bsTr been chiefly directed Afsin»t the hoates of the different orders of friars, 
many of them troall r«tjihluhmrDt», which hsd been allowed to escape the first act of 
suppression. One of the most sctive of these commisstoners was Richard (suffragan) 
bishop of Dover.* and we will bresk through the ttrict chronological order of the let* 
ters during tbe present year 1 1 '»3'', in order to follow him, and aAcrwards a differ«aC 
party of commissioners, in their several progresses. 

xrvi. 

RiniAHD IIISIIOP OF DOVRR^ TO CROMWELL. 
(From MS. Cotton. Cleop. E. ir. 161. il9.] 

My Avn^ler g<HKl lorde, in my umbyll maner picftoyht yt yower 

* He signs his nsme Rtrhard iyw^rrmsf or i>arortmrt»i aatl in an authentic docu* 
ment priotrd at p. •<>.' o( tbr |«r**«<nl volume he tt called Npckmni kftkop of tH w r^ 
and on anothrr •H-i*s«tiitt p. ..>) hjr l>r. l>»ndon mf lord •/ iturtr. In the catalogua 
of thr ( oCtoQian M>S. he It alwa?* called Rtrkmrd /Irrrretur. but the Mr. Hptkar^ 
i)trf*mrmM mraiioncd by btthop lUrlow 'p. !"«*> mmtt either be a n o t h ar psraon, or a 
mittakr of thr l»ishi>p*>. 




192 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

good lordeschyp to understand, that accordeyng to my dewte 
at yower commandement I have receyreyd to the kynget heynet 
use the iiij. howseys off ffreyrs in Boston,* very pore howseys 
and pore persons, and accordejrng to yower letter I have delyveryd 
the same howses to master Tavemer and master Johnys^ servanttet 
to the kynges grace, with all the pore implementtes for hys money. 
In my way thederwarde I fonde a howse of Austen ffireyrs in 
Huntteyngton,t very pore, the which also I rcceyveyd, and ddy- 
veryd the same to one Phelyp Clampe, one of the kynges aer* 
vanttes, accordeyng to the kynges plesur as master chanseleres 
letter of the agmentacyon sygnyfyyd to me. They howseys be all 
metely ledeyd ; I thynke in Hunteyngton abowte viij. foder^ and 
in Boston I thynke in the iiij. howses abowte iiij. schor foder or 
more. I now am in Lyncolne, where that also I have receyveyde 
iiij. pore howseys,^ non thyng lefte but stony s and pore glasse, but 
metely ledeyd. All the led and bellys I leve to the kynges use ; 
and as for plate allso I save, the which ys very lytyll. Yf that I fynde 
xij. unc. in a howse, yt ys well ; fore the more parte vij. or viij. unc 
ys the most. In Lyncolne, in the Grey Freyrs ys a goddy 
condyle, for the which the mcyar and the aldermen was with me 
to make sute to have the condythe into the cete. I kowde nott 
satysfy them tyll that I promyseyd them to \iTyght in ther behalfe 
to yower lordschyp for the same, and so they have a letter of me 
to yower lordschyp, besecheyng yow to be good lord to them ; they 
orderyd me very jcntylly thcr. I trostcyd to a made an ende of 
the vesytacyon : but I am certefyyd that yet ther be stondeyng in 
the north parte above xx. placeys of freyrs, as in Grantham, in 
Newarke, in Grymsseby, in Hull, in Beverley, in Scharborow, in 
Carlehyll, in Lancaster, and in dyverse placeys more, for the which 
howseys I well serge so that I trost to leve but fewe in Tnglond 



* The MonasticoD contains accounts of only three houses of friars at Boston in 
colnshirei namely, the Black FriarSi Grey Friars, and White Friars. 

t The priory of Austin canons at Huntingdon is said to have been founded originally 
in the tenth century. The last prior was Hugh OUtcs, alias Whitewick. 

t There were houses of black, grey, white, and Austin friarsy in Lineoln, 
house of friars de Saoco, all which are described in the Monaaticon. 




8UPPBBMION OP 1CONA8TBBIBS. 19S 

before Ester^andl thyngkeytwoUbener Eiter or that I can make 
an ende, besecheyng yower lordschyp to be good lorde for the pore 
flreyrs capacytes ; they be very pore and can hare lytyll aenret 
withowtt ther capacytes. The byschoyppys and curettea be Tery 
hard to them, withowtt they have ther capacjrtea. And, my good 
lord, I harttely beseche yow be good lord to me for my lereyng 
in Langley, as all my trost ys in yower lordachyp^ and in non oder^ 
and I evar att yower conunandemente to the uttermost of my lytyU 
powre, be goddes grace, hoo erar presenre yower lordschyp to hys 
hey honor. Wretyn in Lyncolne, tliys fyrste Sonday of Lentt, by 
yower pore senrantt and orator, 

RiCRABD DOVOBBNC. 
To Bj lyagvbr good 
krdo CnuDVcU lordo 
prtTj Mtli thjt ddjrer. 



lo Um Bat letter «c iad Um Bidbof of Dofor abodly oa Um Wdik bonkr, hai^fag 
pobobly wcdfod sow difocttoM tnm tW eoTt. 



XCTII. 

BICHABD BISHOP OP DOVBB TO CBOMWBLI- 
[PiM Ma. Cottos. Cbo^ B. !▼. p. UO.] 

My singular good lorde, in my hmndy maner plesith yt your 
good lordechipe to understande, that I hare ben at NorhthampCon, 
at Corentre, at Aderstone, at Warwike, at Thelford» at Drayte- 
wich, at Wisitor,* and now am at Gfeaoetttr btendyng toward 
Bristowe. In erery place ya porertey and modbe achiAe made 
with suche as theie had before, aa yewellys selling, and other 
scbiSte by leasys. But in all thes pbcys I hare aett steys by 
indenturys making, and the oommon sealya aequealering, so that 

• WiiBiHir 
GAMD. aOC. ' C 




194 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

now thei have no schifFte to make, so that I thinke before the yere 
be owt ther scliall be very fewe howsis abill to lyve, but schall be 
glade to gifFe up their howseis and provide for them selvys other- 
wise, for their thei schall have no living. As for Gloscetor, wher 
that now I am, I thinke their be ij. howseis that will give up 
their howsies, for thei have no li\'ing. I schall order them so well 
as I can, and at my next letter I schall certefey your lordeschipe of 
them. The cause of my writing now ys for ij. howseis speciaUy; 
that ys for Aderston,* an howse of Austen freeres, x. mile from. 
Coventre, and for Wheych. For thes ij. howseis your lordechipe 
may at your plesure adpoynte to helpe sum to them. At Ader- 
stone, I have adpoyrteid the prior to se good serveyd till that I 
knowe further off your plesure ; but all ys gon, so that thei war 
not abill to make schiffte to paye for my costis, nor to giflFe me 
on peny of the contribucyon to their visitor accustomeyd. That 
howse ys a propar howse, and certeyne londe longing to yt 
lieing rownde abowte yt to the valure, as yt ys laten owt by lease, 
of iiij. markys by yere. All the stufFc ys not worthe xK beside a 
chales and a bell, and Icade ys non tlier. And towcheing Wheych, 
the which ys the principall cause of my writing, yt ys not abill to 
contynue a howse of religion to kepe above on freer, for all ys 
solid, lie that was prior, by whom at Hester yow senthe your 
letters to the balys their to se all their stuffe delyveryd age}*ne in- 
to the howse, he hathe in lesse than on 3ere that he hathe be prior 
ther felly d and solid vij. score good elmys, a chales of gillt of iij^. 
unc. and x. unc, a senser of xxxvj. unc, ij. gret brasse pottys 
eche abuU to sethe an holl oxe as men sey, spetys, pannys, and 
other, so that in the howse ys not left on bede, on schete, on 
plater or dische, nor for all the promes that be made to your 

♦ At Atherstone, in Waiwickshire, there was a small priory of friar* eremitei of 
the order of St. Augu>tine, founded in l.i7 ">, by Ralph, lord Basset of Draiton. It u 
btated in the Monasticon that this house was dissolved in the '27 Hen. VIII., which 
must be an error. 




BrPPRRSSION OF MONAHTfiRIES. VJS 

lordcscliipe he ys not al)ill to bring home eny thing ageyne, nor 
yot tt> niako n trcwe accowntcs wlier this ys s|KMit by xx. markvji 
truly. And in liis (^ofer I fownc xj. bullys of the bischopis of Uoine, 
and ul)ove an liundcryd letters of pardons, and in all the bokys in 
the qiiere the biseho|>e of Home still standing as he did xx. yerys 
past. I have chargid the balys that he sehall lie forthe cuniming ; 
and for the bowse I have sett a pore freer to kepe masse ther, and 
I have providyd for his horde and leveyng to be paydc xvj. a 
Wi'key till your furtlier plesurc l>e knowen in yt. Their be iij. 
labur for yt, that ys sir John Russell, sclireyvc of Wisitor srhere, 
he ys cum to London to sewe for yt ; Mr. Fye; and Mr. Newell, 
servant with my lorde of Wisitor, ffor whom at the desyar of my 
lorde of Wisitor I spake to your lordesei|)e, for and exeepte he 
have yt I tliinke he sehall lese a mariage of xl. markys by yere. 
Your lordesrhi|)e may do your plesure. Tliis ys the substans of 
yt. The howse ys mete for no man to dwelle in, withowte gret 
rostis don on yt. Yt standith in a good ayer, and yt bathe so 
many tcnauiitreys and rioseis abowte yt as Ik? laten for v**, by jerc. 
Their be ij. i;t)oJ belly h, a d tales, and a fevve vest men tes of lit ill 
valure ; the stutTe be^idr vs not wort he xl\ Ix*ade ther vs ncm, 
exrrpt in ij. gut teres, thi* whirh the pritir bathe con%'eyd into the 
tnwilt*. hut \t \s suar. Yt vs nit*telv wodrvd in hoge n>wvs. Here 
\H alK brstM'hing ytiur lonU'^ehipe in knowe your plesun*, ytf eny 
thin:: I sHiall do in tliris ii. howseis. I srhall cum within x. mile 
of tlirm in my pn»greHse, but what siH'ver vow order for them I 
prav vow Ik* so ^fH»d hirdi* that my ehargis their may Im* |>ayde off 
thi* stntfe nnd the di-wtrin of the htiwseis, and that I may Im* dis« 
rharu'id of the l)orde and vagin for the fretT at Wlieieh, f«>r I had 
luithcr \)vuy nor |M*nyworthe in eny (»trthrm. .\Uo, my lonle, I 
hrMM'ht* vnw t I srtidc nil' vour pK*Nure vtf t!:at I M*hall niedill with 
thr ht»WM» nf wluMte fretTi'H in Winrhi'ster.* I here that their l>e 
no frriTfft, and uhrther eny ordenans Ik* made by the kingis grace 

* \t ^inrhrftdr there «m a priory i*^ Carnirlite ur •kite friar*. founJnl in l/TH, 
»t.ii ti vtiKMl «>|i|HMiU- Ibr (-baffi.b uf Si. Mubarl. bul u/ abub «rrj lillk U kmiva. 




196 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

or yow I knowe not. Your plesure in theis, ray lorde, I hartely 
bcseche yow^ and I ever at your commandment by Goddis grace, 
hoo preserve yow to heis bei bonor. Tbis xxiij. day of Maye. 
From Gloscetur, by your servant and orator, 

Richard Dovorbns. 



It seems by the date of the following letter that the bishop remained tereril weeks 
occupied between Gloucester and Bristol. It appears, howeyer, that daring thb 
period he had visited Marlborough and Winchester, and perhaps also some other placet 
in that part of the country. 

XCVIII. 
RICHARD BISHOP OF DOVER TO CROMWELL. 

[From MS. Cotton. Cleop. E. iv. foL 251.] 

My synguler good lorde, my dewte presupposyd, pleseythe yt 
yower good lordescbype to understande, tbat before I receyvyd 
yower letter by my servantt, I had beyn in Brystowe at tbe Whyte 
Fryers,* and also in ij. howsys of Glowsetur, and ther for thegret 
clamor that was for dettes ther, I bad men assyngneyd by the 
mayeres of bothe towneys to prise suche as was in thoys iij. 
howsys, and solde all and payd tbe dettes, as by my accounttes yt 
shall appere, and the howsys put in saffe custody tyll the kynges 
plesur be forther knowyn. The substans in the more parte of tbe 
howsys ys very small ; in dp-erse placeys lytyll more than the 
dettes; and tbe clamor of pore men to whom the monye ys 
oweynge ys to tedyus. Wherfor thys order I toke tyll yower let- 
ter cam specyally, where that the dettes were mocbe. But nowe 
that I knowe your forther plesur, I shall folowe yower commande- 
ment so nere as I can, and accordeynge to yt I have begon with 
the Grey Fryers in Glowsetur.f And because I am in dowte off 

* The priory of the Carmelites or White Friars in Gloucester, a small hoofe, waa 
founded in the latter part of the reign of Henry lU. 

t There was in Gloucester a house of (irry or Franciscan Friars, or Friars Minora, 
which existed as early as the year rJCf*, but the date of its foundation is uncertain. 




8UPPRR8810N OF MONASTERIES. 197 

my rctumc to London, I sende to yow here the copys off every 
indcnter off tlie inventorys otT every iiowse that hathe gySyn up into 
the kynges hondes, because yf tliat yt shall forten in the tyme any 
howse by tlie kynges grace or yow to be set any order for yt, that ye 
maye knowe the order and substans off that howse by tlieys copys. 
And where that yt hathe pleseyd yower lordeschype to wryght 
to me, as ye juge, that thowgh I have changeyd my habet, I have 
not cliangeyd my fryercs hartt, goode my lorde, juge me not so, 
for God shall be my juge, my fryers hart was gone ij. yeres befor 
my habet, savcynge only my leveynge ; but the favor that I have 
schewyd hathe not be for my fryers hartt, but to brynge all 
thynges vrith the moste quiet to passe ; and also tyll now that 
yower honorabull letter cam to me, I never koulde perseyve any 
thynge of yower plesur, but ever fereyd that yf I wer to quike, 
that I shuldc offende yower lordeschype, the whyche 1 wolde not by 
my wyll for all that 1 am abull to make in the worlde. But yff 
that I myglit know that I shulde not offende the kynges grace 
nor yower lordeschype, 1 koulde by juste and fayer menys, and do 
no wronge, dyspache a gret parte off the fryeres in Ynglonde, or 
my yerc off vysytacyon was endeyd, so that I myght have sum 
lyl>erto to lycens them to change thcr habettes after ther howsys 
were gyffyn up. For off trcwthe thcr harttes l>e dene from the 
rclyg)'on the more ])arte, so they myght change ther cotes, tlie 
whyrlic they l>e not abull to paye for, for they have no thenge. I 
harttcly l)cseche yower lordeschype be good lorde to theys pore 
men that have gyffyn up ther howsys that they may have sum 
dvHchargc. I scndc thcr namys here incloseyd. And where yower 
lord!K:hype noteythc that 1 shulde sum thinge wr}*ght in commen- 
€laryon of the fryers, and suffer sum to tery at mennys desyer, the 
trvuthc vs, I have so don because that I wolde not be taken to 
M*hcwe them extremyte, but rather favur. But in my lieiynes 
anuinge them, ther appereythe lytyll favor, for where that I fynde 
thorn fawtc, I dec^lare ther fawttes after suche fai*ytni that they 
rather wull g\'ffe up the liuwsys, tlian I shulde declare thcr dcmc* 



198 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

nors^ as by that menys I have receyvyd iij. howsys sythe that I 
wroght laste to yower lordeschype, the whyche I thynke wolde not 
a lytyll a moveyd yower lordschype, yfF ye had kiiowen the order 
oflf them ; sum stekeynge faste in wyndowys nakcyd goynge to 
drabbes^ so that the peler was fayne to be sawyde to have hym 
owte ; sum beynge plucked from under drabbcs beddes ; sum 
feytynge so that the knyfFe hathe stoken in the bone; wythe 
suchc other praty besyncs, off the whyche I have to mocbe. But 
on I thynke ye shulde doo agoode dede to wryght to the mayer 
of Marleburthe, that he sum what loke on a fryer ther that ys in 
prison for a mayde chylde off x. or xi. yeres of age, whom he useyd 
nowtely ; they wolde that I shulde a delyveryd hym at my beynge 
ther, but master Yorke and I s[)akc with the chylde and here 
fryndes, so that the mater appcreyd so that I wolde not medell 
with the fryer. As for the Blacke Fryers of Wynchester,* I lefte 
yt with all the stuffe in a seculer mannys handdes, and gave but 
lycens to the prior to say masse ther tyll that I sent hym my 
letter ageyn, the whyche no we I have senth to advoyde hym 
thcnse. 

Sythe that I last wroght to yower lordschype I have receyvyd 
iiij. howsys into the kynges handdes. The Whyte Fryeres in 
Brystowc,t the whyche all tliat was in yt ys lytyll more than payd 
the dettes. Yt ys a goodly howse in byldeynge, mete for a gret 
man, no rcnttes but ther gardens. Ther ys a chapcU and an yle 
off the chyrche, and dy verse gutteres, spowtes, and condytes, lede ; 
the reste all tylle and slate. A goodly Liver and condyte cumynge 
to yt. Thys howse was in dett above xvj*'. of the whyche payd 
viij'»., the rest dyschargeyd by j)legeys. In Glowsctur I have 
dyschargeyd iij. howseys, as by the mayer and aldcrmcnnys handes 

* The house of Black or DomiDican Friars in Winchester, was founded by Peter de 
Rupihuit, or Derroches, biiihop of Winche.stor, in l'2.'l. 

f I tind no account of this house in the Mona.sticun. It was agninst the order of 
the friarii to posst'AS lands ; but the gardens, which they let out on leases, were allowed 
to pass by a quibble. 



8UPPRB88ION OP MONASTBRIBt. 199 

yc may perscjrvc. The Blacke Fryers ♦ ys a proper lytyll howse ; 
lytyll led but on yle ; no renttes, but thcr gardens, the whyche 
master Bell the alderman hatha in lese under thcr convcnte sell 
for many yeres, and I harttely desyer yow be good lorde to hym 
that he also may have that howse. lie dothc moche goode in that 
townc amonge the pore pepuU, setteynge many on worke, above iij. 
hunderyd dayly ; and I am moche bownde to hym for beys gret 
comfort in all my l>esynes ther at bothe tymys, and for the more 
parte I have Iieyn at borde with hym. I beseche youe be good 
lorde to hym. Tlie Grey Frj'crs ys a goodly howse, moche off yt 
new byldeyd, s])ecyally the chyrche, quere, and dorter ; the rest small 
logeynges ; dy verse leseys owt for yeres oflf logeyngesand gardens ; 
no led but a condyte and small gutturs. The Whyte Fryeres but 
a small howse, and in decay, and sum liowseys taken downe and 
soldo ; no renttes but xx\ by yere, and that ys taken for xx. yeres 
Wfor, off the wyche ix. or x. yere to cum. Yongc Thomas 
Bell hat he parte off the gardens off yt for yeres. I wold he 
myglit have that howse, yf yt pleseyd the kynges grace and 
yowcr lordsrliyjw. My singuler goode lorde, I mekely l>eseche yow 
|>ardon me of my rude and longe wrytynge, and yff yt plese yow 
to be go(Kl lt>rde to me to nende the dyscharge for the frj'cres and 
yower forther plesur l)y thys brynger, he shall sende yt to me to 
Ludlowe or Ilarforde t thys nexte woke, and I ever yower orator 
t4) Jhesu, whom I hartely bes4*rhe to gy^'c me that grace to do 
that thynge that sliall l>e to hys hey honor, to the kynges graceys 
plrsur and yoweni, to the whyche I woU appley my sclfe to the 
uttermost of my |>ore. 

Yowr servantt and orater, 

Richard Dovorbns. 

My gude K>nle, if tliat 3e wold be so gode lord to me to send to 

* Tl.r hiMiM* iif tUr bUrk ur lltniiiticAa frurt i;i (•UiurrvCer wm fimnikU ahomt 
1. .:« TTir Uit |>riur «a« John KAyi.uIUt. 

* ll«r.r>ril. 




200 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

me a hunderyd worans for the delyverans of a hunderyd ffireeres 
that schall gyff up tber howseys in tbys progresse, and leve a 
space for ther nameys, I woU brynge 30W the nameys and place 
at my retume. And^ gode my lord^ I besecbe 30U thynke noht 
that I am any feynour to 3ow^ for I insuer 30W I am nojt^ but am 
and woU be as trew and as secrete to 30W as any senrantt that 36 
have, and as glad to do that thyng that schuld plese God specyallj 
and the kynges grace and 30W. I wolde do all thynges with so 
moche quiet and withowt any clamor so ner as I know ; if that I 
knew 30wer plesur^ ther schall no parte be left undon so ner as I 
may. My commyscyon gyffyht me no auctoryte to put any owte 
withowte they gyff up ther howseys ; but if that I knew jower 
plesur, I may fynde causeys sufiycyent to put them owte of many 
placeys, for ther mysleveyng and for disobeyyng the instruccyons 
and the kynges actes. 

[At] Winchelse, accordeyng to 30wer commandement, I have 
sold the stuff; the bowse is at the kynges commandement and 
yowres. 

To my syngnler goode lorde 
Crumwell, lorde prevy scale, 
be thji delyrerjd with 
honor. 

(Ineloturt.) 

TO MT 8TNOULK& GOODE LO&O C&UMWKLL, LO&DE P&EVY 8EALE. 

I beseche yower lordeschype to hare dyscharge for theys fryen to change ther 
apparell. 

The Blacke Fryers of Glosseter. 

Fryer Johan Raynoldcs, bachylcr in djyynyte, prior nt^m; 

Fryer Johan Howper. 

Fryer Rychard Bylond. 

Fryer Wyllyam Swan. 

Fryer Wyllyam Walton. 

Fryer Raffe Howell. 

Fryer Thomas Meykyns. 



HI-IM'BBHHION Ul' MUNA1ITKBIR0. 

Hit Whjte of Ulotclir. 
Vnn Thoma* Karihl. 
Frfrr n>llr*D Pltuu. 
Frjrer llcnrr BTM-hewode. 

The Gr<7 Prjtn off GloMtrr. 
Krjrrt WtIIt>bi LjghtfalF. 
Frrer Julian BarcUje. 
Krjrr llrar; Jabct. 

Prjrrr Johu RrbuJI. 

The Whjle Prjjw of BrjMowc. 
Frjtr Thomai Wraialt. 
Frjcr Tbonua CI; fton. 
Frjer Symon V^ia. 
trjer Jubaa Iloprr. 

The Whjie PrTHca iiT Mirljiborowi.* 
Frjrr Tliumu U,'l,lj,hnnim' 
Vtjn ( rT.i»rrr lljll, 
Krjrr Maitro Elraaf. 
Frrrr Auitco Mun. 
Fnrrt Jubaa ArDuMr. 

Thr iirej frftt% off WTBrhraiar. • 



Thr Aailra Frrrn off U jBchnlrt.f 
Prjtr Joban Wjliii. 

Tlw niarkr Vrftn <>l U'jnchnlrr. 
Vtjtt RfiilurJi ( ^tMoi, >liirlor of d|Tjajl«> prior, 
Fr,,r l(..Wd. »,«-«,. 
Frrrr J..hic. CMri.. 
Pitrt S>'I..J« bukrr 
Frjrr Ji.lao Vncnltiy*. 
Fr>rr Kot«>.W Ili^iTa. 



I Maflbarovfh aai (nwadrd bj (no Bnrkaal* 




202 LETTERS RELATING TO TUB 

I wante iij. or iiij. freeres nameys of the Austen and Wheyte Freeres of WindiCiter. 
I lefte the boke at hom. If ye wold be so gode to send to me i^. or iiij. wanattes 
with a space for ther namys, I wer bonde to yow. 

My lorde, I intende, God willing, your plesure not knowen to the contrary, to ride 
now to Bristow, to Winchester, to Chichester, to Arrondell, to Sowthamton, to Salie* 
bery, and so all the west contre within XTJ. mile of the Mownthe, and so retnme intm 
Walys, and cum ageyne to Ludlowe and to Schrewisbery, and so to Denbith and to 
Baogar, and so to Westchester and to Lancaster, and so all the northe abowthe or 
I returne. In all placeys wher as yet I have ben I have made inventory indenteid, 
and seleyd up their common soalys so that thei shall sell or alienate nomore of their 
jcwellys nor other stufTc, wherfor I am suar that within a yere the more parte shall be 
fayne to giffe up their howseis for povertey. I beseche yoor lordechipe that my 
servant may knowe your plesure whether he shall adwaythe for a letter from your 
lordeschipe or no. 



XCIX. 

REPORT OF THE SURRENDER OF THE FRIARS GLOUCESTER. 

[From MS. Cotton. Cleop. E. iv. fol. 252.»] 

Memorandum, thys xxviij. day of Julii, in the xxx. yer of ower 
most dred soveren lord kyng Henry the viij^', Kychard byschop of 
Dowor and vesytor under the lord prevy selle for the kynges grace 
was in Glowsctur, and ther befor the meyar and aldermen in the 
howseys of freeres ther at ij. tymeys in ij. days putt the seyd freeres 
att ther lyberteys, whether they void contynew in ther howseys and 
kepe ther relyg}'on and injuxcyons accordeyng to the same, or ellys 
gytf ther howseys into the kynges handdes. The injuxcyons he 
ther declareyd among them, the whyche war thowthe by the seyd 
meyar and aldermen to be good and resonabyll, and also the seyd 
freeres seyd tliat thoy war accordeyng to ther rewlys, yet as the 

* The convent of the Tirey Friars at Winchester is said to have been founded by 
Edwnrd III. 

t Thiii house stood outside the town : the Austin friars settled here in the tine of 
Edward I. 



OF MONAtTBRlSt. 20S 

warlde ys nowe they war nott abuU to kepe them and leSe in thor 
howseys^ wherfore Toluntaryly they gaffe ther howaep into the 
vesytores handes to the kynges use. The veaytor aeyd to them, 
" thynke not, nor hereafter reportt nott, that ye be auppreateyd, for 
I have noo suche auctoryte to rappreaae yow, but only to reforme 
yow^ wherfor yf ye woU he reformeyd acc ord eyng to good order, 
ye may contynew for all me/* They aeyd they war nott abuU to 
contynew. \^lierfor the Tesytor toke ther howaeya, and charyta- 
bully deljrveryd them, and gaff them letterea to veayte ther fryndea, 
and so to goo to oder howteys, with the whyche they war wery 
well contentt, and aoo departeyd. Thys whe the aeyd meyar and 
aldermen teatyfy by ower handea aubacrybeyd. 

Maiater Wylltam HAaxRo, meyr. 

Maater Wtltam Mathbw, aldermon. 

Mr. TnoMAa Bbll the elder, alderman. 

TnoMAa Patnb, alderman. 



Tbe mat letter tnem th« TUton Ib UmIt profreM to akmrtbvry. when tlMy ««« 
praptfiag to cBtar Wain. 



C. 

RICHARD B18HOP OP DOVBR TO CROMWRLt- 
[FhMi M8. Cotton. Claop. B. iv. IbL S4a.] 

My aynguler good lord, in my humble maner pleaeythe yt yower 
lordichype to underatande, that aythe I wroght to yow from Glo* 
aetur I hare taken into the kyngea handdea ij. eonrentea in Wor* 
aetur,* on in Brygenorthe,t on in Atheraton, and on in Lechefyld4 



• UUiU tpodw or o Imom or blMk Mm at WofOMlw. Ho oIm BMBtioM the 
Grry Prion, •• wltlwot St« Mortio't Gate.** fomUU hj tko Mrb oT WnvM io tko 
tkiftMocli emtory. U tin SI llto. V]|I. tin til* or tin bttor koMt im graHad to 
tW bdaf • Mid cMmm. 

t Then VM la Bridftooctli o iMwe oT gtoy trim ieaaiii fta the niga oT Htary 
VI. by Join Talbot eari or abnwihofy. 

: At UtebatM then waa a boon oT gtoy Wan iaooiii aboat tbe yoar IWa. 



204 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

of the whyche I WTOght to yower lordscbype by yower servant Holt 
from Lechefylde. Sythe I have taken into the kynges handdes 
ij. conventes in Stafforde,* on in Newcastell Underlyne,t and ij. 
in Schrewysbery, and ther on standeytht styll ; the occasyon of it 
standeynge is because that I alwaye have declaryd that I had no 
commyssyon to suppresse no bowse, nor non I dede suppresses but 
suche as was not abuU to lyve. Yff they gave ther howseys into 
the kynges handdes for poverte, I receyveyd them, and elles 
non. Now for that bowse in Schrewysbery that standeyth^ yt 
ys of the blacke fryeres,J and I cowde fynde no gret cause in 
them to cause them to gyve up. And also yt schall declare that I 
do not suppresse the howsys, but suche as gyve up, seynge that 
sum stande, and not all put downe. To wryght to yower lordsckype 
the copys of all the howsys and the inventorys of the same I have 
no leyser, and 1 am lothe to sende them withowte yt war be my 
servant, that I myght have sum answer of yower plesur agayn, 
and my servanttes be soke, so that I have non to sende ; but I 
trust to sc yower lordschype within a veke, and be that tyme I 
trust to make an cnde in all Walys. Sum what to certyfye yower 
lordeschype of the state off suche as I have receyveyd sythe that I 
wrote to yow towcheynge Stafforde, the Austen Fryeres ther ys a 
pore bowse, with small implementes, no jwelles but on Ijrtyll 
chales, no led in the bowse, in rentes by yere Ij*. viij^. The Graye 
Fryeres ther, halfe the quere ledeyd and a chapell, small imple- 
mentes, no plate but a chales and vj. small sponys, in renttes 
xxvj". iiij**. The Blacke Fryeres in Newecastell Underlyne, all 
in ruync, and a pore bowse, the quere ledeyd and the doeyster 



* A house of grey or Franciscan friars existed at Stafford early in the reign of 
Edward I. There was also a house of Austin friars, founded about 1344, in the ioqUi 
suburb called Forbrugge. 

t Leland, speaking of Newcastle-under.Line, says ** there was an home of black 
friars in the south end of the town/' 

t The Black Friars in Shrewsbury appears to have been founded about the sixth 
year of the reign of Henry III. 




■UPPRB88ION OP MONASTBRIB8. 205 

led redy to fall downe, the reste slate and schyngyll ; in fermya 
by ycre xl*. On master Broke liathe of late fownde the menys 
with the prior to gett of hym the more parte of they howseys and 
grownde ther by iij. lescys, and that for lytyll money ; he wolde 
a gyve me golde to a grantteyd to hys leseys, but I toke no peny 
of hym nor of non other, nor non wolL Yif he have thoys leseys, 
ther ys lytyll besyde, for he hathe lyberte allmost in alL Ther 
ys a proper wode, but] he hathe all in leae. No sylver above xiij. 
ounce. In Sohrcwysbery be iij. howsys. The Blacke Fryeres 
stande, as before I have wrytyn. The graye fryeres * had con- 
veyd all, and made a grett rumor in the towne, for the whyche 
they war glade to gyve up all into the kynges handdes ; that ys m 
proper howse, small implementtes, no jwelles but a plate crosse 
sylver, and on lytyll chales of lytyll valur ; no renttes but ther 
howse and abowte iij. or iiij. acores of eryabull londe lyeynge to 
yt Tlie Austen Fryeres, f a howse all in ruyne, and the more 
parte falieynge downe ; no thynge in that howse, not in all to the 
valur off iiij. nobylies, in vestementes, copys, brasse, pewter, and 
all other stuflfe ; no chales to sey masse, nor non wolde trust 
the prior t4> lende hym any ; no fryeres ther but the prior, a man 
ickc to be in a fransey, X and ij. Erysche^ men. I have dyschargeyd 
the prior of heys oflfys, and sent the ij. Erysche men into ther 
owyn contre, and so take the howse into the kynges handdes. 
The rentes be iiij. markes by yere. 

Hiys ys the hoU state of all the conventes that as yet I have 
rerey veyd, of the whyche at more large and clerenes I shall schewe 
to yow at my cumynge. I ryde thys day toward Westcchester, 
and so into Walys. My synguler good lorde, I beseche yooe 

* The Urry Priara im nknwthmrj wm tlMiauiff fai tW f ri k t kalf of iIm tliirt>ttfc 
rrtitury. b«t iu hktory U wry obtcm. It vm Ikt barUI plac* «C iIm todjr Havlito 
wife of Jobs de CiMriloa Srvt carl oT Pttwia, uU W, kaviac ynhMj bcM m Watfcctpr. 
cnaw at a later ptriod to ht looked oo aa tW §ammdtr. 

t l^rUod MP tkat tWe AwUo Prian im 9knwtkmrf »aa a foasJaHaa *• of th« 
KUffordra/* 

: Prroiy. I IHah. 




206 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

pardon me of my rude wrytynge, and yf that I do not my dewte 
as that I owte to do^ I beseche youe pardon me, for my hart and 
intente ys to do that thynge that shulde specyally plese God, the 
kynges grace, and yower lordschype, accordeynge to my dewte ; 
also besechynge yower lordschype, that yf before my cumynge ther 
be any order taken for Newecastell Underlyne, that ye wolde be 
good lorde to on master Johan Bothe, a servant of the kynges 
graces, the whyche ys a grett bylder in theys partes, that he 
myght for money have the slate and schyngj'U ther ; for ther ys 
no other to be don with the more parte of that howse, but save 
the lede and slate, and take the profete of the grownde. Thmt 
master Bothe for yower sake scheuyd me many plesures, and gave 
me venyson ; wherefor I may no lesse do but wryght to yower 
lordeschype, besecheynge yow to be good lorde lo hym, an I ever 
yower orator to Jhesu, who preser\'e yower lordschype. Thys xiij*^ 
day of August, From Schrewysbery. By yower bedeman and 
ser\'antt, 

Richard Dovorenx. 

I receyvyd non word from 3ower lordschyp sythe that I receyvyd 
30wer letter by my servanth, wretyn in Petworth, the xxviij. day 
of Julii. I make promes to the freeres that gyff up ther how- 
seys that I shall send to them waranttes ffor ther abettes befor 
Myhelmas, and in the tyme I gyff them letters to vesyte ther 
frynddes. 



While the visitors were entering Wale«, we meet with aaother letter fironi bishop 
Barlow, which is interesting «s picturing the state of the country at that time. 

CI. 

niSIlOP IIAULOW TO CROMWELL. 

[From MS. Cotton. Cloop. E. iv. fol. '.'«().] 

After my ri«;ht humble comincnducions, I considerc mv dutie 




8i:PPRB8flION OP MONABTRRIP.S. 207 

tadvcrtisc your lordshipy that accordingc to the purporte of your 
Irttrcs latly rcceaved^ sigtiiiiengc the kynges highnct pleasour for 
the removynge of ydolotrous abused ymages, wherewith this con- 
trey horribly dyd abounde, in satisfyenge of the same I have dili- 
gently done myne endcvour, and that quyetly every where witliyn 
my diocesse unresisted, without tumultei commotion, or disturb- 
ance, with no frustrate ex])ectacion (as I trust) of forther eflTectuall 
redresse, yn all causes of Cliristen rcligyon and godly purimses of 
the kynges m(»st honorable and no lesse profitable proceadinges. 
The i)eople now sensibly seinge the longe obscured veryte many- 
festly to displaye her brightnesse, wherby their inveterate accua- 
tomed supersticion apiuirantly detected, all popish delusions shall 
sone lie defaced, so that erudityon, the |)arente of vertue and un- 
fallible foundacion of all ordynate pollecyCi which by the kyngea 
most renowmcd fortherance beawty fully fiorisheth yn all other his 
royall domynions, might also be planted here in his graces principa- 
lyte of Wales, where knowlege utterly unknowen, scyencc yt litle 
regarded, barlierouse ignorance pyteously pleat inge in possettion, 
notwithstandinge wolde easely l>e redressed, without hyndraunce 
of the kynges advauntage, yee with notable augmentacion of his 
moAt worthy honour, small expenct*s therto requysite of any partie, 
with moch commodvtie of manv, to the incommoditie of none 
that prcferre an unyver^all weale l>efore a private sensuall plea- 
sure. In case my i>eticion thorow your good lordships medyacion 
ninyc be attayned of the kynges highnes, for the translacion of the 
sec to Kcrmcrddyn, and trans|>o!iinge of A)>ergwilly college to 
nrc('kn(»k, the princyimll townes of Sowthwales, where provision 
had for lernynge as well yn gramer as yn other tcyences and know- 
lv]zc of Scripture, the Welsch rudenesse wolde sone be framed to 
Knirlish cyvilitie, and their comipte capacyties easely reformed 
uith ctMlly intelligens, which m«iveth me to be so instante a suter 
find n rontynuall peticyoner, especyally for the translacion of the 
M*c. bciiiKe sytuuted in S4»ch a des<ilate angle and in so rare a 
friM)ui*iitcd placv (excepte «»f vaealKiunde pilgremes), that evill 




208 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

disposed persons, iinwillingc to do good, maye lurke there at 
lybertye in secrete withowt restraynte, and they that wolde fayne 
do well can have no convenyente oportunyte profitablie to utter 
their well doinge to the commodytie of the comon weale. Which, 
yf there were no nother causes, as ther be ynfinyte more reason- 
able then maye be justly disalowed^ and so evydente that they 
can not be shadowed, yet yt mighte seme sufficient necessarylie 
to persuade a translacion of the see. But forthermoare, yt hath be 
allwayes estemed a delycatc doughter of Rome, naturally resem- 
blinge her mother in shamclesse confucion, and lyke qualified 
with other perverse properties of execrable malignitie, as ungodly 
ymage service, abhomynable ydolatrye, and lycentiouse lybertie of 
dishonest lyvinge, popish pilgremages^ disceatefull pardons, and 
fayned indulgences, in whose lawde yt ys \iTitten, 

Roma semel quaDtum dat bis Meneria tantum. 

And as the bisshop of Rome crepte up by policye, and rayninge 
by tyranny was more then man, little lesse then God, whose 
authorytie never knowen was contynually obeyed, no reason ad- 
mitted to askc why, but as he wold so did yt avayle, even thus 
hath our Welsh David byn avaunced to be patrone of Wales, as 
he that had signiory not only in erth, by lawles pryveleged ex- 
empcions, but power also in heven to geve it whom he wold, to 
discharge hell, to emptie purgatory, to pardon synne, to release 
payne, yee to save his bencficiall frendcs, to curse and kyll his 
unfavorable adversaries, whose legende ys so uncerten of trueth, 
and certenly full of lyes, that not only his sayntly holynesse ys to 
be suspected, but rather to be dowted whether any soch person 
was ever bisshop there, as ys surmysed, experyencc in semblable 
cases latly tryed owtc by Dervelgadern,* Conoch, and soch other 
Welsch godes, antique gargels of ydolatry. And verely, yf cre- 
dence ought to be geven to the most auntycnte writingcs that can 

• See before, p. IIK», of the present volame. 




■UPPREUION or IfONAtTERIEt. 209 

be exhibited, wherof I have oerten pamflettes testifyeng antiquitie, 
both in barbarouse letters and incongrue Latyne, agreable to the 
maners of that season, also mencyonyngc soch enormyous fas- 
chion, that scarsly Rome myght be comparable with saynte Davids 
terrytorye concemynge presumptuous usurpacyon apon their 
princes, crafty yncrochinge of possessions, subtyle defeatinge of 
enherytances, eitorcion, brybery, symonye, heresie, ydolatrye, 
supersticion, etc. Wherfore, consideringe that where Rome with 
all her popish pageantes (praysed be God !) thorow the kynges 
most prudente provysyon ys exiled forth of England, the unfayned 
fydelitie of myne allegeaunce enforseth me to wysh all memoryall 
monymentes of her popetry yn lyke maner to be banyshed owt of 
Wales, which hytherto remaynynge yn the terry tory of S. Darid, 
unneth maye be extincte without transladon of the see. For 
excepte the manyfolde occasions of ydolatrous infidelytie and 
papisticall practyses (notwithstandynge compulsory inhibycions 
and tongue professions) be clerely abolyshed, shall allwayes reno* 
rate new fanglcd ymaginacions to contrefayte the olde exercysed 
wickcdnes. Wherin reducynge to remembraunce the pryscd 
mcmoryes and perpetuall renowned factes of the famouse princes 
of laraely which did not only abarre ydolatrye and other ungodly- 
nesse, but utterly abolished all occasyons of the same, lykewise 
notifyenge their terreble reproches and aggravated punyshmentea 
that were neglygent, I dowte not but that my supplyante sute 
shall seme reasonable. And though peraventure some will ob- 
jecte the contrarye , the causes not prqienscd, which partly I hava 
uttered yn these and other my former letters, omitttnge the resy* 
dew, lest I shuld molest your lordship ; yet havinge the kyngea 
most benynge and gracyous favour with your assbtente support** 
cion, I trust so to justifie the equytie of my petadon that no adter* 
sarye shalbe able to emblemish yt. And yf urgente ymportunytie 
of hasty sute shall neade excuse in this behalfe, I have sufficiently 
to allege the importable charge and costly exspenoes of a sump- 
tuous buyldynge (a conorthe latlye graonted for the sane), which 
CAMD. see. 9 u 




210 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

bestowed yn Kermerddyn or some other frequented place^ myght 
be pleasante^ profitable, and commodyous for the kynges subjectes, 
whereas other wyse yt shalbe wasted yn vayne and unprofitably 
perysh in a barbarous desolate comer, as knoweth our Lorde, who 
have you in his tuicion. From Lantfey,* the xvj**» dayc of Au- 
gust. 

Your lordeshyppes to commaund, 

W. Meneyen. 



CII. 
RICHARD DISIlOP OF DOVER TO CROMWELL. 

[From MS. Cotton. Cleop. E. iv. fol. i»63.] 

My synguler goode lorde, my dewte presupposeyd, pleseyth 
yt yower good lordschype to understond, that sythe I departyd 
from yow I have receyvcyd to tlie kynges use xxviij**. conventes, 
as by a byll here incloseyd yt dothe appere, of the whyche be- 
fore I have ^m'tyn to yower lordscliype. The copys of the inven- 
tores of dy verse convcntes, and also the testymonyalles of thcr 
relesseys, subscr)'byd with the handes of the wyttenesseys, of the 
rest that yet I have not sent to youe before 1 sende here now, 
noteyd on the backes of the inventores of ther value yerly so ncr 
as I can knowe. Goode my lorde, I praye yow be good lorde to 
me, that the waranttes for ther habettcs maye be had accordeynge 
to my promcs, for they may not be sufferyd to saye masse abrode 
in chyrchys tyll they have ther exempcyons. I have wreten to 
dyverse of the byschoppes, and with dyverse I have spokyn, to 
lycens them tyll after Mychelmas, and at that tyme I have pro- 
myseyd to sende ther lycens to certen placeys wher they shall 
have them fre, for the more parte of them have no peny to paye 

* LUnfey cutle» in Pcmbrokeshirey wu one of the retidences of the bishopa of St. 
DaTid*ii. 




8UPPRBB8ION OP MONABTBRIBB. 211 

for the charge of them. In many placeys ther ys moche clamor 
for dettes of conventtos, to that withowte ye be goode lordc to 
pore men, many shall lesc moche moneye by the fryercs, the 
whyche woll make a grett clamor amonge the ])epull, for now I 
have moche besyncs to satysfve the pepuU for dettea. They aay 
that yt ys not the kynges plesur that pore men shulde loae tlier 
monye, vrith manyc worddet; but by feyer menya I satyifye 
them ; sum I make schyfte and pay, sum I satysfye with worddes, 
for in dyrerse placeys all the stuffe in the howseys ys not abuU to 
pay the dettes. I wroght to yower lordschype for ij. howseys in 
Schrewysl)cry. Tlic Blacke Fryeres yet standoythe, and for the 
contyncwans of that shall be made moche labour to yow. I praye 
yow grauntt nott but as I shall order that accordeynge to my 
cotnmyssyotiy for the standeynge of that makeytlie me to have 
more be.Hynes in dyverse placeys than I schulde have. Also Uier 
ys a howse of Austen frj-em, that I dyschargeyd the prior, and 
sent the ij. Yeryschemon into ther owyn conlreys ; ther war no 
more at hom ther, and all was gone, and all the more parte of the 
howseys in falleynge dowtie, and non chales to say masse, nor no 
man wolde trust them to lende them any. Hy ther inventory ye 
shall Hee ther suhstans. 1 here that the prior ys cum to I^>iidon, 
to sew for hys Ikiwsc agayiie ; yt wer |K'ty that he shulde s|Mrde. 
ThevH ij. sutes I wolde gladly have recysteyd. Alsi* ther l>e iij. 
coiivcntes yt in Hrysttiwe : as for the Hlacke be redy to gyve 
up, hut the other ij. i>e stytfe and liere them sore In* gret favor. 
The (irav Frveres, hv reson that the warden vs warden tif Ueche- 
ni«»ride an<i yn in favor by res<m of that, yet for all hys grett |Mirt 
I tliynke liytn xx. merke in dett, and not abull to |Niye yt. 
The Austen fryer, by n*son of a grantt that he bathe of thekyngea 
unu-e for terme of hvs Ivffe, bv the whvche he thvnkevht thot he 
may m*I1 the Iiowm* and all, for the plate ys all iMilde and allso the 
tymlHT that grewe aln^wte the bowse, so that he bathe within iij. 
yvTiS t«iken alnive a hunderyd luarkes of plate and tyiulMT and 
other iniplemeiitcft, so that almost all yn gun. Yf yt wolde 




312 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

plese yow to sende yower plesur by thys bryngar of theys ij, con- 
vcntes in Brystowe^ in my cumynge home I shall cum within x. 
myle of Brystowe, and so I wolde thether to fynysche all thoys 
partes ; and so I wolde to Salysbury, and other ther^ yf that I 
knewe yow [er] plesur. In many placeys I fynde but on lytyll 
chales, and also in many placeys the substans in plege. Sucfae 
small chales and suche plegeys as be better than they ley for^ I 
pay the money, and receyve the pleges to the kynges use^ and 
suche I brynge with me. I have chales bothe of tynne and coper, 
plate in sum placeys I fynde non. Goode my lorde, I beseche 
yow be so goode lorde to me to sende me sum byll of yower plesur. 
I had no worde from yow thys v. wekes. I wold sende to yow dy- 
verse rclykes, but they wer to comeres to cary. I have Malkows 
ere that Peter stroke of, as yt ys wrytyn, and a m. as trewe as 
that, but the holyest relyke in all Northe Walys I sende to yow 
here ; ther may no man kysse that but he muste knele so sone as 
he se yt, thowgh yt war in the fowleest place in all the contre, 
and he must kys every stone, for in eche ys gret pardon. After 
that he hathe kyssyd yt he must pay a met of corne, or a chese 
of a grote, or iiij^. for yt. Yt was worthe to the fryeres in 
Bangor,* with another image, the whyche I also have closeyd up^ 
XX. markes by yere in come, chese, catell, and money. Yf that 
I shulde wryght of all suche ymages at that ydolatre hathe be 
useyd, that wold take a schete of paper, the whyche I have 
avoydeyd. I am now in Harford-cst, wher that I have be thys 
iij. days, and have had moche bcsynes to brynge my purpose to 
passe, by reson of the Graye Fryeres. With hom in every place 
I have moche besyncs, and also M^th an ancar in that howse ; but 
at the last I have my purpose, as by ther relesseys ye may per- 
sep'C, the whyche I send here, besechyng yower lordschype to be 
good lorde to the maycrcs and balys of suche cetes and towneys 
as I have be in. I have fownde them very goode, and dylygent 

* There was a house of black friars at Bangor, fouDded at the beginning of the foar- 
teeoth ccnturv. 




•UPPREMION OP MONAtrBRI£l« 213 

to do sucbe thynges as I hare desyeryd them. And alio I praye 
you be good lorde to yower Bervant master Holt, and to master • . • ; 
they have moche comforteyd me. I aUo am desyeryd be many 
other of the kynges servanttes to wryght for them ; and dyverse 
be so inportune on me to wryght, that I can not voyde them, tyll 
that I promyse to wryght. Sum woU gyre me zx. nobylls, sum 
more, but I have taken no peny of any, nor non I woU take. On 
Johan Turner, the man of the garde at Ludlowe, sore laboryd to 
me to wrj^ht. And thys daye I ryde to Brekenocke, and so to 
Carmarden and to Harforde*west, and so over to Sent Myhelles 
Mownte, and so brynge all Comewalland Denschyar with me. Be- 
sechynge yower lordschype to sende me yower pleser of Brystowe» 
Sowthehampton, Salysbury, and other, and I ever yower orator to 
Jhesu, who preserve yow. Thys xivij. daye of August. Wreten 
from Harforde-est, by yower servantt, 

Richard DovoRsifc. 
I sende the namys of them that schuld have warantes for ther 
apparell. 



W« now ka?« Um hUkop of Dotw* to follow th« wiMtn— w wko i m lag 
mummmruiU •«!■■» of Uus year vMiod Iko ■ootttir hootw to tko toithw —4 womHk^ 
western cooatko, ■■oi^ wkoa oa« of Iko boiI wtifo wot Dr. Join Lim4o«. Ho 
oppcan ftlto to luvt bif«o kk p t ugftM to Iko oildlaad cooottoi, bol wt tei hkm Snt 
MOiford. 

cm. 

DR. L4>NDON TO CROlfWBLL. 
[Pkoai MS. Cottoa. ClMp. B. iv. M. S37.] 

My most humble dewtye observyd unto your gudde lordcahippey 
witli my assurede prayer and Cuthfull service during my li£ I 



214 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

have taken the surrendres of Kyme,* Noncotton^f Irfbrthe,} 
Fosse,§ and Hevenynges.jl Altho universally in every place re- 
ligiose persons makith ther hondes, as they have done lardgely in 
every oon of thees howses, yit have I lefte thees howsys deriy 
owt of dett, have rewardyd them honestly towardes ther apparell^ 
payd all servantes wages, with rewardes convenyent, left the 
howsys undefacyd, bellys and ledde reservyd to the kinges miyestie 
thorowly, and yet have I all that litill plate was lefte with som 
monye above all costes and chardges, wiche I shall dispache my 
hondes of as sone as I may convenyently send it with the plate to 
Mr. Thackre. Mr. Johan Hennage, Mr. Wisman, and M. Cotton 
wer with me at every of these howsys, and we have commytt the 
custodyes of thes howsys with the evydenses perteynyng unto the 
Tsame, as we wer commaundyd by your lordeships letters ; Heve- 
nynges, wher moche wast ys made in the woddes, to Mr. Johan 
Hennage, depute for sir Thomas Hennage ; Noncotton to M. 
Skipwith ; Kyme to the bayliff ther, for my lord Talbos ; Irforde 
to M. Tum'hyte ; and Fosse, a beggerly power ruynose howae, to 
M. Philippe Hobye. Many of thes nonnys wer professyd at x. 
and xij. yeres of age, as they do reportt, and after they knew the 
frayltie of ther bodies, and com to rypar age, lyvide in unperfytt 
chastitie, and now be wonderfull gladde of thys late ordinance it 
pleasyd the kinges majestie to mak in hys high cowrt of parlya- 
ment, declaring suche as wer professyd befor the age of xxj. to be 
at lybertie to marye if they will, and do pray right hartely for the 

* Kjme, in Lincolnshire, a priory founded by Philip de Kyme, in the rtiga of 
Henry II. The last prior was Ralph Fairfax. 

t Nun Coton, or Cotham, in Lincolnshire, was a small house of Cistercian nana, 
founded in the first half of the twelfth century. 

X The Premonstratensian nunnery of Irford in Lincolnshire, was founded by Robert 
de Albini in the time of Henry II. The surrender in the Augmentation Office is dated 
July 8. 

§ The nunnery of Fosse, near Torkesey in Lincolnshire, was founded by the towns* 
men of Torkesey, in the reign of king John. The last prioress was Agnes Marr. 

11 Hevenynge, or Heyninges, was a small nunnery in the parish of Lea in Lincoln* 
shire, founded about a.d. MHO. The site was granted in the 31 Hen. VIII. 




•UPPftBMlOff or MOffAtTSRlBt. 



215 



kinges majestie. I pcrcc y ve many of the other sortt, monkes and 
chanons, wiche be yonge luttic mcn^ all ways fatt fedde, lyring 
in ydelnet and at rest, be tore perplezide that now being prestet 
they may nott retom and marye. Moat partt of them be no thing 
lemyd, nor apte therto, and therby in moche wartse case. I hare 
geven as well to sondrie of them, as to ther masters, suche power 
counsell as I my|t do, and have advisede them that wher 
they be nother lemyd nor apte unto the same, to tome som of 
ther seremonyns of ydilnes unto som bodely exercise, and nott to 
sytt all day lurking in the cloister ydellye. Afker I hadde don 
with those v. places in lincoln shyer, Mr. Freman browjt me a 
commission for the Charte iho ws e in Notingam shyer oallyd Bow- 
▼ale,* and for a howse of chanons callyd Newstede.t Of Bow* 
vale, sir Johan Hussey hathe the custodi, and sir Johan Beryn of 
Newstede. We founde the prior of the Ch a rt cr howse in bye 
shortt gowen and velvytt cappe, redy befbr our commyng, and 
the proctor of that howse in lyke apparell the next day following. 
I think it were harde to gere so manye agen into Umm howseya 
I have l)e att as I have dispacchyd, ffor in every howse, as well of 
men as of wcroen, they be in maner all gon that nyjt I have taken 
ther surrendre, and streightway in new apparell. Now I have 
dcinc in all those howsys aoording to the kinges higfanes oommis* 
sitins, and shalbe at all owors redy to the best of my litdl power 
to do suche farther service as may lye in roe, aoording to my 
most bounden dewtie, by the hdpe of almyftie Jhesu% who 
with increse of moche honour long preserve your gudde lordo- 
shyppe. Oxon., xxvij. JuKL 

Tour moat bounden oratour and servant, 

JoBAN London. 



* Tlie priory oC BMStalt, is 
PmSrkrm Vmlh te pmrf it Gi$mtU$ 
TW iMt prior mm TkoM* Ww^ooek. 

t TW tbbrj or priory of Novrtoorf is 
ByroM. VM faioiii oboot a.s. 1 170. TW 
crMito4 !• Sir IoIm Byrss, wma$lmmi ia tk 



• or at to VM odM is Ulis, 49 
kffiUUkm^ Ourtoliipo, Is lS4t. 



ilsco dw plolarao^w MM oC lao 
iMjolHiBkko. TWrfliMi 




21G LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

The ' visitor of the friars* mentioned in the following letter, was probably Ricbaid 
bishop of DoTcr. Little is known of the two hooses of friars in Salisbory. The Grey 
Friers was founded by Richard, bishop of Salisbury, in the reign of Henry III. The 
Black Friars, of which house we do not even know the founder, stood in the west 
suburb of the town, near Fisherton Bridge. 

CIV. 
JOHN FITZWARREN TO CROMWELL. 
[From MS. Cotton. Cleop. E. iv. fol. 146.] 

After my most hartie recommendations unto your honorable 
lordeshipe^ plcse it the same to be advertised, that syns I re- 
ceyved your lovyng and hartie lettres by your servaunte Mr. 
Goodale, with the warrant for a stagg in Purbeke, for the wiche I 
render to your honorable lordeshipe my most hartie thankes, be 
maj^tenauntly declared unto me the pryvie operation of certayn 
prystes within the cyte of Sarum, in ther confessions concemyng 
for])yddyng of whytmeates in Lent, the redyng of the New Testa* 
mcnt in Englisshe, and the cumpany of such as be of the new 
lemyng. Whom I have not only examyned, but also have ex- 
amyned certayne witnes agenst them, the ponesshement wherof I 
have stayed untyll your lordesheps pleaser be further therin 
knowen. And, my good lord, wher that I am enformed that the 
vysytour of the fryers shortly vriYL repayre to the cyte of Sarum to 
dissolve and make sale of all such thyngcs as he at his last beyng 
ther dyd take an inventory of, I most hartely desyer your good 
lordeshepes lovyng letters unto the saied 'V'ysytour in my favour, 
that I may have the stuff of the Black Fryers for my money befor 
any other with the place to dwell in for my rent. And if it may 
stond with your lordeships pleaser, I desyer your good lordeshipe 
to wrytt your lykc lettres unto the saied visytour in the favour of 
your ser\'aunte Mr. Goodale for the Gray Frj-ers, who dwellith next 
unto hit, and who also taketh so much payncs for the comcn wele, 
and in helpyng and furtheryng poore mennys matiers, as I knew 
never bayliff to doo lyke in my tyme. And thus most hartely 



•UPPRBSSION OF MONAtTBRIBt. £17 

fare your lordethipe well. Frome Dorneford, the xx^ day of 
August. 

Youer lordships faythfully assured, 

JOHAN FyTZWARBN. 



In the foUowiof letter «• ftad Dr. London ttill at Oiford, which Mess to hit* 
been the centre of hie opermtiont. 

cv. 

DR. LONDON TO CROMWELL. 
[Prom MS. Cotton. CIcop. E. !▼. fol. ti7.] 

In my most humble maner I have me commendyd unto yourgudde 
lordoschippc, with my assured prayer and service duringe my lyff. 
I have causyd all our fower onire of fryers to chaunge ther cotes, 
and have dispacchide them as well as I can till they may receyve 
ther ra|>acitic5i, for the wiche I have now agen sent uppe thys 
t>enir doctor Baskcrfcldc, to whom I do humblie besek your lorde- 
srhipiM* to 9tonde gudde lordc. lie ys an honest man, and causyd 
all liys howse to surrendre the same and to chaunge ther papistical 
gannontcs. I wrote to your lordeschippe specially for hym to have 
in hys ra|)arytie an expresse licens to dwell in Oxford, altho he 
wrr l)cnefyryd ; and your lordeschipp then wrote that yt waase 
your picasur he and all other shulde have ther capacities acording 
to tlicr dc»yer, and for that thys man ys now an humble sutar unto 
your lonlcAchippc. He hath lie a vbitar of dyvers places wiche 
they do call custodies, and knowith many thioges as well in 
London as otherwise, wiche he hatli promised me to declare unto 
your lordeschippe, if it be your pleasur he schall so do. And a 
frynde of myne, the warden of the Grey Fryers in Reding,* hathe 

• Thr pnory ot the Grej Priere. in RcMlinff. wm §ommde6 In I:I3J. The 4ee4 el 
farrrnaer oT thia honae, printed in *' Conini' llielofj el ReftUnf .** p. SOI, ie 4nle4 
Sept. 1.1, SO Hen. VIIL I. e. I&M. 

CAMD. 80C. 2 r 




218 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

also desyred me to be an humble sutar for hym and hys brotheni) 
that they may Mith your lordeschips favour also chaunge ther gar- 
mentes with ther papisticall maner of lyvinges. The most partt of 
them be very agede men, and be nott of strength to go moch 
abrode for ther ly vinges, wherfor ther desyer ys that yt myght please 
your lordcschippe to be a mediator unto the kinges grace for 
them that they my3t during ther lyves enjoy ther chambres and 
orcharde^ and they wolde assuredly pray unto almi3tie Godde 
long to preserve the kinges grace and your lordeshipp to hys most 
blessyd pleasure. Oxon, ultimo Augusti. 

At Merston Mr, Johan Schom stondith blessing a bote^ where- 
unto they do say he convcyd the devill. He ys moch sow3t for the 
agow. If it be your lordeschips pleasur^ I schall sett that botyd 
ymage in a nother place, and so do ^dth other in other parties wher 
lyke seking vs. 

Your most bounden oratour and servant, 

JoHAx London. 



Richard Pollard, another of the commissioners, was occupied partly on the 
ground as Dr. London. In the following letter we find him at Winchester ; it U with- 
out date, but probably belongs to the earlier part of the September of this year. 

CVI. 
POLLARD AND OTHERS TO CRUMWELL. 

[From the State Papers, toI. i. p. 621 .] 

Pleasith your lordship to be advertised, that this Saturdaye^ in 
the mornyng, aboutes thre of the clok, we made an ende of the 
shryne here at Wynchestre. There was in it no pece of gold^ ne 
oon ring, or true stone, but al greate counterfaictes. Nevertheles 
we thinkc the sylver alone thereof woll amounte nere to twoo 
thousande markes. We have also receyved into our possession 
the crosse of emeraudes, the crosse called Hierusalem^ an other 




SrPPREMION OP yONAflTKBIKII. 219 



h. 
„- 

"" 

of\ 



croKHc of gnld, 3 chalices of gold, vith tome iiytrrr plate, parcel of 
the ]M>rtion of the vestrve ; liut ihold prior made the plate of the 
huune soo thynne, that we can diminiah noti of it Rn<l leave the 
prior any thing furnished. We found p y prior, a nd all tlic con- 
rent, very conFormable ; having assistentes vith us, at the open- 
yng of our charge to the same, the majTe, with 8 or 9 of the l»c«t 
his hrethem, the hisshopa chauncelour, Mr, dortour Craiforde, 
with a f^tun] ap|>arauncc of honest personages l>eaides ; whu, with 
<H>n riiyce, must liartely gave lawde and prayse to (Jod and to 
tliv kingcH niajestye, thinking verily that tlicy doo all as moch 
rcjiiise of hin mnjp<ites godly and moat chriHtian pur{Hisc Iteriii as 
caiine he dcvixcd. We have also this moniyng, going to our 
Iwddfs warde. vieued thaulter, wliicho wc ])ur[wsc to bring with us. 
It wol l>r wortlie the taking downe, and nothing thcruf seen ; hut 
Miclie n jiecf of work it is, that we thinke wc slial not rid it, doing 
our Im'sI. iM'fiir Monday night, or Tuesdayc niomyng, which doon 
we enti-ndf. iHitli at Hide* and St. Marj'cs, to swe|>c awaye all the 
niten Ixiiie.s that lie railed reliques; which we may not omjtt, 
lest it nIiuKI In' tliiiuj'ht we cam more for the treasure thenne for 
avoiding of (hiil>oniy nation of ydolatry. Other thiiiges, as ferre 
as wc caniie lenie, there lie none for us in those plai'cs, whirlie 
lliiiiL;i-<i d<Hin, and our ihinses net out-warde, wc sliall attende 
ii]i|Hin v'liir loriKhip with diligence. 

L'ttioniiiH Wriolhesley t hnnilily lieseche your good lonUliip to 
panloii the rudenes of this letter, writen in ha-.! in the churrhe 
wlieiiiie I was wer\'; and, in like maner, 1 Wsechc your lordship 
to Im- good lorde to the piKirr man the Iterer of this letter. It ia 
the Mtnic of nliom I lold your h)rdihip cunecmyng the femie 

• Thr mooiiirry r,rilT<lr. Bitlioat Ike •■U* (4 WtadMUr, wu th* »tma abbej 
■ hi.h. f'niDdrd l>T kmc AlfnJ. ou in S«inB lian nlWJ Ihr Nn Mintttc; bm il 
ibni •(>«■<] Mlik-rni til (br ntbnlnl Di Old MiMtM. froa wbnx* h *u mnatnl to 
llvir in thr mr> "( UrarT I- "HiFn an <tiU aoBc irmaimt. 1W lul *bbu« >M 
J"bn StJi-ui, ur ti«lir<it, ■!•■• Capua, abu for kM ■■bwnwtf la the cimrt ■■• ■*■!■ 
tn>l."|> of tteaffir. iBd •ftrmrd* ut Salubtur. TW ikhrj ol M. Mvj wu the ■■■• 
mr; IowmM u thM ell; b) imf AVml TW lul iMnt wt, Kliubrib SbrllrT- 

• ^<t TtwBU* WrTotbnlrr. aArraMd* twl«f fIo«U«apta«. 




220 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

whiche sir William Kempe wold have from him. He aflbmeihe 
constantly that he is utterly undon if he shuld forgo either thole, 
or that half that Mr. Kempe wold have. Forty acres of his best 
\ lande he wold be content to let him have^ at reasonable rent^ for 
ijhis favour; which^ in my poore opinion^ is more thenne reason- 
liable. /Thus having certain affiance that your lordships goodnes 
woU pardon this my boldnes^ we shall pray to God to kepe your 
lordship in healthe. From St. Swythines in Winchestre^ this Sa- 
turdaye momyng. 

Your lordshippes most bounden^ 

Rychard Pollard. 
TnoHAS Wriothesley. 
John Williams. 

To the right honorable and 
our singular good lord, 
B17 lorde privy e seale. 



If the date of the preceding letter be right, Pollard teems to have gone from Win* 
Chester to Reading, where he would act in conjunction with Dr. London. The foUoir- 
ing letter must refer to the priory, and not to the abbey, in this town. 



CVII. 
RICHARD pollard TO CROMWELL. 

[From MS. Cotton. Cleop. E. iv. fol. S24.*] 

Pleasyth youre lordshyp to be advertysed, that att my comyng to 
Readyng I dyd dyspatche Mr. Wrytheslys senrnunt wyth every 
thyng accordyng to youre commaundement^ wyche amountythe to 
the some of cxxxjH. ix». viij*^., as appeyrythe by the partyculers 
herein inclosyd, and parte of the stuffe rcservyd for the kynges 
majestyes use, wyth the whole house and churche undefasyd. I 
and my fellowes have lefte hytt by indenture in the custody 
of Mr. Penyson, and as for the plate, vestementes, copys, and 
hangynges, wyche we have reservyd also to the use of the 



SUPPRESSION OP MONASTKRIBS. 221 

kynges majestyc, wc have leftc hytt in the custody of Mr. 
Vachcll * by indenture^ wych slialbe conveyd to Lioiidon 
agcynstc my comyng thyther ; and, thangkf s be to God ! every 
thyng ys well fTynyssliyd there, and every man well contentyd and 
gyvythe humble thankes to the kynges grace. I wythe my ffel- 
lowes intend on Tewsday next, Uod wyllyng, to take oure journey 
fromc Keadyng, as knc»wytlie (iod, who ever preserve youre good 
lordshyp. Frome Keadyng, the xv. daye of Septembre. 
Your owan assuryd to command, 

Kyciiabd Pollard. 



H^ tbm^oUowinf Icttera from Dr. London, alt rcUUng to tbo MpprcMkm ot thm 
priory of Rrulini^. are almost conntcrparta of one another. The two ftnt vera o«- 
uinly not addmtrd to the aame pcnoo — the second was prohahly sent to the chn»« 
ccUcr of the angmcntationt. 

CVIII* 

DR. LONDON TO CROMWELL. 
[Prom MS. Cotton. Clcop. E. !▼. fbl. n5.] 

In my mo«it humble maner I have me commendyd unto yowcr 
gude lordc!ichip|>r, acertenyng the same that I have pullyd down 
tlie imageof our ladye at Caversham, wherunto wasse great pilgre- 
magi\t Tlie image ys platyd over with sylver, and I have putt 
yt ill a cheste fast lorkyd and naylyd up|>e, and by the next bardge 
tliat comythc from Reding to I»ndon yt shall lie browght to your 
lordesc*hip|)e. 1 have also pullyd down the place sche stode in, witli 
all other ceremonyes, as Ughtes, schrowdes, cruwchys, and imagiea 
c»f wex, hangyng abowt the chapell, and have defacyd tlic same 

* Cromwell was hifh steward of Rcndinc. and Thoaaaa Vachell. Es^. who rrpM- 
•enird the town in partiamenC, arted as his depntj* steward, 
t Csvenham is ahont a mile and a half to the north of Readme. 



222 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

thorowly in exchuyng of any &rtlier resortt thedyr. Thys chapell 
dydde belong to Notley abbey^* and ther always wasse a chanon 
of that monastery wiche wasse callyd the warden of Cavershaniy 
and he songe in thys chapell^ and hadde the ofieringes for hys 
lyving. He wasse acostomyd to shew many prety relykes^ among 
the wiche wer (as he made reportt) the holy dager that kylled 
kinge Henry^f and the holy knyfe that kylled seynt Edwarde.^ 
All thees^ with many other, with the cotes of thys image, her 
cappe and here, my servant shall bring unto your lordeschippe 
thys wek, with the surrendre of the Freers under the covent 
. scale, and ther seale also. >/Ihave sent the chanon home agen to 
Notleye, and have made fast the doores of the chapell ; wiche ys 
thorowly well coverd with ledde ; and if it be your lordeschips 
pleasure, I schall se yt made suer to the kinges graces use. And, if it 
be nott so orderyd, the chapell standith so wildely that the ledde 
will be stolyn by ny3t, as I wasse servyd at the Fryers ; ffor as 
soon as I hadde taken the Fryers surrendre, the multytude of the 
poverty of the town resortyd thedyr, and all thinge that my3t be 
hadde they stole away, insomyche that they hadde convayd the 
very clapers of the bellys. And saving that Mr. Fachell, wiche 
made me great chere at hys howse, and the mayer dydde assist 
me, they wolde have made no litill spoyle/' In thys I have don 
as moche as I cowde do to save every thmg to the kinges graces 
use, as shall apper to your lordeschippe at the begynnyng of the 
terme, Godde willinge, who with increse of moche honour long 
preserve your gudde lordeschippe. At Redinge, xvijo Septem- 
bris. 

At Caversham ys a propre lodginge, wher the chanon lay, Mith a 

* Notley, or Nutley Abbey, ia Buckinghamshire, of which there are itill considerable 
remains, was founded in 116'J, for Austin canons, by Walter Gyffard, second eari of 
Buckingham. The last abbot was Richard Riilge. 

t Henry VI. This is curious, as showing the esUblished belief that the king had 
been murdered. 

X Edward the martyr, the son and successor of king Edgar. 



SUPPRESSION OF MONA8TBRIB8. 223 

< faycr garden and an orcherd, mete to be l>e8tow3rd upon som 
frj'ndc of your lordeschips in thes parties, ffor the chanon hadde 

' no tiling to do ther butt to kepe the chapell and receyre the 

; offringes. ' 

I besek your guddc lordeschippe to admytt me a power sutar for 
thces honest men of Redinge. They have a fayer towne and 
many gudde occupiers in ytt, butt they lacke that howse necessary, 
of the ^nchC) for the mynystracion of justice, they have most nede 
of. Tlier townc hall ys a very small howse, and stondith upon 
the ryver, whcr ys the commyn wassching place of the most partt 
of the towncy and in the cession dayes and other cowrt dayes ther 
ys such betyng with batildores as oon man can nott here another 
nor the quest here the chardg gevyng. The body of the church 
of the Grey Fr}*ers, wicho ys solyd with lath and lyme, wold be a 
vcr)' conimodiosc rowme for them. And now I have rydde all the 
fasschen of that church in parcleses, ymages, and awlters, it wolde 
niak a gudly towne hall. The mayer of that towne, Mr. Richard 
Turner,* is a very honest gentill person, with many other honest 
men, hathc exprcssyd unto me ther grcf in thys behalf, and have 
desyred me to be an humble sutar unto your lordeschippe for the 
same, if it shulde be solde. The wallys besyd the coyne stonys 
)>e butt chalk and flynt, and the coveryng butt tile. And if it 
please the kingcs grace to bestow that howse upon any of hys 
scrvantes, he may spare the body of the churche, wiche stondith 
next the strete, very well, and yit have rowme sufficient for a 
great man. 

Your most bounden oratour and servant, 

John London. 



* Richtfd Tamrr wm iMyor oi RrMliaf fro« Srptember 19. 1^7, U HepC. I&3S, 
anil «u tiicccetirU by ThomM Mtrthc, (mAyor from 1 '»3(t to l^.i!li. ami RAchanl Jttat* 
icr •from IS3!> to ScfiC. IS44).) Sec CoatM* llUlory of RrAdinf. The pel itio« of the 
to w i »ew for the pfiory chvrch to b« cnmrtffmi teto • Iowa hall «m grmaled. 




224 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

CIX. 

DR. LONDON TO SIB RICHARD RICH (?)• 
[From MS. Cotton. Cleop, E. iv. fol. S36.] 

Right worshipfull^ in my most hartie maner I have me com- 
roendyd unto yow^ I have pullyd down the image of your lady at 
Caversham, with all tiynkettes abowt the same, as schrowdes, 
candels, images of wexe, crowches, and brochys, and have tho- 
rowly defacyd that chapell in exchuyng of any farther resortt, ffor 
even at my being ther com in nott so few as a dosyn with imagies 
of wexe. The image ys thorowly platyd over with sylver. I 
have putt her in a chest fast lockyd and naylede, and by the next 
bardge that comythe uppe it schall be brow5t to my lorde^ with 
her cootesy cappe, and here, with dyvers relykes, as the blessyd 
knyfe that kylled seynt Edward, the dagger that kyllyd kinge 
Henry, schethe and all ; and I myssed no thing here butt oonly a 
peece of the holy halter Judas wasse hangyd Tiathall. Here song 

* a chanon of Notley, wiche hadde conveyd home to hys master as 
great a relik as any of thees befor I com ; butt I wyll have hym, 
and schall send yt to my lorde. And thys wek folowing I will 
send uppe Mr. Johan Schom, and so as many as I fynde. I have 
occasion for my coUedg besynes to go by Aylisbery and Bedford 

- thys next wek, and as I suppose by Northampton. In all thees 
places be howsys of ffryers. If it be my lordes pleasur I will dis- 
pache them quyckly, fFor sejing they wold fayne be abrode yt_ wer 
pytie to stay them. And in dj-vers of thees howsys moche ydoly- 
trie have be usyd, and the people sore abusyd. I besek yow 
remembre Mr. Kny5tes mater I have movyd yow in ; and if by 
your gudnes it be browjt to passe, I know well yow will herafter 
moche rejoyse yow dydd ytt. My servant schall be with yow 
thys wek to bringe uppe the Fryers surrendre, with the relykes of 
Caversham, and schall also bring yow a tokyn in parchementundre 




Ml-PPRBSHION OP UONABTERIEa. 225 

the corei)t seale from th« abhott and covcnt h«re.* He desy- 
r^tlic uunir your favour, and nu other thinge ; and 1 know to 
nuK'lie lliitt my lord scliall fyiidc hym as cotifurmable a mun as 
any in thyn rcalnic, as more at brdg I will tell yow at the Iw^n- 
iiyn;; uf tlic trrnie, by the grace of (iodd, w)io with incrcse of 
nxiclic worscUippc loiige prcwrve yow. At Keding, xvij' Scp- 
tembris. 

Your most bounden ontour, 

JoHAN London. 



nR. LONRON TO rnouWKi.L. 

[From MS. toltoD. Cleop. E. ir. M. J*t.] 
In my most humble nianrr I bare nie mmmendyd unto your 
pidde liirden(-lii[i|>c. with my annunrd prayer and >erTice, 1 hare 
M'lit ujip t<i yiiur lordcwliipj)c the Hurrender of the Cirry Fryera of 
Ui-diiii;, with ther plnte. xiirhe as yl yti. I have inwardly defacyd 
the rhtirrhf und dortrr; titr rrnydcw iif the howitc I have left hole 
tdl I kiiiiw your fnrtbrr plt-nsur, and rlorly dispaerhyd all the 
fryrri "wl "f the diKire» in tlitr Ni-rulrr apparel), and hnvrgrvrn to 
every ixm of theym niony in titer piirrya. and have rierly pajd 
ttior dctli'o. TliVN yn a tovne uf moch power people, an<l thtj 
fi-li l<i \ti-lini{ no fast in evi-ry etiniiT uf the howM*. (hat 1 have be 
fayni' to tary a hole wek here to M*tt ererj- ihini; in dew nrdre, 
nrid have and Krhall rreeyvr to the kingei ance use I trust 
nlxire xl''. Ilie n)aii%ion holy reservyd. 1 have dent uppe the 
pnnrii>all relik of idolytrie within thys realme, an aunc^ll with 
oiin wyntf that liniwjt to (*aversham the spere hedde lliat |>ererd 
iiur Saviour in syde upon the crosae. It was!« eunveyd home to 

• Krtiag Abb^ *m ti i^atrti till ik* jtr MlniM. *bf« Ua tkbal «*■ 
t..n(»l. 

<-AUt>. MOC, i U 




22(> LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

Notley, butt I sent my servant purposley for ytt. I have sent 
also iij. cotes of the image, M'ith such thinges as I fownde upon 
them, \nth the dagger that they say slew king Henry the vj. and 
the knyff that kylled seynt Edward, with many other lyk holy 
thinges. I have defacyd that chapcU inward^ and have sent home 
the chanon to hys master to Notley. I have requyred of my lord 
abbott the relykes of hys howse, wich he schewyd unto me with 
gudde will. I have taken an inventary of them^ and have lokkyd 
them upp behynde ther high awlter, and have the key in my 
keping, and they be always redy at your lordeships commaunde- 
ment. They have a gudde lecture in scripture dayly redde in ther 
chapitour howse^ bothe in Inglysche and Laten^ to tbe wich ys gudde 
resortt^ and the abbott ys at yt hym self. In any other thing I can 
do your lordeschipp service 1 am and always schalbe redy, Godde 
willyng, who with incrcse of moche honour, long preserve your 
gudde lordeschippe. Att Reding, xviijo Septembris. 

Your most bounden oratour and servant, 

JoHAN London. 



THE INVENTORYE OFF THE RELYQUES OFF THE HOW88B OFF 

REDY'NO. 

Inprimis, twoo peces off the holye crosse. 

Item, savnt James hande. 

Item, saynt Phelype stoUe. 

Item, a bone off Marye Magdelene, with other moo. 

Item, saynt Anastasius is hande, with other moo. 

Item, a |>ece off saynte Pancrates arme. 

Item, a bone off snynt Quyntyns armc. 

Item, a bone off savnt Davvde is armc. 

' mm 

Item, a bone off Marve Salomes arme. 

Item, a bone off saynt Edwardc the Martyre is arme. 

Item^ a bone of saynt Ilierome, with otiier moo. 




ilTPPRESHIOM OK MUNAaTERlRH. X'iJ 

Item, hoiips off uynt Stepliyn, with other moo. 
Item, a Ixiiic (ilf Asj-ntv UIonp, witli otlter inuo. 
Item, n bniie of aaynt Ofluiantle, with utltcr riiou. 
Itfin, n \nvc olf uyiit Ursuin stole. 
Itt-m. n cliowlHiiie of aaynt KlIiHinold, 
Itfiii, Ihiiicn (iiriiayiit Leitdii^m- and of S. Ilercitri. 
Ilcti), Ixiiu-s ottmynt MarKorptt. 
Item, bones oir saynt Aniitl. 
Item, a li.>ne ..ffwiynl Akm, with other n«M>. 
Item, H Imne off S. Anilrowe, hmiI ij. pewn of his cnwwr. 
Item, u lioite off S. Frt'ilyiiwydc. 
lleni, (I bone i>ff aaynt Anne. 
Wilbe iiiMuy othcrc. 

'llier be n iniiliitudp of Nniall liitiirs, luren, xlttnyi, and prmysi 
wicbe wohh- iK-eniiip iiij. lebetiMi of {Mpyr lo make jurtirularly an 
inventury of every part tberof. Thry Ik ult at your lordi-itchipa 
n I m n inii n di- me n I . 



Thr nunnrri .4 Owltl..*. m Oir.nl.hirr. fiuadr.l in Ihr (imr of llmiT I.. !■ rUrif 
rrlrLrif^l >• rl.r piM-r ..n.uti>l ..r fiir H.>«m<>na. It.' niitnu of Wntj II. TW 
lilt i!-)^** >» ('mllx'nur llulkrk}. «liai Hramrii. ntta la a ■•ilitn|urnl Irltrr nia- 
|>1*irt> ihil III. l»Bd<>ii ■!• tduMril bf prrMnal mratarni Inwirili htr. \i. Imv. 

■ hrrt hr •)v*l* mlh Irniitir; , it •pivu'i ihat Ihr ihl-nt mu miilakrii. Mrr Irttor 
Li> tirrD rrnianllj <|ii»lr>l ■• * proof »( Ihr h*r>h and mnjiul imtBcnl of thr aaaa 
anJ iLrir lufcd.-M. hui Ilir bn «• uiriKukrl Ibal M Ihi diHolatiOB t'atWfM* 
lliilLdrj tKfOrd tbr (ilrtmrtj bifr ivntiun uf Mj puHsd* ■ Jftf. 

CXI. 
liR. l.«iM>ON Til rHOUWKLI.. 

:i>it.aM» luihn. ii*op. e. It fid.i.-:*.. 

In my niunt humble miner 1 have mc eunimrndyil uiilo vtmr 



22S LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

gudde lordeschippe, acertenjTig the same that I am now at God- 
stow to execute the kinges highnes commission^ wher I perceyve 
my ladye do tak my commynge som thinge penciflye, and hathe 
desyred me to spare henre determynate answer untill suche tyme 
sche may with convenyent spede know the kinges hignes deter- 
mynate and resolute pleasure in that behalf. And in the mean tyme 
I schall som thing rype my self in knowledg of the state of the 
howse bothe inwardely and utterward, and if the kinges grace 
pleasur be notwithstonding herre desyer for suche considerations 
as movith his grace for the reformation of suche abuses to tak the 
howse by surrendre, then I besek your lordeschipp to admytt me 
an humble sutar for my lady and herre sisters and the late abbasse 
and suche as have covcnt seales for lyvinges in that howse^ that 
they may be favorably orderyd, specially my lady, wiche lately 
payd herre fyrst fruytes, and wasse indaungeryd therfor unto 
herre fryndes. Many of the mynchys(?) be also agyd, and as I per- 
cevve few of the other have anv frvndes, wherfor I besek your 
lordeschipp to be gudti lord unto them. In dyvers of the fryers 
suppressyd they hadde no covcnt sealys, ffor my lord of Dover 
tok them away, as they save, and badd them lyve upon ther stock 
and plate, and so dydd they, as apperithe. I have taken^ wher the 
kinges grace ys nott founder, a feofement also (besyd the sur- 
rendre) made to me to the kinges use. 1 dydd it by my lord 
Bawdwyns counsell at Aylisbery. I have sent uppe all the plate, 
wyche commythe, with the plate I delyverd to M. Gostwik, to 
xviij<*. viij. unc. et di. Tliys ys bcsyd the plate of Oxforde and the 
Fryers of Redinge, wiche wasse befor delyverd to M. Tliacker, 
whom I have dcsyrcd to know your lordeschips ])leasur in certen 
articles necessary abowt my bcsynes. Oon of your lordeschips 
injunctions gevcn in the kinges name ys that no ffryar schalbe 

admvtted to serve anv cure. Now thev be dimissed owt of ther 

• • • 

howses, no man will admytt any of them to be curattes, unlesse 
they do bring ther capacyties ; wherfor I l)esek your lordeschippe 
we may have them with spede, flFor in the mean tyme the power 



SL*P1>RP.8«10N OF MONA8TKRIBM. 229 

men )>c withowt lyvin^es, and now I have sett many alirode. I 
have sold no nianrr (»f thyni; at TullissKip CVusfryers l)esyd War- 
wik,"*" for the huwse stoiidith aliMus and if I liadde l>e;;<iii any sale, 
all the howMe wohl liave he spoylyd or I hadde nun ai^en. I have 
left all in safe cuhtodve till niv return viii;. In tliausten ffrvers at 
Northani|>ton,t a lytill hefor my oommyn;;;* ^)>c prior devydyd x\x^*. 
of platr money amoii^e hys hrothem. In that I wold faync know 
your hirdeschips pleasure : tlor that and other lyk maters, I 
left the prior iti prinon, and 1 have xl*. of that money agen. As 
your hinU'schips pleasur sehall farther l>c in all the premisses, I 
sehall in that and all other do my hest diligens, hy tlie grace of 
ahny;tic (iiuUK who with increse of mo(*h honour Ion;; preserve 
yower ijuthle lordeNehipp. At Godstow, vj'. Novemhris. 

Thvs mornvni; mv ladv holv referrithe her .self to vour lordc- 
srhi)>s plcasur ; wherfor I lH*nek your lordesehip|K* of your favorable 
letters tti hiTre, and also f(»r vour favour to herre and herre sisters 
forthrrlvvin^es. When I am at the C*hartre llowse of C'ovciitrv, 
C'ohne^ ys within iij. myles. 

Your most h(»unden oratour and servant, 

JuiiAN London. 



CXII. 

THE AHIII'.NH OF CSOnsTOW TO CROMW'Kl.l.. 

[Knini MS. Cuttun. ( leup. K. i\ . fol. .*>.] 

Pleasithe hit vtmr honour with mv mostc humble dewtvc to l>e 

• • * 

adviTtised, that where it hat he plea^yd your Uirdcship U\ l>e the 

* I fiml no iiirntion t*i thit b«»u»r in Ibr Miiaaitu'iin. 

t 1 Lr iniAll hiiutr nf ihr Austin frur^ »l Nurthuii|tl(ia fnuntlrd in I <.*. baJ been 
•urrrntlrrr«l fin tbr .ftb oMictubrr. Tbr priur «ai Jwbn (lutMlwtu. 



230 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

veric meane to the kinges majestic for my preferment most un- 
wortliie to be abbes of this the kyngcs monasterie of Godystowe, 
in tlie whiche offyce I truste 1 have done the bestejnmy^ power 
to th e mayiUoftftftce of .Godes^t rewe ho nour, withe all treuthe and 
obedience to the kvnffesjnaKestie, and waa^jaever mowd- nor 
desired by an j^ creature in the kynges belialfe or in your lorde- 
ships name to surrender and g}'^'e upe the howse, nor was never 
myndyd nor intendyd so to do otherwise then at the kinges 
gratius commawndement or yours, to the whiche I do and have 
ever done and will submyt my selfe most humblie and obedientlie, 
and I truste to God that I have never offendyd Godes lawes^ 
nother j^he kynges, wherebie that this poore monasterie ought to 
be suppressyd, and this notwithstondyng, my good lorde, so it 
is tjiat --doctorJiiondone, whiche, as your lordeship dothe well 
knowe, waa_ageynste my promotyon, and bathe ever sence borne 
me greate malys and grudge, like my mortall enmye, is sodenlie 
cummyd unto me withe a greate rowte withe him, and here dothe 
threten me and my sustcrs, sayeng that he bathe the kynges com- 
myssyon to suppres the house spyte of my tethe. And when he 
sawe that I was contente that he shulde do all thinges accordyng 
to his commyssyon, and shewyd him playne that I^_wfildfi-Jiev€r- 
surrender to his hande, beyug my awncyent enemye, now he be- 
gynes to iritfeate me and ^toiuv^igle my susters gne by one other- 
wise than ever I harde tell that any of the kynges subgectes bathe 
bene handelyd, and here taricth and contynueth to my grete coste 
and charge, and will not taike my answere that I will not surrender 
till ^JmaiJie^ the kynges gratious commawndement or youre good 
lordeshipes. niererore I do moste humblie beseche you to conty- 
newe my goodlorde, as you ever have bene, and to directe your honor- 
able lettres to remove him hens ; and whensoever the kinges gratius 
commawndement or youres shall cum unto me, you shall fynde 
mc moste reddie and obedvent to foloc the same. And notwithe- 
stondyng that doctour Londonc, like a untrewe man, bathe inform yd 




Hri>|-RK)l)tlON or MONASTERIKM. 231 

your lonU'slii]! tliat 1 am a spuilcr ami a waster, y<jurc pood 
liirdchliiiR- shall kiiuwe that thu c*oiitrarit: is trcwc, tFor 1 have 
iKit alii-riulyd oiil- liikljiorttic uf tliv gtMidcs of tliis iiiiKiastcrie, 
iiiovulilf <ir iiiiiiiuvulilr, l)ul liavv rather iiifn'uayd thf !ianii>, nor 
iivvcr iiiiitU- li-usf ufuiiv farnic or |»cot! uf i;ruwii<lc lK"IiiiiK>'"K ^ 
this liuuso (ithiT tliuit hullie heiiv in tymcs |>a3tt' allwak's iwt 
under cdvciit st-ulc for the UGaUltv uf the liousc. And, tlicrcfore, 
my wr'w IruNl^' is that 1 iiliall fyndc tliv kviigc a.i jrratius lorde 
uiiT(Tni4' as hi' is to all ittltvr Ida subgct-tes^ Bpyiifi; I have not 
uflcnclyd, and nni aiid willw must i)licdyi'nt to his nioslc gnitious 
(■oinntawndcait-nt at all tynics, witlic tht: (;nirc uf allmighty Jcsua, 
wlit» i-vtT ]m-NiTvc yuu in honour lun^c tu indcurc to his pleasure. 
Aim'ii. At (iudistuw, tho v"' dai« of Novemlx>r. 

Yuur nntstc iHiwndm IwdeNWonian, 

Katiibkinb Bi-LKKLEv, altlws (here. 



I. «r trsrr Ut. Ijoniaa lu Ibr iiriorj iiT T*}n!>-m or Ck 



TIIK l-OUMINNIUNKIIN TO CHOMWRl.t.. 

[Frvm MS. I',.n<>n. rir.>,.. K. iv tol, if.'.* | 

Owfr hunildf dvwtii's i>)iftrr\'yd unlu yuur ^dde lurdcahippe> it 
may lyk the Minn- t>i Im- advertised that we lure ukpn tlie snr- 
n-ndre <if lite late ]irior}'e uf Chrislcehurrhr Twynham, wher ire 
fiiniidi- the jirior a very IxineM <-<infom)ahle ]>erKun, anfl the home 
«ell furtiynnehide »ilh juellys and plate, wherof »<»nie U- mete fur 
till- kin<;i"> ninjestie i« um.', as a litill elialys of jpdde. a cudly lardfce 
(Tnsse diihle cylt with the fwilo eartiy^iehyd with !.tune am) 
IhtIo, two Kudly iMisons dulde gylt having the kiiiKra amiyi well 
inamylyd, a ^wlly greet pyxe fur the aarranient dolilcgylt: and 



232 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

ther be also other Ihinges of sylver right honest and of gudde 
valever, as well for the churche use as for the table, reservyd and 
kept to the kinges use. In thys churche we founde a chaple and 
monument curiosly made of Cane stone, preparyd by the late 
mother of Raynolde Pole* for herre buriall^ wiche we have 
causyd to be defacyd and all the armys and badgis clerly to be 
delete. The surveyng of the demaynys of thys howse, wiche be 
lardge and baryn, and som partt therof xx^». mylys from the mo- 
nastery, wiche we also do sur\''ey and mesure, hathe causyd usse 
to mak longer abode at thys place then we intendyd. And now 
we be in jomey towardes Amysbery, wher we schall use like dili- 
gens for the accomplisshing of the kinges highnes commission, 
and as sone as we have don ther we schall farther certifie your 
lordeschippe of our doinges. And thus we beseke almy3tie Jhesua 
longe to preser\'e your gudde lordeschippe with increse of moche 
honour. At Christchurche, ij" Decembris. 

Your lordschipes humbly to comand, 

robt. sowthwell. 

Edward Carne. 

Jhon London. 

Ryciiard Poulet. 

William Berners. 



It appean by the following that Dr. London had been to Coyentryand Northampton, 
as he intimated his intention in a former letter. He is now returned to Oxford, where 
we found him at the beginning of his correspondence. 

CXIV. 

DR. LONDON TO CROMWELL. 

[From MS. Cotton. Cleop. E. iv. fol. 208.] 

In my most humble maner I have me commendyd unto your 

* Cardinal Pole. His mother was severely persecuted by the crown. 



HITPPRBllBtON' or MONAITBRIK)!. 233 

jiudd litnlcM-tiippe, wilh my assurede jirayer and servys duriiiR my 
lyf, I liavv sent unto yuur gudde lurdcRcliippe a powvr tokyn, 
Iwsrkiiij; ainiyjtiv tioddc most liartclye nutt ounly to f^unt unto 
yiiw tliys nrw ycrc prosjieroar, butt many niuu also, to tlic liyghe 
plofiHtire uf (iodde and the great runifortt uf your lc>rde9chipp and 
all yiiur iMiunduii oratours,* I have bIho sent wilh tlir same power 
lokyn the liatf-yrre fee it ])lcaslthe yow to accept of me and my 
|H»wer liowKe. (iodde willing, I nchall now with all diligenn applie 
tlic fxr4-titi<>ii of the rwmmistion t haddtr uf yuur lordcM-hippe in 
|iln(H'H wlnT an yet I hare nutt tw. M. Willianm. 1 trust, hathc 
cc-rli-tifd yuur lurdcHchippe what we tin ve dun at Knsliamtand 
Notify, and at the C'rowchc Frj-ers at Newberje.t And with the 
fiirnuTs uf Kiisliani I have dun my IwMt diligt-iiN fur ayr (icorge 
Darcyc.^ and du iniNt that we tdiall rum to sum ^uddc runHuiiion. 
Thyn diiy tlic IjiI.- idihutt, they, and I Nhall mete af-vn for that 
piiriMis. Ati IHupray IwKyde Nortliamptun ^ I have Uken 
th;t)>lH'ssi' surrciidrc. Sche vh a gudde afiydd woman, and lately 
lindd*- llii> kini;eN rliartre for (he contynuann* of lierrc Iiowae ; 
thill nutwiilistonilin:;. she williniily withuwt any rrfuMll rrnderyd 
until the ki;it;<-<t niitjcHtie thai c-hartre, wiche with Iicrrr and her 
siMi-ro Nurn-iidrf I hnvi- wnt liy thys Ix-rar, and M-urdin){ to your 
i-oniniauiidiiii-tit have putt Small. M. Ilonnaee kinsman, in jNta- 
seistiiun of the Minn-. And furasmochp an I foundo tltnt late abl>ei»e 



■ On ihr nlJ rniliioi of (itiBi BT* yrti't tif:t ilrrnari . aliU |>m«rinl la FrsMr, 
>rr llrii>.|-> P.>|.iilir (nt1.|ailirv ml i |.p ;. - || Td. I'll... 

f- Tht ili'irT ■.( Enilxm. ..r Kfnihiii. in Oirarilibtrr. wu tauairi b; \thtlaet 
Fill •.( ( ..riiitill snJ Ilri.»i>hirr. al Ihr brcianiDf oT tht rkn-ulb trutuij. It wu • 
ri' b hiiutr. Tlir lail |>ui-r ■■> .\nibi>n|r OaBdan, atiu kiirbrfl, abu «u Mhar>)iirBllf 
in l-f- niclr t.i |> nf l^nikff. 

: Thit «■• a •rnall pntiiy at llnnataflnn, Brar S(*burf, id Hrrhibi/r. Str lb* 
M..id«>ri.n, •!. |> I :••■:. Ilrar} H bilr «*a Ifar laat prwr. 

\ >ir liTi>i(r l>jr>*f aat Ibr rlilrr liiulhrF of Su \ilbai Parft, bcbIiubciI hrbrt, 
iQ'l VBi (riiurrd Ut bi> lalbrr'* lilU uf I^mJ IHirj la Ibt .*Dd tMa. VI. 

|lcla|in' ilh-lm-frtj, a t laauc BBBMrr w Ifcc patub of llatdiagilnBr. laumit i 
n Ibr nicn uf biB( Stft>^B bj Niava Jc M. Lu, rail of NstlbaBpUia. 

I'AHIK HIM'. i II 



1 

I 



234 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

SO comforma])le, and the liowse in so gudde state^ considering 

dyvers grave chardges sche Iiathc be att, I dydde assigne unto herrc 

for her comfortt in herre great age the fowrt partt of the schepe, 

viz. fyve score, a certen of every kynde of grayne, a certen of 

every sort of the catell, wherof I founde praty store, and lyk- 

wise of the stuff and im piemen tes, beseking your lordeschippe to 

ratefie the same, and to be gudde lorde unto herre and to herre 

power sisters in ther pensions. I have also receyvide the unwise 

letters \^Tyten by the monkes of the Chartre House in Coventrye.* 

Ther and at the priory I schall I trust accomplishe the kinges grace 

pleas ur and yowers. And forasmoche as Colme ys so nye unto 

Coventry, and thabbott with all hys fryndes at your lordeschips 

commaundement, as I am pryvie of ther myndes, if it be your 

lordeschips pleasure I schall be gladde to goo thorow with that 

howse also. All the sortt of them do lok dulye for ther departing, 

and therfor they mak ther handes by leesys, salys of wodde, and 

of ther plate. I suppose thys abbott will leve hys howse and 

landes lyk an honest man ; wherfor, inasmoche the howse hathe 

many gudly commodities, wherof if any be lett (as in dede som 

be) and will easily com agen to your lordeschips hondes, I think it 

best your lordeschipp do tak itt while yt ys at the l>este. I am 

so boldc to desyer M. Thacker to know your lordeschips pleasur 

in certen other thingcs, wiche I schall duly accomplische with the 

help of God, who with increse of moche honour long preserve your 

gudde lordeschippe. Oxon., xxviij. Decembris. 

I liavc sent to your lordescliippe also a coote of idolytrie, with 
iij. frontlcttcs ap])crteynyng to the furnyture of the same. I have 
dyvers other proprc thinges, as two heddes of seynt Ursula, ^lach 
byi*ausc ther ys no maner of sylvcr abowt them, I reserve tyll I 
have another licdd of herse, widi I schall fynd in my waye within 
theos xiiij. daves, as I am creadablv informvd. 

Your most bounden oratour, 

JoiIAN LfONDON. 

* T)ic mon.iKtery of St. Anne near Coventry, founded by WillUm lord Zoach in 
\ VfA. for Carthusian monks. 




flrPPRRffllON or HONASTKRIEH. 2i5 

In Ihr r»ltowinK IrKrr wc fmd [>r. LabiIiid riill on bU w»r tft CmcBtrj : it i* 
ru|ij>lrnii'u(wf lu (lit prrrmlmg. 



■«B. LONDON TO KIR niniARn Ririi (?). 

[iis.m MS. cuiiuo. L'kuti. E. IV. fill '.■»:*.; 

Kii;Iit wiirNi-)ii|irull, in iiiy must harty mancr I havo me roni- 
iiirii<iy<l until y<iw, in lyk iiianrr tliaiikiii|r« yuw for yimr kynilc 
pjiyiiys tnkrn fiir iiii'. wliprby yp linvc iKiurid nu' to dw y>iw t)ic 
iH'Ht MTVYK 1 i-nn do yuw, oiul thrrof always yv NrliuU In- well as- 
tturf<l. I WM-k ycpw to ticlyver unto my Ion! aui'Ih' surmiilors as 1 
liavc M-iit U]i|>('. Till- plutp of NiitU-y iiikI Kiiiiliarii M. Williamn 
licini; in niiiiiui%>ii>u with nic tliiT lintli browjt ii|i|k- : and al the 
('riiw<'lu' Fryers Ih>vi1 NVwIhtv waNSt" tm ninri' Iiiilt a [hiwit 
clialvN. Tin- liimli-s Ih* f-tuMv xxij". by ycre. bull tin* gudik-N all 
were nult worth the inyiiisire rewar(ly<l vj". 

At IVIa]irny I hailile ij. (-halyeeit aii<l a pyxe, nml the howno 
wiiHJte (iratily Moryd with ratell and corn. Yc !«'Ii:dl w iiic niak 
vow a jiraty bank by that tyni I eoni next uj)|h-. I pniy yuw 
kiiiiw my liirdrs fwill^, and that I niav )m- ai-erteiivd of the Hainc in 
thii>L'esf.l..win;;^ 

liii|iriniiN, my lord (-omniaiidyd nie ht putt M. Luey in ]m%- 
NesMnii of the Crowrb Fryers bowse in Ttielsfurd," and now be 
wrylitbe that I srbal) putt M. Cbpynye in (losM'snion uf the Mine. 
If M. Lney Ncbnll bavp Hielsford. then if my lonl m) will lliat 
I do i;o to Nuneottoii f>r Slikkiswold nonryrs t in Liiieoln acbyrr. 
M. ("heyiiey may Iw M'r\yil in wim of them. 

■ Tkr fnuT a1 ThcWfutd tn W4rwirkibi(c «w foaaiM in thr rri(n u( kisf Juba 
Ka>Mj DsiT aulLr l»l pnof. 

' 'r:.r ( (tin, Ml, iiunncrr iif MjUii>..)J. ur Sliia.ilJ. iii [jiw.ln.Lio-. «h (.undrd 
I7 llir ■■•111* of IUB<il|>b fint («tl uf IbcMcr, is ihr men n( »l(p)(ra. tl bul brm 
rrf.mailH aftfT llw Kl Aw Ibt utjifmmom of tW MMlUr mamaatrnn, tmitw ak)! 1> i( 
(ell. TW lul rnan« «u Mw| MuHBArm. 




236 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

If my lord will have me do any thing at Colme^ then I wolde 
my lord wold send som oon of hys trusty servantes to me at my 
being ther, to receyve the howse with all other rekenynges to my 
lordes use^ the guddes indifferently praysed. He can nott have a 
more commodiose howse^ and the longer he taryeth the warsse 
every thing T^nll be, as universally they mak ther handes all they 
can that yet do remayne nott suppressyd. When I am at Coventry, 
I am but iij. myles from Colme. And if my lord percase have 
syns my being ther sett hys mynde upon any other place, then 
help M. Gregory or M. Richard may have ytt, ffor yt ys a thynge 
to be taken. 

Your own bounden assuredly, 

JoHAN London. 



In the'next letter we find Dr. London and his fellow commissionen at Glonceitert 
which had been receutly visited by the bishop of Dover, whose letters are given on a 
former page. 

CXVI. 

THE COMMISSIONERS OF THE WEST TO CROMWELL. 

[From MS. Cotton. Clcop. E. iv. fol. 254«.] 

Owcr humble dewties observyd unto your gudde lordeschippe^ 
it may lykc the same to be advcrtyscde, that we have taken the 
surrendre of the late monasterye of llaylys,* wher we founde the 
father and all hys brothcrn very honest and conformable persona, 
and the howse clerly owt of dett. Over that the father hadde hys 

* The mitred abbey of Hayles, in Gloncestenhire, was founded in the middle of the 
thirteenth centary, by Richard earl of Cornwall. Stephen Sagar was the last abbot. 




KUPpaRKiiioy or monakteririi. SSJ 

linwM! nnd f;r(iutiil(>ii fo well furnynsrhrdc witli jncllys. jAntc, ntuff, 
nirm-, rnlfll. aiitl tlir wikIps nlno so well !iii\y(l, »s tltiio lie liadde 
liikydc fiirn.' no altoriitioii uf liyii )i<iwa4'. Ily* amble Imule bIsd 
wiisNc in lyk maiivr liUklMindycl, no aiiiall iioinbrc i)f ucn-.t ndy 
Miweii Willi wliete, mid tlic tylthe scaHoimlilir t»rdi-n'«l for lurlye ; 
aii<l dyd<le Niirroiidrc hys liowsc witli surlic disrretc and frank 
niaiier, ait we have iierii no other do l>etter in all ower joniey. The 
howM- elerly ili!i|Mir(')ie(h> and eoniinyttfde, ar«inling to the kingcs 
innjesties lettrcM, unto the cusitoilyi* iit M. Aetori, Wc have 
fmni that hnww rif;Kt horieNl Horten of juelly*, plate, omamrnlcs, 
and inoiiye. iH-xyde the ({arnyiiM-iiyiif; of a itmall M-hryne, wherin 
wasse ^l■|ll'^y^l the counlerfett relyke in tyinyn |hihI,* wivhe all we 
do Millye reM'n'e unto the kin);es hichiies utie, an<l thowjt it our 
|inrlfN to declare ami siffnitie unto your hinleNchipe tlivN honmt 
nianneii hehariour and doin|;e!«, to tlientent lie niyjt have at your 
hondeN rondin^i^ prayse and thankes for hys trcw ilrahn^e, and to 
hunihly tle<iyer your lorde!H-hi|>])e to Ik- frudde lorde unto hym, aa 
hyn full irost vh ye will l>e. We have disjiaerliyd llaylysand 
Wiurheonilie.t and now Ito at GloreNtrc. wher we have taken the 
surn-tidre. and Ih- dylii^eiitly triivehn^ f<ir a new ordre to In* nett 
ther, wheriii we fynde the ni<ire tlitlicultre, for that as yet the 
kinuei liii;lineii liaihe nott detiTnird Uy^ pleaHurr u|>on tlir master 
thiit vhiill have the i;oveniahee of thyo r(inf;n>|^iion. From (ilo- 
reMre we K<i unto Teu^ht-ry, wher tliyn weke we Iruitt rkrly tu 
mak a fynall mnt'lusion of all our eoninit!i!iioii<i for lhy<i tcliycr, aa 
we have iiow don in llan)|iNehyer and \ViUhyrr,and achall uae no 

• Tl.<- f..i:.>ain( n-rir uf ihr fair of Iliii n.Balrrfril rrlM|ur. ohirb kaj brra mnd 
». <. t arik. I.Tforr llir JaU ..f <>•» korr. u f.HidJ in llulinabcd :- " Hi: TIm 
r.i'irr and lariililh of N-iirmhrr. tht hiihcip of Knrbntrr prrvh*4 at Pauln mwM, 
uiJ rlirir .W*rd lb* bUmA ••( llalra, and aftrnfJ Ikr umr m W ku tilMd. bat bow* 
iliiifird. and ti-l<>arctl mtb uMiun. ai it bad brrar mdrntlir |>ni>cd bcftm ^br hiaf 
uid l.i .-■>•»•-<■• I." 

t Tbt abhrf o( ViacbcoBbr, or Wiarbrlraniahr, IB f it»tir«Unkifr, wai AiaBdrd 
bt OavkM bubap of Wormirr !■ f'S, \m ih* plan of > aorh Boro aanni mwaanj. 
Tba Ual abfaol «M Ibckard AacalB*, AmUIbt, of Moaaaloa. 




238 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

lesse diligens for the next of Worcestre schyer, by the grace of 
almyghty Godde, who with increse of moche honour longe pre- 
serve your gudd lordeschippe. At Glocestre, iiij'. Januarii. 
Your lordschipes most humbly to be comandyd, 

Robert Sowtiiwell. 

Edward Carne. 

Ri. Gwent. Johan Arnold. 

JoHAN London. Johan Ap Rice. 

William Berners. Rycharde Poulet. 



Bishop Lee, the writer of the following letter, wu lord president of the principalitj 
and marches of Wales, the court of government of which was held at Ludlow. The 
following letter is dated from Wigmore Castle. 

CXVII. 

bishop lee to CROMWELL. 

[From MS. Cotton. Clcop. E. iv. fol. 256*.] 

Right honerabile, my dewte rememberyde unto youer good lorde- 
schippe, it may plesse the same to caule unto youer lordschypes re- 
memberans my seute mayd to your lordschipe for the cathedndl 
churche of Coven tre, for the contynewans of the same, that apon 
alteracion it myght stonde : we moweyd soe to doo, for soe miche it 
is my principallsee and hede churche. Whereunto youer lordschype 
dyd gyff me levyng answere of comfurthe ; and now I am informyd 
by the letteres herein inclosseyd frome the majTe and aldermen of 
the citee, that doctor London repareys. thether for the suppression 
of the same. My good lorde, helpe me and the cite bothe in thys^ 
and that the churche may stonde, wherby I may kepe my name, 
and the cite have commodite and ease to theyre desyre, wiche 




HrPmCRBtON OF MONASTERIES. 2S!) 

srliall fc.lcw. if by y«mr pxulnes it niyKlit be browght lo a colcge 
rbun-b*-, ns Lirlic. and b»c (hat iMiyrc rite schall bave a per- 
]M-(iiull i-omfurtlic of the luiiir, a» knowytb the bulv Trenilc. whoo 
(tn-Npn-p youer lortlwhyp in honor to youer liartys comfurth. At 
Wi^niprc. xij*. Jaiiuorii. 

Youer lorchtbypes most bownden, 

KOLANO Co. Ct LiCII. 



rrii'fil thr |.Torrtdia|rt of t>r. I><fidiin. in bii pmiprM during (hr lulg^ 
I '. I-. mr ihall Ktnra tn tbr raoincr irf llul jrn. to |p>t ■ fn miMtnU 
rtlalinc Id ililTrrrBl part* of (be cuunlrr, br|iaain|| >illi IUkx. 



Ml) TIIOUAH AI'DLRY TO CROUWKI.L. 

'From MS. I.xion. Clrop. F.. it. fiil. '>I.J 

.\ft(T my ni;)it hrrty mmrnilarions to your good lurdahipp, I 
si-iiilr to yiiii a Irur ro])y nf Ihc value of the goodei of Seynt 
O^ics,* ntid of the |iarticuUrytefi thrrof, delyvcretl tu nie hj 
M ylilniay tlic auditour, imhi of the romyuiuncn, whcrby yuur lord* 
ship|i may |K'rreyve the roiitentea of al the same firiMMleB, with thi 
VHtyniute of leade aitil belles. 1 was not at tlie (lisMilucion of tha 
h-iwv, nor liavr rny iienywortbe of the ((oodes, hut 1 tliyiike the 
coniyvMoncni have MT\*yd the kyn^s mafteste bothc honestdy and 
truly. I'be comyssinnem were syr John Sej-nteler, ayr Williun 
I'irtoii, Myblmay, and Jolisun, whtehe be ij of the eomyt of the 
&ui;mrntaci<in, and a master of the chancery with them, lo take 

• Thr (irx-rj ■■( St. (hilh'i >u kwnM fur AuIib ruow wmttimr bcfon (1m jtmr 
III', by ttirhardd* Bvlwli, biib(i|i of lamiim. lu ul* u Mid to hnt hm am. 
].ird. in Kiiiia Umtt, bj ■ rary lacteal D«BBn7. 1W lul prin vu Jobs ColcbMcr, 
,1,1, Wi(b(iKh. Tk* lite n* cnawd la Lar4 CtamwM la tbc II IIm. Vllt. 



240 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

the surrendir. In dede I sent for the abbott afore the dissolu- 
cion, and inducyd hym to yelde the howse to the kynges mageste 
with his good wyll^ and that he shuld exort his covent to con- 
forme them to the same, who by my advise and exortacon con- 
formed them selfes as humble subgettes without munnours or 
gnigge, wherin I trust I have not for my part servyd the kynges 
highnes amysse. And now I beseche your good lordshipp to 
further my sute. His mageste grantyd al my sute in effect 
durynge his graces plesure, and my bil ys for terme of liff. They 
be offices and feez that must be gevyn, and I trust to serve his 
grace honestely in them, I have no ffee nor office of his highnes 
but the chancelourshipp, and althoughe yt be hye and honorabill^ 
yet it ys cumberous and chargeable. Praying your lordshipp to 
knowe his magesteez plesure of this litel sute^ to the entent I may 
know the end therof, wherby your good lordshipp shal admynyster 
to me a right gret plesure and quyetnes. And as towchynge the 
archedekenry of Leycettour, I take it that your lordshipp ys at 
appoynt for me to have it, and to giff my lord of Hereford Ixxx^ ; for 
your lordshipp ones so advertised me by your lettres ; besechyng 
you therfore to help to the resignacion therof, and the kynges lettre 
to the byshop of Lincoln for the aleccion. The name of the 
person that shuld have it ys William More, clerk, byshopp suffira- 
gan of Colchester. Yf the resignacion and lettre be opteyned, my 
8er\'ant shal discharche the Ixxx*^ at London to my lord of Here- 
fordes use, where your lordshipp vn\ apoynt hym. I have wryten 
to my ffrend Pope to dispache it for me. I hertely desire your 
good lordshipp to putt me to an end and quyetnes in this mater. 
And for the travayles your lordshipp takyth in my sutes at this 
tyme, I wil accordyng to my last lettre gif you xx*» towardes 
your paynes, and my poor herty good will durjTig my liff. Yt 
may lik your lordshipp to understond, that the lord of Seynt 
Johanns hath sent to me for comyssion to gather the ffirarys. I have 
warrant to make them ye know by the gret boke that the gret 
master opteyned at the kynges hand ; neverthelesse I staye in 




HUPPREIItlON OP IIONASTERIEH. L'41 

rt til I mar knovc the kynges plesure there. He scrth the 
kyngi-s nin;rp<itc liatti the x"*. of the ratca thcrof in the value of 
his jKisM'HNuinz. lie luukytli mochu a do fur tliem. I heieche 
yuur f^Mul lurdshipp to move the kynges mageate ia yt and to 
advertise nic of liis f^racffi iilcaurc therof, bcsochync yuu also to 
niakr my iiioxt humble recomcndarioti to his nutgcste, besechyng 
our I<i)rd to scud his highnes )i>iif;c and prospcnis lytf. Aiul thus 
(Tare your (;o»d lonlship]) as wcl and with as longc hff as I wold 
my avU. Si-rihclid ot Kston, at the eric of Kssex howse, the xij. 
day of Au:;ust. 

Thniikvs he to our Lord, the rontrce ya in i^ood onhT and quyet- 
nvn n))iiwt iiic, and there where 1 have ticen, and brgyn to fall to 
i;oih1 cjuyctiies without ronteiirons. 

Your lurdahippcs asxureil to his |M>ur, 

TiiOHAH Ai'UBLEY, cliauncelour. 



Thr ant Irtirr i« aliu fram tbr cbnrrllor Aodlrf. Tb> priorj a( WtUrs •*■ 
fmnilrj ia II Hi hj ibc Ant arvSnj it Mndnrillr, cari of Kmti. It wu cbHi|«4 
inl'i an t}>\fj l««ra* Ilir rad uf tbr Ix-lTlh frnturr- Thr lul abbot wu Williui 
Morr. ■utt*4Ui bubup <fi ('■ilrhrilrr, mrnUa«d in thr pnvcJiatc Itllrr. T)m nta 
<••• (nniril to bif Tliuiii** Aadlrr, i>b"tr ilnrrndul, Tbaau. rarl of Salulk, in tkt 
rrifnurJanici I . , built ua tbr niuu tlw Boblr mi Jrkcc of Audlcr '!■■■''■>»*''■< *"* 
<.r l^(d Urafbroult. 

CXt\. 
SIR TIIOMAH A|-|>LKY TO CRItKWKI.I,. 

[FfomMS. Cation. CIcop.E. iv. fol. 1!i:.] 

llease it vour rixkI h>rditiip to undentond, that 1 have aerch- 
ed for ihe juat value of Walden, and send to you the |>arti- 
fuUritcM therof, asuurinK ytm that it r» valued u> the niosl, ai al 
Ihi- moiirMeryvs iii Ksses were, and qImj it ys trrutlt tliat all ya 
<(wl in leoae by the prcdcccssuur of llie now comcndatcr)- for 
many yerea. The comendatery at the leat can have no Icsm then cc. 

CAHD. M>C. • ■ 



2-12 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

markes pencion, viij, monkes prestes every of them viij.". at the lest, 
gumma Ixiiijli. The dettes of the howse to the kynges grace and 
others amountyth to c". and above, as I am enformed. I beseche 
your good lordshipp be my good lord in this my sute, yf it shal plese 
the kynges mageste to be so good and gracius lord to me, it shal 
sett forth as moche my pour estymacion as the valuof thethynge. 
In the bcsy world I susteyned damage and injory, and this shal re- 
store me to honeste and comodyte. The kynges majeste hath be 
so good lord to me that I can not of right crave eny thyng, but of 
his owen goodnes and liberalyte. And where I have promysed 
you to gyf his highnez v^. markes redy mony, if ye thynke it to 
litell, order me as his grace may be best plesid, so that I may 
have dayes for the rest ; ffor, on my fayth, I am in dett ; besech- 
yng your good lordshipp to use this my sute as the kynges 
highnes shal not thynke nor conceyve me to be inportune, flfor I 
desire more his graces contentacion then eny pro6ght in the world. 
I have lost by capacytecz liberally and frely granted to relegeous 
persones of al the bowses suppressid, of very ordynary ffeez 
anexid to my office above a m*»., and have it no recompens for it. 
The charges of the rebellion and the occasion cost me xj<^. markes 
and above ; but that mony was wel bestowed, and fibr my office 
that the kynges highnes gafe me of exchange, I can take no como- 
dyte by it. I do not repetc these thynges but to your lordshipp^ 
not to be declarid to the kynges mageste, as for eny consideracion 
to restore me, ffi)r al this and al that I have done and shall do 
in ser>'yce duryng my life, his highnes hath recompensid with 
more then I can or may deserve. Remyttyng now all thynge 
to your lordshippes wisdom to use this my pour sute as to your 
dvscrecion shal seme best and most convenient, and that whiche 
I promysed your lordshipp ye shal have, with more, and my hart 
and good wil duryng my liff ; and thus fare your lordshipp hartely 
well. Wryten this Satirday in the momyng. 

Your assured to his pour, 

Thomas ArnELEv, k. chancelcr. 




iirppRE»ia\ or MONAHTiRiiii. -243 

nrit Irltrr rpUin lo (he abbcf of Vile Rojrd in ChnhiM, tiMoird hj EdvuJ 
;;. Tbr lut abboi irat Jabn HvwQod, wbo ronuUf (WTendend OB the Itb 
nibcr, .tU Ilea. VIII. 



DR. I.RGII TO rROMWKLL. 

[From MS. Hart. No. G(M. (ul. M.] 

In nir iiKiNt liuniljlf iitaiiiicr I roniniend nic unto your good 
l()nKlii|), t'vtfr uutTv tliaiickvHs y<ni of yuur manyfycrnry aiid gn-t 
({(ludncN III till tyiniMt slipwyd iiiitii itir, udrtTtiiiiii]; your lordsltip, 
tliM wluTitH I liBvr liethrrto, Aroiinlyiig to your coniinuutidtiiii-iit. 
vrHito tliarchrdnniiiryc of Covcntn', StulTiird, Derby, and parte nf 
C'lirstiyrc, for that I rati perrryvc arrordiiigly as 1 Wrctoforc have 
wryttyn unto you, tlicr lackytlir iiothyiig but gmxl and f;o*"T 
inMrurtiiin of the rude and |Ktiire people, and reformation of the 
be.ldJK ill tlien partyes. For rerten of the kny^blcs and gciitil- 
inen, and nmst Dminionly all, lyvytbe xo incontinently, bavynx 
iher conrubyiien openly in ther btiwnes, with v. or vj. uf tbeir 
eliyldren, jnittini; from tbcm their wyfes, that all the nmtrey ther- 
wilb be not a btill olfendyd and (akilbv evyll example of therm. 
^Vherfor heiberto I have );even and «ent com maun dement to Iheni, 
(furii^niiH-be as I ruld not s[)eke wilb ibeni all, )>y n>a!iim tbey 
war ul the aisyiiejtj to put from ihrm immetbally Miebe coiicu- 
byiii-% ai they bare hetherlo notoriuusly and nutnyfexlly ocrupycd 
an<l kej't, and to take n);en tbeir wyfea, or ellyn to apjtere before 
your lordship to ahewe a eau<ke wbye they ahuld not l>e compellyd. 
And iir your hirdshi]) wyll eommaunde any other thyng to he 
diKin iTi the pn-miisis, I ithalt Im- retly lo aceoniplynbe the ume. 
Anil M-ini; my lord of Norfulkf ya rum to the rowrte. I nball mu»t 
humbly desire you to have me in remeinhnins. And tbua Jliesu 
prcM-rve you and liave ynu lit hi»mo»(e lirme tuytiun, with nioebe 
ini-rcoae ufltunur, according to the coiitciitation uf yuur lurdahijM 



244 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

most noble good hartes desyre. From the monastery of Vale 
Royally the xxij^», day of August. 

Your lordscyps ever att commandment, 

Thomas Leoh. 

To the right honerable and hif singnler 
good lord, my lord prevy seall, this be 
deljrrercd. 



In the following letter, which is imperfect at the beginning, the abbot of Vale Royal 
refuses to acknowledge the deed of surrender. 



CXXI. 

THE ABBOT OF VALE ROYAL TO CROMWELL. 

[From MS. Harl. No. G04, fol. 62.] 
« * 3|e • • 

me and my brothren the kynges most graciouse and drade com- 
myssion^ wherein his graciouse plesure was that for the gratuytye 
that his grace trusted in me and my brethren^ that we wold clere- 
lye of our own consentes surrendre into his graciose handes our 
monasterye, bcying of his most graciouse foundacion, and whereof 
your lordship is stuard. My good lorde^ the truthe is, I nor my 
said brethcm have never consented to surrendre our monasterye, 
nor yett doo, nor never will doo by our good willes^ onles it shall 
please the kynges grace to giff to us commandement so to doo, 
whichc I can not perccve in the commyssion of maister Holcroft 
so to bee. And if any informacyon be giffon unto his magestye, 
or unto your good lordship^ that we shulde consent to sur- 
rendre, as is above sayd, I assure your good lordship, apon my 
fidelitic and truthe, there was never non suche consent made by 
mc nor my brethren^ nor no person nor persons had auctoritye so 




RI-PPRKSSION or MONABTSniES. 245 

to do ill our names. Wherefore I liumbly bexcclie your p>od 

lonUhip, ill wliotne is my sin;;lc trust under (iud and the kyngCB 
inaK*-'"tye, Id Iw ineane fur us unto liis ([nice, so that we may coii- 
tyncwc in our sayd monasterjx to pray fur his most tioblc gr»ce 
and your fM>ud lordship, whiche we shall dayly doo, acrordytiit to 
our Ixiundeii dnrtics, durt'iig our lyvps. I assure ynur lordshipe 1 
am oiiinyn:: iipwnrdes as fast as my sekenes will suflTre me, to be- 
sechf your lurdsliijw of eharitc tu be good to our poucr monastery. 
1 Ni-iidf unto your lordshipe the bill indented made by me and my 
brethren, wliit-lic in presence of worithipfull men I pruAercd to 
M. Ildh-mft, wliiche to take he refused. And thus our Lort) 
( jml prencnc ruur lordshi|>c in |*ood heltlie. Writen at Lycbefyld, 
the ix. day of Krptenibre, by yuur pouer bcdi'man, 

JoHAN, abbot of Yalerayall, 

Til Ihr ryibl honnrahlr lit Tbonui 
t'ruBr>cll. karithl. U>rd troncitdl, 
[.■r.1 r"'J* •rail. ■nJ rhirt wcrr- 
urjr li> ihr kf n|pv hiKbcBn. 



V> hiir nrtl aiunhrrbltrrnr ibcrhiiu'rllnr AnlU?, *bich rrUlrt tnllwOabaMM 
of M. (I>illi> , mcnli.iiinl M-nt ■ Md SI. Jukn'. ■! <-i>Uhr*lrr. Tlir laltrt «M 
f.,u..,)..l*., r.».i.i |l.|.iftf .1 tlirl,ra..n.nc"'ll""«lftl""«"'r- Tl.f li.l .bl-.l«« 
J'.tiii llr.).r. >ho <•■• r<n-u(rJ Ih-r. I, IJIH, l<<r hii opputiUuD to tbr kia('* mm- 
minJi. Ilu timlrmMir haJ nfrirJ the unw fatr. 



Hm TIIOMAH AI-nLRY TO CROUWRI.L. 

Trom Ihc Slatr r*|vr>. lol. i. p. .'••N!.] 

Aft«T my riitht liarty »-omendatious to your Rood lonlshiji. witli 
my moHi liarty ihaiikes f..r your la»t gentill letter*. I am rc^iuired 
by the crle of Dxf.irtI ami ioa*ler Wuiumvhmr t.i dtsin- your 
KihhI lordabipp, in all our names, ti> make our miNtst humble 
ri-4-iiHiiiK-ndations tt» ibe kynges mai!e»l«. and to render oucr niuat 



246 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

harty thankes to his highnes for our licens to visite and see mf 
lord prynces grace,* whom, accordyng to our desires and duteez^ 
we have seen, to our most rejoise and comfort, next the kynges 
mageste. And I assure your lordshipp I never sawe so goodly a 
childe of his age, so mery, so plesaunt, so good and lovyng counte- 
nans, and so ernest an ye, as it were a sage juggement towardes 
every person that repayreth to his grace ; and, as it semyth to 
me, thankes be to our Lord, his grace encresith well in the ayer 
that he ys in. And albeyt a litell his graces flesche decayeth, yet 
he shotyth owt in length, and wexith ferme and stiff, and can 
stedfastly stond, and wold avaunce hymself to move and go, if 
they wold suffir hym j but as me semyth they do yet best, con- 
sideryng his grace is yet tendir, that he shuld not streyn hymself^ 
as his owcn corage wold serve hym, till he cum above a yere of age. 
I was right glad to undcrstoud there that the kynges mageste wil 
have his grace reniovyd from Haveryng now ageynst wynter 
tyme ; for surely it semythe to me that the house wil be a cold 
howse for ^i-ynter, but for somer it ys a good and a goodly ayer. 
I can not comprehend nor describe the goodly towardly qualitees 
that ys in my lord princes grace. He ys sent of almyty Good for 
al our comfortcs. My dayly and contynual prayer ys and shalbe 
for his good and prosperus preservation, and to make his grace 
an olde prince, bcscchyng your good lordeshipp to rendir to the 
kynges mageste thankes in al our names as ys abovesayd. 

Suche brutes hath runne, sythen my last departyng from your 
good lordshipp, conccrnyng the dissolution of the abbeys of seynt 
Johns in Colchester and seynt Osyes, that I am bold to wryte 
to your good lordshipp after myn old sute for the contynuans of 
the said 2 places, not, as they bee, religeous, but that it mought 
plese the kynges mageste of his goodnes to translate them into 
collegys, after suche sort and ordynaunces as shall seme most 



* Prince Edward, son of Queen Jane Sejmour, born Oct. 12, 1537, afterwarda 
King Edward VI. 




BUPPRBSSION Of UONASTERIK8. 247 

charitable to liis liiglines ; for the whiche, u I spvd to you ftfore, 
liis limce may have of cythir of them a ^CHXK), that ys for bothe 
i.'.*0(¥>, and the gjft of the ileanca and prebciidaryes at his owen 
ph'xure. Tlie cau»e I move this ys, fynt, I consider that sejtit 
Johns stuiidyth in his graces oircn town at Colchester, wlierin 
duel many pour petiple, whiche have dayly relefe of the house; 
another raii^c, tHuhe these howses l>c in the ende of the shire of 
KsNcx, where litel hospitality shal1>e kept, yf these be dissolved. 
Fur as for Seynt Jones lakkyth water, and scynt Osycs stondyth 
in t)io niersrhcs, not very holsom, so that fewc uf reputation, as I 
tliynkc. wil k^]K^ contynual howses in eny of them, oonlen it Ik a 
riin^rcKniion, as ther l>e nowe. llierc ys also 20 bowses, gret 
and !tniid, iliNNotved, in the shire of Kssex, all redy. Tliese, and 
many other cuiisiderations, movyth me to be a sutcr for ther 
trautiKlutionz ; and yet I will not nor mynde in eny wise to move 
iir !i{N>ke in this mater otbirwiiie than shal stood with the kyngea 
]ilfsurc : nor, in |:ikkI fayth, I entend not to have eny particler 
avBunta^f for ther slandyng. Yt hath plenid (be kyngea mageste 
to f^itf me leve to exchan^ londcs and Ihyngrs with cytber of 
the house, wlier with I am salisfyed, and right bertcly thanke his 
liij;hne'> for the same. I tjfsechc you, my good lord, if your lord- 
>bip|> shid thynke ihys sule honest and rcMmable, (o move this 
niatiT III the kvTtces ma^slr, and to sett it emestly forwanl. Your 
liirdshipp knnwini; Imtlie the howiiei, as ye do, ran aleggc more 
l>elt(-T considerations then I can ima^yn or wr>-le. And tbua 1 
(robill you with my sules oft tymrs, and can not r«cnmpcna yuur 
often gentUnesM-s and payncs taken fur me but with my pour 
harty i!<hmI will, whereof your lordesbipp shall l>e suer duryng my 
lyir. And Itesides that, if ye can or may opteyn this lulc for the 
Iraunshition of these 2 bowses, your lordeshipp shal have for 
your fnvimr therin i.'Ji>U, livsechyng you to travayle Iberin and to 
ii(lviTli>e IMC, as suiie as ye shal sc tyme, of the towardnes or 
oiitowardnes tlieruf. And thus, aa a Itolde sutour, pultyng your 
i;<hh] 1i>rd«liipp in remembrauns of al myn old« sutn, to uae Ihcm 



248 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

at your owen leysur, I beseche our Lord to send your lordshipp 
as good Iielth, and as wel to fare as I wold myself. Wryten at 
Berechurch, the 8th day of September. 

Your assured; to all his power, 

TuoMAS AuDELEY; k. chauncelouf. 

Post scripta. Forasmoche as this day I ryde into Suffolk, to 
mete the duke of Norfolk at Framyngham^ to kyll sum of his 
bukkes there, I thought good to advertise your lordeshipp therof. 
His grace desired to have had me to Kenynghale, to his bowse 
there, but I besought hym to pardon me therof, it was so ferre 
from me ; and so, to satisfy his desire, I promysed to mete hym 
at Framyngliam, whiche ys but 24 miles from me; besechyng 
your lordeshipp to advertise me, by your next letters, of the 
kynges magestes retoume to London, or nere there abowt, with 
such other occurrauntes, as your lordshipp maye. And thus £Eure 
your good lordshipp hertely well. 



The following letter relates to the abbey of Whitby, which has been alreadj men- 
tioned in the present Tolume. 

CXXIII. 
THE PRIOR OF OISBURNE AND TRISTRAM TE8HE TO CROMWELL. 

[From MS. Cotton. Cleop. E. iv. fol. 48.] 

Maye it please your good lordeshippe to be advertised, that ac- 
cordinge to the kinges majestie commaundement we have byne 
at the monastcrie of Whitbvc, to have taken thelection of a newe 
abbott there. Aftre moch comunication hadd with the bretheren 
of the same howsse, we movid them according to your lordeship 
pleasure to compromitte the election into our handes, and 
therupon we to have nominate hym that your lordeshipp com- 




Hl'PPRRHHION OP HONASTRHIRS. :f.|!) 

inHUii<)<-<t UH ill your k'tlrps. And yet they iwitt thenrith con- 
ti-ritii), wr iiiorcd tlicm itf iiewc to coniprumitt their sacd ciprlioii 
unlo your lonleNhipp, to thinu-iit thai your lordcshipj) mJKht have, 
noiiiiiiat, and elect any at your pleasure ; and utterly that also 
thry have refused. And that furaomych lu your lonlcuhipp liath 
Mend ditwiic the rungie ff*{ier and free election from the kiiigea 
nmjeMtic, they woU not (lierfore go to anyuoclrc election, but onlie 
prr fiam trmtini'i. And forsoniyrh as we can not induce them to 
(-oinjminiitt their sned election neither to your lonlrship niirto 
u% we have continued the >aid election tyll we l>c rertitied of 
the kiiigf's niid your li>rdeNhi]ip further pleasure heriii. And, 
thnt d>i<ni, %yr KoIrtI \ViH)dhow-tse, prior claustrall of the said 
nx mast eric, with the counucl of his adhcrenica which ]M!rvcraly 
rrtisti-il iiiid withxtiHlc your UinlcKhippis pleasure and commaund- 
niriit.u'c U'vit'^ their present, did de[mrte wilhowjt our knowledg, 
itiid ii c'omniyni: towarde your lordeshipp tn make (as we doo 
ihiiiki-j sitine siiuNtre an<l uiitrewp rrportc and enfomiacton, to 
whuiiii' wc liiiinldy )>CM'ch your lordeshipp i;evc no creadaunce, 
utit'i siirh tynic an we mar tTurthcr c«-nific your lordeshippe of 
lii\ M\i\ t)icir dcniciiiiiiri in the premisses, which we shall doo with 
as iikm-Ik- ^]K■dl- mid diliirencc an we can ne. And thus allniVRhtf 
(tnil preserve y<inr lordeshipp in honor. At Wliiihye, the viij*. 
(!;iv •>l'<>(-|i>)>re, anno Ihiinini 15.1^. 

Your h)rd<>liippH mmx hunihle iH-dnian, 

KoHKKT Sii.VKstrKH, ]>rior of (iyshunie. 

Your hinleships niosle iMtunden oratour, 

TuiHTHAM TksIIK. 



t Irtitr (cUm \a ibt |rul tbUj a( M. AIImb'i. in llf-nfardibirr. Itif thhot 
HUM mlw «•« sbUiHU is rouiiaf Utf diMalMioa. TW lul 4hbM uf St, 
L> IUrh(r4 IImtmu. aJMi Stcinafr. 



250 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

CXXIV. 

THE COMMISSIONERS TO CROMWELL. 
[From MS. Cotton. Cleop. E. iv. foL 43.] 

Please it your lordeship to be advertised^ at our commyng to 
Sainct Albons on Thursedaye last we beganne a visitacion amonges 
the nioonkes, thabbot being than in Londone. And bicause we 
wolde the more fully knowe the hole state of alle thinges^ taried 
the lenger in thexaminacion of theym. And upon Friedaye last 
we sent a monicion for the abbot to appere before us, who camme 
hether on Saturday bifore none, whome we have likewise as fully 
examined upon alle thinges as we might. And allthoughe as 
well by the examinacion of the moonkes as by confessioun of 
thabbot hymself ther doth appere confessed and fully proved 
juste cause of deprivacion ageinst thabbot, not only for breking of 
the kinges injunctiouns, but also for manifest dilapidacioun, making 
of sliiftes, negligent administracion, and sundry other causes, yet, 
by what meanes we knowe not, in alle communications or motions 
made concern yng any surrendre he sheweth hymself so stiffe, 
that, as he saith, he woUe rather choyse to begge his bredde alle 
the dayes of his lif than consent to any surrender. We have 
everich of us severally and also alle togethers communed with 
hyni and used alle suche motions as we thought might moste 
further that purpose, but he contynueth allwcys one man and 
waxeth hourelv more obstinate and lesse conformable. Whether 
he so (loo upon trust and confidence of any frendeshipp, we knowe 
nut. The [)reinisses we thought our bounden duetie to signifie 
unto your l«»rdcsljippe, moste humbly beseching the same that we 
maye by Mr. doctour Lay ton knowe the kinges highnes further 
pleasure by you, whether we shalle contynewe in this processe of 
deprivacion ageinst hym and so deprive hym according to thorder 
of justice without lenger delaye; which doone the house wilbe 
in suche debt that we thinke no man wille take thofiice of abbot 




auppREWiON or uonahtkuiks. 251 

here u|)nn liyin, rxrcpt any doo it only for (hat purjxiiic to sur- 
n-riclt-r (he Hanir to the kiii^es hamles ; siid hy thics mpaiics we 
t)iiiikc> tliiii thin:; ninyr most cascly and with Ivstc ajtcchc be 
linmjrht to the kingps liifjliiici |)urpoitc. Ur els whether wc 
ahallr alayc in owre prucvasc at this tyme, and appuyntr notne 
longer daye to hrrc the Miitenre uf dcprivacioun, leavii)^ liym in 
the inranr tyiiif in utter dciperacioii of any favour; which weye 
iiiaye aUo he iK-ousioti that he, whaii it shalle apjiere unlu hym 
thiit he slial 1h' drpriveil, willv ))errh8unce sue to have liii Rurreiider 
tak<-ii, hic-RUNe lie wolde he assured of some lyvinK' The preniissea 
wf n-ftTn- to the kinoes hif{hnes pleaser, which knowen hy your 
lonli-shi]), we sitiille with allc our possihle diligence confourmc 
oursclfes to arromplislic the same, and in the mcanc tynie Iravaille 
with the nioonkN to knowc howe many of theym niaye Iw in- 
diiivd (o thi^i pur]Mise. Thus alini^hly (j<*d have your h>rde- 
ship in his blessed keping. From Sainct AIImihs, the x*'' of Ue- 



rnl>er. 



Youre hifdseyps ever att eommandenient 

Thomas Lxnii. 
Your I>ordysliipi>es most iMiunden servant, 

WlLLIAU 1'kTKE. 



Tkr BBtinfrr sf (Irscrdin. M Hrllu* in LciMaUnhirr, *« (oaaifd kj Rohntt 4a 
VrrdoD. inlhc ;ilh of Htn. 111. IV Ual pnorcM wu AfMi Lalkwkad. 

r\xv. 

JVHM BKAl-MONT TO CROUWKLL. 
[ProB MS. CuMus. CImi|>. E. ir. M. 1\6*.] 

My dutye unto your ryftht honorable lordsliypc in moste hunilite 
ffonne renembrcd, pleyteth hjt tbe Mine to be bj the* advertyicd. 



252 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

that I have caused xx*«. to be delyvered unto my ffelowe Thomas 
Avery to the use of your good lordeshype, humbly besechyng your 
lordshyppes ffavour and goodnes that as shall stand wyth the kynges 
plesure I may other purchase or have in fferm the demenez of 
Gracedewe abbey, whych I am in possessyon of, and my ffelowe 
Whalley to eethere, by your honorable Icttres. Whych seyd 
abbey the erle of Huntyngdon *^ doth labour to take ffrom me, 
whych have no truste but of your lordshyppes goodnes, wythoute 
whych I am undoyn ; ffor I do ffeyre the seyd erle and hys sonnes 
do seke my lyffe, and all ffor the truthc sake, ffor I have secret 
wamyng by one off hys counsell to weyre a prevy cote, whych ys 
not suffycyent ffor me, hys powere beyng env}Ton my poore 
howse. Besechyng God that your lordeshyp wyll take in good 
parte my inornate colleccyon of the kynges supremyty, wheriii 
ys no tliyng apte to be presented unto your lordshyp, but the 
apparauncc of a trewe hertc, with whych I shall contenewally 
pray and labour to send your lordshyp your moste noble hertes 
desyre. From Whellesborough, the xxA-ij*** daye of Decembre. 

Your humble ser>-aunt, 

John BsAMouNT.t 

* This was George llastingi, first earl of Huntingdon of the family which stiU 
enjoTS the title. 

t John Beaumont, Esq. of Thringston, county of Leicester, was appointed Jan. 30, 
1.'>34-5, to take the t'cclesjiahtical i»urTej of the county of Leicester. He was appointed 
ileconler of Leicester in l.'>5o, and in the &.ime year, Dec. 3, was constituted Master 
of the Hulls. He resigned that office in disgrace May 'J'f, 1052. He was grandfather 
of Frniieis Heaumont, the dramatic poet. (Sec Nichols's History of Leicestershire, 
vol. iii. pp. (nVi. G^il*, 11.*:).) Hi& "fellow Whalley*' above mentioned was the 
receiver of Yorkshire. 



Mri»l*HB8SION or MONAHTERIEH. 



253 



CIIAIT'ER III. 

FINAL MriM*KKH8|(>N OP TIIK MONASTIC IIOrMEM AM> CONFItf- 

CATION' OK THEIR PROPERTY. 



After thr lesri'hinff Ti^itition of cbe commiuionen tent roand the country in 1M8, 
only a frw of Ihr Urgrr htiatri, rfairflj thr mitrrtl abbry*. rrmainrd untU|i|imMd. 
Siimr of ihrM* Uttrr had been f olunCarily »urrmdrrrd. ur cunA»c«tc«l by the attainder 
of their ahlHiti. Fn>m the Journal* of the lluuae uf l^rds. «c hud that in the par- 
lianirnt i»f l.'i \ti, on the »eTrnteenth of July, the fuUuvins abbota were prcaent (distin- 
fuiihed by a /i. » ur Tuted by proiy. 



P- 
P 



I 



I. 



Abbai Wralm. 

Abbas fancli Albani. 

Abba* nancli Auxuttini Cantor. 

AblNu liur^i Bancti Kdmundi. 

Abbai Muictr Marie Kbor. 

Abbaa (ila^tun. 
|). AKbti dr Abvni^don. 

Abbaa (ibicevtrr. 

Abbai dr liainrary. 

Abba* dr Kvr«hain. 

AMnu iSuri;i Mnrti Prtrt 
p. Ab^wii dr KrdyiiK. 
|i. Abtiaa dr Malnirabury. 
|i. Abbai dr ('njwlande. 



p. Abbaa de Shelby. 

Abba« Hardcnry. 
p. Abbaa dc BrIUi. 
p. Abbaa dc Tbomey. 
p. AMiaa dc Wynchccombe. 
p. Abbaa de Wall ham. 
p. Abbai Cirmcrat. 
p. Pri »r de ("oTenlre. 
p. Abbaa dr Tewkeabury. 

.\bl»aa Saloptc. 

Abt»aa dr Hyde. 

Abbaa aancti Reacdicti. 

Abbaa Culchrttrie. 

Abbaa TaTcatok. 



In llie parliamrnt «Lirh «aa upened un the •'^ih of April, la 1*1, they were dinl* 
iu«)M-d to thr fiilliiwinc li«t. •hoHiiii; th«iae «hu wrrv | rrami or acat thctr |iro&ica oa 
tliat diy. 



p. Abbaa Wratm. 
p. Abbat •ancli Albaiu. 
|i \tithu llurKi aancli Kdtkun !i 
|- A''*u» U-aIc Marii Lbwr 
\Mi4> itr ttiavlou 



p. Abbaa de Gloevatne. 

p. Abbaa dr Ramary. 

p. \bba« dc K«r«ham 

|i \^^aJ llurci v-iiKd iVCfi. 

\'tba* »4iiiti J •haiiiiit i.«>U«*lrii- 



254 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

p. Abbas de Redyng. p. Abbas de Wjnchcombe. 

p. Abbas de Malmesbury. p. Abbas de Walthim. 

p. Abbas de Crowlande. p. Abbas Cireoccstrie. 

p. Abbas de Selby. p. Abbas Tewkysburj. 
p. Abbas de Tbornej. Abbas TaTestock. 

Wben this parliament held its second session, beginning on the 12th of April, 1540, 
•11 the abbots had disappeared from the house. It was in fact in the session of 1539 
that the act was passed giving the monastic estates to the king (Statutes, 31 Hen. VIII. 
chap. 13). This act, after reciting that a great number of religious houses bad been 
Toluntarilj surrendered to the king, invests them, as well as all houses afterwards to be 
surrendered or dissolved, with all their sites, possessions, &c. in the king and his suc- 
cessors. It contains a general saving of rights to present tenants, &c., with a proviso 
mnnulling all leases or grants made within a year before the dissolution, which was 
called for by the eagerness with which the monks endeavoured to make away the pro- 
perty of their houses to enrich themselves before they were driven out, which is 
frequently alluded to in the foregoing letters. 

The Act of Parliament just alluded to did not dissolve the monasteries. It appeara 
to have been the policy of the court to persuade or terrify the occupants into a volun- 
tary surrender, which was successful, except in a very small number of instance!. 
Several of the abbots who were stubborn in refusing surrender, or who thwarted the 
king's measures or disobeyed his arbitrary commands, were on one charge or other 
indicted for high treason, and brought to the block or to the gallows, which helped to 
strike terror into the others. Among these were John Beche, abbot of St. John's at 
Colchester, Hugh Cook, abbot of Reading, and Richard Whiting, abbot of the ancient 
and noble abbey of Glastonbury. The following letters relate to the trial and ezecntion 
of the person last mentioned. The death of abbot diluting appears to have caused a 
great sensation and to have been long remembered in the West of England ; a Somer- 
setshire peasant, visiting Glastonbury on his way to London, in a song of the seven- 
teenth century,* is made to say, — 

" Ice azked whose tooke downe the leads an the beels. 
And thay tould me a doctar that lived about Wels ; 
In the 7tb of Jozhua pray bid them goe looke, 
Chill be hanged if thick same chaptar be not out of his booke. 

Vor thare you may reade about Achans wedge. 
How thick same goolden thing did zetts teeth an edge. 
'Tis an ominous thing how this church is abused. 
Remember how poor abbott Whitting was used.** 

* A Collection of Pieces in the Dialect of Zummenet. Edited by James Orchard 
Halliwell, Esq. (Hvo. Lond. 1843 ) p. 4. 




KrPPRBSftlON ur MONASTKRIKH. 



TIIR ruUHiailOKKRH TO CROUWELL. 

[FrunBtirntt-iRrrunii. <ol.iii.p. IGO.vtwpf bird il rrom MSS.Tismrr • •lOiford.] 

A I^llrr of fhf rititort, tent to examine the Abbot of Glaaenturj/. 

IMcasi' liyl your timUliip to l>c advrniiwtlf that we rame to 
(■laktciibiiry on Fryday lant poitt, about tenii <if tlie dork in the 
fiirt'iiiHiiii' : and for tlint thf- ahlKit vns tlirn at Sltar|il)aiii. a place 
of liVN. n niylc and Monirwitat nionr fro tlial>)K>y. w«, without 
any dcliiy. vt-iit tinlu the saiiir plan*: and ther^, aflor rotnmuiiira- 
tiiiri dci-liiriiii; unto him thrfTiH-l uf our coniin;;, exaniined lirm 
ujHiii trrtnin artii'W. And for that hix anaM-pr was not then to 
finr purpose, wr adviNrd liim to rail to hia rrniondiranre that which 
III* had ax then forgotten, and ik> declare the truth, and then 
came witli him the name day to the ahl>cy ; ami there of new pro- 
ecrdcd that nl^ht to M-arch his atudy fur letters and booka; and 
found ii) his tttudy HMTetly laid, an well a written book of arffU- 
iiieiil'' ni;ain<it the divon-e of bin kingpH majestic and the lady 
dowa;:rr, which we take to tic a p^rcat matters, aa aliH> divers |>ar- 
don<i, co])ictt of bulla, and the coiMitcriil lyfe of Tliomaa llrquet in 
prim ; hut we could not find any letter that waa materiall. And 
no wc priKVcded a;!ain to his esaniinalion cuncemiuK the artirlea 
we rcceive<] fn>m your lordnhip, in the anhwert whcn^if, a> we 
tiikc it, shall a]i|>«'nr hii caiikerd and Iraitcniun heart and mind 
A,;ain^t the kin|:eN niajcntic an<l liis Nucceuion ; bn by the same 
.iiiNwrro. syncd with his hand, and tent to yuur h>fdahip by thia 
iH'nrff, more plainly Hhall ap|»ear. And so, with as fair words as 

■ ll ■..ulJ bitr Ins <>i»v*hlt tu Uit O'llMrd tbii IrUrr wiih lb* >in(iul ; bsl, 
■ 1iI...ukI. tbc T>«nrr MMt. kmn btn ■ rtmliuj IB Ite BihIWiu Ubrvj, Ibrj (uU 
irtntia sariUlaiwd. ud. Ml of IW l«(r nmabn of •olaaM* •! Irflnt >• Unl mUk. 
(»'ii, II i* tlniM Qirlcn la Harrk (or ■ hb(W Jirawnil. 




250 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

wc could, wc have conveyed him from hence into the tower, being 
but a very weak man and sickly. And as yet we have neither 
discharged servant nor monk ; but now the abbot being gone, we 
will, with as much celerity as we may, proceed to the dispatching 
of them. We have in money 300/. and above ; but the certainty 
of plate and other stuffe there as yet we know not, for we have 
not had opportunity for the same, but shortly we intend (God 
willing) to proceed to the same ; whereof we shall ascertain your 
lordship so shortly as we may. Tliis is also to advertise your 
lordship, that we have found a fair chalice of gold, and divers 
other parcels of plate, which the abbot had hid secretly from all 
such commissioners as have bine there in times past ; and as yet 
he knoweth not that wc have found the same : whereby we think, 
that he thought to make his hand, by his untruth to his kinges 
majesty. It may please your lordship to advertise us of the 
kinges pleasure by this bearer, to whom we shall deliver the cus- 
tody and keeping of the house, with such stuflf as we intend to 
leave there convenient to the kinges use. We assure your lord- 
ship it is the goodliest house of that sort that ever we have seen. 
We wold that your lordship did know it as we do ; then we doubt 
not but your lordship would judge it a house mete for the kinges 
majesty, and for no man else : which is to our great comfort ; and 
we trust verily that there shall never come any double hood within 
that house again. Also this is to advertise your lordship, that 
there is never a one doctor within that house ; but there be three 
batchclors of divinitv, which be but meanlv learned, as we caii 
perceive. And thus our Lord preser\'e your good lordship. 
From Glastenbury, the 22 day of September. 

Yt^urs to command, 

Richard Pollard. 

Thomas Moyle. 

Richard Laytox. 

To the ryght honorable and their 
Kyn|;ul«r good lord, my lord 
pryvyc seal, thyi be delivircd. 




aUPPREHlOX or HONAHTSKIKiI. 



Tim rOMMINSKINEKH Tti CROHWRLL. 

[From Ibt Suic Paper*. toI. 1. p. GIU.] 

lloaNithc liytt your lunleshippc to be ulvcrtiscd, that sithen 
imr li-ttcrii Inst (l)Tc<.tiilc unto yov from Glastoti., wc linve ilayty 
fowtttItT and tryrdv outc buihe moiiojr and plate tiytle and 
luun-dr up in wallia, vaultis, and other aecrette placis as well by 
tliablHtIt ai other of the covctitt, and also convaidc to diverse 
placis ill thf rountrye. And in case we shouldc here tarry this 
fortniKtht', w<' du suppose daily to inrrraac in pUte and other 
K'MKlis hy falw; knaves convayde. And emoiige other petty 
br}-lK>rifs, wo hare fouiulc the twoo thresurers of tlic churclie, 
nitiiikiN, with the 2 rtarkis of the vestry, temporall men. in so 
arrauntc ant) itiaiiircstc rulM-ry, that wc lutve commyttidc the 
miiik; to tiif jaylv. At our Arst entree into the thrcaer house, 
and voKtre almi, wc ntther fowitde jrwellis, plate, nor omamenttia 
Dulhi-icnt to Hcr%'c a fxiur parishe Hiurchi', whcrof wc cuUlc nut 
a litcU inarvill; and lht'ru)H>n ymmcdiatlr made so dih[^nt 
(■n<|uiryc and serrhe, that with vigilante labour w« nuchc im- 
provuh- the same, and have rcnivoridc agayiie into our liandes 
)H>(hc moni-y, plalf, and adoniamentlia of the i-hurchr. How 
iniit-hc plate we knowc not, for wc hade no h-ysurc yrt to wey 
the Maiiif ; but wc thinke hit of a gn-ate valcwc, and wc increase 
ilt inorf cvcr%' day, and shall doo. as we >up|>ois, fur our tyme 
hen- lN-iii[;t>. Wv as!iun> your lordcshipite that thabbott and the 
inoiikiN forsaidc hade ymbecclydc and stollyne as niuchc plate 
mill odomaineiitcs ax wolde have BufBci<le to have l>egoue a new 
iiiihay : what they nientte iherby, we leve itt to yuur judgmciitt. 
Whether the kriifpi pleasur shalbe to eiecute his lawis ujMin the 
saitle 4 |>ersonca, and to myniater then justice, acconltng to their 

f'AMII. KOC. 2 L 



258 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

desertes, or to extcnde his mercy towardes them, and what his 
majesties pleasur is, hitt may please your lordeshipp to advertise 
us tlicrof. The house is greate, goodly, and so pryncely as we 
have not sene the lyke ; with 4 parkes adjoynynge, the further- 
moste of them but 4 myles distaunte from the house ; a grete 
mere, whiche ys 5 miles cumpas, being a myle and a halfe 
distante from the house, well replenished with greate pykis, 
bremes, perche, and roche ; 4 faire manour placis, belonginge to 
the late abbott, the furthermost but 3 myles distante, beynge 
goodly mansions; and also one in Dorsettshire, 20 myles dis- 
tante from the late monastery. We have dispachyde the ser- 
vauntes, with their halfe-yeres wagies, gevinge humble thankis to 
the kingis majestie for the same; the monkes also, withe the 
kingis benevolence and rewarde, and have assigned them pen- 
tyons. We fynde them very glade to departe, most humbly 
thankinge the kyngis majestie of his grete goodnes moste gra- 
ciously showyde unto them at this tyme, as well for his gracis 
rewarde as also for their pentyons. Cattell we intende to sell for 
redy money ; and to let owte the pastures and demeynes now 
from Mighelmas forthe quarterly, untill the kingis pleasure 
therin be further knowyne, to thentente his grace shall lease do 
rente, for thabbott had muche pasture grounde in his hande. 
Other newys we knowe none, but that almighty God have you in 
his tuytion. From Glaston., this 28 day of September. 

Toures to command, 

Rychard Pollard. 

tuohas moyle. 

Ric. Layton. 

To the right honorable and oar 
iio^ulcr good lorde, mj lorde 
prevy leale. 




■rPPRUSION op HONAflTBBIBS. 



TUB COUUISBIONBRS TO CROyWBLL. 

[FrOB Uie SUU Paper*, vol, l. p. <!il.] 

Ilciuytli liytt yuure good lonlshyp to b« id\*ertyBcd, tliat> 
lythcim the dynt'tioti of van Uste letters unto youre lonlsliypp, 
we huvv come to knowlege of dyven and suiidryc treasons com- 
mytlcd and done l>y the alibot uf (jUstonbury ; tlie ccrtentye 
vherof ttliall a|)peyn unto youre lonlciiliyppe in b Iiokc licrvin in- 
clusyd, and the accusers names put to the same, wych we thyngke 
to lie Tcr>-v haut and rankc treasons. And thus Jesu preserve 
youre good lordshypp. Frome GUtstonbury, the second daye of 
Octobrc. 

YuufB to command, 

KVCHARO PuLtARU. 
Til OU AS Mo VLB. 

Kic. Lavton. 

To Ibr tjtht Ifinarablc miiI 
lln-iirr •inKulrr kihhI loril, 
mj tiiril priTfc mir, Ihyi 
br tlrli(FRd, 



txxix. 

LORIt RfSSBLL TO CROMWELL. 

t Kmn MS. <'alt<m. (Imp. E. tv. ful. 9-J*.] 

Ui'jlit lioimiirnlih- and my rerpy i^nhI lorde. pirasrth youre torde- 
slii|i|i to )n> adviTlywd. that I have n-rryn-d youn- lettrra dated 
the \ij">. tiaye of tliii prvoacnt, and uiidentutid by the •ame yuuro 



260 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

lordeshipps greate goodnes towardes my friende the abbott off 
Peterborough, for whome I have ben ofte bolde to wryte unto 
youre good lordeshipp, moste hartely thankynge your lordeshipp 
for that and all other youre goodnes that I have founde at youre 
good lordeshipps handes, even so desiering you, my lorde, longe to 
contynew in the same. My lorde, thies shalbe to asserteyne^ that 
on Thursdaye the xiiij*** daye of this present moneth the abbott of 
Glastonburye was arrayned, and the next daye putt to executyon, 
wyth ij. other of his monkes,for the robbyngof Glastonburye churche, 
on the Torre Hyll, next unto the towne of Glaston., the seyde ab- 
bottes body beyng devyded in fower partes, and heedd stryken off, 
whereof oonc quarter stondythe at Welles, another at Bathe, and at 
Ylchester and Brigewater the rest, and his hedd uppon the abbey 
gate at Glaston. And as concern jTige the rape and burglary 
commytted, those parties are all condempned, and fower of theym 
putt to executyon at the place of the act don, whiche is called the 
Were, and there adjudged to hange styll in chaynes to thensample of 
others. As for Capon, oone of the seyde offenders condempned, I 
have repried according to your lordeshipps letters, of whome I shall 
further shew unto you at my next repayre unto the courte. And 
here I do sende your lordeshipp enclosed the names of thenquest 
that passed on Whytyng the seid abbott, whiche I ensure you, my 
lorde, is as worsshipfuU a jurye as was charged here thies many 
yeres. And there was never scene in thies partes so greate 
apparaunce as were here at this present tyme, and never better 
wyllyn«j to serve the kyng. My lorde, I ensure you there were 
many byllcs put upp jigeynst the abbott by hys tenauntes and 
others, for wronges and injuryes that he hadd donne theym. 
And I coinmytt your good lordeshipp to the keapyng of the 
blessed Trvnvte. From Welles, the xvi. dave of Novembre. 

Your owen to commande, 

J. KrSSBLL. 




SUrPREtaiON op UOXAItrKKIB*. 



BtCIIARD POLLABD TO CROUWKLt.. 
[rrsn MS. Cottoa. Clcop. E. iv. lo\. M3*.] 

PlrAHTlh it youre lonUhjrp to be advcrtyscd, that synw my 
laNtr letter wnt unto yourc lonUhy|) licKryn;; dntc the xv. dare of 
Ntivrnibn-, (lie ramc xv. daye itic Inte alitiolt of (ilantontwrj'e 
went fniiiic WellyV to (ilastonbcrre, and there was drawyn 
thiiruwe the townc apon a hunlyll to the hyll callyd the Tunr, 
wheare he wan putto exerurioit ; alt wyrhe lynic he aakyd Ciod 
merrre nod the kyng for hys ^rreat olTeiisys towardea hys hyghetics, 
aii<) alw) dcMTi'd my servauiitrii then l>eyng (here present to nc the 
cxeeueimi done, tliat they wold he nu'onv to my lord prcMydent 
atui lo nir tliatt we ahold deayrc the kyn^^ liychenea of hys 
inerryfuU Koodnen and iti the wayc of eliarylye to forgyve hym his 
(•real (ilfen^ys hy hym commytted and done ageynntc hyi grace, 
anil Ihercnpon t»kc hyn draihe very paryenlly, and liyse hede and 
hotly hestowyil i lyWe leaner a^ I r«Ttyfyed youre lonlshyp in my 
liiM letter. And lykewyne the other ij. nionkys deiiyred lykc for- 
g)-vi-ne^. and tuke there dcatlie rrrye paryently. whoac iu)wllya 
(iiid jmnliin. And wherean I att my lant Iterng vytli youre lord- 
nhyp alt I<«Hidone movyd youre lonlshyp for my bnrther I'aulett, 
desyryng youre hiriUhyp to l>e a mcanc that he myglil liavc ttie 
survitirslirpe of (ilaatonl>ery, wyrhe 1 dowt nolt hut he wyll use 
nnd exerrvDe the nayd ofTyee lo Ihe kyngea moyite profytt and 
ailvaiitat:'', and yourc lordahyppes goodnea herein to hym to be 
>)ii>wyi) ill' ihall recompense to hys lytic powrre, I assure your 
lordsiiyp he hathe hyn very dylyeeni, and dyvem other hy hya 
inrany^, to ler^e the kynge att thys tyme, arronlyng to hys dewtye 
nnd ryglit. Ko waa Nyeholas fyts Jamea, John Sydnam, and 
'riiKiuas llomar, yuure aen-atitrs. Also thya ya tu advertyse 



262 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

youre lordshyp that the late abbott of Glastonberye, afore his 
execution, was exampied apon dyvers articles and interrogatoryes 
to hym mynystred by me, but he cowld accuse no man but hym 
selfc of any offense ageynst the kynges hyghnes, nor he wold 
confesse no more goold nor sylver nor any other thyng more then 
he dyd afore youre lordshyp in the Towre. My lord Russell 
takythe hys jomey this present daye from Wellys towardes Lon- 
done. I suppose hytt wylbe nere Crystmas before I shall have 
surveyd the landes att Glastonberye, and takyn the audyte there. 
Other newes I knowe none, as knowythe God, who ever preserve 
youre lordshype. Frome Wellys, the xvj. daye of Novembre. 

Your assuryd to command, 

Rtchard Pollard. 



Many projects appear to have been itarted for the purpose of turning tlie monaitie 
houses and estates to some public use. We have seen in the foregoing letters diiferent 
suggestions of this kiud, some wishing them to be applied to purposes of edncation, 
others praying for their preservation for "the keeping up of hospitality." The adTO- 
cates of the latter proposition did not understand the great social rerolntion which 
was then commencing. The king appears to hare entertained a plan of apply- 
ing them to increase the number of bishopricks. In MS. Cotton. Cleop. E. iv. fol. 
18'2, we find a draught of a proposed act of parliament to embody, in a certain degree 
all these purposes, which was drawn up after the suppression of the lesser monasterieiy 
and by which it was proposed ** to keep hospitality at the place of the disaolTedabbies ; 
that no bishop have above 1000 marks a year ; that all monks, canons, and nuns be 
closely confined to their abbeys, and have 40«. a year, besides victuals, and abbots £B ; 
thst goveroors be appointed to each house, with a salary of a 1000 marks a year to 
keep hospitality, if the revenues will answer ; and that the rest of the revenues be 
applied for the defence of the realm, mending highways, &c.'* In the same voiome 
we have fragmeuts of another project, drawn up apparently at the time of the dissola. 
tion of the greater monasteries, and which certainly originated with the king. The 
commencement is written, and corrected, in the king's own hand, and runs as foUowa 
(MS. Cotton. Cleop. E. iv. fol. 305.) :— 

** Forasmuche as it is nott unknowne the slowghful and ungodly lyff whyche hath 
bene u«id amonst all thos sort whyche have borne the name off religius folke, and to 
the intentc that lieusforthe mcny off them myght be tornyd to better use (as heraffler 
shall folow), werby Godes worde myght the better be sett forthe, chyldren brogfat up 




SITPPRK8II0N or HONABTBRIBB. 



263 



In Irmrni. elrrrci nnryibjil In the onhmltci, oUc KmniM dcMjd l» b«*c If f)ii|t>*> 
allmraliDuifi fur |iaBr folkc Id be lajtarnxd in, nden of UrtM, Ebnw, ud Latjae 
til line (tKHl lt)r|irndr, dajlj ilmri to be mjiifilnlp. meiidfBg off bflbl wmyir, rilif- 
biuiiin Air atjtkjiUn off Uic cbjrrbc, it ii tbaw|ht tbcrforr unto tbt kjn|n bf|btnn 
mmt Fipeilimt ud ttctmtrj Ibat bo bjHbapprTCfi, rolrfjall »d cttbcdreUa 
rhf rrhya, •hulhc cstatiljihjd is atcd of Ihtm tanmjd rcif (TW bomiji, wltbia the finida* 
*iuD wrn>9 iiibrr tf If tin kSarv rehrrajd ibalbc ilabljifd." 

Thuii fulluwfdbj a RimDmrtncnt ofi preamble of a law wnllnibT anolbcr band; 
and it i* ammpanied bj ibc foUowiag plan for nc<r bUboprkki, Ite. «a a •cpanU 
tbcct of pajicr. writiea la lb* Uh'i haod. b«t appanBtlf incoBpkU. 



■■RnjKCT rOR NRW BIBII 
[Fron MS. Cottoa. CIrap. E. i 



Bgtkoppfychgt /o be wtr madt. 



KSNTX 

llcrtfordc . 
Rcdfonlsliyrr anil 
Huckyiigliun 

Oxford and 

narkshyrc 
Nortliliiuiiton and 

Ilotityiig. 
MydcUcx 
Lrrcstrc and 

Rowttlaiid 
Uloceater- 

ahjre 



._ WalUni. 

.— Sariit AlboiiyH. 

}I)uiistablc 
Nowcnham 
Elnestuwc. 



Oanay and Tame. 



.— Wutm. 
I Layccatcr. 

\ Saynt Peten. 

}Pantayne and 
archdcctinry 
off Uyclicuund, 
.— Bwy. 




2(>4 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 



Stafford and 
Saloppe . 

Not. and r Welbek 



> Shrewsbury. 



Derby 



orsop and 
Turgarton. 

{Laneeston 
Bedmynne 
with another. 

Plasys to be altheryd acordyng to our devyse whyche have sees 

in them, 

Cryst chyrche in Canterbury. 

Saynt Si*^'t)Tnnys. 

Elye. 

Durhame. 

Rochester with a part oflF Lydes. 

Worcester. 

and all others havyng the same. 

Plasys to be alteryd into coleges and scolles wonly. 
Burton sjiper Trent. 



The project of Iiw Uti mentioned appears to have shared the same fiite as the one 
preceding ; but the king carried into effect a part of his plan of establishing new 
bishops* sees. Three of those mentioned in the list were created within two jean 
after the dissolution of the houses on the ruins of which they were established. In 1541 
John Chambers, last abbot of Peterborough, was made first bishop of Pete r borough. 
At the close of the year 1540, Thomas Thirlby (who had no successor) was appointed 
bishop of Westminster. In l.'i41 also, the king appointed Robert Kjng, last abbot 
of Oseney, bishop of Oxfordshire, making Oseney abbey church his cathedral, bnt 
the see was soon afterwards moved to Christ Church, Oxford.* The abbey of Oteney. 



• ** Upon the erection of the new bishopricks by king Henry the Eighth, in 1549^ 
the abbey of Oseney was changed into a cathedral church of Christ and the hlcMiiil 




aUPPRKHION OP HONASTSRIB*. 865 

rouDiMlii lW9b]r RabvM lie Oily, Mood wttbin the nbarb* of Oiford. TbeCbUr. 
CUB abbfr or Thsoc, or Tanx, aba Id Oifordibire, wu foaailcd in I I3T or I Uh ; ila 
lut abbut alto *i|pu hiouelf RdbcK Kfa(, aad wta perbap* the aan* pcrtoa ai tba 
Ui( abbot of Oaearr. Hiarj VIII. otabliibcd two otber new biibopric* on monartk 
aitca. iboae of UrlaUl and GlmMalcr ; tba flnt blabop of GloMMter, Jobn Wakeaan, 
bad b««n abbol of Tnkaab vy. 

Manjr oi^ Ibc mooaado ntatci wen retained In Uw cnnra ■crrral jcan, bat In lb« 
arqaft (hry wcrr nrarlf all sold to aacmbv proprieton, after tbc moTcablea and rvcB 
tbc matiriali of tbc bulldlBBi bad been dlapoaed of for tbc nac of llw hin(. He fol- 
lowinf docuBfati, vhirh will brlp lo abow tbe Bannrr in wbicb Ibr norrabla of Iba 
rclifioiu booac* wtrt aold, are aelcctcd from tbc papen of Ibe Bcvdaouirea of llere- 
fonlibirr, auw in tbi Hriliab Maacam. Tbe Brat containa a put of tlw aomnta of 
Jobn Scodamiirr, tbe kini'i renitar for acreral raoDtiea oo lb« bunWa of Wain i It 
mil bel[> lo (brow a llgbl on (be domeatlc (COBom^ of tbe monki. and maj be compared 
irilh iht luncj of lb* laonnbb ptopcttj of tba abbej of Prtcriwronib priolcd W 
Cinnton . Hl.lorj. 

Of ibe boiuea lo wbicb il relatca, Bordcaler abbef, In Woroeatcrabir*. «aa foandcd 
b; thcrmpma MaUlda in IU6. II waa asrraidtrMl on tba Kth JoIt. 3(> lltn. VIII. 
(t.n. 1'>.l8;i Ibe laal abbot waa John Daj. 

(>f tbr Crei Friar* at StaCnrd irrj lllllt la known ; Il atood In tb( nortb part of tbo 
town. Tbc Aoalin prlorj of Si. Tlomaa at Staford la anid lo haTc ben lonadrd aboni 
I IWi by Ibr biabop of Coientrr and Licbflcid i Ibe laat prior waa Robert Wjrt^U. 

Tbr <lrry Friara of IJebkId ii dracribed bj Lcland aa beiof la tbe aoolb-wnl put 
of Ibr luwB : bsl ila bialorr la alao Trrj obamic. 

Tbr ( iiirrcian abbrj of CrokrHlrn. or Croiden. in .Stafonlabirc. vaa foanded abo«l 
IITI'by Ibr Vrnlooa ; tta laat ahbul waa Tboma* (bawner. 

Ki>ii<-rlrr \hbTj. alao in Stafford ibirr. wai f>.un<Uil by Ricbard Bacon for black 
monVi alxnil tbr jrar Il4i;. Tbr laal prior wai William (iraftua. 

Vrri liiilr ■• known of Ibe abhry of Hlllon. <ir llallon, lo Maffurdibirr ; it mm 
tuuBilrJ bi llrBrf dc Aodele;, earlf In tbe tkirtccnlb cealurj, and ila laal abbot bora 
Ibr name <A Jubn. 



Virfin, wbcrrtB «rre acttled a draa, prebandarir*. Ac. wbo were ut be tbe chapter of 
tbr bithi'p of Oirurdabire, wh>w palac* waa to be at r,l«analer llaU : b«l Ibia eaU- 
bluhmrul r.iniinard not aboie Ibirr or fosr jtv. whra. ia l^«i. the roarenliul 
rbunb of M. Kndrawidr. tbr« called Kim tlrary ibc Kifblb'a CoUrtt. waa mad* Ibe 
ratbedMl, and cnUcd Cbriat Cbarcli." (MoaMtkon.) 





266 LBTTBB8 RELATING TO THB 

CXXXII. 
ACCOUNTS OF JOHN 8CUDAMOBE, 

[FVom MS. Addh. in Mm. firit. No. 11,041, ftO. 86.] 

Bordesley. — Sales ther made the xziij^. day of September, anno 

regni regis Hemici viij^. xxjP^^ at the sunrey 
ther, 
pFyrst, sold to Raffe Sheldon esqnyer, 
1 and Mr. Markeham, the iron and i _ --. --.^ 
I glasse m the wyndowes of the north- 
l- syde of the cloyster 

{Item, sold to Mr. Markeham the old 
broken tyle house at the reddyche f Tij*. yj<*, 
and a lytle house by the same 
ritem, recevyd of Mr. Fowke Qrevylle 
I esquyer, for a ffyne for the lytle 
soL < house by Seynt Stephens chappell, f yj*. yiij^. 
I with the close beloiigyng to the 
L same* • • • • 

Item, recevyd of the same Mr. Gre- 
sol. ^ yylle for a lytle table and the 
pavyng stone ther 
Item, sold to Mr. Markeham the 
sol. ^ pavyng tyle of the northsyde 
the cloyster • 
ritem, a lytle belle sold to Raphe 1 
\ Sheldon esquyer • • .J 

{Item, the pavement of the est syde ^ 
of the cloyster sold to a servaunt s v". 
of the busshoppes of Worceter • J 

* ThU article if erased in the original, as though the bargain had not held good. 






S0PPBHHO!* or UONAITBBIBI. 



{Item, the glasM of Ae ert syde of 1 ..^ .^ 
the cloyiter Bold to Mr. Morgon . j ^W • '3 • 
{Item, sold to Thonui Norton a bat- *} 
teru of itone at the e«t ende of the > xij'. 
churche* . . . ■' 



«<lt. sn*!^ 



^ ^ Sq>teinber, uino xxx*". Henrid tuj**., m henfter 

lumndryd -f 

Kechjrn J^7"tt >ol<l to the wvden of the wyd 1 



•ol, \ fryen ij. brssse pottei . . J ^^*' 

{Item, ij. bnwM 
Scudamour 
{Item, told to tf 
church cmndebtycke* 



I ritem, ij. bnwM pottea sold to Edwwd 1 



fltem, told to the towene of Stafford tj. 1 



ritem, sold to the leyd Scadamoar ij. 1 

"***■ 1 wberdt, a cobert, a .pytt, and a f ^"'J** 

I tryrett .J 

Bot. Item, Mild to the wmrdene vj. plattea . ij*. 

c uij* ^ ^ 

J Item, a firyeng panne and a peyre of 1 ,^ 

***'' 1 pothanglea lold to the aeyd Scuda- [ ^J ' 

I- mour . . . .J 

■ol. Item, ij pannea told to . . vj'. 

{Item, wld to the baylyf of Staff, a pott-*! ... 

hangle. . . > "J^* 

Summa xiij*. !]•>, 



Butterie /Item, aold to Doryngton a "X 



«*. 



■ol. \ gnt baaen 

Summa patet. 

Churche. Item, a eope of tawny damaake ty' 

* Tte MMt tlw b «m4 ia tlM artilML 




2CyH LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

{Item, a vestment and ij. tynakles of ^ 
old prest velvet sold to Johan S xiij«. iiij*', 
Savage baylyf . . .J 

ritem, sold to Thomas Williams ij. copes 1 
\ of redd tartarne . . • J 

{Item, a sute of blue sarcenet sold to 1 .-., ....j 
Thomas Cradock . . • J ^ ' "^ * 

{Item, a sute of grene branchyd sylk, \ . .... 
sold to Mr. Offeley . / ^'^ '"J ' 

ritem, ij. tynakles of dunne sylk, sold 1 
sol. \ to Pereson . • .J "**• 

ritem, iij. auter clothes, sold to Robert 1 

xij**. 



uij*". 



vj*. 



ritem, iij. auter clothes, sold to Kobert 1^ 
sol. y^ Doryngton . . . j 

ritem, a cope of l)Tiyn clothe steynyd T^ 

^^^' \ sold to a frj-er . . .J 

sol Jltcm, ij. table clothes, sold to John ^ 

\ a Lee . . . . j 

sol flten^j ij- corperas casys, sold to the ^ 

I prior . .' . .J iiij** 

r Item, a corperas, sold to the wardens i 
''''• I of the churche . . . / ^"i' 

1 Tltem. sold to William Beutrey a stre- T 
\ mer of lynyn clothe . . J 

Item, a vestment of blue fustian and 



■ • • ■ ■ 

inj**. 






{iicm, a vesimeni oi Diue lusuan ana ^ 
one of whyt diaper, sold to fryere \ 
Wood . . . .J 

sol fltem, a sute of vcstmentes of yolowe 1 

i say, sold to Edward Rogers • j ^'J " 

f Item, sold to John Webl>e the tyml>er T 
sol. J workc in the hyegh quyer, and a I .^.^ ^..^^ 
I auter of alablaster in the body of j * ' ^ ' 
I the churche . . . j 

sol. /Item, sold to Rychard Lees all the ^ ^jd 
I seces • * • .1 




aul. 

ml. 

Mil. 
Mil. 
Nul. 

sol. 



• UFPBKWION OF UONASTSBIBS. 

{Item, a table of alUbUitcr Btuidyng 
ill tlic church, sold to Mr, Lovoaon 
{Item, ill Seyiit Fraunces chapeUe all 
the aeatea lold to Robert Doryng- 
ton .... 

r Item, a image of Seynt Katerine, aold 
\ to Lee 

{Item, sold tu Robert I)or)*ngton, old 
lM>kca and ft cofcr in the Ubrarjr 
f Item, sold a old peyre of iwrtatj-fTes 
\ organs to Mr. llexum 
riicm, an old cufcr, in the Teatry, 
\ sold tu Jumys Clement 
r Item, old wexe, sold to Robert 
\. Uoryiigton 

(Item, a lani|>e, told to Robert Doryng- 
tim 

{Item, old bokes in the vestry, sold to 
the same Robert . 
r Item, sold to Rol>ert Whytgrere, 
(_ niissalc , , 

{Item, ij. aultcr candelslyrkes and • 
pykcs of copper, sold to M r. Sw}-n- 
nerton ... 
Item, a bcre frankc, s«>ld to 
Summa Iv*. v'uj*. 



ij'. viij-. 

iiij". 

Tj-. 

u'- 

ij'. Tiij*. 

iiij*. 

viij*. 

riij'. 

viij*. 

lij*. 



nnichouso Item, sold lo the under baylyff and 

: late warden of tlie Fryers "^ 
i. leads, one to bnie in, and ij. to ' ,,,., ...^ 
V in, fates, iiij tubltci, a bullyng f ' ' ' ' 
L huU-lir, and a knedyng truwghe . J 
^1 r Item, ij. percs of tymber tycng in the ' 
\ bmcliouBc, sold to BagnoU 
Summa zt'. 



r to the I 

j iij. leads 
I kelc in. 



"} 



111). 



270 



Hall, 
sol. 

sol. 



soL 



!} 



LBTTEB8 RELATING TO THB 

{Item, a table on the north syde of 
the hall, sold to Robert Danes 
{Item, sold to the hy^he baylyff, the 1 
table on the sowthsyde of the hall j 
{Item, sold to Robert Wetwood, the 1 
table at the hy^he deske • j 

Summa iij*. iiij'* 



xyj*. 



xyj^ 



vuj* 



Buyldynges. — Item, sold to JamysLusone esquyer 

all the churche and quyer, with all 
edyfyengs and buyldynges withm 
the precinct of the Fryers Minours 
surrendryd, with all the stone, tym- 
ber, tyle, glasse, and iron in the 
same,ledd and belles only exceptyd^ 
and also exceptyd and reseryyd the 
stone wall next imto the towne of 
Stafford . . • . 

{Item, sold to the towneshyp, the wall 
of the Fryers next unto the towne 
Summa xxix". v'. 



pro qoa qaidem 
Bumma pre- 

^obligat. inter iL 
•d MlvauL ad 
fctt. Pur. bflste 
Marie et Na- 
tiTitat. Sencti 
Johaanii eqaaL 



} 



Iliad 



UJ*. UIJ 



all the goodes^ r ,^, ^^ j^^ ^ 

buyldynges of>xxxiiij". iij«. x*.< Scudamowr \ cj\ ij*. 
jydffiTerssoldJ I ^''^^''' J 



Sum of all the goodes"^ 
and 
the seyd ffryi 

Item, ij« belles, one a sauncebelle, the other by estimation 
in the custodye of Mr. Luson. 

Item, in ledd apon the quyer and a chapelle by estimation xIt. 
fotes brode of bothe sydes and xliij. fotes long, in the custody of 
baylyffes of Stafford. 

The Austen^The sales of the goodes ther made the xxvij''' day of 
Fryers of > September, anno xxx"~. Regis Henrici viij. 
Suff. J 




Church, 
■ol. 



■UPPBIHION or MONAtTBBItS. 
sol / ^y"** ■°*'* *** ^'' ^Tiytg™") » OllSiC 1 

'\ Hoke . . . J 
Item, « cope of bUke chunlet, told , 

f Item, ft vestment mnd ij. tjmaklei of "i 

s bUke ny with albes and ftmjrwt, > 

I etc. told to Richud Wvd . J 

r Item^ a vestment and ij tyntkles of \ 

\ tawnf sftrcenett, sold to J 

f Item, ft vestment ftnd ij. tynskles with- i^ 

< out albes of bawdekyn with images t 

L of our Iftdf , sold to Mr. Luson . J 

{Item, ij. tjnftkles with ftlbes, bftwdo- •\ 

k jn with bryddes, sold to > 
Affley . .J 

r Item, ft syngle vestment with a slbe 1 

L and a blake orfenins, sold . J 

r Item, a vestment of redd fiiBtysn with 1 

I ij.albes . . . . / 

{Item, ij. old copes, one of grene and 1 

another of old bftdkyn parke worke j 



271 



{Item, ij. copes grene and yolowe 
partyc colowryd ftnd rcwyd, sold to 
Mr. Luson 
K. B. Item, iiij. corperfts cuys 

r Item, ft peyrc of ocnsoura, s(4d to 
\ Thomas Browne 
|. n rltem, a vestment of white bustion, 
S sold to the prior 
1. S. Item, ij. cftndelstyckes 

I. S. Item, a alter cloth 
I. S. Item, old bukes in the quyer 
It. B. item, ft pulpytt 

I. S. Item. ij. laddoft 



"■} 



llj". Ulj . 

ij-. ™j". 

ixij'. 
viij'. 
iiij". 

">'■ 
Tiij*. 

iiij'. 




r;:d 



272 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

iij*. ▼iij*. iiij*. 

r Item, a table of alablaster and a dore, T —•, 
^'^* \ sold to Mr. Stamford . .J 

J Item, the hyegh alter, sold to Mr. 1 ...^ 

^^- \ Stamford . . . . / "^ ' 

F Item, the hordes of the altar of the 1 

^- ^* \ northe syde of the church . . J ^^i^ 

J Item, ij. grave stones of alablast[er], ^ 

^•S- \ sold to Wohych . . / "J' 

I. S. Item, the organs, sold to Mr. OflFeley xxvj*. viij*'. 

Hall, /item, a table in the old hall with ij. 1 
I. S. L trestylles . . . .J 

{Item, a table in the inner hall, with *% 
ij. trestylles and iij. formes, sold to > vuj < 

Robert Doryngton . . J 

Bruehouse. / Item, a bultyng table, sold to Marga- T -^ 

R. B. L rett Whytfyld • . • J 

r Item, a ffurnes of ledd, sold to Mr. *) 



mj*", 



uj*. mj". 



{item, a tfurnes of ledd, sold to Mr. *) 
Stamford . . . j 

J g ' r Item, a great pot and a lesse 

R. B. Item, iij. pannes of brasse . . ij«. viij**, 

{Item, iij. platters, a dysshe, and a -\ 
sawecere . • . • / !^H * 

Item, a trevett. J "y"** 

Summa IxxixS 

Buyldyngs. — Item, sold to JamysLeuson esquyre, 

Thomas Picto, and Richard Warde, 
all the tyle, shyngle, tymber, stone, 
glassc and iron, one marble grave 
stone, the pavcmcntcs of the church, 
quyer, and chapcUes, with rode lofte, 
the pyctures of Cryst, Mary, and 
Johan, beyng in the church and 




flUPPRBNilON OP yONAITBRIM. 



273 



I xxviij". VII j». 
iiij". 



cliaunccU uf the Austin Fryers, be* 

sydcH the towne of SUfiurd, Kur- 

rviulryd with k11 otlicr Rujwrfluoii 

cdyfyca and buyldyngcs within 

the prccj-Mct of thtf acyd Vrycn, to "'j"-*"]'."')*- 

be tskyn uovnc,defacyd, and caryeu lummi Jx-oliai 

away by the »cyd LoTcson, l*ict«, w.'i»rihM 

and Ward, at there owiie proper 

cuMtcR and charges, and tu pay for 

all the prcmyssca to the kynf; and 

hys heyrcs, succeswirs and aaNi};ncs j lirtinii m 

Nil.turti JobiDBl* pm. ffaal. mt palct oblipt. dM. 
Sqrt. aBM U1-* rrcb llcBrid liij. km. earn J. 
ScndaoMMr, ar. rec. pvtic. 



Sam ..fall (III- cnnlnMhll 
ril)f)rii(*f,irH7d In (b( > 
Autlro Yrjitt mIX I 



{Ucc. iicr J. K. cxviij*. 
Sujicr. |iro ctlilic. 



xxxij, vj*. lllj' 

xxvj". viij" 

It4-ni, there rcniaynyth in the eustodye 
of KolK'rt DurKoyne, awlytour, one 
playne croNse of cop)M.'r, with a 
lyile inioKP of ('r>'«t Hvlvvr a|}<iti 
hyt, worth l>y rttiinntion . 

Item, n-mnynytli tit the t-ust(Nlyc uf 
Johaii Scudaitiorc V!H{uycr, |uirti- 
(-ulerrcrt-ivor.Hc. unrlytlcwtMKldcn 
i-ro<tsc pUtyd owr verry thyn with 
NvlviT, worth by <'<itiniatiiin . 

Item, (her reniaynyth in the steple 
iiDf U-lle, by i-Ktiniatioii X'", in the 
[-uotiMlye of Tltoniai I'icto, wortli 
by eNtimaliun 

Item, one lytic U-Ue in the !>U-ple 
weyiig by estimation di. 
by catimatiun 



vitj". 



the !>U-ple. ■! 

i."', worth ( viij*. 



t'AMU. HOC. 




274 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 



Prisors 



1 



Robert Ryve, 
William Colman^ . 
Marke Wyrley, f J^**" 
Thomas Fanne, 



Grey Fryers '>The sales ther made the iiij*** day of October^ 
of Lychefyld. 3 anno xxx® regis Henrici viij^. 

r ffyrst sold to M*". Strete all the copes^ "1 . 

\ vestments, and tynakles in gros for J 
. f Item, sold to the seyd M^ Strete ij. T ...^ 

\ eandelstyckes of latten . .J •* ' 

, f Item, the pavyng tyle in both the 1 . 

\ cloysters sold to M^ Strete . .J 
. K Item, sold to Thomas Bardell, ij. can- \ 

I delstykes . . . .J 

. ( Item, sold to sir Thomas Dobsone, a 1 ....^ 

I presse, a bedstede, and a dore . j 

{Item, the tymber, tyle, and stone of 1 
the old hostery and the ffermery, r iiij"- 
sold to Rychard Rawson • . ^ 

{Item, the tyle and tymber of the "^ 
lytle cloyster, sold to Johan ap > ^"J** ^J • 
Gtm. • • • •J 

i Item, ij. worte leddes in the bruehouse, 1 .^ ... ^ 
sol. J sold to Johan Sandelond . • J .7 ' ^*^ ' 

sol. Item, sold to Mr. Aston, a wynd • ^J * 

1 i Item, sold to Thomas Fanne, the \ -., 
I bryck wall at tlie churche ende . J 
sol. 5 I^^'"» sold to the master of the He, a 1 jjj-u^ 

\ fate in the bruehouse . . J 

sol. Item, sold to Chapman, a fate . ^U*** 



pitem, sold to Johan Genynges, the 1 
I tymber, tyle, and stone of the I 
j stable buttyng upon the churche { 




aUPPRBHION OF MONAVTBRIEI. 3ji 

ritem, sold to John Mylmrd, the -^ 

1 tymbcr, tyle, and stone »f the iij. [ 

] houses juynytig together in the j 

)_ court caUyd die Tenys Court . J 

{ Item, sold to Kychard BalUrd, the "I ^u jujd, 

(^ lytic house over the oyyn . . J 

{Item, sold to M'. Kyce, mastres ") 

Warden, mutiea Stonye, Tij. leddes > ""'J** 
for wort . . . .J 

{Item, the tymber, tyle, and stone of '\ 

the kechyn and the bniehoiue, sold i- liij*- «'i'- 

to Edward Spratte . J 

r Item, sold to Johan Laughton, a cofere \ xii'. 

I and a hutchc in the buttery . J 

{Item, the ccitemc of ledd, and the ") 

stone that hyt standyth in, in the f *"J'' "'J""- 

kecliyn, sold to John Genyngca . -' 

{Item, the glaase that ya Icwse in the 'I 

newe lo^yng. sold to William Col- r "J*- 
man .J 

c Item, a lam|>e, sold to Edmund Bar- \ ^{-4 

{ dell . , . / ^ ' 

( Item, the presae in the vcstrye, sold *! j^^:* 

l^ to the warden of the gyld . . J 

Item, ij hutohes, sold to Mr. Warden viij'. 

{Item, a fryers masse boke, solde to \ ujm 

Marke Wyrley . . / 

f Item, the stone wall betwene the old ) 
} ostery and the ffrater, sold to Johan *^' 



Ssileler 



( Item, the (WTement of the quyere, 1 



I sold lu M'. Strrtes 

{Item, the fryers aetea in the quyere, 
suU to Jolan Laughton 



276 



LETTERS RELATING TO THE 



sol. 



sol. 



sol. 



sol. 



sol. 



{ 
{ 
{ 



rccepi 

xxj''. i'j'. iiij' 



{Item, the cundyt of ledd in the cloys- 
ter, sold to the master of the gyld 
and his brethem . 
Item, a halywaterstocke, sold to Johan 
Ilowlat . . . • 

Item, all the kechyn stuff, sold to 

M»". warden of the gyld 
Item, ij. standert can delsty ekes, sold 
to the seyd M^ warden 

SItem, the lytle cundyt standyng at 
the revestrye dore, sold to George 
Stonyng • . • . 

{Item, the cesteme of ledd standyng 
in the porche at the Tenys Court 
ende, sold to M'. Lytleton 
{Item, a lytle porche standyng by the 
dwellyng house, sold to M^. Lytyl- 
ton • • . • 

Item, the ffraytcr and the chambers 
strctchyng to the kecliyn, with all 
the quadrant of the inner cloyster 
joynyng to tlie church and stcple, 
and the church and quycr, and the 
long newe house of the est syde of 
the same cloyster, except and re- 
scrvyd ledd, belles, pavement, and 
gravestones within all the seyd 
Imyldynges, save only the pavement 
of the seyd churche, whyche ys 
j>arcell of the seyd bargayne, sold to 
Johan Westone of Lichfeld, Johan 
Arrher, Richard Cotes gent., Hugh 
Howde, Harry Ilopwood draper, 
Michael I llylle, Johan Genynges 



XXX*, 



XX**. 



XX», 



VllJ* 



¥•. 



xx«. 



x«. 



,xlij 



"". Xllj*. 
Inde iol. J. S. 



xxj". iij* 



• •• v^ 



Etrem.xxjB. z*. 
pro qoaoiiideni 
famma Johan- 
nes Weston, Jo- 
hannes Archer, 
Ricardns Cotes, 
et Hago Bowde, 
obligat. ad soL 
ad f^t. sancti 
Michaelis arch- 
angeli prox. nt 




xrpPREOHION nv MnNARTKRtKK. 

mill Ji>han Mylwnrd, and lintli dny 
tci (Ivfnt-c the stcplc, Hoystcr, ami 
(j»y«T forth, » yth tlic cliurc})**, on lea 
they ohtcrtic lycens tithrrwrse of 
the kyng and hyti councell, athys- 
aydc the feast of tlie I*uriticikti<in of 
our Lady next cumtnyiigt and fur 
all the reaulewc of tlic buyldyngea 
iij. yvn-s day to pull duwne and 
raryc awey, and to have egrcww 
and ref^KM! for the same . 



huiiwScudk- 



Crukcsdcii.— Tlip sale* thcr made tlie x^** day of Octolwr, wtno 
xxx° regis llenrici viij**. as heraftvr followyth ; 
f |;aU-h<>use on the north- 

: rutiiyn wcr, sold to > siij*. iiij'. 
. DasHi-tt 
r lU'in, Mild to M'. IbsscI, the loft 
\ undtT the oi^ns 



iltem, a Ivtlt- f;t 
syde of the 
M'. DasHitt 



H.I. 



r lu-ni, Nold to M'. Baasett, the lytic 



Miiythes for^e 
lloni, the iMitt of an assho sold 

loldto 
^niund 
y i»r>»j 
Ml. thf rolTc of the dortvr, itold to 

.»a«,u . . ^«""J*.»y'- 

f Item, Hohl to Johan tVrnc, all (he old . 

r in the . loystir . | "■*'• "'J'' 

Nuniina, ix''. ix*. viij'', oneratur. 
Koiut-lcr. — The miU-s (hrre niadi*. the xvj** day of October, a 
XXX". FTKii llenrici i 
^ Item, the ({lasse and iron in the vryn- 

dowes uf scynt Micliaelica c)ia|M,'ll, ^ iij* iiij*. 
lid tu Johan Kurmwi 



{Item, the rotfe of the rtiurrhe, sold U 
Mr 'niomas (jyllnTt ami t^niunt 
^VetlnTvn* of rhvktU-v iWir)H!«hc 

r ll«-m,Hohl 1 
*'•'• \ lyndH-rii 



iiij'. riij**. 



-{■ 



;} 




278 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

ritem, the tymber of the seyd chnpell, 1 

L sold to William Loghtonhouse • j J ' ^I • 

{Item, the shyngle of the same chapell, 1 ...^ 

sold to WilUam Bagnall . . j ^^ * 

Summa, xj". vj^. oneratur. 

Hylton. — The salez ther made, the xzj^ day of October, amio 
xxx® regis Henrici viij^. 

Item, sold to Stephen Bagott, gent. -^ xix**. xrj*. 
thre belles, a erett , for the *"^ ^z ^'^' 

rec iui». / , •r- "y"- Kt 

oneratur iiij". somme of nynetene poundes syx- Wm. xt»». t^. 

tene shyllynges, after the rate of l^^^^^ 

xviij*. the hundredd J Stephanos ob- 

lig. soWend. ad festam sancti Michaelia archangeli 
proz. at patet oblig. gerent. dat. zzj* die Octolir. 
anno jjli? regia Henrici Tiij. cam Johanne Scoda- 
mour ar. rec. rem. 



The priory of Wenlock waa foanded aa a nannery as early as the lerenth centwy ; 
bat wai refoanded ai a content of Claniac monks, and made dependant on the hovM 
of La Chants sar Loire, by Roger de Montgomery, in 1080. It is still remarkable 
for its interesting ruins. The last prior was John Bayly (or Baylis), miias Creaaage. 



CXXXIII. 

SIR RICHARD RICHE TO JOHN SCUDAMORB. 

[From MS. Addit. No. 11,041, fol. Id.] 

• 

Mr. Sckidmore, this shalbe after my right hertie commenda- 
cions to requyre you to assingne and apoynct unto my ffirende 
James Lewson, the five bellis remaynyng at the late monasterie 
of Wenlocke, he givyng unto you unto the kinges highenes use 
lyke waight of belle mettell for the same, or elis for the perform- 
ance therof he to pay after xx*. the hundreth waight therof. 




RUPPRBIIION OP MONAfTBRICI. ST^ 

praying you to sccoinplyihe the watae accordin^ie m I trust yon. 
And tliifl ahallie your dischai^ in tlut behalff. From London, 
tliia xxiiij^ of Aprill, uino xxxij''* II. riiij". 

Your loryng flrende, 

Rycuard Rvciie. 

To Df Ti<ht lotlni freada Mr. SkldBorc, 
rcrniaar (pnrnll UBIo Ihe klB|F« nujatlc of 
thr dinobid powtMloM !■ tb* ooantta of 



TIm l«D aril Utten rrlalr la Bordnkj Mttj ; Uw H 
tretkiB* of Ibc prarcM ot loli-Mtkiai ot that timt. 



■IR RICHARD RICH* TO JOHN ■Cl'DAMORB. 
[Proa MS. AM. No. 11,041, M. S6.] 
Ftirumoche u I tm creadiblie tdrertiaed tlut the bte 
tcry nf BorilfMlvy is defacid and plurkid duwne, and the anbatanoe 
tlicnif wtldc to dyrerae pcnoiis without pruffitt or lucre paide or 
autiswprid to the kii))^s majeHt<>!i uw for the aame, thieae ahalbe 
to nnguyrc you, in the kinftea hyghrnes behalfT, aa convenyent 
(i{Kirtuiiytir may serve you, aa welle to enqnyre of thcym that ao 
hatli tlefarid the said bowse, and uf tlieir aurtorilie in that be> 
lialtT, as also of ihoac peraoni that hare bought or hare hadd 
givtrn any of tlie same, and what somes hare ben paide therfor, 
ai)d to wlidsc use, not ontyttiiig to rhargc all and every of the 
said iHTMjnti whiche heryii ahalbe touched to aperc peraonallr at 
thill next U'rmc fidhiwiiig Wfore me at London, as they will aun- 
9W1T at their |ienlls, there to make auiiawere to auchc niatticr «• 
ithiillN- by mv objeetid af^int thcym; eflaoiies |iraring yow for 
my Mike t<> grauiite unto sir Ucorge Thrugmertun, knight, tJtfl 
|irvfermcni of all auche stone, glaaac, and iroii aa ia at the sRid 




280 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

late monastery lefte to be sold, he giving therfor as any other 
will, not faylyng herof as I may doo you pleasure. Thus fare ye 
welL From London, the last of Julie. 

Your lo\7Tig ffrende, 

Ryciiard Ryciie. 

To my lOTing ffrendes, Mr. Sckidmore 
and Mr. Burgoyn, the kinges highenes 
offycers of the diBsolvid possessions in 
the coantie of Worcestre, and to erery 
of theym. 



cxxxv. 

ROGER BEDULL TO SCCDAMORE AND BURGOYN. 

[From MS. Addit. No. 11,041, foL 48.] 

Right worshypple masters, my dewty rememberyd, I hare me 
commendyd unto yow, sertyfying yow that your servaiittes hathe 
demawndyd of me serten salte that the abbye of Bordysley hade 
yerly, for the whiche sawlte that was laste made I have payd to 
Mr. Thomas Evans, liij". iiij**. Consytheryng the chargys therto 
belongyng, I thynke hyt be all payd, soo ther ys no more dewe 
to be payd as yet ; for Bordysley salte ys wont to be made alweys 
betwene Estur and Pentycoste. Also I have recevyd your rente- 
rowle, and getheryd up the rent, and fownde more then ys there, 
as hytt a))erythc by a rcnt-rowle that your clarke made owte of 
myne, as knowythe God, who ever kepe yow. 

From Droytewyche, the iij**'' day of Decembrc. 

Bv yours, Roger Bedull* 

llic chargys that belongythe to the salte makyng. 

Item, for the salte makyng . . x*. 

Item, for the cutty ng of the wod . . ij*. 




lirvPVBHION or llONAnBBIU. SSI 

Item, for tiie borTng of dw bryiw xij'. 

Item, for the dnwyng of tlw bryno t*. 

Item, tot tha rapanejon of tba IUm >*]'• 

Abo, for tb« getheryng of tbo rent and the 
makjog of the nltc^ my ffiM u joriy e Ijrerfe 

ooteand ..... TJ>.Tiy^ 

Ta tk* 17^ WBwfcffpli Mr. 
ScmUtmanmU Mr. BwtMSja 
ttj* be MpttW •» ipil, M. 



Then >w ■ kMH of AmiIb Ate* K WmAoms mh CiMbu; 1 It ••■ •■• «f tka 

•IteriawbjaMBWoftfafcBDrWttoT^rbKiaM. AtBf%»arthlk««>w« 
(w*Mt of gnr Mtn, fcwlii br Jab* TUbot irt rf Ibnubwj !■ tb*lbM«f 
Htaiy Tl. Wl^em Abif, fcailii by tbi HwliMn li IW twrftt itwy. m 



ftOBBBT BCBOOTM TO JOHM eOODAMOBB. 
ITnm MS. AidU. N*. 11^1, M. Bl.] 

Right worahippfitll nr, after mort havtie raeDmiiieDd«tion% 
with lyke thankea for your gentiU lettres, and ffor yoar aeduliooa 
pajrnes and laboura taken aboute the aorr^ off Cafnebam, Bad 
certen firjie bouaei, off the wbiche 1 bare raoejTed parte off 
the lurTCfi, and wbcr yon entend to aarrejr the Brira hooaea 
in IlcrefTord, and ferther that yoa will tend Mr. WiUtam Scod^ 
more, your aone, and my dark^ to aarreye the Siycn at Wod* 
houae and Bridgcnorth, I thynk ny aelff nuche bounde onto 
you that yt will pleaie yon off yoor goodo ee ae ao to fforder n* 
in my greate and intoUerabla buayueaaa i but, air, beca u ae I 
eannou conTenyeally, nor b e f ow Aye tpa» I have net Bead, ta 
certr6e but by bodt abireap yt mj^ the ri wi plaaaa jam to 

CAHD. aoo. if o 




282 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

appoynt your seid sone^ together with my senraunte Pklmer, to 
survey ffully alle firire houses within your and my circuite, and 
they to do no more but onlye to survey the houses and landes, 
and make estate off the seytuacion off the houses, and to prayes 
all and every house within the precyncte of eny suche house, 
and to note which off them be moste meteste for a tenaunte, and 
to make no manner off sale, but suffre suche as be nowe in pos- 
session of every suche house to occupie the same quausque, etC| 
and to charge them with the sauffe kepyng theroff, and to mesure 
the ledes and take the contentes, etc. and to mesure the belles, 
and to certefie the c^'^ bv estimacion. and ferther to take 
a note off all the ffrires names, off the order, religion, and diooes, 
and off whose ffoundacion, etc. And as you write unto me, we 
niaye sell no housyng unto suche tyme we have furste certefied^ 
save only the churches, cloysters, and dorters. Howbeyt, Mr. 
Giffard and I have sold in some ffrire houses all the buyldynges, 
the cause was for that they werre so spoyled and tome by 
suche as sold the goodes, that in manner they werre downe, 
and yff they shuld nott have ben sold, the kyng shuld have hadd 
nothyng theroff. Ferder, sir, they muste surveye the wodes 
bclongyng to the seid ffnTC houses, etc. Besides this, Mr. Brade- 
shawe, who hath the demeans off Wigmore, hath wrytten unto 
me to requyre you to be so good to survey the demeans theroff, 
and such thynges as he shuld have in ffernie, and my senraunte 
Palmer shall wayte apon you. I beseche you do so muche for 
hym, for my good lord precedentes sake;* and what you do 
theryn I am right well contented therwith, etc. Sir, I have sente 
you by your serA*aunte a buk ; such as he ys, I pray you take yt 
in good parte. And ther had ben eny better that I could have 
gotten, you shuld have hadd yt. Good Mr. Gifiard kylled yt for 
you yesterdaye, and I begged yt ; I wold y t werre a stage. I 
pray you have me hartely recommended to my good mistres your 

* The lord pmident of the Marchei and Principality of Wales, which office was al 
this time held bj bishop Lee. 




inrrBiMiow or honavtbbiu. 888 

wyffs, tnd to Mr. Mo n yng ton and Mr. Dmwy, joar aooet in 
Uwe, with ther good wjflet. And thtu I am alwaya bolds <^ 
you, u off one wboma I wold shiUd eommwinda me. From Th^ 
lederd, the vj'^ deye off JnUi. 

Thekyngea majeatie will talce hia joomey thia yere into Soaaai, 
and ao be the ooat^ and to WodafaAe and Oraftm, atid ao r»* 
tome. 

Your owne. to the nttennoato off bu little power, 

BonsBT BunooTN, 

To llM riclK wnUprMI J«^ 



TWwatbtMr hImm to th» <■*«« tl ia rf Ito ifcWy rf MwAm, — < tlw idi rf 



PHILIP HOST TO JOHN aOUDAMOBB. 
[TraM MS. AUl No. 11,041, M. ST.] 

After my right hartty commeodadona hadd, where at my laat 
communycacion hadd with yow I deayred yow that I mygfat hate 
hadd aome partt off the atone that ahuld be aolde at Eviabam flbr 
my money, the prineypall and beat wberaoff, aa I am infome^ 
yt told, jrtt fforaamoche aa my neoeeayto whidi aball abortldj 
happen in bayldyng wyll reqnyre a grett partt off that atone that 
ya unsold there, thia ahalbc, thenfore, ligfat baittdy to deayia 
and pniye yow that ye wyll edl me reiydew that there remaynyth, 
and I wyll paye thmffore yeren aa ye aball thynke rea a ti n abk. 
And iff ye ahuld nott abew me thia pleaaure, I were lyke in tyma 
of my neoaaejta to ba vary daattbata. And aa B woa am y ag At 
apoy)eorwMl«thak|««nMtoMaf tlwlhilh ba doM thnb 



284 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

I assure yow both I and myne be gyltles thereoff, besydes that 
hit did cost me money to persons ftor a long tyroe nyghtly to 
weche and to take hede lest any thyng shuld to be mysordered 
there. I trust alsoo that att your there beyng and others the 
kynges highnes commyssyoners, ye remember that there was no 
lytell spoyle made, and I promyse yow sythens then your depar- 
ture therehenee there hath byn nothyng mynyshed to my know- 
lege ; and iff it bee, I wold the offenders were ponysshed to the 
example of other. Thus I wyll leve to wrytt unto yow any more 
at this tyme, trustyng that we shall mete shorttely and talke 
thereoff more largely, commyttyng yow to Goddes tuycion, who 
preserve yow with as good health as I wold to my selff, desyryng 
to use me as ye know ffor your assuryd to my power. Wrytten at 
the courtt, the last off October : 

Your lovyng firend^ 

Phelyp Hoby. 

To the right wonhipfall 
and my especyall good 
ffrend, master Johan 
Scudamore esqaycr, 
thii be delyycred. 



The priory of Worcester, attached to the cathedral, was founded in 971. Henry 
llolbech is said in the Monasticon to have been the last prior. More having beeo hit 
predecessor. The manor of Batenhall was one of the possessions of the priory. 

CXXXVIII. 

ROBERT BURGOYN TO JOHN SCUDAMORE. 

[From MS. Addit. No. 11,041, fol. 37.] 

Ui^ht worshippffull, I commend me unto you and to good 
inij^trcs Scudamore, etc. Sir, thics shall be to advertise you that 
I have sold as inucli off the stuffe off the late priorie off Worcester 




BOPPRBMIOM or MOMAarSfttU. ttt 

ks KinaTiMd in the cwtodyv off thm deane ibmtt, by inTentorieaW 
U sppoynted byMr.chMin^loarai notomade in the aeid UTentarM 
to be toM, and h«Te reeeyred money for all the nme, aavyng 
xiij*. ij'., for meh paraellea ai yoor aarvaonte Beaton hath taken 
for yo% which be each as be wold dnise ; ha hath a IriU off the 
parcella tberaff. The eoaneil bord in the peata "*■■—*■—• waa 
boogfat and taken nppovhecam to Woreeater; yon bare another 
in manner aa good aa that. Kr» tboa be dyrera pareaUes off 
•taffe ramaynyng at Battenball, whidi Mr. Borne baUi in fiervM^ 
which be prayaed at hriij*. t^^ and oUe Borne hath daaierad daya 
tyll canddmatae to known whathar hia aonne will have than or 
no. He i* bonnde to paye ffin* them theuj or ellea to bryng a dia- 
dtaige. There be dyren other paradlea wUdi Mr. More fimiiam 
prior off Wcvceater bath in bia cnatodye, whcraff yon aball r^ 
ceyre a bill off paredlea with tber pr yaea by yoor aerraonta barer 
hercoff. He ia at no poynt with me for tbem i his d i ^ fJe yn waa 
with me, and have promiacd to give me an aonawwe <^tbe thyngca 
this daye at Olcssam t he ekymyth them by bia paltant i nevertb*- 
lesM 1 shewed his chapleyn that one off bia baate bads with ona 
off the lyke coveriettes warra sold, and I menia thaa for yon. I 
entcnd to cause hym lo coma to yon to take an order for the 
■amr. Ferdcr I hsTO rcceyre d to tbe kyngs nae ctUuj. oa. off 
pUte, which I do carry with me [ and where ben r cser red to tha 
kyngrs use i. copes off grene Tdvett, a ooope off nedle work* 
wrought with gold, and a ooope priest dean and snbdeaa off radt 
Tclvett embroderedt wbidi I assnre yon ba bnt oorae and baa* 
thyngra, the aeid deane bath reqnyred me to hava tha ddyyary 
off ihcm to Mr. chaancclloor hym aelff, conayderyng that wher tbay 
lake umamentca to ffomyHbe tbe cbnrdie, and the tbyagaa cff 
them selff but course, ha tnistyth to obteyne them at Mr. chaon- 
ccUuurea band agen to tbe use off tha diordie. I baTo a reoMB* 
bnunce off his hand for them, that ba hath the coatodye off than 
tu tlie kynges ose I and be acandethbosndea other to dalyrer tbem 
tutlw aeid Mr. rhaMoallwr liifani tida and thapwifiBMianaff 




28G LETTERS RELATING TO THB 

our ladye next commy ng, or elles to bryng a discharge forthem from 
the seid Mr. chauncellour by that daye ; and to all such parcelles 
as ben appoynted in the seid inventorie to the church, to the 
deane, and to the bodye off the house, the deane standyth charged 
with thes parcelles styll by the seid inventorie delivered hym at 
the surrender off the seid late priorie, unto such tyme as the fiiill 
establyshement off the collie shall be forth, and commissionen 
appoynted to sett the same in an order, etc* And nowe, sir, to 
Lorrymers dowghteris mattier : Mr. Packingtons opynion is that 
she shall nott clayme yn by her graundefather, to whom she is off 
hole bludd, because off the ffeoffement ; and she can nott be heyre 
to her syster Mergerie, because off the halff blodd ; and seyth 
fferder that in his opynyon yff ther be none off the hole blodd to 
inherrytt that, then yt shall exchete to the lord and not goo to 
eny off the halff blodd. Mr. Packyngton and his wyffe have them 
hartely recommended unto you, and wold verry ffiayne have sene 
you in ther house. Mistres Packyngton ys hungry, but she can not 
be fede : she hadd provyded a ffatt swane for you. And thus I 
committ you to God, as my selff. My lord sufiragan hath hym 
hartely commended unto you. Written in haste, this presente 
Wendesdaye, at my departyng ffrom Worcester, 

Your oune assuered, 

Robert Burgoyn. 

To the right wonhippffull 
Johan Scudeamore esquyer, 
one off the kynget receyyoars 
off his coarte off augmentations 
be thies delyvered. 



The following letter also relates to the priory of Worcester. 




tUPPRBMION OP MONAITBHIBB. 887 



ROBERT BUROOTNC TO JOBN tCUDAMORB. 
[Prom MS. Addit. No. 11,041, M. U.] 

Right vonhippfTull, I commend me bartely onto you, uid I 
pny you that I may be the lune to my good mUtrei your vyffi^ 
Msertcnynge you that I hare peruaed the copie off the counoellca 
lettrfs which you aenta unto me, wheruppon I hare aente you an 
ahRtracte off such arrenges ai have groirne in the laate audits for 
such rentes and ffrrmes as weire dewe betwene Michaelmai anno 
zxxij''" tl. viij''. and Michaelmas uino xxxiij"" ^ludem rtgitf 
tlint ya to wytt such as I thynk to be good and trewe debtea, 
rcquyrrng you accordyng unto your lettres to use some diligence 
in thaccumplisshyng off the couticelles lettres theryn, as yt shaU 
iM-ste seme your wysdome. And as to the kyngea lede lyeng in 
the kyn^es castell at Worcester, yff the wallet theroff be cloa^ 
then 1 Ihyiik the same well enough, and yff not, I thynk yt 
niyuht )>c Uyed verrey well into the great beUrey within the newe 
rollf^ in AVorrestcr, where 1 supitose yt might lye verrey aauffe. 
I thank you right hartely for my ij. baked aalmons, which werre 
verrey well carried and well baked, and lykewyse seasunetl, and 
cnme tit nie in \crrey giKK] tyme. Ami, sir, as fur the table at 
^^^>^^c■t^r, which I thought to liavc hatld home tu ine, I am right 
well contented that my mistres your wyffe shall hare the same; 
ncverlhclcNsc 1 ihytik I shall nut bye soche anothere fur money ; 
at my roniniyng t<i London I shall so ; nererthe lease, I wold yt 
wcrrc su go«Kl as I cowldc fynd in my harte yt werre for her. I 
nmste pray you tu take no displeasur with your serraunte fur hia 
liiii); Urr\-fi)g ; his hurse dyed at Dunauble, and I tarryed hym 
tyll Muiidaye after the zij^. daye for the makyng uff the seid 
abntracte off arrengcs, etc. Yuu muate send to Mr. Brougham 
my Icttre herwitb tentc, when you send fur the seid table ; aa 




288 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

knoweth God, who send us merye metynge. From Watton at 
Stone^ the ix^. daye o£f Januarie. 

Yours assured to his power, 

Robert Burgotn. 

To the right wonhipfbU Johan 
Scndamore esqayer, be thii delivered. 



The next letter relates to the abbey of Augnatine Canons at lilleshall, in Shrop- 
shire. This honse waa foonded by Richard de Beimels in 1145. The last abbot was 
Robert Wataon. 

CXL. 
WILLIAM CnORLTON TO JOHN SCUDAMORE. 
[From MS. Addit. No. 11,041, fol. 51.] 

Jhesus. 
Right wourshipfuU Mr, Scudamor^ in my hartiest maner I com- 
mend me unto you, ever more thankyng you for your kyndnes 
shewid unto me, trystyng to God that ye be amendyt of your 
fever, wiche shuld be gret comforthe unto me and many other, 
and so long to contenew to Godes pleasure. Sir, where hit pleased 
you to wryt your letter to Bostok and to Byst, that they shuld 
pay suche money as was in tlier handes for the payment of the late 
abbott of Lilleshull and the brether ther for ther penciouns unto 
my handes, and farther your pleasure was that I shuld pay them, 
hit was so that Bostoke promysed to come unto me, but truthe 
hit ys that sythe the tyme of his promyse makyng he ys to London 
abowt besenes of his maysters, and he hathe recevid part of the 
rent and other part dothe remayne styll in the tennance handes 
ungedrede ; and also as yet he ys not come home, nor no knolage 
ys to be had wat tyme he vryW come home. Moreover William 
Byst saythc that at his beyng with your mastership he payd all 
that he had to pay by your appoyntment, and hathe no more in 




SCPPftBIBION OP MONASTKBIK*. 389 

his handi for to pay. In connderacion irherof, that hit may 
please your maatenhipe to be so ftood master unto the late abbott 
and brethcr to pay them ther pension!, and lather at thia my 
request by thes bererea, they ar moche bownden to pray for you. 
And BO to retayne in your handea the fee wiche the late abbot 
hathc with goode will granted you, and the brether, as ye shall of 
your goodnes thynke convenyent at your pleasure. Sir, the late 
abbot hathe set to his seale to the acquittance, and other of the 
brether with ther names subscribed ; and for the rest of the acquit- 
ancc the bercres herof ar put in tryst in lyke maner. No more, but 
Jheau hare you in his blessed kepyng. At Wombrige, by your* 
erer to his litle power, 

per me Wtlltm Choblton. 

To lb« rl|bt •onkipfqll 

Mr. Johan ScudaBOW, taqakr, 

tbdj br iltHnrad. 



JOHN PBBUAN TO CBOHWBLL. 

[Tram MS. CMUs. TItM, B. i. fcL S»«.] 

Yt may pies your good lordshipe to understond, that in tha 
makynge of this half yeres resaite in Lincolnshier, I well paraayre 
of the gyT)-n owte of late, not only there but also throwghowta the 
realme, thiea luperfluus flees gyren by the late surrcnderd howaes. 
Whiche flees be gyven in three sortea. The Surst to bailies, ho hath 
for imale somes resayring large ffecs, and where they hare made a 
dosen, one war sufficienL Seoondlye, tbey have gyren to general! 
maTron greaur flees, whiche sorte shall never reaayre no money; 
fur the iwrticuler baillea doth gather the rentes and so bryngea it 
to the kinges reaayror, who stondes charged with the same. And 
the thirds sortc haitb tbcir fftca to be aeeooiiMUl with the bowi^ 

CAMD. BOC, 3 P 




290 LETTERS RELATING TO THE 

and yet the greatest nomber of tbeym hath no lemynge. Inded 
they gave counsel to thabbott to gyve theym a covent seale to robe 
the kinge of part of his revenues. Wherfore me thinke they might 
lawfully at this parliament be called in agane, and the kinget 
highnes shuld resayve therbye within his realme iij.or four thowsand 
markes by the least yerly. And further as consamynge the kinget 
leade within his realme^ yf it wold pies his grace to make sales 
therof it shuld tume hym to a great proffite. Their be merchantes 
within his realme, I thinke a great sorte, wold gyve him iiij". for a 
foder, and fynd his grace suerties suBScient to be pad yerly one 
porcion therof, whiche I thinke wold be no less than xx^u\ a yere 
for the space of foure yeres, whiche war a goodlye payment ; and 
yet or the foure yeres war expired their wold every foder be worthe 
to the kinge xx. nobles, considering the costome in and owte* 
And further I thinke that c.m^ of his pore sugetes shuld be 
benefite takers of their retorns, whither it war in money or in ware. 
And also the yeres beynge expired, it wold qwyken well agane one 
of the commodities of his realme that nowe is ded, whiche is the 
myndes of his leade. Yt may pies yow to consider that, and yf 
other o\*i;ward prynces wold take apon theym to redres their idell 
fayned religiouse bowses, as the kinges highnes hath done, as I 
mystrust not but and their powers war accordinge as the kinges 
was and is they wolde so do, and than shall they have suche 
abundance of lead of suche like bowses that they woll than sett 
litell by ours, Besechinge your lordship for my foUyshe oppjmyon 
so boldlye to you to w*rite of, that ye wold take with me no dis- 
pleasure. And thus I remayn your pore man. From Lowthe, 
the X**'. day of May. 

Yours, 

John Freman. 

To the right hoDormble and his tinguler 
good lord mj lord prevy seale be thii yeyeo. 




lUPPRBtSIOM or UONAtTKBIKB. 291 

It ippcv* Ihal mMf oftba ■ocoanti of tba ulf*. Sic. of tlw rtliflou hOBW* re. 
nuned loot uuctlM. Tbc foUowiBf letter vm writtea ia th» mfu of Philip lad 
M.rj. 

Srrrrtl orth« pUcM cnuncrMml id Ihe follovini letter Iutc been prerioulj mra- 
tkinrd. At LDdln Id Sbroptbire thcrti mtn houes of Aiutin ind WhiLe frisn, aad 
■ h«piu1 of SI. Joha the B«pUil, of the hiilorj of which ntj little ii haawn. Tho 
•bbej of DiruUcm in Suflardahire wu fonnded bj Rudulpb eul of Ibeitrr io lilti 
ill iut iblxit wei Thomu Whilaej. The Benediirtioe priory of Talburj in Stiflurd- 
■birr «■* foundrd bj nrDT7 dp Perrrn, kbool the year lOHCI ; the Uat prior wu Arlhor 
Mmrrli tlimi Tbtowkf. The pranosMntciuiui abbrj of IlalMOwaa, of which 
liiF niini ire ttill iDlenalioi, W4i founded bj king Joha ; the bit abbal wx Wil. 
lum TijLor. Dudlrj pnorj. in Worcctterahire, wu fogodcd about the middle of th« 
ivdfth rcDlarr bjr Grrrue Pi«ui«ll or Puael. who placed in it ■ partj of ClaniM 
mnnki from U'mlork, of which houe it wu ronaidtrtd u ■ cell i (be lul prior wu 
Jiihn U'rhlrf . Al Weiiwood, in Worcnlcrthirc, there wu aa alien annBerr. drpcodcBl 
on the abbey of PunlcrnDlt, bat ila bittor) ii obccare. 



CXLII. 
1.KTTKK TO JOHN RCrDAMORK. 
[FrunMK. Addil. No. 11,041. fol. •,».] 

Afirr our harty romcndkcyuns, tbcise aihyt be to Btlvfrtyiie you 
tliBt wc liavt; jtcru.trd the iiidciiturca niatle Itytwyxte Mr. Shvltlun 
niid you. and accordyii);? to the tenure of tlic Mtiic have charged 
till' «iiyrd iuumUt Shehlon with all the leadc, ticll metallc, and 
n-i\\ muFiey iiieiiryniied and ointeiiincd in the aayed indenture, 
vtliirh )H-yii;;c deducted <iut«- nf vouer eharfce, yett tlierc diithe re- 
in:iyne to Ih- aunsweryd by you Ixithc Iradc and bell inetalle M 
ll< illi >wy the, that \n to uyr, for leatle att Bristoll, iij. ff. iiij^ qunrter, 
x.n>. : \Vyi;nioiT, bij. (f. j. quarter ff. de. exxij. lb. ; Ludluwe. v. ff. 
iij. ((iiiiriiT, tf. erriij, quarter c", ; at Sevonie, in the cuatu<lyc of 
'lliuinii^t In-lundr, j. ff. ; Roceslre, vj, ff.; Cruxden, xiiij. If. de. ; 
I>^■lin■r^^, iiij. ff . ; Tuttl>cne, rj. ff. j. quarter; itmprr priuratus 
, in,:,,,... rum .fr Stafford, il'iiij. ff. ; LylWhull. v. ff : llaleaowen. 
X. tl. ; the late rooneatarye uf Shrewaliuryc, IxviJ. ff. de. rer. Ik ; 
the eelle t>f Dudley, iiij, ff. ; and ffor bcUe metalle att \Veatwt)odc 




292 LETTERS RELATING TO SUPPRESSION OP MONASTERIES. 

in the county of Worcestre^ cccc. lb. ; ffor the aunswere whereof 
we requyer you, by the vertue of the kynge and quenes majesties 
comyssyon to us dyrected^ that withe as convenyente spede as yoa 
may after the receyte hereof you sende unto us youre suffycyente 
deputie to accoumpte byfore us for the same, so as hereuppon 
their majesties may be satisfyed by you of the dett that shall £aul 
out uppon the same. And bycause we be moche callyd uppon to 
reporte youer estate and dett herein, we therefore are constrayned 
the more ernestly to calle uppon you, whome we dought not wylle 
have suche regarde hereunto as bothe their majesties expectacyon 
herein may be served (as ys mete), as also for the full ende of this 
charge towardes youer selfe, with which as before the ende yt 
troblesome and coraberous unto you, so will the ende thereof be 
to youer quyetnes and comforte. Whereof, for that you are ouer 
oulde ffrende and of oulde acquayntaunce, we thought to advyae 
you the rather, for that commyssyon ys nowe oute for the ende of 
those causys, of which you nowe may be dyscharged yf the foalte 
be not in youer selfe. We also advertysse you that Mr. Sheldone 
wylbe no further charged concemynge the leade and belles within 
youer late circuyte there thenne ys conteyned in the indentures 
bytwyxte you and hym ; and therefore you muste aunswere the 
reste youer selfe, whereunto we dought not but you wyll haTa 
suche respecte as we may receyve youer aunswere withe expedy- 
cyon. And so we bydde you hartely Sare well. From Westminster, 
laste of February, 1555. 

Youer very lovynge ffrendes, 

William Bernebs. 
Tho. Mildmat. 

JOHAN WysEMAN. 

To the wonhippfull Johan 
Skudemore, eiqujer, in baite. 




INDEX. 



Abcrfwillj roUcfr, 901. 
A'BoirtD, TboBU, 8. 
Abisfdoa (bbrj, TO. 
ActoD, Mr. 149.23;. 
Aft, AntOBf , il9. 
AlUnV St., abbrr. IHS, UO. 

(be abbot of, 990. 

AldlBjitoB, tlw panoB ot. Si, 

AUridgr, Dr. *9. 

A'l.«, Jobs. i6». 

Alml, TbOBU, 177. 

Aotoaj. Joba, II. », K, 76. M. 

Ap GI'm, Jobo. 3T4. 

Ap Oimi, Griaib, ISA. 

Ap Rk«. Jo. S3, lait. 

Ap RicT. Jobn. Hi. 

ArriiaTd. Mr. 73. 

ArcbcT. JofcB. KC. 

AfvoM. Joba. Ml. ■a*. 

AnadrU.Hepi, 131. 

. lir JobB. 131. 

, uma of. M3. 

Aaapb, dianar of Kl. 190. 

Aabbj Mafna, ItS. 

Aftea. Mr. ■r:4. 

Albary. Tboaaa, 171. 

AlbmloM. rallftoBi hoaata ta, 191, 

Awtlrr. ilc T^oaaa, 74, US, S4I, US. 
AaatlB. prtec ol Ik* Chirtw hBM» Aa. 



Avarj, lliiian. S19. 

AxholBW, Ckarter-boua ia tk« U« of, 

ea, ITS, IT4. 
AjkabaiT, town U, 934, tl8. 



BaCMll, WUUan, TT*. 
Ba(ol, SUpkea, TTB. 
BaUoa, Rlckard, S4. 
BaUard, Richard, ns. 



BaUar. Mr. lit. 
Bai««r, to«B of. ) 



Bardar. John. 901. 



»74. 

, EdMBd, «T3. 

Bariiar, NlcboUa, Ml. 

BaiUaf Baanify. i4> 

Barlo*, WDUbb, bbbep of Ic DavU'a, 

6. 77. IM. in, 9IW. 
Baraaa, Dr. I*S. 
Bartalst, Jaha, U. 
Bvtaa, EUuhith. th« mU of KaM, 

pwtkaUn foaeacml^, I) la %*. 

.liM of bar sDoJa,W. 

. fnfktd m of, 14. 

Dr. «I7. 



294 



manor of, S85. 
Bith, eil; of, S60. 
Baogh, Dt. 49. 
Brnwdvyn, lord, 91». 
BecniooDt, John, 951. 
BeoDTBle priorj, SIS. 
Bedford, town of, 3». 
BedoU, Roger, 380. 
BedjU, Tbomu. 34, 40, 44, 48. 89 

1G3. 
Becrlj, Richard, 132. 
Becdon priory, 1S3. 
Beggam monwtery, I. 
BeU, Thomu. 19!l, 303. 
BelluTi, Richard, 164, 166, 16B. 
Bcnet'a.Sl., abl»fy,Bti. 
Bemeri,'\Villlam. li-:, 238, 393. 
BeroD. air John, wc Bjron. 
Beiom, Mr. 969. 
Bctti, Thomaa, 170, 
BcDtRT, William, 3ti8. 
Beverlcj, frian' houaci in, 19^. 
Bigrnge priory, 8'.'. 



HLkklu 



e ThQmi 



BillMwjlLC hospital, SB. 
Binham priory, 183. 
Binhop, a monk of Syon, 47,50. 
Biihopa'acCtUibecrcaU'dor altered, 963. 
Black Book, the, 114. 
BUkytt, >ii John, 94. 
BUtherwich hall, VJQ. 
Blithman, William, 16>4. 
Bockyog, Dt. 19, -ii. So. 
Bodmin priory. 1.K1. 
Boleyn, Thomai, carl nf Willihite, 15. 
Bolton abbey, 168. 
Booth, John, 906. 

Bordealay abbey, ule of goodi, &c. of, 
W6, r.% 



Bordeiley abbey, lalt nuldiv at, 990. 

Borne, Mr. 985. 

Boatock, Mr. 988. 

BoitoD, friart' home* in, 193. 

Bowde, Hngh, 376. 

Bowen, Thomaa a, 8. 

Boigrare prior;, 1 19, 130. 

iloiiry alibry 174. 

Bradley priory, 136. 

Bnid*ha«,Mr S89. 

BraodoD Tern, the panon of, 84. 

Braiy Martin 301. 

Brecknock town of, SOT, 913. 

Brcrclon, tlinJal, 52. 

Bridgnorth, the Grey Frian ia, 203, 9SI. 

Bridgwater, town ot, 960. 

Bridlington, the prior of, 80. 

■ priory, IG.*!. 
Briatol, religioui honaet in, 8, 58, 193, 

196, 198,909,911,992. 
Broke prior; 134, 136. 

, Thoniai, 8, 205. 

arougham Mr. 387. 
Browne, Robert, 901. 

, I'homaa, 9TI. 

Brulon priory, 58. 

Bryan, Mr. ISS. 

Bulkeley, Katharine, abbeu of Ged- 

■tow, 3.11. 
Bnnbury, Richard, 170. 
Burguyn, Robert, 130, 140, 373,380. 

981, 3«4, 2«T. 
BnrloD-upon-Trent, St. Hodwea of, 

143, 166. 
Bury St. Edmnnd'a abbey, 85, 144. 

, relief !■, 85. 

Butler, air Thomaa, 154. 
Butler, Tbomu, 10. 
Butley priory, 4. 




BulLi, I>r. 4<>. 

Kuilon, St. Adm of, 143. 

wrll». I«, 

Brlud .bbcir. i6$. 
I)}lund, RichirJ. -iOlt. 
Bttob. lir Juho. I.'i-I, US 
RjKbcvadr, ilcarj, jOI. 
UjK, William. VHK. 

Cibul, Joba, abbot ot St. AivMtina^, 

llrixol, X. 
Cunhun. nw Ludlow, fli). 
C>Ulii>rp«. air Praari*. Mi. 

, Cdward. hC. 

('■lai.haUx}. I.'T. 
t'unliriJjtr, unitrnitr of, 6(:. 
Canlcrburf, M, TbamM of, >G. 

, moDki ufCbrial'iCbanh, JS. 

.,.riorof. ■■>. 

, M. Srpulrhn**, «.1, 



( aili-Jr. h<iu>n ur frian in, IM. 
('unirllu'D,l<>wa..r. H4, IMH, ATT, JM. 

— — pri"rj, I-;.. 

Cvtir. Edwin), -Mi. -£H. 
( irrinKtoD, VI'tllMn. U. 

< atflir oaaHn. l^.', 1 Vi. 
(or. Pranrii. I.''<i. ID.I. 

< ■irMban. rrltci at. tl}, t». iiS. 
iha><mib|.rur7. 11% 
Cbiniond. ut JubD, lit. 
ChutM-koaK, foudatlaa of Iha, 39. 
. thp. W, l£i. 



i hirtcT-hoBH, ptio* of thfl. Itn. 

< btrtatf aUej. IK. 

I biabira, tk« ircMMMwr of, t4S. 



CbtanM, Rkk*i4, 901. 
Chkhntcr, (on of, 9M. 
t'Ucfciand priorj, 91. 
CbotltoD, William, 388. 
CberoTC M. S31. 
Cladtm, JobD, IM. 
Clampa, PUIlp, 199. 
CUrbc ■ monk of 
Licant, Jamn, 269. 

, -niomaa, S<. 

CUfford. Hnr7, carl of Cnaiberiud, 69. 
Clifton, Joba, U. 

. TbomM, i«l. 

Cork*!, ■ German tbcolafiaa, 43. 

Cogaa, (iilbert, 9. 

I'oknrord, tbc prior of, IM. 

Colcbeatrr, St. Joba'* abbrf, 146. 

Colman, WilliaB, 974. 

Combe abbrj, ii9, •i.t4, 9.1G. 

Cooocb, a Wrlab idol. «IH. 

C'oBftrr. Tfaonar, 177. 

Co»p(r. Grarfc, iDl. 

Corawortbjt priorj, I IN, 

Cotr*. Richard, 176. 

t'oliDB. M. m. 

{'onrtbopcatrrM, Iha midcM* of IIm 

■• Maid of Km," IB. 
Cmntrj. Iha calkadral cbvck at, itM. 

, tW plor of, 1411. 

, Nlicloaa ho na w la, I9J, M», 

04, 93C 
— - — -. th« aithdaaeoary at, Ui. 
CoT«rkaa,IM. 
CewlaMOM, TbomM, 170. 



Cntto4. Dr. 919. 
CrMmor. Thimaa. i 




296 



INDEX. 



Crokesden abbey, 977, 991. 
Cromwell, Thomas, hit letter to biihop 

FUher, 37 ; hia motiTea for diaaoW- 

ing the monaateriea, US. 

, Richard, 89, 146. 

Croyland abbey, 153. 
Cumberland, the eari of, 101. 
Cnraone, father, 45. 
Cunren, Dr. 49. 



Danea, Robert, 870. 
Danaey, Mr. 383. 
Darby, lady, 47. 
Darcy, air Arthur, 158. 

, air George, 333. 

Darley, John, 34. 

Darrel Gatheren, the image of, 190, 

308. 
DaTid*a, St., diaordera in the diooeae of, 

79, 188, 308. 

, relica at, 184. 
Dawtree, air John, 130. 
Delapre nnnnery, 333, 335. 
Denbigh, town of, 303. 
Derby, lord, 1 75. 

, the archdeaconry of , 343. 
Dererenx, Richard, 188. 
Dienlacrea abbey, 391 . 
Dobaon, air Thomaa, 374. 
Doncaater, the ** Friara," 168. 
Donnington priory, near Newbury, 333, 

335. 
Dorington, Robert, 367. 
Doraet, Thomaa, 36. 
Dorer priory, 88. 
, Richard biahop of, 191, 193, 196, 

303, 303, 310, 388. 
Drewa, John, 9, 10. 



Droitwich, town of, 880. 

— — , religiona honaea in, 193. 

Dudley priory, 391. 

Dana Scotua, the worka of, hanlihiMl 

from Oxford, 71. 
Dnnatable, town of; 887. 
Datton, air Peter, 58. 



Ecdna, homiliea of, 54. 

Edgar, charter of king, 88. 

Edgecombe, air Peter, 117, 131. 

Edmund, St. 85. 

Edward the Vlth. king, 846. 

Ellerton priory, 168. 

Ely, dty of, 144, 147. 

, the prior of, 147. 

, biahop of, 147. 

Elyete, Mr. 36. 

Elyot, air Thomaa, 140. 

Emery, Henry, abbot of Warden, 53. 

Enaham abbey, 333, 335. 

Eapec, Walter de, 53. 

Eaaex, earl of, 341. 

E?ans, Thomaa, 880. 

ETeaham abbey, 177, 883. 

Exeter, marquia of, 114. 

Fanne, Thomaa, 274. 
Farley, in WUtehiie, 59. 
Farryngenk, Henry, 154. 
FaTeraham abbey, 76. 

, abbot of, 103. 

Fermer, M. 159. 
Feme, John, 377. 
Ferreia, lord, 188. 
Fineahed priory, 133. 
Fiaher, John, biahop of Rochester, S7» 
35, 45. 




niiherbMt, Alid*. abbm af 


PoUm- 


Godito', abbcu of, »9. 


worth. IW. 




GiiM*fII. TbomM. prior or Cbriit 










FiU-J«na, JohD. C3. 






. Nirbolu. «JI. 




Goodilt, Mr. SIS. 


Fitiwuwo, Juhn. ilfi. 






PulkfMonr priory, :s, "M. 




GoarM». > Hart of WaMoilaiUr, l«T. 


Ford, Rich«d. -.111. 




Oortwkk, M.«>l. 


Formu, J.>hB,-.>n. 






PoMtnunorrT. 'JI4. 




OrafUiB. M:l. 


Foilrr. JuhD. ItNi. 






PouolaiDobbrr, 61, IbC. 




Gntorj, M. It36. 


, Dnl-pndict* 


oT tbc 


GfHwfclJf.Mr.il. 


■bbolur. ICRI. 






PrmDrM,Min[.4l. 




Gml(j. Nieh. IM. 


Prcm.D. Jiihn, .-'!■. 




Grtnlk.Jobo.l40. 


. . Mr, l.;i. /I.V 




. Polhc. M6. 


Pn*r*. 1i>l »r, •rbo itmn to cbM|C iWir 


Griniby. booMaorMui*!, \»i. 


h>l>il. '.M». 




(iweat.IUcbard, 2.1". 






Grhrd. UMtric. 1.10, 136, 140, MS. 


Puraru alibrj. I.M. 




Ujibarar, prior of, i4». 


F.loll,. Jo,«, «;. -W. 




Iladlcf. Wm. m. 


Ii»rr«l<.n .bS,y. l.lfi. 




Ilali. Jobs. .SJ. 


(liiuiK. urfiilbrHdc. Ml. 






liiunl't luxptul. It Hrialol. JK. 






(in.rc.>. John. '.1<l. 






<:il>-n. llrBFT. .->J. 




llaroldr. John. ITO. 


(iil>.rrt,iirTh<.ni>, n:. 




M»prr.Tl»-yM. IW. 


(iluluaburr ibh»j. :.-, tU. MT. 








»!•, 


Ilaraood. Joh>, abboC of Vd* tofal* 

■•'44. 
Iluanl. WilU... >UI. 


li'rm.Jobnip, )r.4. 


<il..ucrilrr, rrli(iaB* houn la, 


IW. 




iw;. imi. 










*». 




■"'■•,, ... 






f iod.^* B«BMf7, «•, «r. 




HartiM, Mt. M. 


4-\MI), M>C, 




9 Q 



M>t1ci abbey, S36. 
— -, relici in, 23T. 

HiTDca, Robert, £01. 
Hendle, Waller. 166. 
Henoage, Johi],S14, !33. 

, ■irTboiiiai,9l4. 

HtHTj the VIII. propoaet a law agdott 

idlcneu, 38. 
Hereford, city of, 199. 

, frian' houMi io, !8l. 

HfTenjnge nuaai^f j, 214, 
Heiham monaaterT. 134. 
Hermi, Dr. 37. 
Hill, Mr. 131. 

, Chriitopher, SOI. 

, Micbael, S76, 

Hilton abbej, nle of tbe jooda. &c. ot, 

2H7. 
Hoby, Philip, 914, 283. 
Hodgea, Mr. 139. 
Holcrolt, Mr. 341. 
HolU, Thomai, 140, S04, SI3. 
Hooper, or Hoper, John, BOO, 201. 
Hopkinx, Jamea, 170. 
Hopwood. HaiM7 276. 
Rorf,Tho>iuu, prior of Cardigan, 186. 
Homer, ThooiM SKI. 
llorwirell. Mr. if,. 
Horton, prior of, S9. 
HoweU, Ralph, 200. 
Ilowlal, John, S;6. 
Hubberdin, the opponent of Latimer, 

7, \i. 
HqU, hooaa of frian in, 192. 
Hnntingdon. bonie ofAoatin tiiait at. 



HuKy, iir John, SIS. 
Hoy*. Dr. 7 H. 



Hyda moBajtMf, 319. 
Hjlae;, John, biihop of 



Ikbeiler, 260. 
Ingham abbey, 86. 
Ingilby, John, 901. 
Ipavieb, 36. 
Irehinde, Thomaa, 391. 
Irford nnnnery, 214. 



Jaket, Henry, 201. 
JannyDa, Robert, 53. 
Jenninga, JohD, S74. 
JmauiubbeT. 158, 164. 
Jobaon, Mr. 239. 
Johns, Mr. 192. 
Jolyment, Mr. 1 59. 



Kenpe, air William. 320. 
Kendall, town of, 179. 
Kenetl. WiUiam, 901. 
KpoiUunh abbey, 131. 
KirlibyBe]er priury, 136. 
Kirli.bam priory IGS. 
Knight, ThMiaa, SOI . 

, Mr. 324. 

Knyghtley, Edmund, 130. 
Kyme priory, 314. 



150. 



Lamberte imprinned for hereay, 37> 

Lambeth palace, 36. 

Lancaater, hooaea of frian In, m. 




Laiu, Joha, ):I0, IT9. 

I.aiVi)<)(>. abbrr at, 75. 68. 

Unilff Mrrnrll, 144. 

Laplhooj jiriMr. ITT. 

LalitDrr. Umgh, bubop of WarcMtcr, 

H.3H, MT, 148. 
, Mcouat tt hit prtMbiai U 

Pial-* C'rm. .Iri. 
Laund priory. I'll. 
LasihtiHi, Jiilin, -iji, 
L*<rur, lord, ll:t. tW. 
LHHia, (icortr, lI^M. 
Liylna. Ilr. Ku-hird, 47. 49. M>, &;, 

SK. ;», 73, !til, !*1. SS. 97, luo, 156, 

km;, u;% iti. )T4. itm. -ao, jos, 

Lrr, Kdoard, irclibiihop at Yorh, 9S, 



I .M. 



-. John 



. AiH. 



, Hivhwd >. tl>i. 

, llry.n. ITT. 

. ttiUnd. biihnp of LicbfteU. 14, 

I.rytMrnr pniirr. ln;, 
I^ah. Dr. Tb»Bu. .-. I, M, la, T4. ".', 
'4. yi, ;■■., »-. ii"i. ijii, 14:., i.*, 

, Thiwiat I. Kl. 

l,ri.r.trr.>i.ha<-iniarT<if, a9. 

, naaMltry of, Ita. 

, Nratrk cullrff, M. 

l^n, llirkard, .'•.-. 
I,rilraa(r. ,„ Ili.iMW, I IH. 
Uiinr.. (briitxpbir, :«). 



299 

|lM« howc* la, 9t, 9J, 
Wi.1, 339. 
. lalc of th* (oodi, kc. oT tb« 

fnj friart in, ^4. 
LiRblfoot, WiJIlaa. mtl. 
Ullnball abbrj, WM, »9l. 
LiBCDln, hoaiM of frurt In, IH. 
Utcll, taoab of Sioa, 49. 
UaotfT Caitto, 200. 
LodlnctoB, IxiccrtcnUra, 131. 
LofhiaihoniE, WiUiaa, ijlt. 
Lab, W. I.IU. 
Londoa, Dr. Joba, SIJ. 317, 991, 784. 

ttJ. liU, -IM, tf3S. lUH. 

, TboBiu, iS. 

LoBcfbH, Mr. IM. 

LoBKhsd. Joba. bbbop of liacola, 93 > 

»4. 
LarTTBrr, Mr. *M!. 
LoTnoB, Mr. ni9. 
Lacj.Mr. 149. US, 
Udbnr, to«a of, IW>, Wi, 313, 391. 
Liwuir. Jann. ^0. 
LyUetwi. Mr. rii. 



Maid uf Kent. . MC BartosV 
MaidcB Bradlrj, prior of, 5'. 
pnury. rrliM ia, 4*. 

Maany. «r Walirr, .19. 

MafkbaB.Mr. '.liti. 

Mailboroafli, BHyar of, IV. 

MarmadBkc, prrbradary of Hipoa, 101. 

Maraball, Wbi, «m<. 

Martla, kolint. IT". 

Hatbrm, Joba, prior of Coknford, 



B,«M. 




300 



INDEX. 



Maxejy John, bifhop of Elpbin, 63. 

Maxtock, Warwickshire, 140. 

Maydwell, John, 68. 

Mekins, Thomas, 200. 

Mendlesham, Ticar of, 160. 

Meredith, Morgan, 186. 

Meisyndjne, Jane, prioress of Ley- 
borne, 116. 

Michael*s, St. Moont, S13. 

Mildmay, Thomas, 293. 

Milward, John, 274. 

Moljneoz, parson, 128. 

Monasteries, risitation of the, 53. 

» suppression of the smaller, 
53. 

, the act for the dissolution 
of the smaller, 107. 

, suppression of the larger. 



116. 



-, final suppression of the, 254. 



Monk-Bretton priory, 168. 
Montagew, M. 159. 
Monyngton, Mr. 283. 
Mordaunt, lord, 92. 

, sir John, 92. 

More, sir Thomas, 46, 141. 

, Austin, 201. 

, Williams, 240. 

, Mr. prior of Worcester, 283. 

Morgan, Dr. 49. 

, Mr. 267. 

Moriiie, John, 120. 
Mountfort, Simon, MO. 
Moyle, Thomas, ^.'56, ■;»:>«, 259. 
Myldemay, Thomas, 169, 171, 239. 

Newark, houses of friars in, 192. 

Newbridge priory , 151. 

Newcastle -under- Line, black friars, 204. 



NeweU, Mr. 195. 
Newstead abbey, 94, 215. 
Norfolk, duke of, 154, 343, 848. 
Northampton, St. Andrew*! priory, 92. 

168. 

, St. James*s abbey, 136. 

, St. Giles' Ticarage, 170. 

, religious houses 10, 193, 

224, 229. 
Norton abbey, 52. 

, Thomas, 267. 

Notley abbey, Buckinghamshire, 99S» 

224, 226, 233, 235. 
Nun-Appleton nunnery, 166. 
Nun-Coton nunnery, 214, 335. 



Offley, Mr. 268. 

Oker, Mr. 128. 

Osith's, St. priory, 239, 346. 

Oswald^s, St. monastery, 134, 166. 

Owen, Griffith ap, 188. 

Oxford, earl of, 245. 

, city of, 217,228. 

uniTcrsity, 57, 66. 

, particulars reapeet- 

ing, 70. 

, AU Souls College, 70. 

, New College, 70. 

y Corpus Christi, 70. 

, Merton College, 70. 

, Queen's , 70. 

, Magdalen , 70. 



Packyngton, Mr. 286. 
Palmer, Mr. 120. 
Parker, a monk of Sion, 50. 
Parre. William, 169, 171, 178. 




Pnj; Philip. Ua. 

r»h>m. -Mr*. MK. 
PailKD. John. 55. 
Payor. Tbnmu. -."oS. 
PfOfMB, Mr. no. 
Prnhon diunulcl7. IM. 
Prtrrboruufh ibbrj. I7M. 

, ■libiit (if. Kit. 

rrlrr. Williim. ITT. IH. 

Priwsrth. tu*a of. lIMi. 

Pirlo, ThooiM, '.*;{. 

Pirt.w, (ir WiliMn, '.'.(9. 

Plr«n*. U'llhui. .Ml. 

PolUrd. Ri.hirJ, 14.-.. HT, »n. ISC, 



I'.iUtrd, llrnrT. ' 



I'liBlrrrKt.liiwB 


of, I.V). 


P'X'rr 


liMi. 


. hoUK 


uffruriM. 


IN.|--. Mr. -■«■. 




P..|.W.WiU..m 


i-tt. 


■'.•Tliiiiri, J.ihn. 


l-i). 


I'mr, Kl... I-.. 




r..ulrl. H<.'h>rd, 


:m. tt-. 


r.-'ll. Dr. 1.'. 




Pjr, Mr. \%,. 




i>ir. R..r', ■uk.i <rf r.r»». 



INDBX. 301 

RndUf. gttj rrtan is, 91;. RJ, »4. 

(bbrr. lirioftharcUeiln.ne. 

Rcboll, Jobs, 201. 

Hc«, nr Rin, U, Mj, C3(l. 

Rnlr. lord chirf JBitin, fiS. 

R*>]rr, abbot ur,;3. 

RrfnolJi, Jubn, WU. 

RiM, Mr. ■r.i. 

Rirli, Ilu(h. H. ID. 

Rkbwd. hiB(. Ibc aMood, IN. 

.M.iiC. 

Ricbr. *lT Ricbvd. IIM. *i*, «3S. Zia, 

Richawad. mrdra of. 111. 

, Aka Niftr oul of. i. 

Ricnali ibbrj, Kl, 1^. 

, fBltlUll>— lifc of the 
■blwl of. ^1. 
Ripua ralhnlral, 101. 
Uitbj. RkbaH, i*. 19. Kl- 
Rocbnttr, Jobs, 6h. 
R.>tTn. Edward. W«. 
Rnkctif, Ju«. 1'^. 
Rnmbarili pnory, MpprcMod bj Wo|. 

«r. 1. 

Rdr, JobB. ■;«. 
Riiarvator ■bbrr, 1/;, »1. 
— . Mir of Ibe loed*, he. 



. luH J.. «!». .Ili. 

RbiIuuI. TVubm. tari of, (i/, M. 
Rpc, Rabett. jTi. 



IU-Lbi, aiuBb of ib< Ibartoi. 
Hiawa. Hicbwd. f;«. 
hri.liBf . Iu*a «(, no, i-.'J, y 



Salubwy. cilf of. -AM. « 



302 



INDEX. 



Sallay tbbej, 158. 

Sanctuary, right of, 39. 

Sandelondy John, 274. 

Samm, Old, religious hoosea in, 316. 

SaTage, John, S68. 

Sawtrey abbey, 99. 

Scarborough, houses of frian in, 19S. 

Schom, John, SI 8, S24. 

Scudamore, John, 366, 373, 378, 379, 

380, 381, 383, 384, 387, 388, 391. 

, Edward, 367. 

, William, 381. 

Selby abbey, 166. 

Seveme, 391. 

Seynteler, sir John, 339. 

Shaxton, Nicholas, bishop of Salisbory, 

36. 
Sheldon, Mr. 391, 393. 

, Ralph, 266. 

Shene, prior of, 174. 
Shesford, 54. 
Shrewsbury, town of, 303. 

, religious houses in, 304 

311. 

abbey, 391. 

SilTester, Robert, 349. 
Skipwith, M. 314. 
Smyth, John, 145, 150. 

, Thomas, 170. 

, Agnes, 50. 
Southampton, town of, 303, 313. 
Southcote, William, 171. 
Southwell, collegiate church of, 93. 

, Richard, 138. 

, Robert, 169, 171, 332, 338. 

Spenser, Dr. 61. 
Spratt, Edward, 375. 
Stafford, Humphrey, 121. 

, religious houses in, 304. 



Stafford, archdeaconry of, 348. 

, town of, 367. 

, sale of the goods, &c. of As 

grey friars in, 367. 
, * Of 



the Austin friars in, 370. 
Stamford, Mr. 373. 
StsTordale monastery, 51. 
Stewarde, Dr. 4. 

Stokesley, John, bishop of London, 38. 
Stokwith, Henry, 175. 
Stonyng, George, 376. 
Strete, Mr. 374. 
Stykeswolde nunnery, 235. 

, Richard, 137. 

Sudboume, sir Thomas, 5. 
Sussex, the earl of, 154. 
Swan, William, 300. 
Swinnerton, Mr. 369. 
Sydnam, John, 361. 
Syon monastery, 45, 50. 



Talboys, lord, 214. 
Taunton abbey, 51. 
Ta?emer, Mr. 193. 
Tenby, mayor of, 78- 
Teshe, Tristram, 348. 
Tewkesbury, town of, 337. 
Thackre, Mr. 214, 328,334. 
Thelesford friary, 193, 335. 
Thomberry, 158. 
Throgmorton, sir George, 379. 
Tickhill, house of friars at, 168. 
Timmes, Mr. 101. 
Tollisop Crosfryers, near Warwick, 
Totnes priory, 118. 
Tresham, sir Thomas, 179. 
Tunell, Richard, 8. 




TanxT, Joha, ?I3. 

, Ricluxil, ta, 

TgnbrtF, M. IH. 
Tgtburr prioiy, tSl. 
Twrnfaan priory, m. 
TrrcU, Thomu. 160. 



llsdnhill. Mr. M. 
L'lbrJdKc, ta*D of, 47. 



Vuhrll. Tliomu, t2\. 
Vagma, SiaoD, 'i>H. 
Valf Rord ibbfT, .'44. 



VUlrrt. Slr|ib». 31. 
Viriui, TbOBU, (irioT 



vmitj, KdnBiul. abbot of York, t. 
Wahinitbun mbbi-r, I IH. 
Walton. WiUuBi. VHt. 
Ward, William. i:i. 

, Ktriurd, Kl. 

WardoB. TbnMU, S4. 

. (hrutopbrr, ii. 

, abbrjof, ,M. 

Wirham. Wot. arcbbubop of CaaUf- 

tmrj. W M. 
Wuna, ■ (oUiailh, 100. 
War«kk,i«litiawbaMwla, 191. 



Vatkiu, Rkhanl. Ififi, 
Walton al Stoar, K!f7. 
Webb, Jobn, tea. 
Wdbvk. ammtndttar ct, U. 
Walln. Jobn, abbot of Crarlaarf, l». 
Walla, cilf of, 360, Ml, 
Wenlock abbsj, iJn. 
WotacTC priory, ITl, 
Wcat-ebntOT, 103, MS, 
Wnt Drrebaa, abbey of, 83L 
WnlMinatcT, abbot oT. 148. 
Wnton, John, in6. 
Wdtwood mtaaeff, Ol. 
W'MWryM. timmmt, SIT. 
Wrtwood. Robnt, mO. 
Wbadboroofb. UicMtmUn, HI. 
Whalkr, Joba, fi». 

abbvj. III. 

WbartM, Richard. 86. 
Whilbj, abbot of. lot, 

abbry, 34M. 

Wbltc, Joha, Ml. 
WbilArld. MartaM, 2T<. 
Wbitrord, a uonk atSia»,49. 
WbitfTftr. Rnbrn, WH. 
WbitiBf, Richard, abbM tt O^tm- 
hnrj. U4, MU. 




«-i>ehcaab«abb(j. ^7. 

1, raHglnaa box* at, laa. 




S04 



INDEX. 



Winchester, city of, 71. 

, house of white friars 10, 



195, 202. 



•, bUck fritrs, 198. 



■ , relics at, 218. 

, St. Mary^s abbey, 219. 

Windsor, lord, 49, 

Wisman, Mr. 214. 

Withcote, Leicestershire, 152. 

Wobum abbey, 145. 

Wolneston abbey, 136. 

Wolsey, cardinal, 1, 112. 

Wombrige, 289. 

Woodhonse, a friary near Cleobnry, 281. 

Woodhonse, William, 86. 

, Robert, 249. 

Woodstock, town of, 283. 
Woolstrope priory, 136. 
Worcester, religions booses in, 193, 
203, 284, 285, 287. 



Worcester castle, 287. 
Worspring priory, 122. 
Wrazall, Thomas, 201. 
Wryothesley, sir Thomas, 219. 
Wyeresope monastery, 168. 
Wygston, Roger, 140. 
Wylmyslow, Randal, 52. 
Wyrle, Mark, 274. 
Wyseman, John, 292. 

York, St. Mary's abbey, 97, 166. 

, archbishop of, 123. 

, city of, 123. 

, St. Leonard's hospital, 166. 

, St. Andrew's priory, 168. 

, booses of friars at, 168. 

, Mr. 198. 

Zooche, Richard, 51. 



LONDON : i. B. NICHOLS AND RON, PRfNTEBS, 2:>, PARLIAMENT STBIBT. 



• * 









n 



This book should be reiurntd to 
ihe Library on or before the lut ditc 
stamped below. 

A fine ii Incurred by relainioK it 
beyond the specified time. 

Please return p^romptly. 




1^ 



1 




L_ 


^ ' ^ -ft jf-" '» 


^r-'X^jA il^ 


\